Course Descriptions

ART 121 Art Appreciation - 3 Hours

A survey of painting, sculpture, and other art forms designed to provide the student with an understanding and appreciation of the creative work produced in these fields. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 233X Comparative Arts - 3 Hours

An integrated study of the arts with emphasis on the visual arts and music to learn the forms, styles, and techniques representative of the various historical eras from antiquity to the present. Listening sessions and independent visits to area art collections will be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with MUH 233X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 241 Studio Art - 2 Hours

Emphasis of the course is on drawing. Through a series of related exercises, participants are encouraged to increase their own powers of observation and technical execution. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 250 Topics in Art - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topics. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 331 History of Art I - 3 Hours

Development of painting, sculpture, architecture, and minor arts from prehistoric times to the Renaissance, giving a perspective of the continuity of art and its relation to other aspects of human culture. Emphasis on Western art movements. Suggested prerequisite: ART 121. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 332 History of Art II - 3 Hours

Development of painting, sculpture, architecture, and minor arts from the Renaissance to the present, giving a perspective of the continuity of art and its relation to other aspects of human culture. Emphasis on Western art movements. Suggested prerequisite: ART 121. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 341 Advanced Studio Art - 2 Hours

Emphasis of the course is on drawing. Through a series of related exercises participants are encouraged to increase their own powers of observation and technical execution. Continuation of ART 241 at a higher level. Prerequisite: consent of Professor. Offered on demand (concurrently with ART 241) for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ART 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Specialized study designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 474X Introduction to Bioethics - 3 Hours

An overview of the Hippocratic/Judeo-Christian tradition in medical ethics against the background of biblical-theological discussion of human nature, medicine, and healing, and as a context for the rise of the new bioethics. Prerequisite: PH 180 or consent of instructor. This course is taught with BE 5000 at the Trinity Graduate School. Offered fall semester. May substitute Bioethics Institute (offered in the summer as BE 475X). Cross-listed with PH 474X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 475X Topics in Bioethics - 1-3 Hours

Selected courses taught either at the College or in conjunction with courses in the Trinity Graduate School. May be repeated for credit with a different topic. Offered fall or spring semester. Cross-listed with PH 475X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 476X Undergraduate Bioethics Institute - 3 Hours

This institute provides an overview of relevant bioethical issues and principles from a biblical-Christian perspective. It includes reading and assignments to be completed before the first class meeting and other assignments after the last class meeting, as well as a final paper. The classes meet two days prior to and in conjunction with National Bioethics Conference offered by The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity (in the summer). The course is a unique opportunity to consider the subject and interact with a variety of academic experts, practitioners, and students at various stages of vocational and ethical preparation. Cross-listed with PH 476X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 477X Undergraduate National Conference - 2-3 Hours

This course enables students to take advantage of the opportunity offered by the National Bioethics Conference sponsored by The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity on an annual basis (annually in the summer). Attendance at conference sessions and preparatory readings will allow students to reflect critically on the issues of the conference. Selection of a specific topic of interest from those considered in the conference and/or reading materials provide opportunity for extended research. Cross listed with PH 477X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 478 Research Ethics - 3 Hours

The application of critical and ethical thinking to the philosophy and professional practice of scientific research. Students will assess the historical framework as well as the current standards and policies (national and international) for human subject research. Topics covered will include risks and benefits, informed consent, vulnerability, privacy, and confidentiality. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BE 5000 Introduction to Bioethics: Matters of Life and Dignity - 3 Hours

An overview of the ethical issues in healthcare and biotechnology that make up the field of bioethics. Biblical-theological and other prominent contemporary perspectives are developed and assessed. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5001 Foundations for Integrative Thought in Bioethics - 3 Hours

This course surveys the Bible from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and restoration, with special attention to scriptural applications of ethical thought and ramifications for ethical behavior. The course considers how precedents, themes, truths, and strategies that established God's will in earlier times provide direction for God's people today. Students will practice interpreting Scripture responsibly and thinking creatively about current bioethical issues in the light of biblical principles. Offered face to face at the Deerfield and Florida campuses.

BE 5002 Foundations for Cultural Engagement in Bioethics - 3 Hours

This course introduces the student to pivotal Christian doctrines as a framework within which to evaluate the working ethical assumptions of contemporary culture. In addition to investigating several models for Christian engagement with culture, the course encourages the positive formation of a Christian worldview as a foundation for wise interaction with contemporary thought in bioethics. Offered online, and face to face at the Deerfield and Florida campuses.

BE 5100 Intensive Bioethics Institute - 3 Hours

This course is a survey of the field of bioethics, introducing competing ways of addressing bioethical issues from historical, philosophical, and theological perspectives. An international team of top Christian bioethicists will address particular areas of expertise. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5200 Research Ethics - 2 Hours

The application of critical and ethical thinking to the philosophy and professional practice of scientific research. Students will assess the historical framework as well as the current standards and policies (national and international) for human subject research. Topics covered will include risks and benefits, informed consent, vulnerability, privacy, and confidentiality. Offered online and face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5299 The Clinical Context - 1 Hour

An explanation of basic precepts of clinical medicine and clinical ethics for students not already familiar with them. Designed to be taken concurrently with BE 5300 by students who need to gain this background understanding in order to be able to understand the material covered in BE 5300. Offered as a guided study.

BE 5300 Clinical Issues in Bioethics - 2 Hours

Methods of clinical ethics consultation plus in-depth analysis of specific issues in clinical ethics, including resuscitation, assisted ventilation, management of patients with brain damage, and more. Offered as a two-hour course for students familiar with basic precepts of clinical medicine and clinical ethics. Students lacking this familiarity should take BE 5299 concurrently with this course. Offered online and face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5400 Nursing Ethics - 2 Hours

This course is designed to prepare nurses for the ethical issues they will encounter in daily practice. Good caregiving, the changing face of health care resulting from globalization, increasing diversity, expanding use of technologies, and limited financial and other resources are among the challenges addressed.

BE 5499 The Public Policy Context - 1 Hour

An explanation of basic federal and state governmental structures and legislative processes for students not already familiar with them. Designed to be taken concurrently with BE 5500 by students who need to gain this background understanding in order to be able to understand the material covered in BE 5500. Offered as a guided study.

BE 5500 Bioethics and Public Policy - 2 Hours

The interface of bioethics and public policy in North American and international contexts, with special attention to religious perspectives in the public square; important cases and bioethics commissions; and other documents. Students will have the opportunity to create a public policy strategy. Offered as a two-hour course for students familiar with basic federal and state governmental structures and legislative processes. Students lacking this familiarity should take BE 5499 prior to, or concurrently with this course. Offered online and face-to-face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5600 Law and Bioethics - 2 Hours

Questions such as the proper role of law in shaping people's bioethical views and practices and the current state of the law regarding a wide range of bioethical issues are addressed by a legal educator with the help of case discussions. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5700 The Right to Life & the Law - 2-3 Hours

A study of the complex medical, social, legal, and bioethical issues raised by such controversial topics as abortion, euthanasia, infanticide, and related issues involving rights conscience, including a survey of Supreme Court and other judicial decisions pertaining to these issues. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 5800 Contemporary Issues in Bioethics - 1-3 Hours

Trinity hosted bioethics workshops provide a unique opportunity to explore emerging issues in contemporary bioethics through topical workshops led by an interdisciplinary team of Christian leaders in bioethics from around the country and beyond. This course includes a pre-workshop reading program and post-workshop assignments tailored to the topics of the workshop. Special emphasis is given to the professional dimensions of the issues under consideration, as well as an examination of the evolving academic literature. May be repeated for credit. Offered face to face at the Deerfield Campus.

BE 5900 Bioethics National Conference - 2-3 Hours

The annual national/international bioethics conference at Trinity provides a unique opportunity to learn from and interact with Christian leaders in bioethics from around the country and beyond. The course includes a preconference reading program and post-conference writing program tailored to the topic of the conference. Class meetings with the professor immediately precede and are interspersed throughout the conference. May be taken in addition to an Institute course such as BE 5100 or BE 6500 offered in conjunction with the conference. Cannot be taken as a Guided Reading Course. May be repeated for credit. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6100 Bioethics Colloquium - 1-2 Hours

The colloquium meets periodically during the term, with a professor of record and a combination of visiting lecturers, faculty, and student presentations. Local pastors, physicians, and others are invited to attend, offering a meeting point between the program and church and medical communities. May be repeated for credit. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6200 Ethical Theory - 3 Hours

An analysis of the principal theories and problems of philosophical ethics, including the meaning of ethical language, alternative theories of the right and the good, and the implications of moral issues for the concept of God and other theological questions. This course replaces PR 7220 Ethical Theory. Offered online and face-to-face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6300 Bioethics, Human Dignity, and the Church - 2-3 Hours

Issues in bioethics raise fundamental questions of human dignity in the lives of people everywhere, to which the church is uniquely well positioned to speak. This course enables students to understand many of today's bioethical challenges to human dignity and to develop practical ministry resources to address them through the preaching, teaching, worship, counseling, and outreach ministries of the church. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6400 Readings in Bioethics - 1-3 Hours

Examination of topic specific readings in bioethics from Hippocrates through the beginning of the modern bioethics period in Fletcher and Ramsey and on to the present. Readings in the earlier periods may focus on the birth and development of the Hippocratic/Judeo-Christian tradition or classic concepts or works of bioethics. Readings in the contemporary bioethicists may place special focus on the secularization of bioethics as seen in such writers as Singer, Engelhardt, and Childress or may explore contemporary developments in topical literature of distinct applied areas of bioethics. The course may focus on either classical or contemporary readings. May be repeated for credit.

BE 6500 Advanced Bioethics Institute - 3-4 Hours

A methodological investigation of how to do bioethics with a range of approaches critically assessed from a biblical-theological perspective. A national/international team of top Christian bioethicists address special areas of expertise. Cannot be taken as a Guided Reading course. Prerequisite: BE 5000 or BE 5100. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6600 Classic Cases in Bioethics - 3 Hours

Many of the major issues in bioethics have been shaped by pivotal medical and legal cases. The course examines those cases in detail and uses them as a springboard for understanding the larger ethical issues that they address. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6700 Personhood in Theological & Philosophical Perspective - 3 Hours

Analysis of the role played by this key concept in bioethical debate against the background of philosophical and theological usage. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 6800 Global Health and Justice - 2-3 Hours

An overview of biblical, theological and philosophical approaches to justice, and an overview of justice issues in global health and medicine. Topics to be explored include, for example: globalization and infectious diseases, pharmaceuticals and justice, women's health, Malthusianism in global health policy, rationing and resource allocation in the low resource environment, cancer and care for an aging world, biotechnologies and hunger, medical and ethical problems in short term missions, bioethics in a world lacking global consensus, and the role of the Church when internal policies fail a population's citizens.

BE 6950 Bioethics Practicum - 1-3 Hours

Supervised experience within professional or ministerial settings (e.g., healthcare, public policy, IRB, advocacy organization, church, etc.) engaged in practical bioethics. Emphasis of student assessment materials will be given to demonstrating the application of theoretical bioethics knowledge to the professional or ministerial environment. Prerequisite: BE 5000 or BE 5100. Student must obtain the program director's permission and secure site approval before registering.

BE 7300 Advanced Clinical Ethics - 1-3 Hours

This course will engage students in the process of doing ethical analysis in group discussion and in writing ethics consultation reports on specific cases typically encountered by a consultant in clinical ethics. Two prerequisites: BE 5300; plus either BE 5000 or BE 5100. Students without clinical/medical experience must obtain the professor's permission before registering. Students without BE 5000/5100 can ask the professor to waive that prerequisite. Offered online.

BE 7476 Bioethics Capstone Exam - 0 Hours

A comprehensive examination scheduled by the student with the program director consisting of broad essay questions that allow the student to demonstrate a grasp of the field as a whole. Students should register for this capstone option in the semester they plan to take the examination.

BE 7478 Bioethics Capstone Project - 0-3 Hours

Independent study culminating in a bioethics-related project, as arranged with the program director or designate. Students should register for this course the semester they start the project. Prerequisite or taken concurrently: BE 5200, BE 5300, BE 5500, and BE 6500.

BE 7480 Bioethics Capstone Integrative or Major Paper - 0-3 Hours

Independent study culminating in a bioethics-related project, as arranged with the program director or designate. Students should register for this course the semester they start the project. Prerequisite or taken concurrently: BE 5200, BE 5300, BE 5500, and BE 6500.

BE 7485 MA Thesis - 0-4 Hours

MA thesis writers register for BE 7485. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal, and other department specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time student status. Letter grade or Credit/No Credit as arranged with the department. (Formerly BE 790)

BE 7486 Bioethics Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for BE 7478 or BE 7480. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as quarter-time academic status. May not be repeated. No Credit.

BE 7487 Bioethics Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

Up to three-semesters extension for BE 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis and with the consent of the Program Director. This counts as half-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of twenty hours per week is invested in the capstone. Extension fee required when not enrolled in other courses. No Credit.

BE 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent study as arranged with a graduate school faculty member.

BE 7600 Theological Bioethics and Contemporary Alternatives - 3 Hours

A theological examination of topics in moral theology and theological ethics and their application to a wide range of bioethical issues, identifying common ground and differences with other competing contemporary outlooks.

BE 7700 Bioethics Seminar - 1-4 Hours

Topical course conducted as a seminar on a question such as autonomy and informed consent, health care systems, resource allocation, genetic intervention, or end-of-life decision making. May be repeated for credit. Cannot be taken as a Reading Course. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BE 8100 Contemporary Figures in Bioethics - 2-3 Hours

This course includes presentations by several prominent Christian figures in bioethics as well as readings from an array of significant Christian leaders in bioethics. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

BI 101 Understanding the Old Testament - 3 Hours

A survey of the setting, history and literature of the Old Testament. Emphasis is given to major Old Testament themes, including covenant, salvation, worship, wisdom, justice and righteousness, and messianic hope. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 105 Understanding the Old Testament - 3 Hours

An introduction to the Old Testament, with an emphasis on its content, themes, and message. Students will learn to read these Scriptures in their literary, social and historical context so as to better understand their contemporary relevance and apply them faithfully. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 111 Understanding the New Testament - 3 Hours

A survey of the setting, history, and literature of the New Testament. Emphasis is given to major New Testament themes, including the person and work of Jesus Christ, the ministry of the Holy Spirit, the theology of Paul, and the Christian in society. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 115 Understanding the New Testament - 3 Hours

An introduction to the New Testament, with an emphasis on its content, themes, and message. Students will learn to read these Scriptures in their literary, social, and historical context so as to better understand their contemporary relevance and apply them faithfully. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 210 Biblical Interpretation - 3 Hours

This course is designed to acquaint the student with a basic understanding of the principles of biblical interpretation as well as the primary tools of biblical research. The student will then apply these principles and tools to the study of a selected New Testament epistle. Prerequisite: BI 101 or BI 111. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 211 Ethics and the Bible - 3 Hours

This course examines the people, places, and stories of the Bible as a revealed resource for being and becoming Christian in the 21st century. The goal is to establish an ethical framework consonant with the biblical witness in the context of increasingly, antithetical systems in contemporary culture and to learn to apply this ethical framework to issues in our personal lives and in our society in order to become more human and humane. Prerequisites: BI 105 or BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 275 Teaching the Bible - 3 Hours

A study of theories and methods of teaching the Bible utilizing instructional objectives. Students will prepare and present lesson plans to demonstrate their proficiency in the stating and accomplishing of appropriate educational objectives. Prerequisite: BI 210. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative, and Florida undergraduate.

BI 290 Interpreting and Teaching the Bible - 3 Hours

This course provides exposure to select theories and further develops skills for interpreting the Bible. Students will learn how to transition from interpretation to teaching a variety of audiences with pastoral and contextual sensitivity. Specific attention will be given to interpreting and teaching texts of different genres from both the Old Testament and New Testament. Prerequisites: BI 105 or BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 301 Old Testament Pentateuch and Former Prophets - 3 Hours

A study of the Pentateuch (Genesis through Deuteronomy) and Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings) in the Old Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in the corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 105. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 302 Pentateuch - 3 Hours

A study of the content, theology, and criticism of the Pentateuch. Emphasis will be on major themes like creation, fall, salvation, election, covenant, ethics and worship, and law. A particular book of the Pentateuch will be exegeted in detail and developed from theological and literary perspectives its literary, social and historical context. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 210. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative, Florida undergraduate.

BI 303 Old Testament Latter Prophets - 3 Hours

A study of the Latter Prophets (Isaiah through Ezekiel, the Twelve, and Daniel) in the Old Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in this corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 105. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 304 Old Testament Prophetic Books - 3 Hours

A study of the historical setting and message of the Old Testament prophets. The course will survey all the prophetic books briefly, and focus a particular prophetic book. Selected passages will be exegeted in class using methods taught in BI 210 Biblical Interpretation. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 210. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative, and Florida undergraduate.

BI 306 Old Testament Poetic Books - 3 Hours

A study of the poetic books of the Old Testament: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and Lamentations. Emphasis will be on major themes like praise, lament, messianic hope, the fear of the Lord, the problem of suffering and the nature of wisdom. A selection of representative psalms and the most important chapters in Wisdom Literatures will be exegeted in detail and developed from a theological and literary perspective. Prerequisites: BI 101, 210. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative, and Florida undergraduate.

BI 307 Old Testament Writings - 3 Hours

A study of the poetic books (Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations) and post-exile narratives (Ezra/Nehemiah, Esther, Chronicles) in the Old Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in the corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 105. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 308 Old Testament Historical Books - 3 Hours

A consideration of the basic outline of Israelite history contained in the books of Joshua-2 Kings, Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and 2 Chronicles. In addition to content and theology of a particular historical book, emphasis is on the historiography of the biblical authors and differing modern historiographical approaches to these Old Testament books. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 210. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 312 Life of Christ - 3 Hours

A study of the life of Jesus Christ, with emphasis on crisis events. Attention is given to Jesus in a particular Gospel, to the development in Jesus' ministry, and to the topic of Messiahship, kingdom of God, discipleship, and controversy. Prerequisites: BI 111, BI 210. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative, and Florida undergraduate.

BI 313 New Testament Church - 3 Hours

A study of early Christianity based on the Book of Acts. Attention is given to the historicity of Acts, the careers of Peter and Paul, and the dynamics that spread the church into the Roman world. Prerequisites: BI 111, BI 210. Delivery mode: online and Florida undergraduate.

BI 331 New Testament Synoptic Gospels and Acts - 3 Hours

A study of the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) and Acts in the New Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in the corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 333 New Testament Pauline Epistles - 3 Hours

A study of the Pauline epistles (Romans through Philemon) in the New Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in this corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 335 Theology of the General Epistles - 3 Hours

A study of major theological themes of the general epistles including Christology, Soteriology, and Sanctification with detailed exegetical attention given to a particular general epistle. Prerequisite: BI 111, BI 210 recommended. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 336 Theology of the Pauline Epistles - 3 Hours

A study of major theological themes of the Pauline literature including Soteriology, Ecclesiology, and Theology proper, with detailed exegetical attention given to a Pauline epistle. Prerequisite BI 111 required, BI 210 recommended. Delivery mode: online, Waupun Initiative and Florida undergraduate.

BI 337 New Testament General Epistles - 2 Hours

A study of the general epistles (Hebrews through 2 Peter, Jude) in the New Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in this corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 339 New Testament Johannine Literature - 2 Hours

A study of the Johannine literature (Gospel of John, 1-3 John, Revelation) in the New Testament. This course will briefly survey all books in the corpus, but interpretation will focus on a particular book. Students will strengthen interpretive skills by examining key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues in the book. Prerequisite: BI 115. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 350 Topics in the Bible - 1-3 Hours

A study of an individual book or topic in Old Testament or New Testament. May be repeated for different books or topics. Prerequisites: BI 105 or BI 111 and BI 210. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BI 400 Romans - 3 Hours

A study of the background, content, and theology of Paul's letter to Rome; emphasis is placed on the development of major themes of the book. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BI 405 New Testament Theology - 3 Hours

An in-depth study of the central tenets of the Christian faith with emphasis on the doctrines of God, the church, sin, and salvation. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BI 415 Theological Issues - 3 Hours

An examination of theological issues within selected categories of systematic theology with an emphasis on the key doctrines in each category as viewed from differing theological perspectives. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

BI 430 The Book of Acts - 3 Hours

A study of the background, content, and theology of the early church as found in Acts. Emphasis is placed on the development of the early church, the missionary journeys, and the relationship of the gospels and epistles to the historical events in Acts. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BI 435 Revelation - 3 Hours

A study of the background, content, and theology of the book of Revelation. Emphasis is placed upon identifying the major themes of the book by interpreting its messages and visions. In addition, attention is given to the major interpretive approaches to the book. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery Mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BI 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Advanced study in special topics for students who have demonstrated ability in biblical studies. The preparation of a research paper will normally be required. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online and Florida undergraduate.

BI 452 Biblical Studies Seminar - 3 Hours

An in-depth study of selected problems and recent developments in biblical studies. Attention will be given to tools, principles, and practice of research and writing in biblical studies. May be repeated for different topics. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Biblical Studies major. Prerequisite: BI 105 or BI 115, BI 210. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 103 Introductory Biology - 4 Hours

A general survey of the basic principles of biology with an emphasis on humanity and humanity's role in nature. The scientific method, evolutionary theory, and Christianity as the basis of understanding nature and its problems are considered. Laboratory is included. Not open to Biology or Health Sciences majors for credit toward a major in Biology or Health Sciences. Laboratory fee. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 111 General Biology - 4 Hours

A concentrated study of the principles and fundamentals of biology. Basic biochemistry, cellular structure and function, energetics, concepts of basic molecular biology, and genetics are included. Laboratory is included. This course is open to majors in the Division of Science, Technology and Health only or by consent of the instructor. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 111 or consent of department. Laboratory fee. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 112 Biology: Plant and Animal Kingdoms - 4 Hours

A concentrated study of the principles and fundamentals of biology, ecology, and evolutionary biology are studied. Also examined are the diversity, morphology, physiology, and reproduction of microorganisms, plants, and animals. Laboratory is included. This course is open to majors in the Division of Science and Technology only or by consent of the instructor. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 111 or consent of department. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 140 Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology - 4 Hours

A study of human anatomy and physiology. Laboratory is included. This course is open to majors in Sports and Wellness Management or minors in Health Psychology only. All others are by consent of the instructor. Not open to Biology or other Health Sciences majors for credit toward a major. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 145 Human Biology - 4 Hours

A study of basic principles of biology, cells, genetics, anatomy and physiology, and the human impact on the environment. Special emphasis will be given to understanding anatomy and physiology as it pertains to the workings of the human body and its response to disease. This course is suitable for non science majors and includes laboratory experience. Not for credit toward a major in biology. Laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BIO 150 Laboratory Methods in Biology - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to meet the needs of the student who requires or desires laboratory experience in a particular area of biology additional to that available as part of the regularly offered coursework. The area of study will vary with the needs of the student. Prerequisites: at least one introductory course in the biology and consent of the department chair. Laboratory fee. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 201X Physiology of Exercise - 4 Hours

A systematic approach to the study of the function of the human body during physical activity and recovery. Emphasis is placed on how the physiology of the sedentary body responds and adapts to both acute and chronic workloads. The application of these principles to exercise prescription for the achievement of optimal fitness and athletic performance will be applied. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: HS 165 and either BIO 140 or BIO 340-341, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BIO 201X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 210 Ecology and Field Biology - 4 Hours

A study of the fundamental principles and concepts of ecology emphasizing the ecosystem approach. Introduction to the principles and concepts pertaining to the ecosystem, including energy flow, nutrient cycling, limiting factors, ecological development, and organismic, population, and community ecology. The structure and characteristics of various terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, environmental problems, and resource management are also included. Laboratory and field work are included. Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 112 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 220 General Botany - 4 Hours

The taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, and ecology of vascular and nonvascular plants will be studied. Emphasis will be placed on the relationship of the cellular, organismal, and gross structures of vascular plants with development and function in time and environment. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: BIO 111 and CH 112. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 250 Advanced Laboratory Methods in Biology - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to provide the student with advanced laboratory experience in a particular area of interest in the biology field beyond that offered as part of the regularly scheduled coursework. The field of study will vary with the needs of the student. Prerequisites: at least one introductory course in biology and consent of the department chair. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 285X Statistics - 4 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests, including one-way analysis of variance. Specific instruction and computer experience in the use of SPSS is provided. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Computer fee. Cross-listed with MA 285X, PSY 285X, SOC 285X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 300 Environmental Conservation - 3 Hours

An ecological approach to the study of conservation of natural resources as related to current environmental problems. Significant fieldwork is required. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BIO 306 Scientific Applications Professional Experience - 1-4 Hours

In-depth instructional or laboratory experience, including teaching assistantship and laboratory assistantship, designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, laboratory, and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Satisfies the Professional Experience requirement. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 310 Microbiology - 4 Hours

A study of the taxonomy and identification, structure, nutrition and growth, physiology, metabolism, genetics, host microbial interactions, immunology, ecology, epidemiology, and control of microorganisms and viruses. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites or corequisites: BIO 111, CH 111-CH 112. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 315 Genetics - 4 Hours

A study of the basic principles of heredity, including classical, cytological and population genetics. In addition, the course will emphasize the analysis of genes at the molecular level and the study of gene expression. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: BIO 111, BIO 112. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 320 Immunology - 3 Hours

A study of the cellular and molecular nature of innate and adaptive immune systems, including immunoglobulins, humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, immunopathology, immunobiology, and cancer biology. Prerequisites: BIO 111 and CH 112. Courses in microbiology, cell and molecular biology, and genetics are highly recommended. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 321 Immunology Case Studies Laboratory - 1 Hour

A problem-based discussion/laboratory course exploring the use of contemporary immunological laboratory procedures and the application of immunological theory and practical knowledge to clinical diagnosis of immunological diseases. Clinical case studies will be used as the discussion vehicle. Course must be taken in conjunction with BIO 320 Immunology. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 340 Human Anatomy and Physiology I - 4 Hours

An in-depth study of the anatomical and physiological features of the following human body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory, digestive/metabolic, lymphatic, and endocrine. Relevant clinical information and pathology are discussed. A strong emphasis is placed on experimental study and analysis of physiological processes. This course is suitable for premedical students, health sciences students, students wishing to pursue graduate studies in science, and education majors with a science emphasis. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites or corequisites: BIO 111 or CH 111-CH 112, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Both semesters must be completed in order to apply to major. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 341 Human Anatomy and Physiology II - 4 Hours

An in-depth study of the anatomical and physiological features of the following human body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory, digestive/metabolic, lymphatic, and endocrine. Relevant clinical information and pathology are discussed. A strong emphasis is placed on experimental study and analysis of physiological processes. This course is suitable for premedical students, health sciences students, students wishing to pursue graduate studies in science, and education majors with a science emphasis. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites or corequisites: BIO 111 or CH 111-112, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Both semesters must be completed in order to apply to major. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 350 Topics In Biology - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics in biology. May be repeated for credit with different topics. Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 112, or consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee may be required depending on topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 358X Christianity and Darwinism - 3 Hours

This interdisciplinary, team-taught honors seminar will investigate the relationship between Christianity and Darwinism since the latter's inception in the mid-nineteenth century. Cross listed with HI 358X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 359 Topics for Honors Students - 3 Hours

Selected topics not taught under specific course titles. Depending on the topic, the course will be designated as falling under one or more departments. May be repeated for credit if the topic differs. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 400 Origins and Evolution - 3 Hours

A critical examination of the empirical and theoretical bases for the theories of the origin of life and biological evolution. The scriptural account of creation and the various schools of thought on creation and evolution are considered. Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 112 or consent of the instructor. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 406 Advanced Scientific Applications Professional Experience - 1-4 Hours

Advanced instructional, clinical, field study, or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of the instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered each semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 410 Biology Seminar - 1 Hour

This course includes presentations and discussions of selected papers, topics of current interest in the field, and senior research projects by students and invited speakers. Starting in the student's second year in the Biology program, this course must be taken each semester it is offered until graduation or changing of majors. The student will audit all semesters except one. During the spring semester of the student's senior year, the course must be taken for credit and a senior seminar presentation will be required. Prerequisite: major in the Division of Science and Technology, and Health, or consent of instructor. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Biology, Biology/Pre-Medical, and Biology/Pre-Physician Assistant major. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 415 Molecular Genetics - 4 Hours

This course will offer a detailed study of the analysis and manipulations of genes at the molecular level, including control of gene expression, study of genome structure, and molecular evolution. Course will include reading and discussion of current literature relevant to the field of molecular genetics and instruction in the use of biological databases. The application of molecular genetics to analyze the human genome will be considered. Prerequisites: BIO 315, or CH 212. Suggested prerequisite or corequisite: CH 320 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 420X Cell and Molecular Biology - 4 Hours

A detailed study of the structure and function of cells in their genetic, biochemical, developmental, physiological and pathophysiological aspects. This course introduces students to the relationships that exist between cell structure and biochemical processes necessary for eukaryotic cell growth, differentiation, and death. Laboratory included. Prerequisites: BIO 111, and CH 320. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross listed with CH 420X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 430 Developmental Biology - 4 Hours

A study of the nature of developmental processes of animals at the classical, experimental, and molecular levels. Reading, abstracting and presenting primary journal articles in the field of developmental biology constitutes the laboratory portion of the course. Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 340, BIO 341. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. .

BIO 450 Independent Study - 1-3 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BIO 470 Undergraduate Research - 1-4 Hours

A course involving investigation of a research problem under faculty supervision. Course requirements may include a literature survey, research, a written formal report, and oral presentation of results in biology seminar (BIO 410). Prerequisites: BIO 111 and at least one of the following: BIO 310, BIO 340, BIO 341, BIO 420X. Instructor's consent by signature required. May be repeated for credit. Laboratory fee may be required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 305 Theology I: The God of the Gospel - 3 Hours

This course reflects upon the triune God and the God-world relation. It introduces theological methodology and treats the doctrines of general and special revelation, particularly that of Holy Scripture. The course also engages theology proper (the divine perfections and personal attributes of the Holy Trinity) and the works of God in creating and providentially caring for the cosmos, including humans. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 306 Theology II: The Gospel of God - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the gospel, the economy of salvation, the incarnation of the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The course begins by treating the human condition as now fallen, and sin as the backdrop of the gospel. Attention then turns to the work of Christ, particularly the atonement and accomplishment of redemption as the content of the gospel. The course then considers the application and consummation of redemption by examining the work of the Holy Spirit, the nature, mission, and destiny of the church as the gathered people of God as the climax of the gospel. The course concludes with a consideration of how the gospel story ends, for believers and unbelievers, in the glory of God's being all in all in the new heaven and new earth. Prerequisite: BRS 305. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 321X American Church History - 3 Hours

A survey of the history of Christianity in America from the colonial period to the present. Special attention is given to the Protestant evangelical tradition. Cross-listed with HI 321X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 322X Topics in Church History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected themes, topics, or periods in the history of the Christian church since 400 A.D. with a particular emphasis on the relationship between church history and social, intellectual, political, and cultural history. May be repeated for credit if topic concentration differs. Topics have included Reformation and Puritanism. Cross-listed with HI 322X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 330 Christian Evidences - 3 Hours

An examination of the concept of "evidence" and a rigorous study of the historical events and documents upon which Christianity rests, as well as a comprehensive overview of the presuppositions and conceptions that are inimical to orthodox Christianity and how they may be handled. Prerequisite: Any two of the general education requirement courses (BI 101, BI 111, or BI 210). Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BRS 331 Christian Doctrine - 3 Hours

A study of the major doctrines of Christianity as taught in the Bible, with some emphasis on the development of doctrines in the history of the church and the various options held by the Christian church. Prerequisite: BI 101 or BI 111. Delivery mode: online, and Florida undergraduate.

BRS 332 Biblical Theology - 3 Hours

A survey of the methods and content of biblical theology. Emphasis is on the Bible's storyline, examining how the books and corpora of the Bible contribute to the unfolding history of redemption. Attention is given to themes of temple, sacrifice, priest, rest, kingship, exile, idolatry, promise, messiah, wisdom, and others. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BRS 338 Theological and Sociological Foundations of Evangelism - 3 Hours

A study of the theology of evangelism and contemporary sociological factors of conversion. This course will examine the gospel message and biblical reasons for doing evangelism, as well as consider issues in understanding why people convert in order to formulate an evangelical understanding of evangelism. The course will give consideration to contemporary evangelistic methods and evaluate them in light of the material presented in class. Students will be challenged to make evangelism a component of daily life whether in a vocational ministry or a secular occupation. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BRS 340X History of Christianity - 3 Hours

A survey of the history of the Christian church from the New Testament to the present. Approximately equal time is spent on the early, medieval, Reformation, and modern periods. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Cross-listed with HI 340X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BRS 341 Theology: Prolegomena, Scripture, Theology Proper - 3 Hours

This course begins by clarifying the nature, method, and necessity of theology. Discussion then moves to the doctrine of Scripture, including revelation, inspiration, illumination, and inerrancy. This course concludes with the study of the existence and nature of God (including the Trinity), God's works of creation (including angels), and providence. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BRS 342 Theology: Christ, Humanity, Sin, Salvation - 3 Hours

This course covers the study of the person and work of Christ. It treats the nature of man both as a creature and as a sinner, including original sin, imputation of sin, and the nature and consequences of individual acts of sin. Discussion focuses on both the atoning work of Christ and on the application of the work of Christ by the Holy Spirit that runs from election through conversion and justification all the way to glorification. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BRS 343 Theology: Holy Spirit, Church, Last Things - 3 Hours

This course begins with the study of the person and work of the Holy Spirit. Focus then shifts to the doctrine of the church. Topics include the nature, mission, function, organization, and ordinances of the church, the use of the gifts of the Holy Spirit in ministry, and the relation of Israel to the church. The course concludes with a treatment of the Last Things in relation to individuals (including the intermediate state and the resurrection of the body) and in relation to the following corporate groups: the church, Israel, and the nations. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

BRS 350 Topics in Biblical and Religious Studies - 1-3 Hours

A study of selected biblical or religious topics. May be repeated for different topics. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 359 Topics for Honors Students - 3 Hours

Selected topics not taught under specific course titles. Depending on the topic, the course will be designated as falling under one or more departments. May be repeated for credit if the topic differs. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 363X Survey of Religious Diversity - 3 Hours

A survey of the world's major religions, including Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and other religious movements. The specific aim of the course is to learn how to understand and engage a full range of religious worldviews from the perspective of the Christian faith. Special attention is given to comparing and contrasting religious movements with the historic Christian faith. The course probes various dimensions of the problem of religious truth, explores the possibility of constructing a systematic understanding of religions, and seeks to formulate creative and thoughtful responses to the problem of religious diversity. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Cross-listed with PH 363X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BRS 430 Advanced Topics in Religious Studies - 1-3 Hours

Selected courses taught at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors with approval from the Director of TEDS Undergraduate Teaching. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 437X Music in Worship - 3 Hours

The study of biblical, theological, historical, and practical concepts and patterns for worship of all major Christian traditions. The types of music and the roles music has played in the worship of various historical traditions will be considered in light of the theology of those traditions. Includes the study of congregational song. Student projects will include planning, leading, and evaluating music in worship. Prerequisites: BI 105 and BI 115 or permission of instructor. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years. Cross-listed with WOR 437X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BRS 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Advanced study in special topics for students who have demonstrated ability in religious studies. The preparation of a research paper will normally be required. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 101 Introduction to Business - 3 Hours

This is a survey course in business that is designed to provide students with a holistic perspective on how and why businesses function. The course exposes students to planning, production, distribution, marketing/advertising, sales, distribution, accounting, finance, human resources, and management. Special consideration is given to ethical responsibility. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 103 Introduction to Economics - 3 Hours

This is a survey course in economics. Issues of supply and demand, national income accounting, money and banking, market structures, and contemporary economic issues are studied. Both microeconomic and macroeconomic principles are presented. Not available for credit for students with credit in either BUS 207 or BUS 208, or equivalent. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate.

BUS 111 Principles of Management - 3 Hours

This course exposes students to the general principles of management including planning, organizing, leading, and controlling organizational efforts. Special consideration is given to ethical responsibility and the role of management within the broader social context. Offered as scheduled. Delivery mode: Online, and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 113 Principles of Marketing - 3 Hours

Students in this course will be exposed to the principle concepts in marketing, including planning, consumer behavior, segmenting, and positioning. The course will also cover tactical considerations for products, pricing, channels of distribution, and promotion - advertising, professional selling, sales promotion, digital, and public relations. Special concerns in international marketing and ethical decision-making will be woven throughout course content. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 115 Human Resources Management - 3 Hours

Content of this course includes personnel processes, which are considered within a framework of manpower resources development and utilization. Functions and activities of the Human Resources Department are outlined and discussed (e.g. recruitment, selection, training). In addition, the impact of Human Resource function on both the organization (management) and the individual are discussed. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 181 Survey of International Business - 3 Hours

A survey of business in a global economy. Topics covered include the economic, political, and cultural factors determining the business environment, foreign direct investment, human resource management of foreign labor, international law, international marketing, international trade, international finance and strategic planning in a global economy. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 201 Introduction to Business Law - 3 Hours

This course provides an overview a consideration of the general principles of law as applied to commercial situations. Emphasis is given to contracts, negotiable instruments, personal and real property, and trade regulations. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 207 Microeconomics - 3 Hours

An analysis of market behavior emphasizing the determinants of demand and supply. Emphasis is placed on potential advantages, disadvantages, and limitation of the market system in providing goods and services in an economically efficient manner. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 208 Macroeconomics - 3 Hours

An introduction and survey of the nature of economic problems and analysis. Different methods of organizing society are discussed, with an emphasis placed on U.S. institutions and experience. Prerequisite: BUS 207 or permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 214 Introduction to Managing Nonprofit Organizations - 3 Hours

This course covers the theories and principles for managing nonprofit organizations. This includes practices such as strategy formulation, goal setting, staffing, organizing, implementation, and evaluation. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 221 Principles of Accounting I - 3 Hours

An introduction to principles and procedures, including basic concepts of the accounting cycle and related activities. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 222 Principles of Accounting II - 3 Hours

For students with an emphasis in Accounting. BUS 222 builds on the concepts in BUS 221. The course covers accounting methods for various components of the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows with an emphasis on evaluating financial performance. Prerequisite: BUS 221. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 223 Managerial Accounting and Analysis - 3 Hours

For students not emphasizing in accounting. BUS 223 builds on topics from BUS 221 and focuses on the use of accounting information for decision making for management. Topics include cost/volume/profit analysis, forecasting, budgeting, product costing, cost allocation, and performance evaluation. Prerequisite: BUS 221. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate.

BUS 301 Legal Environment of Organizations - 3 Hours

This course provides a basic understanding of the law as it relates to both for-profit and nonprofit organizations. It studies the legal process, the fundamentals of criminal and tort law, law enforcement, society and the law, contracts, agency, and property and employment law. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 302 Project Management - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to the nature, tasks, and challenges of project management. This includes studying the various phases of project management (project definition, project planning, project execution, project control, and project close-out) and learning the skills that are necessary to navigate each phase successfully. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 303 Topics in Management - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Prerequisite: BUS 101. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 310 Personal Finance - 3 Hours

This course focuses on equipping students to make informed personal choices in spending, investing, borrowing, savings and giving. Topics include financial goal setting, money management, consumer credit, housing decisions, investments, income tax management, and retirement planning. Open to business and non-business majors. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 313 Topics in Economics - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced, including such fields as Public Finance, Labor Economics, and Current Issues. Prerequisites: BUS 207, BUS 208. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 319 Investments - 3 Hours

Students in this course will learn about investments from the perspective of the individual and the investment manager. Topics covered include financial instruments (stocks, bonds, options, futures), securities markets, portfolio development and diversification, security analysis and valuation, international markets and special considerations such as taxes and inflation. Course participants will be challenged to apply course concepts in a market simulation. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 321 Financial Reporting I - 3 Hours

Study of financial accounting and reporting issues, including the conceptual framework, measure and recognition of income, time value of money, measurement, and valuation methodologies for key components of the balance sheet. Balance sheet topics focus on assets and short-term liabilities, such as receivables, inventories, tangible and intangible assets and contingencies. Prerequisite: BUS 222. Offered fall semester even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 322 Financial Reporting II - 3 Hours

A continuation of BUS 321. The focus is on valuation for long-term liabilities and stockholders' equity, including deferred taxes, pension, leases, long term investment and debt, earning per share, and equity based compensations. Prerequisite: BUS 321. Offered spring semester odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 323 Individual Income Taxation - 3 Hours

An introduction to principles and procedures, including basic concepts of federal income taxation for individuals. The course reflects individual income tax theory and practical tax research and preparation. The course also reflects current and recent legislative, judicial and administrative changes in the federal income tax code and procedures.

BUS 325 Accounting for Business Combinations and Consolidations - 3 Hours

This course covers the rationale and accounting methodologies for business combinations and for consolidating financial statements with controlling interests. Other inter-corporate accounting issues such as intercompany transactions, foreign currency transactions, and translations are covered. Prerequisites: BUS 221, BUS 222. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 326 Cost Accounting - 3 Hours

Concepts and application of cost accounting, procedures, reporting and evaluation of such applications. The course views the cost accounting function (process) as an essential and powerful activity in the business environment. Essential to adequately prepare for the uniform CPA and CMA examinations. Prerequisites: BUS 221, BUS 222. Offered fall semester even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 327 Theory and Practice of Auditing - 3 Hours

An introduction to principles and procedures, including basic concepts of the auditing cycle and related activities. Emphasis is placed on the attest function, professional standards and ethics, and sampling techniques. Prerequisites: BUS 221, BUS 222. Offered fall semester even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 328 Quantitative Skills for Managers - 3 Hours

An introduction to the financial and data analysis skills needed by managers. Basic principles of accounting, budgeting, and finance will be covered. Students will learn how to gather, organize, analyze, and present data that are useful for evaluation and decision making in organizations. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 329 Topics in Accounting - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Prerequisites: BUS 221, BUS 222, or permission of instructor. Computer fee may be required for some topics. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 331 Consumer Behavior - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the practical application of social psychological research designed to understand, predict, and influence consumer behavior. Issues covered include persuasion, promotional strategy, sales and marketing planning, personal selling, perception, motivation, nonverbal communication, attitudes, decision-making, learning, compliance, psychographics, and geo-demographics. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate.

BUS 332 Topics in Marketing - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Prerequisite: BUS 113, or permission of instructor. Computer fee for some topics. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 333 Sales Principles and Practices - 3 Hours

This skills-based course focuses on the role of ethical professional selling in organizational and interpersonal interactions. Students are exposed to the different steps in the selling cycle including prospecting, needs assessment, presentation, objection handling, and closing. Prerequisite: BUS 113. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 334 Advertising - 3 Hours

Students in this course will be exposed to the key concepts in advertising, including audience and strategy definition, the creative process, media choices, and campaign development. Course content will also cover creative considerations for different media, including broadcast, print, and Web. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 340 Visionary Leadership - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to a comprehensive framework for understanding the nature and tasks of visionary leadership which includes such activities as clarifying one's own values, envisioning the future, fostering teamwork, and recognizing follower contributions. Throughout this course, students will construct a holistic leadership plan for a project of their choice. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 341 Leading Teams - 3 Hours

This course teaches students how to lead effectively within a variety of team settings. This includes studying the characteristics of effective teams, the processes of teamwork, common problems teams face, and solutions for solving team problems. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 346 Organizational Behavior - 3 Hours

Examines the way individuals, groups, and structures impact the functioning of people within organizations. Course topics include job satisfaction, stress, motivation, decision making, team building, leadership, innovation, and organizational communication. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 350 Topics in Human Resources - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Prerequisite: BUS 115. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 351 Organizational Development - 3 Hours

This course exposes students to the theory and practice of the discipline of organizational development to affect change. Emphasis is placed on the development of constituency-led changes. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 352 Compensation and Benefits - 3 Hours

Theory and practice of compensation and benefits within the organization. Linking compensation and benefits to strategic goals. Includes performance appraisal, compensation, incentive and benefit practices, and legal/regulatory overview. Prerequisite: BUS 115 or permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 353 Management of Change - 3 Hours

This course covers the theory, analysis, and application of intervention methods and procedures to effect change within organizations. Through case studies and other analyses, the class investigates how organizations can bring about successful change, why change is often resisted, and why some organizations' efforts to change fail. Prerequisite: BUS 115 or permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 355 Personnel Evaluation and Coaching - 3 Hours

This course overviews the systematic analysis of employee performance in organizations to identify performance strengths and deficits, to diagnose causes of problems, and to specify solutions. It covers management tools for employee evaluation, such as interviews, self-appraisals, "360 degree feedback," and supervisor ratings for the purposes of job placement, performance appraisal, employee development, awarding merit pay increases, promotion, or employee termination. The course covers internal and external coaching for employee development, for enhancing employee effectiveness, motivation, morale, and productivity, or for intervening with problem employees. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 356 Training and Development - 3 Hours

This course provides an analysis of the relationship of training and development to the practical implementation of organizational goals and strategies. It includes an overview of the principles and practices of training design, teaching techniques, and learning principles used by trainers and supervisors in business, effective training technology, and presentation skills. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 371 Board Governance and Volunteer Management in Nonprofit Organizations - 3 Hours

This course studies the selection, roles, and responsibilities of nonprofit boards. A particular emphasis will be given to understanding the relationship between the organizational executive and the board in addressing managerial challenges. It also addresses the theory and principles of the management of volunteers in a variety of nonprofit settings. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 372X Nonprofit Management - 3 Hours

This course covers the theories and principles unique to managing ministries and not-for-profit social services organizations. Special emphasis is placed on the recruitment and management of volunteers and on effective development and utilization of volunteer boards of directors. Cross-listed with CM 372X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 373X Nonprofit Financial Management - 3 Hours

This course covers basic concepts in managing finances for nonprofit organizations. Basic accounting topics covered include budgeting, expense control, and measurement in tax-exempt corporations. In addition, the course covers fundraising practices, including annual funding, capital campaigns, planned giving, special events, and grant proposal approaches and procedures. Ethical implications of fundraising and a survey of laws and regulations are also presented. Cross-listed with CM 373X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 376 Nonprofit Marketing - 3 Hours

This course covers the basic processes and practices of marketing as applied to a variety of nonprofit settings. Topics include marketing planning, implementation, and evaluation. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 388 Digital Analytics - 3 Hours

Students in this course will explore the different tools available for evaluating online and digital performance. Topics include text analytics, database analysis, digital analytics, online monitoring, and online behaviors. Emphasis will be on the application of analytic analysis including Search Engine Optimization and website effectiveness. Recommended prerequisite: COM 281. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 390 Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation - 3 Hours

Students in this course will be exposed to concepts in new venture creation for Entrepreneurial, Intrapreneurial, Social, and Non-Profit organizations. Specific concepts will cover idea generation, opportunity recognition, initiative taking, planning, financing, and functional area management. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 391 Entrepreneurial Accounting and Finance - 3 Hours

This course is designed to help students understand key accounting and financial concepts as they relate to start-up ventures. Concepts to be covered include financing options, working capital management, financial statements, and the time value of money. Brief coverage will also be given to personal financial management and to succession and retirement planning. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 392 Social Entrepreneurship - 3 Hours

This course focuses on preparing students to create and manage organizations that advance social change. Course content will cover the start-up, organization, and financing of enterprises with social purposes. The role of entrepreneurial activity as a means to generate economic growth and to alleviate poverty will also be covered. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 411 Financial Management - 3 Hours

An overview of the fundamentals of financial administration emphasizing the cost of capital, capital budgeting, cash budgeting, working capital management, and long-term sources and uses of funds. Prerequisites: knowledge of spreadsheet software and BUS 222 and MA 285X. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

BUS 423 Management Information Systems - 3 Hours

Study of organizational systems that capture information from the major business processes and transaction cycles. The students will learn how various information technologies and business applications such as enterprise business systems, serve as the basis for the functional areas of accounting and business. Students will also learn strategies and solutions for addressing IT related issues within an organization. Offered fall semester, odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate.

BUS 426 Strategic Planning - 3 Hours

Utilizing case studies, students will develop and improve skills in the critical areas of applied organizational research and management of the strategic and operational planning process. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 430 Marketing Research - 4 Hours

This course provides concepts and experience in conducting marketing research projects to solve various business problems. Students will be exposed to key concepts in marketing research including research management, research design, data generation, data analysis and recommendations. Practical experience will be garnered through the team execution of an actual marketing research project. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 285X or permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 433 Marketing Strategy - 3 Hours

An analysis of the conceptual and theoretical developments related to marketing management and an appraisal of these developments in terms of their ability to facilitate understanding, production, and control of marketing. Application of the theoretical foundations will be made through case studies. Prerequisites: BUS 113 and junior or senior standing. Offered spring semester alternate years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

BUS 440 Seminar in Management Policy - 3 Hours

A capstone course using the case study method to integrate the various disciplines of economics and management. Special emphasis is placed on the development of an analytical framework for building consistent and effective business strategy in domestic and international environments. Prerequisites: BUS 101, BUS 113, BUS 115, BUS 221, and senior standing. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

BUS 445 Management Internship - 1-6 Hours

An integration of a business theory with practical experience in an organization. Appropriate internship experiences should provide students with the opportunity to practice, observe, and reflect upon the application of curricular concepts in organizational life. Particular topics for the program will be determined by the job, but must include managerial or related experiences. Before starting a practicum, the student must fill out an internship contract and personally meet with the internship coordinator to discuss academic assignments and expectations. At least 45 hours of work at the internship site must be completed for each hour of academic credit. The course may be repeated for up to twelve total hours of credit. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for business majors. Prerequisites: BUS 101, BUS 113, BUS 115, BUS 221, permission of instructor, junior or senior standing, and approval of internship coordinator or department chair. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

BUS 471 Leadership and Organizational Culture - 3 Hours

This course provides students with multiple perspectives on how to define and to analyze organizational culture. In light of this knowledge, students will learn how to adapt their leadership style to a variety of organizational settings and cultures. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 481 Organizational Ethics - 3 Hours

This course examines the nature of ethics and ethical decision making in both for-profit and nonprofit organizations. Students will also learn to apply passages and principles from the Bible to organizational case studies. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

BUS 490 Seminar in Business and Management Ethics - 3 Hours

An integration of Christian ethics particularly in the context of business and management situations. Students will be exposed to ethical decision-making considerations and will be challenged to apply them to case studies. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Business major. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CH 105X Introduction to Forensic Science - 3 Hours

An overview of the many ways evidence is collected through the scientific disciplines of chemistry, biology, and physics. Principles and applications of DNA analysis, explosives analysis, detection of illegal drugs, toxicological analysis, and firearms identification will be discussed. Legal requirements for the collection, storage, and presentation of evidence with a focus on expert testimony and the standards that govern expert testimony will be presented. Offered Fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with CRJ 105X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 111 General Chemistry I - 4 Hours

First course of a two-course sequence in General Chemistry for science majors. A study of fundamental concepts including atomic structure, bonding, molecular theory, the solid, liquid, and gaseous states, and solutions. Laboratory is included. This course is open to majors in the Division of Science, Technology, and Health only or by consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: proficiency in algebra, high school chemistry. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 112 General Chemistry II - 4 Hours

A continuation of CH 111. Kinetics, equilibrium, acid base topics, and chemical thermodynamics are studied. Laboratory is included. This course is open to majors in the DIvision of Science, Technology, and Health only or by consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: CH 111 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 150 Laboratory Methods in Chemistry - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to meet the need of the student who requires or desires a laboratory experience in chemistry additional to that available as part of the regularly offered coursework. The area of study will vary with the needs of the student. Prerequisite: at least one introductory course in chemistry and consent of the Chair of the Department of Biology and Chemistry. Laboratory fee. Offered each semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 157 Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry - 4 Hours

A survey of general, organic and biological chemistry designed for students in the nursing and related health professions. This course is intended primarily for Health Sciences majors but may be used to fulfill the general education requirement for non-majors if the student has had substantial background in chemistry. Laboratory is included. Laboratory fee. Consent of instructor required. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 211 Organic Chemistry I - 4 Hours

A study of the structure, nomenclature, and reactions of the common classes of organic compounds. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: CH 112. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 212 Organic Chemistry II - 4 Hours

A continuation of CH 211. Interpretation of NMR and IR spectra is studied. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: CH 211. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 305 Scientific Applications - 1-4 Hours

In depth instructional or laboratory experience, including teaching assistantship and laboratory assistantship, designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Invitation of instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 306 Scientific Applications Professional Experience - 1-4 Hours

In-depth instructional or laboratory experience, including teaching assistantship and laboratory assistantship, designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, laboratory, and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Satisfies the Professional Experience requirement. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 312 Instrumental Analysis - 4 Hours

A study of instrumental methods of chemical analysis with stress on spectral, chromatographic, and electroanalytical methods. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: CH 315. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 315 Analytical Chemistry - 4 Hours

A study of traditional quantitative analysis and instrumental analysis. Subjects covered include fundamental concepts of chemical equilibria, volumetric analysis, electroanalytical methods, spectroscopy, and the statistical treatment of experimental data. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: CH 112. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 320 Biochemistry - 4 Hours

Structure, biosynthesis, and metabolism of common classes of biochemical compounds are studied. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: CH 203 or CH 212, and BIO 111, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semeser in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 340 Laboratory in Chemistry - 1 Hour

Laboratory courses in inorganic, organic, organic qualitative analysis, and biochemistry. Prerequisite: CH 315 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 350 Topics in Chemistry - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics in chemistry. May be repeated for credit with different topics. Prerequisite: CH 112 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee may be required depending on topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 405 Advanced Scientific Applications - 1-4 Hours

Advanced instructional, clinical, or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Invitation of the instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 406 Advanced Scientific Applications Professional Experience - 1-4 Hours

Advanced instructional, clinical, or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of the instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Laboratory fee may be required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Offered each semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 410 Chemistry Seminar - 1 Hour

Reports of current research, selected themes, research methods, and writing in chemistry shall be considered. Prerequisites: chemistry major, CH 112 or consent of the instructor. May be repeated for credit. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Chemistry and Chemistry/Pre-medical majors. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 411 Inorganic Chemistry - 3 Hours

An introduction to the concepts and chemical systems of inorganic chemistry, including atomic structure, the periodic table, molecular structure and bonding ionic crystals, chemistry of the transition elements, coordination compounds, noble gases, and acid-base theories. Includes a substantial amount of oral presentation. Prerequisites: CH 212, CH 315 or consent of instructor. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 412 Physical Chemistry of Biological Systems - 4 Hours

This course contains a general overview of the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum mechanics, and statistical thermodynamics with particular stress on biochemical and biological applications. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: CH 411, MA 121, and CH 315, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 420X Cell and Molecular Biology - 4 Hours

A detailed study of the structure and function of cells in their genetic, biochemical, developmental, physiological and pathophysiological aspects. This course introduces students to the relationships that exist between cell structure and biochemical processes necessary for eukaryotic cell growth, differentiation, and death. Laboratory included. Prerequisites: BIO 111 and CH 320. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BIO 420X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 442 Undergraduate Research - 1-4 Hours

This is a laboratory course involving investigation of a research problem under faculty supervision. Course requirements include a literature survey, research, a written formal report, and oral presentation of results in Chemistry Seminar CH 410. Prerequisites: CH 340 and instructor's consent by signature required. May be repeated for credit. Laboratory fee may be required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CH 5051 History of Christianity I - 3 Hours

This course explores the development of Christianity from its inception in the first century to the close of the Reformation era in the sixteenth century. Through a sympathetic engagement with primary and secondary historical sources, students will acquire a general understanding of the patristic period; the ecumenical councils; the emergence of medieval polity, philosophy and theology; the cultural synthesis of the high middle ages; the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe; and the Protestant and Catholic Reformations.

CH 5052 History of Christianity II - 3 Hours

This course explores the development of Christianity from the post-Reformation era to the present day. Through a sympathetic engagement with primary and secondary historical sources, students will acquire a general understanding of the contributions of Protestant orthodoxy; Puritanism and Pietism; the rise of modern secularism; the proliferation of Protestant denominations; the "Enlightenment"; the Evangelical awakenings and revivals in Europe and North America; the Wesleyan movement; nineteenth century missionary expansion; the advance of Christianity in the majority world; modern Pentecostal Christianity; and current theological trends.

CH 5060 American Church History - 3 Hours

The transition of European churches to America and their involvement with theological, liturgical, social, and political issues; the nature of Puritanism; separation of church and state; awakenings and revivals; social concern; liberalism, fundamentalism, neo-orthodoxy, and contemporary evangelicalism are subjects of this course. Offered fall and spring.

CH 6000 Current Studies Church History - 1-3 Hours

Topics selected that deal with significant issues related to Christian history and thought.

CH 7210 Patristic Age - 3 Hours

Introduction to Christian life and thought between the close of the New Testament canon and the beginnings of the medieval period under Pope Gregory I (ca. 600) with emphasis on the major church fathers through primary and relevant secondary sources. Prerequisite: CH 5052 or consent of department chair.

CH 7215 History of Christianity in the Middle Ages - 3 Hours

The course is designed to give an overview of ecclesiastical, political, and theological issues affecting the forms of Christianity from about 529 through 1453. Particular attention is given to the development of the office of the bishop of Rome, the relation between empire and church, missions, monasticism, the philosophy and theology of scholasticism, and the factors affecting the development of conciliarism.

CH 7225 The Reformation Era - 3 Hours

Historical and theological overview of the changes in the history of Western Christendom through Luther's rediscovery of the gospel is the course focus. Topics covered include condition of the late medieval church; the Lutheran, Zwinglian, and Calvinist reformations; the rise of Anglicanism; the Anabaptists and other movements; and the Counter-Reformation. Prerequisite: CH 5052 or consent of department chair.

CH 7411 History of Free Church Movement - 2 Hours

A study of the emergence of the Free Church Movement as a vital force in European Christianity; the contributions of leading personalities to the free churches; the interplay of European pietism with the movement; and the spread of the movement to North America with special reference to the Evangelical Free Church of America.

CH 7450 Christianity in the Non-Western World Since 1500 - 3 Hours

A broad overview of the significant shift of the center of Christianity from the West to Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The social, cultural, and political context of Western missions, the sending nations, and the receiving nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America will be examined. Consideration will be given to: early modern Roman Catholic missions, the impact of African slavery and Western imperialism, the development of Protestant Christianity, the emergence of independent and indigenous church movements, and the rise of Pentecostalism.

CH 7477 MA Major Comprehensive Exam - 1 Hour

A department-specific Major Comprehensive Exam required in some MA programs. Registration should be completed at the beginning of the semester for the regularly scheduled exam date later that semester. Credit is posted when the Exam is passed; No Credit if the Exam is failed or not completed.

CH 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for - 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as fulltime academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

CH 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for - 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

CH 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit/No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

CH 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Preparation - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

CH 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Preparation - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

CH 7980 MA Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

MA participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for 7980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a MA capstone research paper (MA/PR). Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded C- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

CH 8000 Seminar: Current Issues in the History of Christian Thought - 2-4 Hours

Topics chosen to interrelate the divisions of theology; attention focused on current issues or important neglected areas of Christian history and thought.

CH 8100 Classic Texts in the History of Christianity - 3-4 Hours

This course provides students the opportunity to read and discuss the most important books of the classical intellectual tradition, exploring ways in which the insights and arguments of these authors have shaped intellectual life in Christian history and the modern world. Two professors from the Church History department will co-teach this course. They will facilitate class discussions as well as present background materials to help students interpret these writings in their historical and intellectual contexts. Although the booklist may change year-to-year, important texts will include Plato, Symposium, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Ponticus, The Praktikos Chapters on Prayer, Athanasius, On the Church, Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, Descartes, Discourse on Method, Voltaire, Candide, Rousseau, Confessions, Wesley, Standard Sermons, Darwin, Origins of Species, Schleiermacher, Speeches on Religion Hitler, My Struggle, Camus, Myth of Sisyphus and The Stranger, Gutierrez, A Theology of Liberation, and Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8235 The Enlightenment - 3-4 Hours

Religious life and thought during the 18th century with special consideration of Deism and efforts by orthodox Christians to counter this philosophical tendency. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8270 Protestant Thought in Nineteenth Century America - 3-4 Hours

Introduction to the leading Protestant theologians and theological schools of nineteenth-century America, with special attention to topics and issues most controversial among the schools. Emphasis on primary source readings from the New England theologians, the Mercersburg School, Old Princeton, Wesleyan/Holiness sources, and the New Theology. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8280 History of Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism - 3-4 Hours

An analysis of the history of Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism with particular reference to recent interpretations of these movements. Emphasis is placed on the question of Evangelical self-identity. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8320 Luther - 3-4 Hours

An examination of the life of the German reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546) in light of contemporary research, with special attention paid to important dimensions of his religious thought, such as his view of justification, the Word, the sacraments, pastoral ministry, and the relationship of church and state. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8330 Calvin - 3-4 Hours

An examination of the life of the French reformer John Calvin (1509-1564) in light of contemporary research, with special attention paid to important dimensions of his religious thought, such as his view of the knowledge of God, providence, the Scripture, pastoral ministry, church discipline, and predestination. Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8361 Jonathan Edwards - 3-4 Hours

Introduction to the life, times, and especially the theology of Jonathan Edwards. Intensive reading in and reflection on some of Edwards's most important writings. Extensive reading and discussion about Edwards's historical background (primarily in New England Puritanism) and historical legacy (with primary attention paid to the development of 'the New England Theology'). Master's three hours, doctoral 3+1 hours.

CH 8415 The Forgotten Reformers - 3-4 Hours

A study of the history, theology, and legacy of important - yet too often 'forgotten' - religious reformers of sixteenth-century Europe, drawn from primary sources and current secondary literature. Some of the church leaders treated include Gasparo Contarini and Ignatius of Loyola (Catholic); Philip Melanchthon (Lutheran); Andreas Karlstadt (Lutheran-Radical); Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullinger, and Theodore Beza (Reformed); Balthasar Hubmaier and Menno Simons (Anabaptist).

CH 8435 French Protestant Theology 1515-1685 - 3-4 Hours

A survey of Protestant theology and religious practice in French-speaking Europe from the reign of Francis I (1515-47) to the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Particular attention will be paid to doctrinal development and debates as well as the religious struggles of French Protestants during this period. The theology and role of prominent Protestant leaders such as Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples, Guillaume Farel, John Calvin, Theodore Beza, Jacob Arminius, Moise Amyraut, and Francis Turretin will be highlighted.

CH 8465 Pastoral Ministry in the Reformation - 3-4 Hours

A study of the theology and practice of pastoral ministry in Protestant churches during the era of the Reformation. Special attention will be given to the growing body of scholarly literature related to the clerical office in early modern Europe, including local and regional studies of Protestant clergy and clerical institutions; statistical studies of the social profile of early modern European clergy; and, specialized studies of activities related to the pastoral vocation, including education, preaching, public worship, catechetical instruction, and moral discipline.

CH 8710 Advanced Study in American Christianity - 2-4 Hours

Historiographical analysis of important recent literature in the field of American religious history. This seminar's primary purpose will be to keep advanced students abreast of the state of the conversation within the discipline, enabling them to enter this conversation from the point of view of their own research. Two to four hours, doctoral as posted.

CH 8862 Origins of Modern Biblical Criticism in 17th & 18th Century - 4 Hours

A study of the multiple springs that fed the gathering stream of modern biblical criticism in the 17th and 18th centuries. Reference is made to the history of science, the history of philosophy, the history of book trade, and other disciplines. Particular attention is given to individuals such as Baruch Spinoza, Richard Simon, Jean Le Clerc, Reimarus, J. S. Semler, Lessing, Voltaire, and their critics. Course objectives include an improved understanding of the evangelical doctrine of biblical inspiration, the history of hermeneutics, and questions related to biblical authority.

CH 8911 Colloquium in Historical Methodology I - 1 Hour

A methodological colloquium team-taught by all regular and available faculty members in the department of church history. General issues of historical methodology are discussed, with a special emphasis placed on the relationship between Christian faith and historical understanding. Offered fall.

CH 8912 Colloquium in Historical Methodology II - 1 Hour

A methodological colloquium team-taught by all regular and available faculty members in the department of church history. Historical work of the students enrolled will be discussed with a view to improving that work by means of rigorous methodological analysis and to preparing the students enrolled for the writing of their theses. Offered spring.

CH 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for - 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. 177 Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.

CH 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for - 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as fulltime academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

CH 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for - 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

CH 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. Available in all PhD programs. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours in PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS programs; may be repeated for a maximum of six hours in the PhD/THS program. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

CH 9011 Private Study - 0 Hours

In special circumstances, a student may register for one or more semesters of Private Study in order to meet the requirements for candidacy. Only for PhD/THS students in CH, NT, OT, ST departments. Counts as full-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week (half-time is 15 hours per week) are invested in doctoral study and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. May be repeated four times. No Credit.

CH 9490 Advanced Study in the Reformation - 3-4 Hours

A survey of the historiography of the sixteenth-century Reformation in Europe examining representative works by some of the most important contemporary scholars of the Reformation era. Special attention will be paid to different methodological approaches, including social, cultural, and economic history.

CH 9880 The New Religious History - 3-4 Hours

Historiographical analysis of the 'new religious history' based on recent, representative works in the social and cultural history of American religion with attention paid to issues of race, ethnicity, class, and gender/sexuality as they have arisen in the study of American religious history. Also included is methodological discussion of recent economic and material histories of American religion, ethnographic studies, and the new emphasis on such topics as popular religion and congregational history.

CH 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat the course twice for a total of three hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat it once. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been 179 completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

CH 9990 Dissertation Proposal Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. Only PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat this course twice for a total of 3 hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat this course once for a total of 3 hours. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

CH 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Course taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

CH 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

CM 112 Pre-Seminary Formation Group - 0 Hours

Pre-Seminary Formation Group is an intentional weekly experience under the leadership of a faculty member. As an essential part of the Advance Program, it seeks to create an environment of growth in personal spiritual life, relational skills and ministry skills for the students in this program. Students are enrolled for 4-6 semesters. Regular attendance necessary for credit, only two absences per semester permitted. Credit/No Credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield Advance: Pre-Seminary Student. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 172 Introduction to Ministry - 3 Hours

An introduction to the purposes, challenges, and scope of various types of ministries and ministry programs, with particular focus made in those areas in which we offer emphases. Personal contact and interaction with ministry leaders will seek to enlarge the vision of students for how ministry can be carried out. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Waupun Initiative.

CM 175 Foundations of Youth Ministry - 3 Hours

An exploration of biblical, educational, and philosophical foundations of youth ministry. Current youth culture and developmental needs of adolescents will be examined in light of these foundations. Students will be required to develop a personal theory of ministering to youth through biblical education, personal evangelism, and relational discipleship. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 181 Spiritual Formation - 3 Hours

This course explores the theoretical and practical aspects of Christian spiritual development. Special attention is given to understanding and participating in the spiritual disciplines - both personal and corporate. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 201 Survey of Christian Education - 3 Hours

An introductory overview of the church's involvement in education, including the history, aims, methods, and principal agencies of Christian Education. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 210 Ministry in its Cultural Context - 3 Hours

An introduction to the theology, purposes, challenges, and scope of various types of ministries in their current cultural context. A particular emphasis is given to understanding philosophical and theological pluralism. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 211 Theology and Practice of Pastoral Ministry - 3 Hours

A study of the theology, qualifications, practices, and vulnerabilities of pastoral ministry. A particular emphasis will be given to discussing how to maintain one's spiritual health despite various challenges and temptations in pastoral ministry. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 215 Foundations of Children's Ministry - 3 Hours

A study of the elements involved in building effective children's and family ministries. In addition to the development of skills in curriculum evaluation, creative programming, and ministry training, students will be exposed to and interact with a variety of local children's ministry models. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 224 Integrated Field Experience - Spiritual Formation - 3 Hours

This course is designed to explore the theoretical foundations for personal growth and ministry issues, including spiritual growth and its application to character development. Students will participate in ministry roles during the semester for a total of 60 hours and additional weekly coursework. This course fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) for each semester of enrollment with a grade of C or higher. Offered online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 225 Integrated Field Experience - Small Group Ministry - 3 Hours

An opportunity for students to be initiated into ministry leadership roles. Emphasis will be placed on discerning spiritual giftedness, sense of personal calling to ministry, individual leadership style, and on theoretical and experiential exploration of methods of small group ministries. Students will participate in Christian ministry roles during the semester for a total of 120 hours (60 hours for online students) and additional weekly coursework. Offered online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 250 Topics in Christian Ministries: - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics in Christian Ministry not taught under specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 255 Writing for Publication - 3 Hours

Introduction to writing for publication. Topics include newswriting, blogs, and feature writing. Students will contribute to an online student publication. Prerequisite: ENG 111. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 260 Introduction to Intercultural Ministry - 3 Hours

An introduction to the challenging opportunities and possibilities of involvement in intercultural ministries with specific emphasis placed on Christian missionary endeavors from historical, theological, and cultural perspectives. Students will be challenged to consider their individual roles in the global community. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 280 Psychological and Sociological Foundations of Family - 3 Hours

This course draws upon understandings of family from a range of social science perspectives and interacts with the related topics from a Christian integrative perspective. The disciplines of family process, psychology, and sociology reveal strengths and weaknesses that can be observed in healthy and unhealthy examples of this basic unit of society. Students will be challenged to wrestle with societal issues across time and into the present concerning the most intimate of human relationships. Offered online as scheduled. Delivery mode: online.

CM 315 Principles of Family Ministry - 3 Hours

This course centers on the ministry to children and their families. Focus will be on the theological foundations of the family, understanding the current cultural trends, which affect families, and developing effective ministry strategies with contemporary families in the context of local church and parachurch ministries. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 320 Principles of Ministry Programming - 3 Hours

A study of the elements and skills necessary in the design and development of effective programming for discipling ministries. Students are exposed to local ministry models and contemporary ministry principles. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 321 Theology and Practice of Evangelism - 3 Hours

A study of the theology and methodology of evangelism with particular emphasis on the gospel message and the biblical reasons for doing evangelism. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 323 Advanced Integrated Field Experience - 2 Hours

An opportunity for students to participate in an intensive and advanced level of ministry leadership for a total of 120 hours per semester. Emphasis will be placed on developing strategies for facilitating personal effectiveness and maturity as a Christian leader. This fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) for each semester of enrollment with a grade of C or higher. Prerequisite: CM 222-CM 223. Required for the following emphases: Children's Ministries, Counseling/Social Services, Intercultural Ministries, Pastoral Ministries, and Youth Ministries. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 324 Integrated Field Experience: Discipleship - 3 Hours

An opportunity for students to participate in an intensive and advanced level of ministry leadership for a total of 120 hours for the semester. Emphasis will be placed on developing strategies for facilitating personal effectiveness and maturity as a Christian leader and study of the biblical principles and practical models of Christian discipleship. This course fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) for each semester of enrollment with a grade of C or higher. Offered online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 325 Integrated Field Experience - Ministry Methods - 3 Hours

Students will participate in an intensive and advanced level of ministry leadership for a total of 120 hours over the course of the semester. Additional coursework will emphasize the development of practical ministry skills for the student's selected area of emphasis. The course fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) for each semester of enrollment with a grade of C or higher. Offered online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 331 Theology and Practice of Discipleship - 3 Hours

A study of the theology and methodology of discipleship with particular emphasis on mentoring younger Christians in the faith. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 335 Strategies for Discipling Ministries - 3 Hours

A study of biblical principles and practical models of Christian discipleship. Emphasis is on theoretical and experiential exploration of methods of small group discipling ministries. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 340 Principles of Relational Youth Ministry - 3 Hours

A study of effective communication with contemporary adolescents designed to enhance students' understanding and ability to build significant relationships with youth. Specific areas to be addressed include evangelistic contact ministry and paraprofessional counseling in response to adolescent issues. Course should not be taken if CM 342 has already been taken. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 341 Theology and Practice of Leadership - 3 Hours

A study of the theology and methodology of Christian leadership with particular emphasis on a leader's character and the core functions of leadership. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 342 Relational Skills for Ministry - 3 Hours

This theoretical and skill development course will be a study of effective communication within a ministry context. A basis will be established for understanding human communication, contact ministry, crisis management, and paraprofessional counseling. Specific focus will be given to legal issues, opportunities as well as limitations of the minister, and empowering others toward positive life change. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 345 Ministry Internship - 2-4 Hours

This course is designed to build upon earlier Integrated Field Experiences. Total credits for internships (including all Integrated Field Experiences) may not total more than 7 hours. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 350 Topics in Christian Education - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics in Christian Education not taught under specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 372X Nonprofit Management - 3 Hours

This course covers the theories and principles unique to managing ministries and not-for-profit social services organizations. Special emphasis is placed on the recruitment and management of volunteers and on effective development and utilization of volunteer boards of directors. Cross-listed with BUS 372X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 373X Nonprofit Financial Management - 3 Hours

This course covers basic concepts in managing finances for nonprofit organizations. Basic accounting topics covered include budgeting, expense control, and measurement in tax-exempt corporations. In addition, the course covers fundraising practices, including annual funding, capital campaigns, planned giving, special events, and grant proposal approaches and procedures. Ethical implications of fundraising and a survey of laws and regulations are also presented. Cross-listed with BUS 373X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

CM 375X Foundations of Christian Counseling - 3 Hours

This course familiarizes the student with the principles and techniques of counseling in ministry settings with a focus on counselor characteristics, problem-management skills, common counseling problems, multicultural dynamics, and various issues involved in the counseling process. Special emphasis will be placed on the unique contribution of biblical truths to counseling. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Cross-listed with PSY 375X. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

CM 381 Introduction to Preaching - 3 Hours

This course studies the basic development of preaching and sermon techniques to enhance the presentation of truth for evangelism and discipleship. It includes interactive learning and preaching opportunities to apply practical preaching design, Biblical principles, and contemporary applications. Delivery mode: online, and Florida undergraduate.

CM 400 Principles of Adult Ministry - 3 Hours

Designed to help students understand and appreciate the psychological and sociological characteristics of adults and develop a philosophy of adult ministry. Students engage in research and discussion of various phases of adult responsibility, ministry and problems in the local church, society and home. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 420 Ministry Leadership - 2 Hours

This course seeks to integrate the students' ministry experiences with leadership training. Students will focus on understanding the biblical concept of leadership, assessing leadership style and skills, examining principles of team building and team management in discipling ministries. The course also examines issues that leaders commonly confront in churches and organizations. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 446 Reflective Internship in Christian Ministries - 3 Hours

A capstone course for the Christian Ministries major designed to help students integrate biblically based Christian ministry principles, concepts, and skills and apply them to actual church or parachurch experiences in a mentored ministry context. Case study methodology will be utilized to aid reflection. Prerequisites: (1) BI 101, BI 111, and BI 210 and (2) completion of a four-course concentration in Christian Ministries. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

CM 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 475 Senior Seminar - 2-3 Hours

A seminar focusing on needs and issues related to preparing for postgraduate ministry or educational experiences. A research thesis on an appropriate topic in a specific area of ministry is required. Research material will be incorporated into weekly forum discussion. Another emphasis is encouraging the job search. A third highlight is to serve as a capping course. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 480 Christian Ministries Integrative Seminar - 1 Hour

This course, offered in a retreat format, helps students provide closure for their experiences in the Christian Ministries program. Emphasis is placed on integrating the whole of their experiences at Trinity. Open only to CM majors in their last two semesters of coursework at TIU. Prerequisite: Community First Aid and CPR certification or equivalent. This fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Christian Ministries major. Course fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

CM 114 Bible and Ministry Formation Group - 0 Hours

Students preparing for vocations related to ministry and the Bible need formational opportunities pertaining to their spiritual life, relational skills, pastoral care and skills, cultural awareness, etc. Bible and Ministry Formation Group is a weekly gathering, usually under the leadership of the Director of TEDS Undergraduate Teaching. Bible and Ministry majors are encouraged to register for at least 4 semesters. Fall semesters will focus on an aspect of spiritual formation; Spring semesters will focus on an aspect of ministry formation. Regular attendance is necessary for credit, only two absences per semester permitted. Credit/No Credit. Offered each semester for Bible and Ministry majors/minors only unless permitted by instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CM 5000 Intro to Counseling Ministries - 2 Hours

An introduction to the principles, and techniques involved in the pastoral ministry of care and counseling. The course emphasizes basic counseling skills and ability to relate to others. Biblical, theological, and ethical concerns in pastoral care ministry are discussed and an overview of common counseling concerns is presented. Course format includes lecture, video, role play, and discussion. Not applicable to MA in MHC. Offered fall and spring.

CM 6000 Issues in Counseling Ministries - 1-3 Hours

Issues of interest related to pastoral counseling and counseling in ministry settings will be presented. Topics vary and are on a rotating basis. They include Spiritual Formation and Counseling, Couples Counseling, Crisis Counseling, Bereavement Counseling, and Pastoral Counseling for Guilt, Shame, and Depression. May be repeated. Offered fall and spring.

CM 7478 MA Capstone Project - 0-3 Hours

A department-specific summative program project (MA/E, MA/CMC) as arranged with the department of concentration. Not available in all programs.

CM 7940 Clinical Pastoral Education - 2 Hours

The Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) (www.acpe.edu) provides education related to pastoral care through the clinical educational methods of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). The CPE experience is supplemented with TEDS faculty supervision, reading and case explorations with a cohort. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: MACMC candidacy and consent of department. Two hours.

CM 7950 Clinical Pastoral Education - 2 Hours

The Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) (www.acpe.edu) provides education related to pastoral care through the clinical educational methods of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). The CPE experience is supplemented with TEDS faculty supervision, reading and case explorations with a cohort. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: MACMC candidacy and consent of department.

CO 5210 Counseling Skills Training - 3 Hours

An experiential and cognitive introduction to the skills basic to any counseling setting, working with a developmental model of helping. Emphasis is placed on the acquisition and use of the basic counselling skills through an experiential participation in the counseling process. Not open to auditors.

CO 5310 Counseling Strategies: Theory, Treatment, and Technique - 3 Hours

Classical and current theories of counseling will be investigated in light of Scripture, psychological sophistication, and potential application for evidence-based practice and treatment. Strategies will be explored to formulate case conceptualization, build treatment plans, and to select in-session helping techniques.

CO 5400 Foundations of Mental Health Counseling - 3 Hours

This is an orientation to the various dimensions of mental health counseling. It provides an overview of the variety of roles offered and functions available to the mental health worker in society and in the church. The central theme to explore is what it means to pursue a professional identity, answer a ministry calling and nurture a Christian theological imagination. This provides a forum to guide Christians who counsel to engage peacefully and ethically with others in a pluralistic culture. Registration limited to MA/MHC students or by departmental permission.

CO 5578 Family and Couple Counseling - 3 Hours

The foundations and various theoretical perspectives of family systems and couple counseling are examined. Attention is also given to specific aspects of couple and family treatment, such as family development, contemporary culture/societal issues, as well as specific presenting problems-infidelity, domestic violence, divorce/remarriage, step-families and personality disorders. Note: MA in CMC/MDiv students in this course will have an alternative assignment to enhance ministry application.

CO 6000 Current Studies in Counseling - 1-3 Hours

Issues of interest related to pastoral counseling and counseling in ministry settings will be presented. Topics vary and are on a rotating basis. They include Spiritual Formation and Counseling, Couples Counseling, Crisis Counseling, Bereavement Counseling, and Pastoral Counseling for Guilt, Shame, and Depression. May be repeated. Offered fall and spring.

CO 6110 Career Counseling - 3 Hours

The many facets of career counseling are explored. The subject will be covered from both theoretical and practical points of view. Holistic awareness of individuals will be considered in regard to how people deal with their vocational needs and goals.

CO 6120 Addiction Counseling - 3 Hours

This course examines the treatment of addictions. The philosophy, mechanisms, and physiology of substance abuse and chemical dependency are surveyed. Students will be exposed to relevant and effective approaches to counsel the person with an addiction. Important topics related to counseling are covered, such as relapse prevention, adolescent substance abuse, dual diagnosis, and family issues.

CO 6130 Group Counseling - 3 Hours

The processes, principles, and techniques related to contemporary forms of group counseling will be explored. An experiential component in this course fosters the development of group leadership skills. Not open to auditors. Prerequisite: CO 5210.

CO 6510 Human Growth and Development - 3 Hours

The theories of individual, family, and personality development across the lifespan will be reviewed. How various aspects (e.g. learning, environmental, cognitive, biological, spiritual) of human development affect human functioning are examined. The course will facilitate a general framework for understanding interventions for differing abilities as well as contemplate strategies that promote resilience and optimum development and wellness across the lifespan.

CO 6530 Child & Adolescent Counseling - 2-3 Hours

A conceptual framework for working with child and adolescent clients will be introduced along with a review of techniques developmentally appropriate for assessment and treatment plan formulation and implementation. Treatment approaches to specific childhood and adolescent mental health disorders will be examined.

CO 6570 Theories of Family Development - 2-3 Hours

This course represents an analysis of normative, developmental, and ecological changes that occur within families across the life span. Special focus is given to developmental transitions such as childbirth, adolescence, and aging.

CO 6575 Parent Education - 2-3 Hours

Basic principles in the organization, formulation, and presentation of parent study programs used in community settings. Emphasis on ways of working with children from infancy through adolescence. Principles of promoting holistic and healthy development and appropriate means of child discipline will be discussed.

CO 6610 Human Sexuality - 3 Hours

This course will deal with the physiological, psychological, and spiritual aspects of human sexuality, with particular emphasis on counseling-related issues.

CO 6640 Gender Issues - 2-3 Hours

Examines and discusses issues that are pertinent to gender. Implications for counseling are emphasized.

CO 6650 Multicultural Issues in Counseling - 3 Hours

This course examines the nature and effects of culture and ethnicity on the counseling process. The effects of worldview on diversity issues in counseling will be discussed with a special reference to a Christian worldview. Counseling issues specific to various minority populations will be addressed through case vignette and lecture.

CO 6710 Counseling and Theological Worldview: Faith and Practice - 3 Hours

This biblical-theological sequence capstone course surveys issues, models, methods and criticisms regarding the interface of empirically-based counseling with a biblically-grounded Christian theology. The course covers current literature on faith-based, spiritually-sensitive clinical approaches to familiarize the student with the process of integration and case studies to facilitate personal skill development in this crucial area.

CO 6720 Ethics & Issues in Counseling - 3 Hours

Ethical standards of the American Counseling Association are evaluated in the context of current mental health practice, professional requirements and legal standards. The major faith-based mental health associations, AACC and CAPS, Codes of Ethics are also considered. Practical applications of ethical guidelines are discussed using case vignettes. Registration limited to MA/MHC students or by departmental permission.

CO 6950 Counseling Practicum - 2-3 Hours

Practicum is designed as a pre-internship fieldwork experience with group supervision on campus. It will provide students with practical supervised experience in various counseling settings. The student will average six to eight hours per week involvement. May be repeated. Prerequisites: MA in MHC Candidacy and consent of CO Department. Cap 6 per section.

CO 6955 Group Leadership Practicum - 2 Hours

Open to students who have demonstrated proficiency in the use of basic counseling skills in the CO 5210 Counseling Skills course. Students are required to be involved in the direct training of CO 5210 students under the supervision of the course professor, to meet outside of class for supervision, and to complete reading and written assignments in the area of group leadership. May be repeated. Consent of the instructor required for registration.

CO 7160 Community Counseling - 2 Hours

Counselors provide consultation services in community settings that extend beyond direct client service. The distinctions between counseling and consultation will be explored, as well as the major models and process stages for implementation. Case studies will be utilized to demonstrate explicit program development applications for educational crisis and system-level interventions, and furthering social objectives. Pastoral and church consultation will be an area of focus.

CO 7210 Assessment and Evaluation - 3 Hours

This course covers the measurement concepts and practice techniques required for the use of standardized and non-standardized assessment tools utilized in diagnosis, treatment planning and evaluation. Procedures for test selection, administration and interpretation are examined for measures of ability, aptitude, personality, and psychopathology. Prerequisite: MA in MHC candidacy or consent of department chair. A $45 materials testing fee is assessed for this course.

CO 7278 Strategies of Marriage & Family Therapy - 3 Hours

An exploration of the specific perceptual, conceptual, and intervention skills of prominent approaches in the field of marriage and family therapy. These approaches include Bowen, Minuchin, Whitaker, Satir, Milan, and Haley. Prerequisite: CO 5578.

CO 7330 Counseling Techniques - 2-3 Hours

A unique combination of theory and practice, the class helps students to enter into the world of counseling practice. Counseling Techniques utilizes contemporary treatment models, along with traditional approaches, to enhance student skills in helping people. Prerequisite: CO 5210.

CO 7450 Psychopathology - 3 Hours

This course is an advanced course dealing with the etiology, classification, and treatment of various mental disorders. Diagnostic skill in using the current DSM classifications and criteria is achieved through the use of case vignettes and lecture. Registration limited to MA/MHC students or by departmental permission.

CO 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for - 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as fulltime academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

CO 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for - 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

CO 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit/No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

CO 7900 Research Methods - 3 Hours

Students will learn to conceptualize research problems, develop hypotheses and propose research methodologies for study. Emphasis is given to interpretation and inference. The class will conduct an empirically supported research study in which students will have the opportunity to administer pre- and post- intervention assessments, facilitate a psycho-educational intervention, analyze and interpret data, and report the research findings. Prerequisites: MA in MHC candidacy or consent of the department chair.

CO 7905 Advanced Research Methods - 2 Hours

The topic of the course is more complex research designs and techniques and will include information about statistics and statistical computer packages. Prerequisite: CO 7900. Offered on demand.

CO 7961 Mental Health Counseling Internship I - 2-3 Hours

Internship is designed to give counseling students supervised counseling experience. Approved intern sites include hospital inpatient programs, community counseling agencies, counseling centers, and other mental health facilities. The internship may begin in summer or fall semesters (CO 7961) depending on the site requirements. It must extend through the spring semester (CO 7962). CO 7961 and CO 7962 require a combined total of 900 hours of internship involvement including 360 direct service hours. Individual supervision is provided on site; group supervision is provided on campus. CO 7961 and CO 7962 must be taken consecutively over the course of one academic year and total six semester hours. CO 7961 is offered in summer and fall only. Considered full-time academic status. Prerequisites: CO 6950, MA in MHC candidacy and consent of department. When taken in summer for two semester hours, may be repeated in fall for two semester hours.

CO 7962 Mental Health Counseling Internship II - 2-3 Hours

This is an advanced internship experience building on skills and requirements from CO 7961. CO 7962 is offered in spring only. Considered full-time academic status. Prerequisite CO 7961.

CO 7969 International Counseling Experience - 3 Hours

This course is designed for those primarily invested in returning to an international setting where they have prior exposure, language fluency, and mental health connections. International students, who are not exclusively seeking U.S. licensure, may benefit from a supervised international counseling experience. Individual onsite supervision is required as well as special arrangements with the department. All syllabus requirements for CO 7961/7962 will be applied with flexibility and the application of technology. Full-time academic status. Prerequisites: MA in MHC candidacy and consent of department. May be repeated for credit.

CO 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Preparation - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

CO 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Preparation - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

CO 8000 Seminar: Current Issues - 1-4 Hours

Consideration of contemporary issues in professional and ministry counseling. Recent titles include the following: Clinical Consulting, Grief Therapy, and Diagnosis and Treatment Planning. Prerequisites: degree candidacy or consent of department chair. May be repeated.

CO 8075 Advanced Group Process - 3 Hours

The course examines the nature of interpersonal interactions in group counseling. An experiential component will enhance the understanding of group process and foster the development of group counseling skills that promote group interaction and interpersonal processes. Prerequisites: CO 5210 and CO 6130 or equivalent.

CO 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for - 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. 177 Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.

CO 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for - 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as fulltime academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

CO 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for - 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

COM 112 Speech - 3 Hours

Principles of effective oral communication. Experience in preparation and delivery of several original addresses. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

COM 120 Introduction to Communication - 3 Hours

An introduction to the field of communication ranging from small levels, such as interpersonal interaction, to large levels, such as mass communication. Relevant communication theories in each major area of communication will be examined. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 140 Introduction to Public Relations - 3 Hours

An analysis of public relations theory and practice, focusing on public relations environments, audiences, and message strategies. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 204 Mass Communication - 3 Hours

An analysis of the nature and effects of mass media in modern society. Includes topics such as advertising, news management, violence in the media, impact of the mass media on politics, and the role of mass media in the formation and change of attitudes. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 210X Business Communication - 3 Hours

This course covers the fundamentals of both written and oral communication in the contemporary marketplace. It includes theory while emphasizing practical and varied applications simulating a broad range of professional and organizational situations. Particular attention is given to persuasive writing, oral presentations, collaboration, and the appropriate use of technology. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent. Cross-listed with ENG 210X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

COM 255 Writing for Publication - 3 Hours

Introduction to writing for publication. Topics include newswriting, blogs, and feature writing. Students will contribute to an online student publication. Prerequisite: ENG 106. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 260 Student Publication I - 3 Hours

Practical experience with an online student publication. Prerequisite: COM 255 or consent of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 281 Social and Interactive Media Strategies - 3 Hours

An analysis of audience research strategies, conceptualization of message contexts, message design, and content marketing. Brand development and maintenance across various communication channels will be examined. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 290 Communication Project - 1-2 Hours

Participation in a supervised project involving print, electronic, and/or visual communication. May be repeated for credit. Permission of instructor required. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 330 Intercultural Communication - 3 Hours

Cultural-based differences regarding communication styles, lifestyles, and ideology are explored, as well as the history and current experiences of some ethnic groups represented in the United States. Emphasis is given to overcoming cultural barriers and enhancing intercultural communication. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 332 Interpersonal Communication - 3 Hours

An examination of interpersonal communication theories and the application of those theories to specific interpersonal dyads, such as colleagues, friends, and spouses. Original research in the area of interpersonal communication will be conducted. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

COM 334 Group and Organizational Communication - 3 Hours

A study of communication in the context of informal and formal groups, as well as organizations of various sizes and different degrees of complexity. The course will include research about communication in nonprofit and for-profit settings. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 335 Intercultural Communication in a Global Context - 3 Hours

Culture-based differences regarding communication, values, lifestyles, and leadership are explored. Emphasis is given to overcoming barriers and embracing intercultural communication. Special attention is paid to the global nature of organizations and the impact of culture in the work environment. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

COM 338 Gender and Family Communication - 3 Hours

An examination of theories about phenomena that shape people's conception of gender and family in a variety of contexts. Students will also study various communication processes related to the expression of gender and the functioning of family relationships. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 344 Topics in Communication - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 360 Student Publication II - 3 Hours

Advanced experience with an online student publication. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: COM 260 or consent of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 445 Internship - 3 Hours

Practical off-campus field experience of at least 135 hours of supervised work in a communication-related position approved by the department. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for Communication majors. Prerequisites: COM 255 and 260. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

COM 490 Communication Capstone - 3 Hours

An examination of contemporary interpersonal and organizational communication practices in relation to communication theory, ethics, and biblical principles. Students will create a portfolio of print and electronic documents that demonstrate their skills in written and visual communication. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Communication major. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CRJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice - 3 Hours

This course provides an overview of the history and operations of the U.S. criminal justice system. Attention will be placed on law enforcement, prosecutors, public defender, the judiciary and the correctional process. This course will also evaluate the impact of crime on society and basic criminal law. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 105X Introduction to Forensic Science - 3 Hours

An overview of the many ways evidence is collected through the scientific disciplines of chemistry, biology, and physics. Principles and applications of DNA analysis, explosives analysis, detection of illegal drugs, toxicological analysis, and firearms identification will be discussed. Legal requirements for the collection, storage, and presentation of evidence with a focus on expert testimony and the standards that govern expert testimony will be presented. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with CH 105X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CRJ 201 Criminal Law and Procedure - 3 Hours

This course covers the principle areas of criminal law and of criminal procedure including federal restraints on the activities of law enforcement personnel. Students will examine the tenets of basic criminal law such as reus, mens rea, and general doctrines attempt, complicity, causation, and conspiracy. The course also examines legal authority of law enforcement personnel and rights of the accused person. Consideration is given to various procedural stages from criminal charges through post-conviction appeal. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 210 Criminal Courts - 3 Hours

This course presents how cases are processed in state and federal criminal courts, including venues, the study of prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, jury selection, plea bargaining and sentencing. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

CRJ 255X Constitutional Law - 3 Hours

An examination of the American constitutional system with special emphasis given to the role of judicial institutions and the impact of Supreme Court decisions. Offered spring semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Cross listed with POL 255X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

CRJ 300 Legal Writing and Communication - 3 Hours

This course focuses on skills related to analysis and objective explanation in the context of criminal justice. Students will examine individual cases and reports to analyze decisions and understand precedential value and legal reasoning as well as synthesize the results of several cases to understand larger principles and predict how the law will apply in future cases. Students will draft documents and provide oral reports on a variety of topics such as crime investigation reports, evidence collection reports, correctional incidents, substance abuse reports, motions, complaints and legal briefs. Prerequisite: ENG 106. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 324X Criminology - 3 Hours

A study of individual and community factors as they relate to cause and correction. Theories in their historical context will be integrated with the present-day perspective of prevention and treatment. The roles of the church, the courts, the governments, and other community agencies will be considered. Prerequisite: SOC 101. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Cross listed with SOC 324X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

CRJ 325 Police, Technology, and Society - 3 Hours

This course examines complexities of modern policing including: the psychological, sociological, and philosophical role of the police as it relates to topics such as criminal behavior, police brutality, corruption, and stress, as well as modern technology police use to aid in carrying out their goals of preventing and investigating crime. Offered odd spring semesters starting spring 2023. Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CRJ 330 Corrections - 3 Hours

This course provides an in-depth consideration of probation, penology, the theories of punishment, and community supervision sectors of the field of criminal justice. Alternatives to institutionalization are explored. Offered fall semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 350 Topics in Criminal Justice - 3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with a different topic. Prerequisite: CRJ 101 or permission of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 351 Drugs, Alcohol, and Crime - 3 Hours

This course will explore the relationship of substance use and crime. Topics include how drug trafficking impacts communities and the effectiveness of current policies aimed at controlling drug use. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered spring semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 352 Cybercrime - 2 Hours

This course examines legal and policy issues before developing from cybersecurity threats. Topics include digital foreign espionage, website hacking, intellectual property theft, and breaches of corporate databases. Focus will be placed on the governance of the Internet, as it relates to the roles of the government and non-governmental actors, and the expectations of privacy. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 360 Race, Gender, Ethnicity, and Criminal Justice - 3 Hours

This course focuses on gender, race, and ethnicity issues in the criminal justice system. The course emphasizes developing an understanding of cross-cultural variation; the effects of gender and race on the lives of people within the context of contemporary issues of justice. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered spring semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 361 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency - 3 Hours

This course examines the juvenile justice system and the impact of various legal, social, and political policies of at-risk youth, including child-trafficking. Students will conduct an assessment of causal theory and problems of corrections and prevention of delinquency. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered spring semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 410 Criminal Courts - 3 Hours

This course presents how cases are processed in state and federal criminal courts, including venues, the study of prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, jury selection, plea bargaining and sentencing. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 420 Police Response to Protests, Riots, and Disasters - 3 Hours

This course will examine the theories of behavior and action. Focus will be placed on how law enforcement should respond to protests, riots, disasters, and threats to social order. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

CRJ 445 Criminal Justice Internship - 3-12 Hours

This course is field experience to further the student?s integration of theory and practice. It is for junior and senior standing criminal justice majors whose academic performance is appropriate for placement. Potential placements include federal, state, county, and municipal criminal justice, law enforcement, law firms, corrections, administrative law agencies, residential treatment facilities, or related offices or agencies. At least 45 hours of work at the internship site must be completed for each hour of academic credit. The course may be repeated for up to twelve total hours of credit. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for criminal justice majors. Offer on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CRJ 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 451 Legal Issues in Technology - 3 Hours

This course examines how new technologies are transforming the experience, regulation, and meaning of personal privacy. This course will study U.S. courts' evolving reaction to challenges presented by digital surveillance with a focus on Fourth Amendment case law and key statutes. The topics explored will include database searches, GPS trackers, and the National Security Agency's telephonic metadata program. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergratuate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 460 Victimology and Restorative Justice - 3 Hours

This course examines the relationship between victims and their offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system, the impact of the crime on families of the victims, and the connections between victims and other social groups and institutions. Additional discussion on Christian views of reconciliation and reintroducing offenders to society. Prerequisite: CRJ 201. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CRJ 470 Undergraduate Research - 1-4 Hours

A course involving investigation of a research problem under faculty supervision. Course requirements may include a literature survey, research, a written formal report, and oral presentation of results in criminal justice seminar. Offered on demand. Deerfield traditional undergraduate. May be repeated for credit.

CRJ 490 Criminal Justice Seminar - 3 Hours

This course serves as the capstone course for Criminal Justice major. Students will be challenged to incorporate learning from throughout the curriculum, culminating in the development of a comprehensive integration paper. Course content focuses on ethical decision-making by criminal justice practitioners. Distinctions are made between Christian and non-Christian perspectives. This course fulfills the IDS 499X requirements for Criminal Justice majors. Prerequisites: CRJ 201, SOC 324, and senior standing. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

CS 112 Intermediate Spreadsheets, Databases, and Word Processing - 2 Hours

Advanced features of word-processing and spreadsheet software, and an introduction to database software and web page design. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 120 Computer Programming I - 3 Hours

Development of problem-solving skills, emphasizing algorithm development and top-down design. Students will do extensive programming in a specified language. Computer laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 160 Computer Hardware - 4 Hours

The exploration and troubleshooting of different aspects of a personal computer such as microprocessors, motherboards, the BIOS, sound and video cards, printers, network connectivity and memory. Will be taught in a lab environment that allows each student to disassemble and assemble the above components in a working computer. Will also have a component where the student assists in the troubleshooting of computer-related problems. Computer laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 220 Computer Programming II - 3 Hours

Continued study of problem-solving skills and algorithmic development. More advanced programming techniques in a specified language. Prerequisite: CS 120. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 230 Applied Computer Technology - 3 Hours

Concerns the logic and reasoning necessary to make effective use of digital technology. Students will learn many of the issues and questions that must be addressed to make the best use of common computer applications such as communications, spreadsheets, word processing, databases, multimedia, and Internet design and research. Lab fee will be charged. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

CS 235 Data Science I - 3 Hours

An overview of the goals, methods, and scope of data science. Includes data collection, manipulation, analysis, visualization, communication of results, and ethical issues related to data science. Prerequisite: CS 120. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 240 Discrete Mathematics - 3 Hours

A survey of discrete mathematical concepts including sets, logic, combinatorics, graph theory, trees, and Boolean Algebra. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 251 Topics in Computer Languages - 1 Hour

A short, specific introduction to the structure and syntax of given computer languages. Assumes a strong background in programming. Prerequisite: CS 120. May be repeated with a different topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 260 Computer Networking - 3 Hours

An exploration of the concepts of computer networks, equipment, protocols, and network security. Network design, transmission media, and functions of a network will be examined. Prerequisite: CS 120. Computer laboratory fee. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 270 Computer Operating Systems - 3 Hours

The fundamental functions and concepts of operating systems, including their organization, architecture, and security. Prerequisite: CS 120. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 280 Computer Architecture - 3 Hours

Internal representation of data and instructions in computers, assembly language, computer arithmetic, design and operation of the processor, pipelining, and the memory hierarchy. Prerequisite: CS 120. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years. Three hours. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 310 Database Management Systems - 3 Hours

The application, logical structure, and physical implementation of database systems. An examination of how data resources can be managed to support information systems in organizations. Includes an overview of big data. Prerequisite: CS 120. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 312 Data Communications Networks - 3 Hours

Familiarizes the student with the concepts and terminology of data communications, network design, and distributed information systems. Equipment, protocols, architectures, and transmission alternatives. Prerequisite: CS 310. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 320 Data Structures - 3 Hours

Continued study of algorithmic development and analysis, along with the introduction of common data structures (arrays, linked lists, stacks, queues, and trees) and file structure (sequential, random, and indexed). Prerequisite: CS 220. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 330 Web Programming - 3 Hours

An introduction to programming for the World Wide Web, including instruction in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or related languages. Prerequisite: CS 120 Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 340 Programming Languages - 3 Hours

A study of the fundamental concepts underlying programming languages. Students will demonstrate the ability to master a new programming language on their own. Prerequisite: CS 220. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 350 Topics in Computer Science - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics in computer science. May be repeated for credit with different topics. Computer laboratory fee may be required depending on topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 410 Systems Analysis and Design - 3 Hours

Information analysis and logical system specification. Emphasis on the iterative nature of the analysis and design process. Prerequisite: CS 310 or consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 420 Software Engineering - 3 Hours

Study of the software development process. Analysis, design, implementation, and testing of a semester-long, team software project. Prerequisite: CS 320. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 435 Data Science II - 3 Hours

Mathematical foundations of data science models and methods. Machine learning approaches that include linear regression, classification models, and clustering. Algorithms and approaches for performing analysis on large datasets. Prerequisite: CS 235. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 445 Internship - 1-6 Hours

The opportunity to use computing technologies in an approved on-campus or off-campus site. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for Computer Science majors. Prerequisites: Instructor approval and permission of the Dean of the College. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Specialized study designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

CS 490 Technology, Ethics, and Society - 3 Hours

The capstone course of the Computer Science. An examination of ethical and societal implications of various information and communication technologies from a Christian perspective. Includes topics such as technology and interpersonal relationships, and artificial intelligence. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in Computer Science. Prerequisite: PH 180 or PH 182. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 101 Introduction to Teaching - 1 Hour

A survey course designed to provide candidates with a basic understanding of the teaching profession through experiences and activities focused on three broad categories: teachers and teaching, students and schools, and schools and society. A minimum of 10 hours of field experience is required. Verification of completion of field component is required for education candidates to pass this course. Completion of this course with a grade of C or better is required for admission to the Division of Education. Concurrent registration in ED 103. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 103 Professional Skills for Teachers - 1 Hour

A course that intentionally focuses on the skills necessary to be a teacher, including oral and written communication as well as dispositions. The course also emphasizes the requirements of the Illinois State Board of Education as implemented by TIU's Division of Education. This course must be taken at Trinity. Concurrent registration in ED 101. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 104 Introduction to Education - 3 Hours

A survey of education in the United States from historical, philosophical, and sociological perspectives. Attention is given to the role of education in a culturally diverse society. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 110 Certified Childcare Professional Credential I - 5 Hours

Initial steps in creating an ePortfolio to include a portion of 180 clock hours of training, a portion of 720 hours of professional experience, letters of recommendation, writing samples and an observation at the workplace. This course will satisfy Florida DCF's FCCPC teacher requirement for educators of childcare programs. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduates.

ED 111 Certified Childcare Professional Credential II - 5 Hours

?Continuation of the building of an ePortfolio to completion 180 clock hours of training and to completion of 720 hours of professional experience, letters of recommendation, writing samples and an observation at the workplace. This course will satisfy Florida DCF's FCCPC teacher requirement for educators of childcare programs. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduates.

ED 124 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education - 3 Hours

This course overviews the historical, philosophical, and cultural foundations of education specifically in the United States and includes foundations of a Christian perspective on education. Major educational issues affecting current practices are analyzed. Candidates work throughout the semester to develop their own educational philosophy. Verification of completion of field component is required for education candidates to pass this course. Pre- or corequisite: IDS 150. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 230 Introduction to Special Education - 3 Hours

A survey course considering the gifted and those challenged by mental retardation, visual impairment, hearing impairment, learning disabilities, physical problems, behavior problems, speech and language development and those who are culturally disadvantaged. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 234 Children's Literature for Elementary Educators - 3 Hours

A survey and critical study by genre of literature for children. Integrates culturally diverse literature. Does not fulfill a humanities General Education requirement. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 257 Technology for Elementary Educators - 3 Hours

The utilization of educational technology, with an emphasis on individual and cooperative learning, integration of disciplines, and learning styles. Students become familiar with application software, teaching methods, and unit and lesson planning that integrate technology in the elementary classroom. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 260X Educational Psychology/Human Development - 3 Hours

A survey of the theories and philosophies of learning and human development in children and adolescents. Emphasis is placed on the cognitive processes associated with learning and the factors that influence motivation and engagement of children and adolescents. The learning and motivation of diverse populations is addressed through the lens of Universal Design for Learning. Prerequisite: ED 101 or three credit hours in psychology and at least sophomore standing. Cross-listed with PSY 260X. This fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) if the course is completed with a grade of C or higher and the required service hours are documented. Offered fall semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 305 Reading Fundamentals - 3 Hours

Theories and methodologies for understanding the reading process and facilitating effective reading instruction in grades K-6. It includes the development of comprehension, vocabulary and word attacking skills. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 306 Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum - 3 Hours

Examines theory and best practice in content area reading and writing for middle and high school students. Includes effective interactive strategies that develop comprehension, vocabulary, and fluency in disciplinary texts. Addresses academic, linguistic, and cultural diversity and how they relate to motivation. Offered fall semester in odd numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 307 Elementary Art Education - 2 Hours

Prepares meaningful and creative art activities for an elementary classroom. Principles, materials, and methods of art for elementary children are compared. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 399. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 309 Foundations of Teaching English as a Second Language - 3 Hours

This course provides an introduction to the nature and functions of written and oral languages; phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and variation. Major theories and stages of literacy acquisition in a new language are presented. This course explores the relationship of language to culture and its application in meeting educational goals along with the role of the native language in learning to read and write. Offered fall semester, even years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 310 General Teaching Methods - 2 Hours

A research-based, comprehensive, and practical introduction to pedagogical methods. Areas of focus include: aligning curriculum, instruction, and assessment; writing objectives tied to learning standards; planning effective lessons that scaffold instruction; differentiating instruction for the individual needs of students; the role and use of various teaching models to support instruction and enhance student learning; and creating authentic assessments. Concurrent registration in ED 311. Prerequisites: Admission to the Division of Education (Gate 1) and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Offered spring semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 311 General Teaching Methods Pre-Clinical Experience - 1 Hour

Candidates practice skills acquired in ED 310 through a minimum of 24 hours of supervised, evaluated school experience. Verification of successful completion of field component is required to pass this course. Concurrent registration in ED 310. Prerequisites: Admission to the Division of Education (Gate 1) and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Offered spring semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 312 Literacy Methods for Emerging Readers - 3 Hours

First of a two-course sequence that examines and applies the basic theories, issues, methods, and materials for an effective developmental, balanced literacy approach for emerging readers. Included are methods used to assess reading and writing with a focus on the need of at-risk students caused by cultural/linguistic, economic and developmental diversity. Parent/community involvement is reviewed. Integration of appropriate technology in teaching and learning literacy is emphasized. Prerequisite: Admission to Division of Education (Gate 1). Offered spring semester even years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 315 National Administrator Credential - 3 Hours

?Methods and materials for training for an early childhood program or center administrator. Topics include best practices for topics such as child care history, effective organizations, internal and external systems, legal, human resources, educational programming, marketing and public relations, financial management, operational planning, and advocacy. This course will satisfy Florida DCF's Overview of Childcare Management requirement for directors of childcare programs.? Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduates.

ED 322 Literacy Methods for Upper Elementary Grades - 3 Hours

Second of a two-course sequence that examines the basic theories, issues, methods, and materials for an effective upper elementary reading/language arts program. Emphasis is placed on comprehension strategies, and development of vocabulary and fluency. Course continues to address cultural, linguistic, economic, and developmental diversity of students and teacher methods used to assess and address students' needs. Integration of appropriate technology in teaching and learning literacy is emphasized. Prerequisites: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2), ED 310, ED 312. Offered fall semester even years. Concurrent registration in ED 342, ED 345, ED 350, ED 356. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 330 Introduction to Special Education - 3 Hours

A survey of the history, practices, and challenges of special education, including an overview of the court cases and laws leading to IDEA and how these laws affect children with disabilities. This course addresses the cognitive, emotional, physical, and sensory needs of students with disabilities. Emphasis is placed on identification of individual needs, including tiered support systems, and appropriate resources, collaborative teams, concerns of families and appropriate planning for Individualized Education Programs (IEP). This course also addresses the use of assistive technology and digital tools to address student needs and maximize learning. Candidates will complete a minimum of 12 hours of special education field experience. Verification of successful completion of field component is required for education candidates to pass this course. Prerequisites: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2), and ED 260X (education majors) or PSY 140 (non-education majors). Offered spring semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 332 Reading: Literacy Development and Assessment - 3 Hours

Advanced application of theory and methodology of reading instruction in grades K-6, including assessment issues and prescriptions to increase reading performance. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 339 Fundamentals of Elementary Education - 3 Hours

Presentation of the basic principles of teaching, classroom management, lesson plans, unit building, instructional methods, and use of materials in various content areas. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 342 Methods of Teaching Science, Health, and Social Science - 3 Hours

A study of the methods of teaching science, social science, and health education, including social emotional learning, in the elementary school with particular emphasis on the necessary content to be taught, according to current state standards, and integration within the overall elementary curriculum. Effective use of current and emerging technologies and digital tools to support research and learning appropriate to the discipline is included. Prerequisites: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2), ED 310. Concurrent registration in ED 322, ED 345, ED 350, ED 356 and passing score on IL history competency exam. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 344 Social Studies Methods in the Elementary Classroom - 3 Hours

A course encompassing the scope, content resources, methods, and interdisciplinary application of teaching social studies in the elementary classroom. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 345 Methods of Teaching Mathematics - 3 Hours

A study of methods for the effective teaching of elementary mathematics to all students. Emphasis is placed on a developmental approach for acquisition of conceptual and procedural understanding across all mathematical domains. A focus on creating authentic and meaningful mathematical experiences aligned with current state standards will allow candidates to create an engaging learning environment. Integration of technology in teaching and learning mathematics is addressed. Prerequisite: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 322, ED 342, ED 350, ED 356. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 346 Elementary Science Methods - 3 Hours

A study of the methods of teaching science in the elementary school, with particular emphasis on the topics organization and administration of science in grades K-6. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 347 Elementary Math Methods - 3 Hours

A survey of the teaching of mathematics, including discussion of the role of math education in society as well as the process, basic principles, and philosophies of math education in grades K-6. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 348 Elementary Music Education - 2 Hours

Methods and materials for teaching the fundamentals of music on the elementary level. Music literature is surveyed and evaluated. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 350 Integrated Pre-Clinical Experience - 2 Hours

Candidates spend two days each week in an elementary school for a minimum of 102 hours of evaluated field experience. These placements are connected to the subject-specific courses taken as a part of the methods block. Candidates are expected to model and facilitate effective use of instructional pedagogy, strategies, Universal Design for learning and technologies to address diverse student needs and maximize student learning. Verification of successful completion of field component is required to pass this course. Includes a monthly seminar to reflect on the classroom experience. Prerequisites: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2), ED 310 and successful completion of ED 311. Concurrent registration in ED 312 ED 322, ED 342, ED 345, ED 356. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 351 Language Arts Methods - 3 Hours

Methods and materials for teaching language, writing, vocabulary development, spelling and handwriting. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 352 Characteristics and Identification of Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the characteristics and identification of students with disabilities as allowed by the categories specified under the special education law, IDEA. Also considered are current legal issues and the impact of disabilities on learning and behavior. Emphasis is placed on the development of the Individualized Education Program (IEP). Prerequisite: ED 330. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 353 Psychoeducational Assessment of Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course covers current issues in assessment of learners with disabilities as defined by the categories specified under the special education law, IDEA. Candidates will develop competencies in administration, interpretation and reporting of norm-referenced academic tests. Candidates will also examine the progress monitoring of scientifically based instructional interventions based on tiered support systems. Prerequisite: ED 330. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 354 Methods of Teaching Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course covers the development of specialized instruction for learners with disabilities as defined by IDEA, for the purposes of encouraging cognitive development through active engagement. Consideration will be given to evidence-based interventions that meet students' educational needs in supportive learning environments. Key concepts addressed in the course are high-leverage practices, the appropriate use of assistive technology, the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL), and strategies for the improvement of the social and emotional functioning of students. A minimum of 12 special education field hours are required. Prerequisite: ED 330 and ED 352 or ED 353. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 355 Health and Physical Education Methods - 2 Hours

A study of methods and content of teaching health and physical education in grades K-6. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement) and ED 339. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 356 Integrating Specials into the Elementary Curriculum - 1 Hour

Through this course, candidates will learn how to integrate the visual arts, musical arts, drama, theater, and physical education into the elementary classroom. These topics are addressed topically in the context of their inclusion with the four core subject areas of English language arts, mathematics, science, and social science. Prerequisites: Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 322, ED 342, ED 345, ED 350. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 362 Teaching English in the Secondary School - 3 Hours

Study of methods of teaching language arts (reading and writing literary and informational text, grammar, research, speaking, and listening) in secondary and middle school. Emphases include curriculum development, teaching strategies, instructional planning and assessment. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Limited to English majors who are also Secondary Education majors. Prerequisites: ED 310, successful completion of ED 311, and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 368. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 363 Teaching History in the Secondary School - 3 Hours

A course encompassing the scope, content resources, subject-specific methods, and interdisciplinary application of teaching history and social studies in the secondary and middle school. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Limited to History majors who are also Secondary Education majors. Prerequisites: ED 310, successful completion of ED 311, Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2) and passing score on IL history competency exam. Concurrent registration in ED 368. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 364 Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary School - 3 Hours

Content includes a study of the methods of teaching secondary and middle school mathematical concepts, and includes issues of curriculum, planning, instructional delivery, application, and assessment. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Limited to Mathematics majors who are also Secondary Education majors. Prerequisites: ED 310, successful completion of ED 311, Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 368. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 368 Secondary Methods Pre-clinical Experience - 2 Hours

Candidates spend a minimum of 60 hours in a secondary school for an evaluated field experience. The field experience focuses on the application of pedagogical methods associated with teaching in a secondary school such as making content relevant to students, appropriate questioning techniques, implementing Universal Design for Learning, differentiating for diverse learned needs, and creating age-appropriate instructional activities. Candidates are expected to model and facilitate effective use of instructional technologies to address student needs and maximize student learning. Verification of successful completion of field component is required to pass this course. Prerequisites: ED 310, successful compleltion of ED 311, and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 362, ED 363, or ED 364. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 375 Topics in Education - 1-4 Hours

An examination of selected topics in the history, development, and current status of American education. May be repeated if topic concentration differs. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 380 Diversity in Education - 1 Hour

Candidates develop competency in knowledge and skills for working effectively with and appropriately teaching all students including those from diverse ethnic, racial, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic groups. Prerequisites: ED 310 and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 381. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 381 Diversity Pre-clinical Experience - 1 Hour

Candidates apply relevant knowledge and skills to actual classroom practice through 36 clock hours of supervised, evaluated school experience with children from diverse ethnic, racial, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic groups. The experience seeks to expose candidates to the inequalities of education in America. Prerequisites: ED 310, successful completion of ED 311, and Admission to Pre-clinical Experience (Gate 2). Concurrent registration in ED 380. Offered fall semester, odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 400 Student Teaching in the Elementary School - 9 Hours

Observation and teaching in an elementary school classroom under direct supervision of a qualified cooperating teacher and a college instructor. This capstone experience is designed to aid the student teacher to bring together theory and practice. This course requires twelve weeks of observing/teaching in a classroom and participating in a student teaching seminar. During the semester of student teaching, the student must be available during regular school hours and not be employed full-time. This is an intense time of work, and student-teachers must give full attention to teaching. The student must have all core courses completed, and no other coursework may be taken during the student teaching experience. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Nine hours. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 401 Clinical Practice in the Elementary School - 12 Hours

This internship experience in classroom teaching under the direction of a qualified, cooperating teacher provides candidates with the opportunity to apply teaching principles in local schools through supervised observations and teaching. All candidates must meet the requirements for clinical practice outlined in the Division of Education Handbook and all Illinois State Board of Education requirements for student teaching. Concurrent registration in ED 421 and ED 422. Prerequisites: Admission to Clinical Practice (Gate 4). Course Fee. Offered spring semester, fall by permission only. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 404 ESOL Methods - 3 Hours

This course is an overview of curriculum, instructional methods and materials, testing and evaluation, and cross-cultural communication processes and linguistic principles as related to instructing English Language Learners (ELLs) in the K-6 classroom. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 407 Science for Educators - 3 Hours

This course is a study of specific science content skills required for K-6 teachers by the FLDOE competencies and skills and national/state/district content standards. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 408 Social Studies for Educators - 3 Hours

This course is a study of specific social studies skills required for K-6 teachers by the FLDOE accomplished practices, competencies and skills, and national/state/district common core standards. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 410 Florida Clinical Educator Training - 3 Hours

This course provides direct training for an educator to become a Florida state-approved peer coach and clinical supervisor of candidates in field experience and student teaching. This course develops clinical skills for the following: diagnosis of professional performance, diagnosis of student performance, feedback, and professional development plans. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate. Credit Hours: 3.

ED 411 Multisensory Literacy Approaches and the Exceptional Student - 1 Hour

This course teaches educators how specific multisensory approaches can dramatically improve struggling students' language skills and outcomes in elementary through high school. Topics covered include creating a positive classroom environment conducive to learning, helping students develop skills in key areas through multisensory approaches such as phonological awareness, letter knowledge, phonics, fluency, spelling, vocabulary, and comprehension. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 412 Assessments in Special Education - 1 Hour

This course covers methods and materials used in assessing students who may be eligible for special education. Class sessions will involve experiential learning activities related to the assessment of students. This course includes technical prerequisites for understanding standardized assessments and the rationale for using curriculum-based measurement (CBM) within the broad context of special education programming. Students will develop competencies in utilizing norm-referenced, criterion-referenced, curriculum-based, and teacher-made assessments for instructional and placement decisions. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 413 Clinical Practice in the Secondary School - 12 Hours

This internship experience in classroom teaching under the direction of a qualified, cooperating teacher provides candidates with the opportunity to apply teaching principles in local schools through supervised observations and teaching. All candidates must meet the requirements for clinical practice outlined in the Division of Education Handbook and all Illinois State Board of Education requirements for student teaching. Concurrent enrollment in ED 421 and ED 422. Prerequisites: Admission to Clinical Practice (Gate 3). Course Fee. Offered spring semester, fall by permission only. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 414 Teaching Approaches for Students with Dyslexia - 1 Hour

This course provides teachers with evidence-based practices for teaching children who have dyslexia and related written language disorders. The course presents the basic linguistic structures of written English related to reading and spelling. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 416 Teaching Reading in the Content Areas - 3 Hours

This course will provide students with strategies and tools for becoming a facilitating reflective practitioner, teaching reading across content areas and helping students discover that content area learning is made richer when reading, writing, speaking, and listening are taught together. Particular emphasis will be place on a balanced approach to reading where reading and writing are in alignment in lessons. Also, important to this course is helping students to think critically along with the appropriate use of texts and media. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 418 Teaching Reading and Writing to Students with Specific Learning Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course will cover instructional principles and specific methodologies that are valuable in educating students with specific learning disabilities in varied settings. Focus will be on developing literacy skills including phonemic awareness, word recognition, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing skills using developmentally appropriate materials. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 419 Reading Strategies for Elementary Students with Learning Difficulties: Strategies for Response to Intervention - 1 Hour

A practical, research-based course focused on effective reading strategies for teaching students with reading difficulties. The course covers tiered instruction needs in the RTI tiers. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 421 Classroom Management - 1 Hour

A study of classroom management theory and practice in elementary and secondary schools, including an emphasis on best practices including preventative and intervention strategies and the impact of traumatic experiences on classroom behavior. Concurrent registration with ED 401, or ED 413. Offered spring semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 422 Advanced Seminar in Education - 2 Hours

This course supports the goals of the clinical practice by providing a forum for discussion about and debriefing of the professional experience. It also serves as the capstone course for the education major. This course provides candidates with the necessary information and practice for fulfilling state requirements for licensure. Additionally, the course assists candidates in the transition to professional educator. Concurrent registration with ED 401 or ED 413. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Elementary Education major. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 423 Classroom Management for Elementary Educators - 3 Hours

Identification of developmentally appropriate models and strategies for guiding, disciplining, and managing students' behavior; developing intrinsic motivation and conflict resolution skills; identifying environmental influences on behaviors of students from all cultures and familial situations. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 424 Teaching Students with Autism in the Inclusive Classroom - 3 Hours

Strategies to address the varied social and academic needs of students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in the inclusive classroom. In this course, students will explore functional behavior assessment from which to develop and implement a behavior intervention plan. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 426 Behavior Solutions in the Inclusive Classroom - 1 Hour

This course covers the possible causes of specific special needs behaviors along with possible solutions to be implemented. This course will help teachers develop a toolbox of in-the-moment solutions and also learn what children may be communicating and why. Behavior problems discussed include out-of-seat behavior, fidgeting, hand-flapping, covering ears, hiding or running away, difficulty with class work, and more. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 430 Educational Research and Assessment - 2 Hours

Teacher candidates will learn how to use assessment data to make ethical, legal, and research-based decisions for their students. An emphasis will be on measurement theory and assessment-related issues such as validity, reliability, bias, and appropriate and accurate scoring. The effective use of current and emerging technology, as well as appropriate digital tools, in research and assessment of student learning will be emphasized. Offered fall semester; odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 431 Assessment of Learners - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the educational levels and needs of all students, including exceptional, culturally and/or linguistically diverse, and at-risk students. Standardized achievement tests, diagnostic/prescriptive tests and curriculum-based assessments are included. Use of test results in program planning is emphasized. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 435 ESOL Curriculum and Materials Development - 3 Hours

This course will give students the opportunity to explore strategies to take curriculum from a typical elementary classroom and adapt it for English Language Learners (ELL). Students will also write lesson plans specifically created to raise the language skills of ELLs. Students will have an opportunity to teach lessons they create in the course as well. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 436 Applied Linguistics: ESOL - 3 Hours

This course gives a practical approach to teaching English to speakers of other languages. Includes general linguistics, language theory, principles of language acquisition and techniques for teaching sounds, word structure, and sentence structure to PK-6 ESOL students. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 438 Cultural Dimensions of ESOL - 3 Hours

An examination of how issues of race and ethnicity affect the values and ethics of American society and its citizens. This course satisfies one of the core requirements of the ESOL endorsement. Students will teach a multi-content lesson in view of intercultural perspectives. A professional growth chart will be developed in light of what is learned in this course regarding the many types of diversity. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 439 Testing and Evaluation of ESOL - 3 Hours

This course will review basic types of assessments and assessment vocabulary. The focus of the course will be on specific types of assessments which are applicable to English Language Learners (ELL). How assessment can drive instruction for the ELL student will be a point of discussion. Laws regulating students as they take high stakes tests and other assessments that are part of a typical elementary school program will be addressed. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 442 Autism: The Temple Gradin Perspective - 1 Hour

Dr. Temple Grandin, a professor at Colorado State University, is a world-renowned autism spokesperson and consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior. She is widely celebrated as one of the first individuals on the autism spectrum to publicly share insights from her personal experience of autism. Dr. Grandin has written extensively from both her research in and her personal experience with autism. This course examines autism from Grandin's perspective through her writing and documentaries giving both general education and special education teachers insight into what strategies and approaches have worked best for her. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 450 Independent Study - 1-6 Hours

Specialized study designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ED 481 Field Study# 1 (Reading) - 1 Hour

In this course, students will work in a school setting in public or private school to complete tasks in the field that are directly tied to FLDOE ESOL endorsement and Competencies and Skills. This course is designed to allow students to participate in low-level classroom tasks in the K-6 setting. The TIU Director of Elementary Education will work cooperatively with local schools to place students in schools/classrooms that allow for engagement of and experience with ESOL students. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 482 Field Study #2 (Reading) - 1 Hour

In this course, students will work in a public or private school setting to complete tasks in the field that are directly tied to FLDOE Reading endorsement and Competencies and Skills in reading. This course is designed to allow students to participate in low-level classroom tasks in the K-6 setting. The TIU Director of Elementary Education will work cooperatively with local schools to place students in schools/classrooms that allow the engagement of and experience with struggling readers and/or reading teachers with significant experience in reading instruction. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 483 Student Teaching in the Elementary School - 10 Hours

Observation and teaching in an elementary school classroom under direct supervision of a qualified cooperating teacher and a college instructor. This capstone experience is designed to aid the student teacher to bring together theory and practice. This course requires twelve weeks of observing/teaching in a classroom and participating in a student teaching seminar. The first week will be a Reading Practicum. Weeks two through 12 are student teaching. During the semester of student teaching, the student must be available during regular school hours and not be employed full-time. This is an intense time of work, and student-teachers must give full attention to teaching. The student must have all core courses completed, and no other coursework may be taken during the student teaching experience. Elementary Education core. Prerequisite: IDS 105 (core requirement). Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

ED 5001 Foundations for Integrative Thought in Education - 3 Hours

This course surveys the Bible from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and restoration, with special attention given to Scriptural applications of pedagogical thought and ramifications for godly stewardship in the classroom. The course considers how precedents, themes, truths, and strategies that established God's will in earlier times provide direction for God's people today. Students will practice interpreting scripture responsibly and thinking creatively about current educational issues in the light of biblical principles. Offered online, and face to face at the Deerfield and Florida campuses.

ED 5002 Foundations for Cultural Engagement in Education - 3 Hours

This course introduces the student to pivotal Christian doctrines as a framework within which to evaluate the working assumptions of contemporary culture in regard to teaching and education. In addition to investigating several models for Christian engagement with culture, the course encourages the positive formation of a Christian worldview as a foundation for wise interaction with contemporary educational thought. Offered online, and face to face at the Deerfield and Florida campuses.

ED 5100 Understanding the Classroom Environment Pre-clinical Experience - 0 Hours

This course is a field experience that enables the candidate to gain an understanding of the classroom environment and the K-12 school culture. Minimum of 40 hours in a public or private accredited school in Illinois in the area of licensure sought by the candidate. 0 credits. CR/NC.

ED 5200 History and Philosophy of Education - 3 Hours

An introduction to teaching, including an overview of the historical, philosophical, and cultural foundations of American education with a focus on current issues of educational reform and debates about 'best practice.' Candidates work throughout the course to develop their own educational philosophy. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5201 Professional Skills in Teaching - 1 Hour

A course that intentionally focuses on the skills necessary to be a teacher, including oral and written communication as well as dispositions. Also emphasizes the requirements of the Illinois State Board of Education as implemented by TIU's Division of Education. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5350 Advanced Educational Psychology - 3 Hours

An integrated examination of learning theory, including the physical, cognitive, social, and psychological development of children and adolescents. This course addresses the Social and Emotional Learning Standards set forth by PA93-0495. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5390 Adolescent Psychology - 3 Hours

An interdisciplinary study of human development from puberty to early adulthood. Physical, cognitive, and personality development will be examined, both from the social and research point of view while application will be encouraged for candidates who will be teaching adolescents. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5400 Foundations of Special Education - 3 Hours

A survey of the history, practices, and challenges of special education, including an overview of the court cases and laws leading to IDEA and how these laws affect children with disabilities. Consideration of the cognitive, emotional, physical, and sensory needs of students with disabilities. Emphasis is placed on identification of individual needs, including tiered support systems and appropriate resources, collaborative teams, concerns of families and appropriate planning for the Individualized Education Program. Includes methods of instruction for cross-categorical special education environments and the use of assistive technology and digital tools to address student needs and maximize learning. Includes a minimum of 12 clock hours of special education field experience. Prerequisite: Admission to Field Experience (Gate 2). Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5500 Differentiating Instruction for All Learners - 3 Hours

Rooted in an awareness of the values and challenges inherent within a diverse school community, this course examines concepts of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and differentiation, as they relate to the individual instructional needs of students. Utilizing research and current practice, participants develop an understanding of effective teaching strategies and professional dispositions for working with all students. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 5551 Teaching in Diverse Settings I - 1 Hour

This course offers the opportunity to connect theory with experience as candidates consider effective educational practice for all students, including those from diverse ethnic, racial, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic groups. The relationship between both the teacher's and student's' prior life experiences with learning is considered. Concurrent registration with ED 5552 and ED 5553. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5552 Teaching in Diverse Settings II - 1 Hour

A continuation of ED 5551. Candidates trace the sociopolitical factors, school structures, and demographic trends that have brought us to our current understanding of multicultural education. After exploring effective and less effective teaching strategies and professional dispositions within under-resourced K-12 settings, candidates consider ways to integrate a culturally relevant and equitable curriculum for all students. Concurrent registration with ED 5551 and ED 5553. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 5553 Diversity Field Experience - 1 Hour

Candidates apply relevant knowledge and skills to actual classroom practice through 18 clock hours of pre-clinical (school) experience with children from diverse ethnic, racial, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic groups. The experience seeks to expose students to the inequities of educational delivery in America. Concurrent registration with ED 5551 and ED 5552, Prerequisite: Admission to Field Experience (Gate 2). Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 5580 Cultural Diversity in the Classroom - 3 Hours

Founded in a theology of justice and social responsibility, this course provides historical, social, political and cultural background for the unique challenges of the culturally diverse classroom. An emphasis will be placed on practical pedagogical methods for addressing the culturally diverse needs of today's students, including race, ethnicity, gender and language. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 5800 Characteristics and Identification of Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the characteristics and identification of students with specific learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, autism, traumatic brain injury, orthopedic or other health impairment. Also considered are current legal issues and the impact of disabilities on learning and behavior. Emphasis is placed on the development of the IEP. Registration limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the education (TGS) department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 5830 Psychoeducational Assessment of Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course covers current issues in assessment of learners with specific learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, autism, traumatic brain injury, orthopedic or other health impairment. Candidates will develop competencies in administration, interpretation and reporting of norm-referenced academic tests. Candidates will also examine the progress monitoring of scientifically based instructional interventions based on tiered support systems. Registration limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the education (TGS) department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 5850 Methods of Teaching Learners with Disabilities - 3 Hours

This course covers the development of specialized instruction for learners with specific learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, autism, traumatic brain injury, orthopedic or other health impairment for the purposes of encouraging cognitive and skill growth development through active engagement. Consideration will be given to evidence-based interventions that meet students' educational needs in supportive learning environments. Also included will be the appropriate uses of assistive technology, the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL), and strategies for the improvement of the social and emotional functioning of students. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6000 Topics in Education - 1 Hour

Select and specialized topics relevant to educational ministry. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6260 Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum - 3 Hours

Examines theory and best practice in content area reading, writing, and oral communication for middle grade and high school students including factors related to reading comprehension strategies, vocabulary development, and motivation. Emphasis is upon interactive teaching methods that support the strategic reading of content materials and that address academic, linguistic and cultural diversity. Prerequisite: Admission to the Division of Education (Gate 1).

ED 6300 Differentiating Instruction for Learners who are Gifted - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the unique needs of students who are gifted, whether or not they have been formally identified as such. Emphasis will be on using differentiating with pedagogical methods in the classroom to accommodate their needs as well as creating authentic and challenging assessments for the gifted. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6400 Foundations of Teaching English as a Second Language - 3 Hours

This course provides an introduction to the historical, philosophical, political, and social issues that have contributed to public policy regarding services for language minority students. Historical trends and legal issues specifically related to bilingual education in the United States will be discussed. A comprehensive focus will be placed on the theoretical foundations of English as a second language, both linguistic as well as non-linguistic factors. Registration limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the education (TGS) department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6420 Linguistics for the Classroom Teacher - 3 Hours

This course provides an introduction to the nature and functions of written and oral language; phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and variation. The relationship of language to culture and application in meeting educational goals will be explored. Registration limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the education (TGS) department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6450 Assessment of Learners who are Bilingual - 3 Hours

This course will provide participants with a comprehensive knowledge foundation in the selection, administration and interpretation of measurement instruments appropriate for English Language Learners (ELLs). Participants will investigate a variety of language assessment tools used to identify, place, and monitor students receiving services in bilingual and ESL programs. Emphasis will be placed on instruments and approaches used to determine and monitor ELLs' English proficiency and academic development in English. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6470 Methods and Materials for Teaching English as a Second Language - 3 Hours

Methodologies and current approaches for teaching English as a Second Language in the areas of reading, writing, listening, and speaking will be covered in this course. Review of published materials and selection, adaptation, and creation of appropriate ESL materials for various levels of proficiency will be included. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 6690 General Teaching Methods - 3 Hours

A research-based, comprehensive, and practical introduction to pedagogical methods. Areas of focus include: aligning curriculum, instruction, and assessment; writing objectives tied to Illinois Learning Standards and the Common Core Standards; planning effective lessons that scaffold instruction; differentiating instruction for the individual needs of students; creating authentic assessments; and integrating technology. Prerequisite: Admission to the Division of Education (Gate 1). Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6702 Literacy Methods for Emerging Readers - 3 Hours

First of a two-course sequence that examines and applies the basic theories, issues, methods, and materials for an effective developmental, constructivist, balanced literacy approach for emerging readers. Included are the methods used to assess reading and writing, with a focus on the needs of at-risk students caused by cultural/linguistic, economic and developmental diversity. Parent/community involvement is reviewed. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6703 Methods of Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary School - 2 Hours

Methods for teaching elementary mathematics, focused on concept development and a problem-solving approach. Additionally, candidates will explore effective learning environments for mathematics, teaching mathematics to the English Language Learner, the development of mathematical dispositions, and current issues in math education. Integration of appropriate technology in teaching and learning mathematics is emphasized. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6705 Literacy Methods for Upper Elementary Grades - 2 Hours

Second of a two-course sequence that examines the basic theories, issues, methods, and materials for an effective upper elementary language arts program. Emphasis is placed on comprehension strategies, and the development of vocabulary and fluency. Course continues to address cultural, linguistic, economic, and developmental diversity of students and teacher methods used to assess and address students' needs. Prerequisite: ED 6702. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6706 Integrating Science, Social Studies, and the Arts in Instruction - 2 Hours

A study of the methods of integrating science, health, social science, physical education and the arts in the elementary school with particular emphasis on infusing these subjects into the language arts and mathematics curriculum. Effective use of current and emerging technologies and digital tools to support research and learning appropriate to the discipline is included. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6750 Middle School Methods - 2 Hours

A study of the pedagogy unique to teaching in middle schools with particular emphasis on middle school philosophy, curriculum, and instructional methods for designing and teaching developmentally appropriate programs in the middle grades. Prerequisite: ED 6690.

ED 6810 Teaching Biology in the Middle and High School - 2 Hours

A course focusing on standards-aligned biology content being taught in today's middle and high schools. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Candidates learn and practice a variety of pedagogical strategies specific to the discipline, including the development of lessons, materials, and assessments. Includes a segment on laboratory safety. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6820 Teaching Language Arts & Literature in the Middle and High School - 2 Hours

A course focusing on standards-aligned language arts and literature content being taught in today's middle and high schools. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Candidates learn and practice a variety of pedagogical strategies specific to the discipline, including the development of lessons, materials, and assessments. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6830 Teaching History & Social Studies in the Middle and High School - 2 Hours

A course focusing on standards-aligned history and social studies content being taught in today's middle and high schools. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Candidates learn and practice a variety of pedagogical strategies specific to the discipline, including the development of lessons, materials, and assessments. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6840 Teaching Mathematics in the Middle and High School - 2 Hours

A course focusing on standards-aligned mathematics content being taught in today's middle and high schools. Effective use of discipline-appropriate technologies and digital tools to support instruction, research, and learning is included. Candidates learn and practice a variety of pedagogical strategies specific to the discipline, including the development of lessons, materials, and assessments. Prerequisite: ED 6690. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6930 Educational Assessment - 1 Hour

Teacher candidates will learn how to use assessment data to make ethical, legal, and research-based decisions for their students. An emphasis will be on measurement theory and assessment related issues such as validity, reliability, bias, and appropriate and accurate scoring. Students will apply these skill to both classroom assessment as well as interpreting state and national assessments. Offered face-to-face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 6970 Educational Research - 1 Hour

Teacher candidates will learn best practices in educational research design and methodology with an emphasis on action research in real classroom settings. An emphasis will be on application to and preparation for the capstone project in the program. Offered face-to-face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 7001 Field Experience Practicum - 1 Hour

Candidates spend five full days in an elementary or secondary school for a minimum of 40 hours of evaluated field experience. This placement is connected to the methods course/s taken during the concurrent semester and is intended to demonstrate the candidate's ability to apply best methodological practices, including the integration of technology. Verification of completion of field component is required for education candidates to pass this course. Prerequisites: ED 6690 and Admission to Field Experience (Gate 2). Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 7410 Practicum in Teaching English as a Second Language - 3 Hours

Students will work with ESL students in a school setting for a minimum of 100 clock hours. This field experience will culminate in a comprehensive project that will draw from the other ESL courses in the Master of Education program. Enrollment limited to students in the MEd or by permission of the TGS Education Department. Offered online from Deerfield campus.

ED 7449 Classroom Management - 1 Hour

A study of communication structures and classroom management in elementary and secondary schools, including a review of theory and practice and the identification of appropriate applications in the school setting. Must be taken concurrently with clinical practice. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 7450 Clinical Practice for Elementary Licensure - 6 Hours

A classroom teaching experience under the direction of a qualified cooperating teacher. Candidates must meet all requirements for clinical practice as outlined in the Division of Education Handbook and the DOE Clinical Practice Handbook which includes passing the Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA). Prerequisite: Admission to Clinical Practice (Gate 3). Course Fee. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 7451 Clinical Practice for Subsequent Elementary Licensure - 3-6 Hours

A classroom teaching experience under the direction of a qualified cooperating teacher. As arranged with the school director or designate and completed by candidates for subsequent licensure. Candidates must meet all contracted requirements. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 7455 Clinical Practice for Secondary Licensure - 6 Hours

A classroom teaching experience under the direction of a qualified cooperating teacher. Candidates must meet all requirements for clinical practice as outlined in the Division of Education Handbook and DOE Clinical Practice Handbook, which includes passing the Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA). Prerequisite: Admission to Clinical Practice (Gate 3). Course Fee. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 7456 Clinical Practice for Subsequent Secondary Licensure - 3-6 Hours

A classroom teaching experience under the direction of a qualified cooperating teacher. As arranged with the school director or designate and completed by candidates for subsequent licensure. Candidates must meet all contracted requirements. Offered from the Deerfield campus.

ED 7460 Advanced Seminar in Education - 2 Hours

This course includes discussion of current critical issues in American education and is designed to support the goals of clinical practice. The seminar format of the course provides a forum for peer and supervisory support and for the exchange of viewpoints. Scheduled on selected evenings throughout the Professional Semester. Concurrent registration with ED 7449 and clinical practice. Offered face to face at the Deerfield campus.

ED 7478 MA/T Capstone Project - 1 Hour

Independent study leading to completion of a master's research project or an applied project. Candidates completing a master's research project work with an academic reader to write a detailed research proposal, including introduction, literature review, and description of research methodology. Candidates completing an applied project work with an academic reader as they plan, develop, and complete their project. MA/T Capstone must be taken for a letter grade.

ED 7486 MA/T Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ED 7478 may be granted when progress is being made on the capstone. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as half-time student status when registrant affirms a minimum of 20 hours per week are invested on the capstone. Zero credit.

ED 7501 Guided Research in Education - 1-3 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit/No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

EM 5100 Educational Ministries and Leadership - 3 Hours

Educational Ministries and Leadership explores the equipping of educational and other church leaders through teaching and learning, curriculum development, discipleship, and team building as well as generational and intergenerational ministries with children, youth, emerging adults, adults, and aging adults. The course will help ministry leaders understand and function in their role as practitioners leading God's people toward maturity in Christ. Students will gain core educational and leadership competencies informed by biblical theology, a sound understanding of the human person, context, and theory. Required for MDiv students. Offered fall and spring. Available online.

EM 5125 Teaching and Learning - 2-3 Hours

This course examines how Christian teachers can deepen their conceptual understanding and educational skills as they communicate Gospel teaching in a variety of contexts. Topics addressed include maturing in Christ as a Christian teacher, developmental learning theories, teaching strategies, teaching the Bible, evaluation tools, teaching teachers, and the roles of both the teacher and the learner during the teaching and learning process. Available online.

EM 5200 Educational Ministries - 2 Hours

Educational Ministries explores the equipping of educational and other church leaders through teaching and learning, curriculum development, discipleship, and team building as well as generational and intergenerational ministries with children, youth, emerging adults, adults, and aging adults.ÿThe course willÿhelp ministry leaders understand and function in their role as practitioners leading God's people toward maturity in Christ.ÿStudents will gain core educational and leadership competencies informed by biblical theology, a sound understanding of the human person, context, and theory. Offered concurrently with EM 5100. Required for MA in EM students who should also register for EM 5210 during the same semester. May be substituted for EM 5100 when also taken with EM 5210. Offered fall and spring.

EM 5210 Christian Leadership and Administration - 2-3 Hours

What is a Christian leader? What is Christian administration? How does one lead in a system context whether church or other organization? The course will survey leadership history and theories, the character of the leader, and topics such as teams, communication, power, conflict, change, ethics, administration, and mentoring. Case studies will be used to assist participants in applying leadership theory to practice. Depending on the mode, this class is offered for one, two, or three hours. Offered concurrently with EM 5100 in the fall with additional meeting times. Required for MA in EM students who should also register for EM 5200 during the same semester. May be substituted for EM 5100 when also taken with EM 5200. Offered fall and spring. Available online.

EM 5510 Christian Formation & Journey - 2 Hours

An interactive exploration of the process of spiritual growth in the life of the believer, focusing on how the church has understood Christian spirituality and the process of Christ being formed in the believer. Special attention is given to the nature of the spiritual journey of the believer and the kind of educational interventions that are likely to enable spiritual growth in the people of God.

EM 5541 Youth and Emerging Adults in Congregations - 3 Hours

Youth and Emerging Adults in Congregations explores the equipping of leaders of Youth ages 11-18 and Emerging Adults ages 19-29. Biblical, educational, and philosophical foundations of holistic ministries in the church are explored. Research in youth culture, formative needs, competencies, adaptable skills, frameworks, and approaches needed for youth and emerging adult engagement will be addressed. Participants will gain core insights and develop personal practice for contextually ministering to youth and emerging adults enabling experiences of flourishing, connection, and belonging with and within the church. Available online.

EM 5560 Adults in Congregations - 2-3 Hours

A survey of adult development and generational differences, adult learning processes, and the ministry perspectives and structures necessary to assist Christian adults to progress toward maturity in a church or parachurch context.

EM 5576 Marriage & Family Enrichment - 2-3 Hours

Study of marriage and family from theological and social science viewpoints with a view to enriching them through methods and strategies of local church ministry. Students have the option of choosing projects to enrich their own marriage and family life or to prepare for marriage.

EM 6000 Current Topics in Educational Ministries - 1-4 Hours

Select and specialized topics relevant to educational ministry.

EM 6100 Intergenerational Ministry in the Church - 3 Hours

The course design will enable participants to develop an informed approach to ministry in the local church that builds bridges across generations. Themes in the course include intergenerational ministry in biblical and theological perspective; developmental and cultural issues in intergenerational ministry; learning and worship engaging the entire faith community; and service across the generations. Available online.

EM 6260 Small Group Ministry in the Church - 2-3 Hours

An examination of the biblical and theological foundations of small group ministry, the role of groups in spiritual formation, strategies for building group ministry in a local church, developing group dynamics, and the role and training of group leaders in guiding an effective group meeting.

EM 6265 Building Ministry Teams - 2-3 Hours

This course focuses on the role, effectiveness, structure, leadership, and impact of highly functioning teams in the church. Emphasis will be placed on team design, decision-making, mission, relationships, the role of the team in the larger organization, assessing team effectiveness and performance, and team leadership. Offered on a two-year rotation.

EM 6270 Building Community in the Church - 2-3 Hours

Focuses on building a culture of community in the local church. Includes having a basic theology of community, and an examination of existing models for building the community life of a congregation, including small group models, missional communities, classes, geography-based strategies, and medium-sized gatherings. Offered on a two-year rotation.

EM 6275 Developing Healthy Spiritual Leaders - 2-3 Hours

Participants will learn strategies and practices for developing healthy spiritual leaders, and will explore various leadership development strategies used by churches and other organizations. Offered on a two-year rotation. A retreat fee will be assessed.

EM 6500 Curriculum Development - 3 Hours

This course will prepare students to develop individual lessons and coherent curriculum products. Students will explore the application of curriculum theory and the learning sciences to curriculum development. While the skills and frameworks will be broadly applicable, the course will focus on the development of curriculum to support the mission of the church. Available online.

EM 7110 Spiritual Formation in the Family - 3 Hours

Spiritual Formation in the Family explores how the family environment is a fertile place of faith formation for all ages. Topics include exploring contemporary family structures, a biblical vision for family faith formation, the strategic partnership between church and home, and various methods and approaches for family faith formation. A special emphasis will include connecting with families through digital media and methods. Available online.

EM 7465 MA in EM Capstone - 0-4 Hours

The MA in EM Capstone is developed in consultation with the EM faculty adviser and may be a portfolio, internship, or applied ministry experience. Contact your EM faculty adviser for further details.

EM 7466 MA in EM Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for EM 7465. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. May not be repeated. No credit.

EM 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the Educational Ministries Department. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

ENG 105 English Composition - 3 Hours

Develops fundamentals of academic writing, including idea development and the effective organization of expression of ideas. Literature may be included; grammar and usage may be included as needed. Prerequisite for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: ACT English score of 19 or more, or SAT verbal score of 450 or more, or successful completion of PCS 108. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

ENG 106 Critical Thinking and Composition - 3 Hours

Intensive practice in academic writing, with emphasis on the writing process leading to writing effective arguments. A major paper including research and documentation of sources is required. Literature may be included. Prerequisite for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: ACT English score of at least 22, or SAT writing score of at least 15, or successful completion of ENG 105. Prerequisite for online and Florida undergraduate: appropriate scoring on writing placement test or PCS 108. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online and Waupun Initiative.

ENG 106H Critical Thinking and Composition - 3 Hours

Intensive practice in academic writing, with emphasis on the writing process leading to writing effective arguments. A major paper including research and documentation of sources is required. Literature may be included. Prerequisite for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: ACT English score of at least 22, or SAT writing score of at least 15, or successful completion of ENG 105. Offered as scheduled for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate This course is the enriched version of ENG 106 for students in the Trinity Honors program. Students who take this course must be in the honors program or receive permission from the Director of the Honors Program. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 111 Critical Thinking and Writing - 3 Hours

Intensive practice in academic writing, with emphasis on the writing process leading to writing effective arguments. Students will enhance skills in idea development and in the effective organization and expression of ideas. A major paper including research and documentation of sources is required. Grammar and usage may be included as needed. Prerequisite for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: ACT English score of 19 or more or SAT verbal score of 450 or more or successful completion of ENG 106. Prerequisite for online and Florida undergraduate: appropriate scoring on writing placement test or ENG 106. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

ENG 115 Writing & Research - 3 Hours

A second level writing course that further develops writing and critical thinking skills. Emphasizes tools and logic of information access, documentation style, and critical use of source material. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

ENG 210X Business Communication - 3 Hours

This course covers the fundamentals of both written and oral communication in the contemporary marketplace. It includes theory while emphasizing practical and varied applications simulating a broad range of professional and organizational situations. Particular attention is paid to persuasive writing, oral presentations, collaboration, and the appropriate use of technology. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent. Cross-listed with COM 210X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

ENG 214 Drama Production - 2 Hours

Participation in a play on campus. The course may be repeated for credit. Consent of instructor required. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Note: A total of only 4 hours of drama productions count toward the 120 hours required for graduation. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 220 Studies in Poetry - 3 Hours

Basic methods of reading and analyzing poetry: study of forms, techniques, and modern critical approaches. Includes poetry from traditional Western and global authors. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 222 Studies in Fiction - 3 Hours

Basic methods of reading and analyzing fiction: study of forms, techniques and modern critical approaches. Includes fiction by traditional Western and global authors. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

ENG 224 Studies in Drama - 3 Hours

Basic methods of reading and analyzing drama: study of forms, techniques and modern critical approaches. Includes drama of traditional Western and global authors. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 304 Studies in Film - 3 Hours

Basic introduction to film studies, including cinematic elements and film history (primarily American but including foreign). Required weekly film screenings and reporting. Major paper required. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or equivalent and/or the permission of the instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 305 Argumentation and Persuasive Speaking - 3 Hours

This course is designed for students who wish to improve their ability to structure analytical arguments and communicate persuasively. Students will examine major theories of argumentation and persuasion as related to oral communication in cultural, political, organizational, and interpersonal settings. Special attention is given to audience analysis, message structure, and effective delivery of student's speeches, as well as practical analysis of rhetorical discourse in popular culture. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

ENG 306 Renaissance Literature - 3 Hours

Study of major authors, including Spenser, Milton, Donne, Herbert, and the English sonneteers. Prerequisites: ENG 220 or ENG 222, and ENG 224. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 308 Nineteenth-Century Women Authors - 3 Hours

This course is an introduction to nineteenth-century literature written by women. It explores the ways women writers construct gender and identity, portray women's roles in culture and society, and develop their own creative expression. Since women writers of the nineteenth century are a diverse group, the authors studied in this course represent a variety of class, regional, racial, ethnic, and religious identities. This course also analyzes how women writers shape, challenge, or support our own worldviews. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

ENG 310 Romantic Literature - 3 Hours

Studies of major romantic poets: traces from the 18th-century roots the evolution of romanticism as a worldview. Prerequisite: ENG 220. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 318 American Literature I: Puritanism Through Transcendentalism - 3 Hours

American cultural and intellectual history as reflected in such authors as Jonathan Edwards, John Woolman, Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville. Prerequisite: ENG 220 or ENG 222. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 320 American Literature II: Civil War Through Depression - 3 Hours

Continuation of ENG 318. Authors studied may include Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, Dreiser, F. Scott Fitzgerald, T. S. Eliot, Anderson, Hurston, and Flannery O'Connor. Prerequisite: ENG 220 or ENG 222. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 323 Children's and Adolescent Literature - 3 Hours

A survey by genre of literature for children and adolescents, with an emphasis on diversity in formats, themes, and the global cultures of author, illustrator, and setting. The course includes learning to read visual images and responding to literature via spoken, written, and visual language. Students engage in critically thinking with and through literature. Prerequisite: ENG 106 or instructor approval. Offered fall semesters, even years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 336 Creative Writing - 3 Hours

In-depth study of fiction writing techniques and extensive writing practice. The course may include components of poetry and/or drama writing at the discretion of the professor. Prerequisites: ENG 111 and ENG 220 or ENG 222 or ENG 224 and permission of the instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 350 Topics in Literature - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics in the field of literature not taught under specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topics differ. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 355 Literature and Ideas - 3 Hours

Practical field experience, preferably off-campus, of at least 43 hours of supervised work including a strong writing component in an approved area of the communication field as established by the department. Does not satisfy the professional experience requirement for the English/Communication major. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 357X Christian Classics - 3 Hours

This interdisciplinary, team-taught honors seminar will investigate significant primary works on the nature of religious spirituality from a variety of Christian traditions from the second century to the present. Cross listed with HI 357X and PH 357X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 400 Writing Fiction - 3 Hours

Analysis and practice of fiction writing techniques that culminates in the development of a portfolio of short stories. Classes follow a workshop format. Does not satisfy College Writing requirement. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

ENG 406 Shakespeare - 3 Hours

In-depth study of major histories, comedies, and tragedies, plus sonnets, with special attention given to dramatic interpretation and criticism. Prerequisite: ENG 306. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 414 History and Structure of the English Language - 3 Hours

Examination of origins and development of English; principles of word origin and change. Emphasis on language as reflection of human condition. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 420 Capstone Seminar in the British Novel - 3 Hours

Study of important British novels from the 18th to the 20th century. Strong emphasis is placed on cultural and historical context and on seminal developments in fictional technique. Students will study and research the critical literature on a single text extensively and develop, over the course of the semester, a senior paper supporting an argument. Ethical perspectives on doing and presenting research in the scholarly community are included. Prerequisite: ENG 222. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the English, English/Communication, and English with Secondary Licensure majors. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 431X Contemporary Theory - 3 Hours

A study of significant theorists and perspectives in the late-modern period. Cross listed with PH 431X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 444 Professional Experience - 1-4 Hours

An individually tailored experience such as library or academic assistant, using the skills developed in the major. Students wishing to pursue professional writing internships will need to fulfill prerequisites as approved by the department. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for English majors. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ENG 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

To include a semester of optional senior honors thesis, bibliography and research, sophisticated in-depth study of student's choice. Limited to juniors and seniors. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ES 7524 Children in Congregations - 1-2 Hours

Participants will investigate and develop a variety of options for contemporary educational and ministry experiences with children. Trends in the church's ministry to children will be considered. The variety of curricular and other resources, parachurch agencies and networks that support children's ministry in the church will be explored.

ES 7535 Nurturing Families in the Church - 1-2 Hours

Nurturing Families in the Church is an examination of the nature of marital and family relationships in preparation for participants to understand these dynamics in their own families, in the families of those to whom they minister, and the impact of these on their ability to be effective ministers. The course concludes with a consideration of church as the family of God.

ES 7550 Local Church as System - 1-2 Hours

Participants will examine how local church bodies are interdependent systems of people and practices. Topics include local church life cycles, administrative practices that build gospel health, adaptive leadership, and cultivating gospel-centered teams and partnerships.

ES 7560 Program Planning Dynamics in the Local Church - 1-3 Hours

Participants will examine how gospel-centered leaders negotiate stakeholder interests toward advancement of God's Kingdom. Topics include identifying stakeholder interests, navigating power dynamics, and planning toward mission. Available online.

ES 7815 Change, Power, and Conflict - 1-3 Hours

This course will explore the challenges of change, power, and conflict in relation to developing and transitioning Christian organizations (including but not limited to the local church). Participants will identify and clearly articulate common issues related to change, power, and conflict in organizations; create effective strategies and processes to address these issues; and foster personal attitudinal responses to change, power, and conflict that emanate from biblical wisdom.

ES 7830 Developing Collaborative Teams - 1-2 Hours

Participants will explore the theological, theoretical, and practical elements of developing collaborative teams. Topics include teams vs. groups; team selection and formation; building team trust; conflict as creative tension; measuring team effectiveness; and effective team coaching.

ES 7840 Teams in Systems - 1-2 Hours

Participants in this course will explore the nature and role of teams in systems. Some of the topics of discussion will include: team-based organizations, virtual teams, cross-functional teams, self-directed teams, and multinational teams.

ES 8000 Seminar: Current Issues in Educational Ministries - 1-4 Hours

Topics chosen deal with contemporary issues in Educational Ministries.

ES 8211 Teaching Others to Teach - 1-2 Hours

This course will connect Bible teaching with equipping others to interpret and teach the Bible. Topics include utilizing Bible study tools and resources; employing sound interpretive principles; recognizing group dynamics; identifying Biblical genres; communicating Biblical themes; harnessing effective educational methods; and identifying creative teaching strategies.

ES 8235 Ministry with Aging Adults - 1-2 Hours

Within 15 years 20% of the US population will be age 65 or older. By 2050 the number of people over age 60 in the world will outnumber youth; and the ratio of working people to retirees will decrease from 9:1 to 4:1. How is the church preparing to meet the challenge of global greying? What is its role in assisting older adults to confront health care, grief, dementia, financial challenges, and physical limitations? In what ways can senior saints contribute to the maturation of the faith community? Ministry with Aging Adults will focus not merely on how the church can ministry to senior adults, but with senior adults.

ES 8240 Intergenerational Education - 1-2 Hours

God's people are blessed with the intergenerational task of declaring the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord. Participants will examine current intergenerational theory and practice in light of Biblical texts and themes. Topics include generational developmental theories; personal mentoring and mentoring communities; and developing intergenerational teams.

ES 8255 Models of Non-Traditional Education - 3 Hours

Explores the literature related to out-of-school learning and experiential learning theories that inform the educational task of the church. Participants compare and contrast non-formal and formal educational approaches. Insights gained from these readings and class discussions are used by participants to critique various church-related models of non-formal education.

ES 8258 Online Teaching and Learning - 1-3 Hours

Twenty-first century seminary graduates will inevitably face the reality of teaching online whether it is in higher education, the local church, or another context. ES 8258 intends to raise questions and provide some answers toward developing a philosophy and practice of online education for the educator. Consideration will be given to 1) planning online classes; 2) designing online classes particularly for the adult learner; and 3) implementing online classes with attention to the participant?s context. Discussion will include the "flipped classroom," the abundance of content availability, access, and a philosophy of online teaching. Available online.

ES 8425 Theological Education: Topics - 1-2 Hours

A three-course rotation examining vernacular, primary, secondary, and tertiary, theological education in the context of Africa, Latin Americas, Asia, and North America broadly defined. Emphasis is placed on the similarities and contextual uniqueness of theological education in both majority and non-majority worlds. Presentations by international guest practitioners. May be repeated. Offered on a three-year rotation.

ES 8605 Great Religious Educators - 2-3 Hours

In the spirit of Adler's Great Books, Great Religious Educators centers around the primary writings of significant religious educators beginning with Augustine to the present. Participants will read extensively and meet regularly to discuss the primary readings and their implications for Christian education in the 21st century. Available online.

ES 8710 Social Intelligence and Leadership - 1-2 Hours

Participants in this course will examine social intelligence and its relationship to leading organizations, teams, and individual organizational members. Social intelligence includes social awareness and relationship building skills that allow leaders to foster empathy, collaboration, and teamwork with others in their organizations. Participants will critically reflect on the theological, theoretical, practical, and contextual aspects of this subject.

ES 8715 Appreciative Inquiry - 1-2 Hours

Appreciative Inquiry (AI) has been described as "The cooperative search for the best in people, their organizations, and the world around them. It involves systematic discovery of what gives a system ?life? when the system is most effective and capable in economic, ecological, and human terms." It is more than a set of tools or methods, but "a way of thinking and being" that leads to innovation for the flourishing and wholeness of larger systems or networks. In this course, we will think critically and reflect theologically about the philosophy, theory, practices, and processes of AI.

ES 9000 Current Issues in Educational Studies - 1-3 Hours

Topics are chosen to reflect research interests of faculty or program participants or that explore matters of concern to the field of educational studies. Offered on demand.

ES 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

ES 9110 Orientation to EDS Doctoral Studies - 1 Hour

The Educational Studies doctoral program is designed to further the development of leaders already serving in organizations such as higher education institutions, mission agencies, congregations, parachurch agencies, and relief and development agencies. This orientation course gathers new students into an understanding of the learning culture of the community, its values, core competencies, and expected learning outcomes. Offered Fall and Spring. Credit/No Credit.

ES 9150 Teaching in Higher Education - 2 Hours

Through Biblically shaped critical reflection, participants will examine the core elements of transformative learning theory and practice. Topics include critical reflection and the mind of Christ; personal and social change dynamics; whole person domain teaching and learning; and cultivating gospel healthy learning climates.

ES 9175 Leadership and the Development of Organizations - 3 Hours

The course will survey and analyze contemporary issues in developing and leading healthy organizations. Participants will engage in theological reflection regarding potential contributions from the field of Organization Development (OD) in leadership of organizations. Topics include organizational design; innovation; diagnosing and facilitating healthy organizational change; team building; collaborative leadership; leadership development and succession strategies; and the development of vision, mission and values using large group intervention strategies.

ES 9200 Adult Learning Foundations - 3 Hours

Participants will critically examine selected adult education theories and perspectives in light of Scripture and consider their application to the Christian adult educator's philosophy of educational ministry and practice. Topics include adult development, experiential education, critical educational theory, global models of adult learning, and transformational learning.

ES 9210 Curriculum Theory and Design - 2 Hours

An examination of the guidelines for the development of a coherent curriculum. Discussion of application of curricular theory to religious instruction.

ES 9215 Art, Beauty, and Creativity - 1-2 Hours

The relationship of art, beauty, and creativity to learning from a Christian perspective is the nature of this course. Topics include biblical and theological foundations for art, beauty, and creativity; artfulness and culture making; cultivating the true, good, and beautiful in learning; and image bearing and the creative process in learning.

ES 9250 Modes of Higher Education - 2-3 Hours

An examination of the historic and contemporary higher education modes and/or issues with consideration for the present and future direction of higher education. Models such as Bible colleges, liberal arts colleges, theological institutions, universities, church-based education, online distance education, extensions, and non-traditional modes may be examined. Issues related to the present and future will be considered. Offered on a two to three-year rotation.

ES 9260 Fundraising Principles and Practices - 1-2 Hours

This course provides an overview of topics related to fundraising principles and practices in the context of Christian organizations and institutions. Topics include nurturing generous donors; cultivating an institutional culture of generosity; theology, money, and fundraising; and fundraising skill development.

ES 9275 Higher Education Administration - 2 Hours

The basic elements of academic administration: faculty resources, student affairs, finance and budget, board and presidential roles, library services, development and public relations. Particular application is made to Christian higher education institutions and to administrative relationships with parent organizations. Offered alternate years.

ES 9280 Assessment in Higher Education - 1-2 Hours

Faculty in higher education are mandated by external stakeholders to demonstrate effectiveness in the classroom and institutionally. Assessment objectives shape classroom curriculum, program outcomes, and institutional ethos. Administrators expect faculty to understand and practice assessment in their teaching and institutional work. Assessment in Higher Education will seek to explicate assessment in the classroom, through program outcomes, and institutional ethos.

ES 9305 Developing Emerging Leaders - 1-2 Hours

Utilizing a scholar-practitioner model, this course will survey and analyze contemporary theory, practices, and processes in developing emerging leaders. A seminar format will be employed, relying on participants' independent research and learning in preparation for class presentations and class discussions. Offered on a two to three-year rotation.

ES 9310 Mid-Career Leadership Development - 2 Hours

This course focuses on the theory, practices, and processes of developing mid-career leaders. Participants will be challenged to personally apply what they learn to their development as a leader. In addition, participants.

ES 9316 Innovation, Agility, and Leading Change - 2 Hours

Participants in this course will explore the theological, theoretical, practical, and contextual aspects of cultivating innovation, designing organizations for agility, and leading change in organizations. Topics include classic and current theories of change; diffusion of innovation; types of organizational change; barriers to change; large system intervention strategies; social intelligence and the management of change transitions; and practical strategies for change implementation. A seminar format will be employed, relying on participants' independent research and learning in preparation for class presentation and class discussions. Offered on a two to three-year rotation.

ES 9330 Developing Collaborative Teams - 1-2 Hours

Participants will explore the theological, theoretical, and practical elements of developing collaborative teams. Topics include teams vs. groups; team selection and formation; building team trust; conflict as creative tension; measuring team effectiveness; and effective team coaching. Offered on a two to three-year rotation.

ES 9500 Psychological and Sociological Foundations of Education - 3 Hours

Through Biblically shaped critical reflection, participants will investigate the psychological and sociological underpinnings of educational theory and practice. Topics include major psychological and sociological theories; primary issues of educational psychology and sociology; and implications for contextualized teaching, learning, and educational practice.

ES 9510 Developmental Issues of Children, Youth, or Adults - 1-2 Hours

Participants will explore current developmental theories and issues related to children, youth, or adults rooted in redemptive image bearing. Topics include family of origin dynamics, learning disabilities, ministry to the whole person, and life transitions.

ES 9620 Education and Culture - 2 Hours

Examines the cultural values shaping Western and two-thirds world education systems. Greek versus traditional cultural value systems, learning styles, forms of logic, language structures, and other major cultural variances are considered with respect to educational function and purpose.

ES 9700 Biblical and Theological Formation of the Educator - 3 Hours

Because God's redemptive sovereignty is creation-wide, all aspects of life have eternal significance. Participants will address the implications of this revealed truth for life and educational ministry by examining Biblical, theological, historical, and contemporary resources. Topics include image bearing agency, vocational stewardship, worldview formation, and theologically shaped education.

ES 9725 Ethics in Education - 3 Hours

An examination of foundational principles in ethical thought, focusing on the source of ethical principles and the need for ethical absolutes. Discussion then focuses on ethical questions in education with emphasis on educational practices and ethics on institutional policies and culture. Offered alternate years.

ES 9750 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education - 3 Hours

Through Biblically shaped critical reflection, participants will investigate the historical and philosophical underpinnings of educational theory and practice. Participants will explore historic and contemporary philosophical streams from major western and non-western resources. Topics include key philosophers and educational theorists; primary issues of educational philosophy; and implications for contextualized teaching, learning, and educational practice.

ES 9890 Professional Development Practicum - 0-2 Hours

Participants design, conduct, and evaluate at least one professional development activity for 0-2 credits. These integrative and generative activities could take the form of teaching, consulting, guest lecturing, conference presenting, developing curriculum, coaching, grant or article writing, etc. All activities must be conducted after EDS PhD program matriculation. Participants normally will have completed 15 credit hours prior to registering for a PDP. One credit hour is equivalent to approximately 35-40 hours of invested practicum work. Potential PDP deliverables include course syllabi, strategic plans, outlines, slides, grant proposals, supervisor/advisor debriefs, reflection logs, articles, presentations, etc. Each EDS student is responsible to initiate conversations toward PDP planning with an appropriate EDS faculty member. Participants may propose non-Trinity or Trinity-related activities and opportunities. Credit/No Credit.

ES 9910 Foundations in Social Science Literature - 3 Hours

Participants will learn to conduct systematic literature reviews of the social science research literature that serve as a theoretical framework for research design. Linkages will be made primarily from sociology, anthropology, psychology, business management, and education to the participants' present research interests. Offered every year.

ES 9915 Social Science Research Design - 3 Hours

The twofold purpose of this course is to engage in theological reflection on the complementary aspects of general and special revelation, and to provide an overview of research design. More specifically, the overview consists of understanding the preliminary considerations that go into selecting a qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods research design. These include knowing the definition for these different approaches, considering philosophical worldviews, reviewing the literature, understanding the use of theory, anticipating ethical issues, and developing writing strategies. We will discuss the process of research as it relates to each approach. This process includes writing an introduction, specifying a purpose statement, and developing research questions and/or hypotheses. This course will also discuss the methods and procedures for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies. Offered every year.

ES 9920 Qualitative Research Methods - 3 Hours

Prepares the participant to design and conduct fieldwork research in both Christian education and mission communities. Observation techniques and in-depth interviewing are the primary inquiry skills learned in order to discover the individual's perspective. Particular attention is given to the processes of gathering, recording, coding, and analyzing data in order to report rich descriptive findings and conclusions supported by the data. How qualitative research methodology is used to generate "grounded theory" is also examined.

ES 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/EDS program participants may repeat the course twice for a total of three hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ES 9990 Dissertation Proposal Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. PhD/EDS program participants may repeat this course twice for a total of 3 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ES 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Courses taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ES 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

GEO 100 World Geography - 3 Hours

An introduction to the discipline of human geography covering major regions of the world since 1945. Offered spring semesters in even-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 105 Foundational Design Software - 3 Hours

An introduction to current industry standard design software, such as the Adobe Creative Cloud, with a focus on desktop publishing and layout using Adobe InDesign as well as image-making and photo manipulation using Adobe Photoshop. Computer laboratory fee. Offered every fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 110 Design Foundations - 3 Hours

An introduction to core principles in design and visual thinking including foundational themes such as color, form, material and composition. Computer laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 140 Drawing for Design - 3 Hours

A study of drawing fundamentals and the use of drawing as a tool for visual communication. Beginning with technical instruction on rendering techniques that cover the basics of form, scale, perspective, and representation, the course introduces projects that require students to explore the use of drawing as a method of presenting ideas visually and crafting finished works of design. Supply fee. Offered spring of even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 150 Topics in Graphic Design - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics of general interest in the area of graphic design. May be repeated with a different topic. Computer laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 160 Design and Society - 3 Hours

Focusing on the role of designers in larger society, this course includes discussions of theory, history, research and social design practices. Design and Society is a combination of both conceptual and project-driven learning, including research and written responses. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 205 Intermediate Design Software - 3 Hours

Intermediate use of software including InDesign and Photoshop. Introduction and intermediate use of Adobe Illustrator in the creation of digital design and vector art. Prerequisite: GPH 105. Computer laboratory fee. Offered every spring for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 210 Tangible Design - 3 Hours

A continuation of the study of foundations of design with particular focus on designing for print media. Students will examine how audiences are identified and then targeted with visual communication in outlets such as brochures, posters, and magazines. Computer laboratory fee. Prerequisite: GPH 105 and GPH 110. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 230 Introduction to Photography - 3 Hours

An introduction to historical, technical and conceptual aspects of photography. Emphasis is placed on concept, personal artistic development, exposure, composition, color and light, digital editing and workflow, and considerations for output in digital and print media. Students must have access to a digital SLR camera. Computer laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 240 Calligraphy and Lettering - 3 Hours

Covers practical and creative uses of calligraphy, lettering principles, techniques, and functions. Focus is placed on the development of the Roman alphabet, historic approaches to both flat pen and pointed pen calligraphy and modern applications of lettering. Supply fee. Offered spring of odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 250 Studio Topics in Graphic Design - 3 Hours

Thematic studio projects in the area of graphic design with a specialized approach not offered elsewhere in the graphic design curriculum. May be repeated with a different topic. Supply fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 260 Typography - 3 Hours

An introduction to typography including type history, typefaces, type selection, layout, the use of type in effective designs, and creative approaches to using type. Computer laboratory fee. Prerequisite: GPH 105. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 271 Introduction to Web Design - 3 Hours

An introduction to the basics of website design including HTML, CSS, and web design standards. Students will engage in hand-coding while exploring site design models and creating web pages. Computer laboratory fee. Offered every other spring for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Prerequisite: GPH 105 and 205. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 305 Advanced Design Software - 3 Hours

Advanced topics in InDesign, Photoshop, and Illustrator. Introduction to Adobe Acrobat, After Effects, and other industry-standard software. Specific software focus will vary. Course can be retaken for up to 6 hours with a different software emphasis. Open only to Graphic Design majors and minors as well as Communication majors in the Contemporary Media emphasis. Prerequisite: GPH 105 and GPH 205. Computer laboratory fee. Offered spring of even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 310 Interaction Design - 3 Hours

This course builds on design concepts and skills from previous courses with an emphasis on interactive media. Topics include navigation, information architecture, development of effective interfaces and kinetic typography. Computer laboratory fee. Prerequisite: GPH 210. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 320 Design Studio I/Digital and Physical Projects - 3 Hours

Applied design projects that allow for exploration of approaches to design across a variety of self-selected media. Students in this course are encouraged to develop a personal approach to design through a process of research, making, evaluating, presenting, and reflecting on their work. Creative strategy, content, technique, media, and subject matter will vary based on the semester and the students. Prerequisite: GPH 210 and GPH 260. Computer laboratory fee. Offered spring of odd years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 360 Design History - 3 Hours

This survey course examines the beginnings of graphic design, how graphic design has changed over time and how graphic design intersects with other areas of the visual arts. Topics include examinations of significant designers as well as important historical and technical developments. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 385 Digital Storytelling - 3 Hours

An examination of how stories are told in Internet contexts using a combination of tools such as writing, photography, video, and design. Computer laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 390 Graphic Design Project - 1-2 Hours

Participation in an instructor-approved, supervised graphic design project either on or off campus. Student must produce a final project in print or interactive media. Prerequisite: GPH 210. May be repeated for up to six hours of credit. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 410 Design Systems - 3 Hours

This course focuses on advanced visual thinking and systematic approaches to graphic design with an emphasis on branding, identity systems and generative participation. Computer laboratory fee. Prerequisite: GPH 310. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 440 Portfolio - 3 Hours

Students will develop professional portfolios using previous projects or creating new ones. Portfolio presentation techniques and critiques of both portfolio content and presentation will be included. Computer laboratory fee. Prerequisite: GPH 310 and GPH 271. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 445 Internship - 3 Hours

Participation in an internship, preferably outside the college community, that involves 45 hours of supervised work in the graphic design field for every credit hour. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for the graphic design major. Prerequisite: GPH 210. May be repeated for up to six hours of credit. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized study to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GPH 490 Capstone and Exhibition - 3 Hours

Students will propose and execute an original project, culminating in a final exhibition and portfolio presentation. Project will be accompanied by a written component. GPH 440 should be taken prior to or concurrently with GPH 490. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Graphic Design major. Computer laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

GR 201 Elementary Greek - 4 Hours

Introduction to phonology, morphology, and grammar of New Testament Greek, with readings in the Johannine literature or the Thessalonian correspondence and vocabulary development. Both GR 201 and GR 202 are required in order to apply to major. Delivery mode: Deerfield Traditional undergraduate.

GR 202 Elementary Greek - 4 Hours

Further study in phonology, morphology, and grammar of New Testament Greek, with readings in the Johannine literature or the Thessalonian correspondence and vocabulary development. Both GR 201 and GR 202 are required in order to apply to major. Prerequisite: GR 201. Delivery mode: Deerfield Traditional undergraduate.

HI 101 History of Western Culture I - 4 Hours

The first in a series of three courses that integrate the philosophy, history, fine arts, and literature of Western civilization using a basic timeline as the organizing principle. This course will focus on antiquity through the Roman period. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

HI 102 History of Western Culture II - 4 Hours

The second in a series of three courses that integrate the philosophy, history, fine arts, and literature of Western civilization using a basic timeline as the organizing principle. This course will deal with the medieval period, Renaissance, Reformation, and the beginning of the Enlightenment. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

HI 103 History of Western Culture III - 4 Hours

The third in a series of three courses that integrate the philosophy, history, fine arts, and literature of Western civilization using a basic timeline as the organizing principle. This course will deal with the new republics, colonial period, Industrial Revolution, and the 20th century. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

HI 105 Understanding History - 3 Hours

An introduction to the discipline of history centered around a common theme. Non-Majors are welcome. Seminar format with instruction in basic library research methods. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 121 United States History Through the Civil War - 3 Hours

A study of the political, social, economic, and cultural development of the United States from the discovery of America through the Civil War. For Education and Secondary Education majors, an overview of Illinois State History is included. Prerequisites: none. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

HI 122 United States History Since the Civil War - 3 Hours

A study of the political, social, economic, and cultural development of the United States since the Civil War. For Education and Secondary Education majors, an overview of Illinois State History is included. Prerequisites: none. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

HI 201 World Civilizations to 1600 - 3 Hours

A study of Western and non-Western cultures from antiquity through the Protestant Reformation. Emphasis on the development of the classical and medieval West and an introduction to major world cultures and religions. Prerequisites: none. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

HI 202 World Civilizations Since 1600 - 3 Hours

A study of Western and non-Western cultures from 1600 through the present. Emphasis on the rise and decline of the modern West, its imperialism, and the emergence of modernized Western nations in the twentieth century. Prerequisites: nones. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: online.

HI 230 History of the Non-Western World - 3 Hours

A study of non-Western cultures from antiquity through the present. Prerequisites: none. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 271 Topics in World History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected themes, topics, or periods in world history from earliest times to the present. May be repeated for credit if topic concentration differs. Topics have included regional studies of Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 321X American Church History - 3 Hours

A survey of the history of Christianity in America from the colonial period to the present. Special attention is paid to the Protestant evangelical tradition. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BRS 321X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 322X Topics in Church History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected themes, topics, or periods in the history of the Christian church since 400 A.D. with a particular emphasis on the relationship between church history and social, intellectual, political, and cultural history. May be repeated for credit if topic concentration differs. Topics have included Reformation and Puritanism. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BRS 322X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 323 The History of African American Religious Experience - 3 Hours

A study of the forging of two religious cultures - one African, one European - into a uniquely African American religious culture. The reciprocal nature of the relationship between the social, political, and economic environment of the United States and the institution of "Slave Religion" will be explored to determine the impact of each on the other. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

HI 325 Topics in European History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected topics in the social, intellectual, political, and cultural development of Europe from the Middle Ages to the present. May be repeated for credit if topic concentration differs. Topics have included British history, the Enlightenment, Nazi Germany, and World War II. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 340X History of Christianity - 3 Hours

A survey of the history of the Christian church from the New Testament to the present. Approximately equal time is spent on the early, medieval, Reformation, and modern periods. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BRS 340X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

HI 357X Christian Classics - 3 Hours

This interdisciplinary, team-taught honors seminar will investigate significant primary works on the nature of religious spirituality from a variety of Christian traditions from the second century to the present. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross listed with ENG 357X and PH 357X.

HI 358X Christianity and Darwinism - 3 Hours

This interdisciplinary, team-taught honors seminar will investigate the relationship between Christianity and Darwinism since the latter's inception in the mid-nineteenth century. Cross listed with BIO 358X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 359 Topics for Honors Students - 3 Hours

Selected topics not taught under specific course titles. Depending on the topic, the course will be designated as falling under one or more departments. May be repeated for credit if the topic differs. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 372 History of Ideas in America - 3 Hours

Social and religious institutions and patterns of thought that have been significant in American civilization from the colonial era to the present. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 373 African American History - 3 Hours

Seminar on the history of African Americans from colonial times to the present. Major themes include African background, the experience of slavery, the antebellum free black community, the politics of freedom, leadership, religion, civil rights, urban black life, and the issues surrounding race. For both majors and non-majors interested in the history of the black experience. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 375 Topics in American History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected topics in the social, economic, political, and cultural development of the United States from the colonial era to the present. May be repeated for credit if topic concentration differs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate.

HI 376 Twentieth-Century American Cultural History - 3 Hours

A study of cultural change in twentieth-century America. Major themes include the relationship of cultural change to socio-economic developments; the rise and influence of mass media; youth culture; changing conceptions of selfhood, morality, and commitment; and the religious overtones and undertones throughout. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 430 Seminar in Early Modern Europe - 3 Hours

A study of European political, economic, religious, and intellectual development from 1500 to 1815. Major themes include the Reformation, Revolution, and Napoleon. Seminar format includes a major semester-long research project. Offered Fall 2023 for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 460X Seminar on Problems in Philosophy and the Philosophy of History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected issues in epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, and the philosophy of history. Prerequisite: PH 180, HUM 200, HUM 210, or HUM 220. Cross listed with PH 460X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 471 Seminar in Colonial and Revolutionary America - 3 Hours

A study of the most formative period in our nation's history, from European contact to the framing of the Constitution - a period of contest, drama, promise, failure, and achievement. The British colonies are a main focus - but we benefit also from recent scholarship's emphasis on the roles of native Americans, Africans, and other European colonizers (Spanish, French, Dutch) in areas that would later form part of our country. Seminar format includes a major semester-long research project. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HI 480 Topics Seminar in History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected topics in American, European, or world history. Seminar format includes a major semester-long research project. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HM 5000 Theology and Methodology of Biblical Preaching - 2-3 Hours

Theological foundations for preaching and sermon preparation with emphasis on biblical integrity and structural soundness. Lecture sessions-must be taken concurrently with HM 5001. Only offered online.

HM 5001 Preaching Lab - 0 Hours

Lab sessions-must be taken concurrently with HM 5000. Only offered online.

HM 5010 Preaching for Partners - 1-2 Hours

This course offers the basics of preaching and encouraging those who preach. Not applicable toward the MDiv degree.

HM 6000 Current Studies in Homiletics - 1-4 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to homiletics.

HM 6200 Theology and Methodology of Biblical Preaching - 2 Hours

This course lays the biblical and theological foundations for preaching and develops preaching skills with an emphasis on faithfulness, contextualization, clarity, and spiritual power. Successful students will be able to defend a biblical theology of preaching and learn strategies to overcome common pitfalls in preaching. Students will expound two preaching portions from the epistles and receive informed feedback from a professor and peers. Prerequisite: NT 5253.

HM 6201 Preaching Lab - 0 Hours

Lab sessions-must be taken concurrently with HM 6200. Offered Quad B.

HM 6610 Preaching Narrative - 1 Hour

Homiletics laboratory to provide students with opportunities to preach from narrative texts. Introductory lectures will focus attention on the hermeneutical and homiletical demands of that genre. Prerequisite: HM 5000 or HM 6200. Pre- or corequisite (select one): OT 6216, OT 6217, NT 6221, NT 6222. Offered fall and spring.

HM 6620 Preaching Poetry and Prophecy - 1 Hour

Homiletics laboratory to provide students with opportunity to preach from poetic or prophetic texts. Introductory lectures will focus attention on the hermeneutical and homiletical demands of those genres. Prerequisite: HM 5000 or HM 6200. Pre- or corequisite (select one): OT 6216, OT 6217, NT 6221, NT 6222. Offered fall and spring.

HM 6630 Preaching the Parables of Jesus - 1 Hour

Homiletics laboratory to provide students with opportunity to preach from the parables of Jesus. Introductory lectures will focus attention on the hermeneutical and homiletical demands of that genre. Prerequisite: HM 5000 or HM 6200. Pre- or corequisite (select one): OT 6216, OT 6217, NT 6221, NT 6222. Offered fall and spring.

HM 6700 Preaching Biblical Doctrine - 2 Hours

Procedures for the preparation and presentation of sermons based on biblical doctrine. Prerequisite: HM 5000 or HM 6200. Offered on demand.

HM 6710 Hermeneutical Foundations of Preaching - 2 Hours

Study of the principles of hermeneutics in the context of the task of sermon preparation. Special attention given to the interpretation and appropriate application of the various biblical genre. Prerequisite: HM 5000 or HM 6200.

HM 6715 Hermeneutical & Homiletical Foundations of Preaching - 3 Hours

Focus on the hermeneutical and homiletical skills needed to develop biblical sermons with relevance to the urban setting. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

HM 7000 Preaching from the Old Testament - 1 Hour

This course, team taught by a member of the Old Testament and Pastoral Theology departments, helps students engage in careful exegesis of preaching portions from distinct genres so that the fruit of that careful study can foster faithful exposition. Students review salient characteristics of each genre, read each preaching portion in Hebrew and expound one text, having submitted a detailed exegesis of it. Prerequisites: HM 6200; and OT 5242 or OT 6050.

HM 7210 Expository Preaching of a Biblical Book - 2 Hours

Procedures for handling a biblical book as a unity and planning and presenting a series of sermons on that book. May be repeated. Prerequisite: HM 5000. Offered on demand.

HM 7260 Evangelistic Preaching - 2 Hours

Preparation and presentation of sermons for various evangelistic and conference occasions. Prerequisite: HM 5000.

HM 7280 Preaching on Contemporary Problems - 2 Hours

Using advanced methods, sermons on personal, community, and world problems are prepared and delivered. Prerequisite: HM 5000. Offered on demand.

HM 7315 Preaching and Biblical Theology - 3 Hours

This course provides a teaching space and laboratory to give students tools, models, and opportunities integrating the disciplines of Biblical Theology and preaching. It includes viewing online content delivered by the Charles Simeon Trust and participating in discussions on the content, which are then supplemented with additional readings that focus attention on the exegetical demands of Biblical Theology, specifically concerning how to study for teaching and preaching.

HM 7316 Preaching and Systematic Theology - 2 Hours

This course provides a teaching practice and laboratory to give students tools, models, and opportunities integrating the disciplines of Systematic Theology and preaching. It includes viewing online content delivered by the Charles Simeon Trust and participating in discussions on the content, which are then supplemented with additional readings that focus attention on the exegetical demands of Systematic Theology, specifically concerning how to study for teaching and preaching.

HM 7400 Seminar: History of Preaching - 2 Hours

Biographical and sermonic survey of homiletical and rhetorical theory and of Christian preaching from apostolic times through lectures and research with application to the improvement of preaching in our own time.

HM 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit/No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

HM 8000 Seminar: Current Issues - 1-3 Hours

Seminar discussion and advanced individual research on topics dealing with significant issues in homiletics. Pre or co-requisite HM 5000.

HPW 180 Introduction to Health and Wellness - 3 Hours

The study of the quality of life involving dynamic interaction and interdependence among the individual's well being, mental, and emotional reactions, and the social complex in which the individual exists. Coursework includes theory of health, mental and emotional health, prevention and control of disease, nutrition, substance use and abuse, accident prevention and safety, community health, environmental health, and family life education. Includes laboratory and personal application experiences. Instructional fee for Deerfield traditional undergraduates. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

HPW 190 Foundations of Human Performance and Wellness - 3 Hours

A study of the social, biological, and psychological foundations of health and human performance, relative to the total fitness, sport, or wellness setting. Emphasizes historical, philosophical, cultural and ethical aspects of health and human performance. Becoming active at the local, state and national levels will be explored. A minimum of ten hours of field experience is required. This course is open to majors and minors in the Department of Health Science only or by consent of the instructor. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

HPW 220 Practicum in Sport and Wellness Management - 3 Hours

Course designed to provide professional observation and experience in the area of Sport and Wellness Management. Assignments, project management opportunities, and skill applications are performed with dual guidance, supervision, and evaluation of a practicing on-site professional and a Human Performance and Wellness faculty member. Assignments, reports, and presentations are required at weekly meetings. The course may be taken three times with different assignments. First assignment is a required human performance laboratory practicum. Completion of this course with a "B" or better is required to pursue the Internship route. Open to Sport and Wellness Management majors or by consent of instructor. Prerequisites: HPW 180, HPW 190 or HS 162 and HS 165. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 221 Off-Season Camping Practicum - 1 Hour

On-site observations and experiences related to camp operations outside of the summer program, gaining perspective relating to a year-round operation. Prerequisites: Current Community First Aid and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Additional fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 224 Team Sports - 3 Hours

Theory, technique, and skills of coaching and teaching various sports of a team nature. Emphasis is placed on rules, etiquette, strategies, and the development of fundamental skills through instruction and practice. Instructional and motivational methods are applied and evaluated in a lab teaching situation. Students will have the opportunity to study and complete the American Sport Education Program (ASEP) Coaching Principles and Sport First Aid certification exams. This ASEP coaching certification is required to be able to coach in Illinois. Open to majors and minors in the Department of Health Science only or by consent of instructor. Prerequisite: Current Community First Aid and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 228X Sport and Wellness Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of the psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation and performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity, and the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Prerequisite: PSY 140 or ED 260. Cross listed with PSY 228X. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 250 Special Topics - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics in Human Performance and Wellness. May be repeated for credit with different topics. Prerequisite: HPW 190 or consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 320 Sports Operations - 3 Hours

This course provides a systems approach to facility management. The focus will include elements of design and development as it relates to facilities and special events. Trends in facility operations, scheduling, purchasing, equipment, maintenance, and evaluative techniques will be explored. It is designed to provide students with an overview of facility planning and design, operations and event management. Offered spring of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 333 Adventure Education - 3 Hours

Theory, technique, skills, and risk management for leading and teaching adventure learning activities. Emphasis will be placed on the responsibility and efficient engagement of physical, environmental, and human resources. Limited to Human Performance and Wellness majors and Bible and Ministry majors, Ministry Emphasis or by consent of instructor. Prerequisite: current Community First Aid and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Additional fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 334 Management of Sport and Wellness - 3 Hours

Programming philosophy, theories, and principles for designing, conducting, and evaluating recreational programming for a variety of delivery systems including fitness, instructional, informal, camps, outdoor adventure, intramural, and extramural sport. Emphasis is placed on managing risk within the movement setting and leading for total personal development. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 430 Sports Law and Ethics - 3 Hours

This course provides a foundation for general legal concepts and familiarizes students with those legal issues they are most likely to encounter as coaches and managers in the sports industry. Topics covered include tort law, negligence, acts and amendments, contracts, compliance with codes and regulations, and the influence of current state and federal legislation. The class will deal with how a biblical worldview defines and drives the choices faced in sport while examining lawsuits and case studies that have established current laws and regulations. Offered fall of even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 446 Field Internship - 1-12 Hours

Work experience in an applied field under the dual supervision of a Human Performance and Wellness faculty member and a practicing on-site professional. Prerequisites: senior status, completion of all pre-professional coursework, departmental approval, and current Community First Aid and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 490 Seminar in Human Performance and Wellness - 1 Hour

A capstone course for the majors focusing on current issues and problems relating to ethics within the profession. Applications of theory, with practice, will be emphasized. Prerequisite: senior standing. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirements for students in the Sport and Wellness Management major. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPW 498 Professional Experience - 0-1 Hours

A supervised experience in one or more professional environment(s) which demonstrates the student's ability to relate knowledge and skills developed in the major to practical tasks in the workplace, graduate school, or professional school. Requires at least 45 clock hours of prepared, supervised, and evaluated experience which demonstrates practical application of major-related knowledge and skills. The professional experience must have prior approval by the department. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 100 Intercollegiate Team Activity - 1 Hour

A student athlete may earn one human performance and wellness activity credit by successfully participating in one season on an intercollegiate athletic team. May be repeated for credit in a different intercollegiate sport. Credit given in the semester the season ends. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 103 Conditioning Aerobics - 1 Hour

Development of cardiovascular fitness through aerobic rhythms, conditioning activities, and continuous exercise modes. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 104 Beginning Weight Training - 1 Hour

This course is designed to introduce students to the basic principles of strength training to improve health and fitness. An emphasis on strength training of the major muscle groups using scientific principles for safe and efficient weightlifting. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 110 Self-Defense - 1 Hour

Development of the awareness and basic skills necessary for protection and self-defense. Focus on observational and non-confrontational skills used to prevent or postpone physical aggression. Development of competency in the use of physical defense measures needed when prevention fails.Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. (See catalog policy under "Advanced Standing" regarding credit equivalency for military basic training.) Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 112 Hiking - 1 Hour

Course designed for the recreational walker, emphasizing cardiovascular fitness, etiquette, map reading and orienteering, trip planning, and environmental issues. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 113 Beginning Basketball - 1 Hour

Instruction and practice designed for the beginning player in the rules, etiquette, offensive and defensive strategies, and the basic skills of basketball. The course will utilize a variety of drills and variations of the game to develop individual and team skills. Not open to intercollegiate basketball players. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 114 Power Volleyball - 1 Hour

Individual and team skills and techniques involved in volleyball as a recreational sport. Rules, etiquette, strategy, and formations, as well as leadership skills for conducting recreational and intramural contests. Not open to intercollegiate volleyball players. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 115 Field Sports - 1 Hour

A course offering an introduction to a variety of field sports. Rules, etiquette, strategies, and basic skills of flag football, soccer, and speedball will be emphasized. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 116 Beginning Softball - 1 Hour

Instruction and practice designed for the beginning player in the rules, etiquette, strategies, and basic skills of softball, as well as leadership skills for conducting recreational and intramural contests. The course utilizes a variety of drills and variations of the game to develop individual and team skills. Not open to intercollegiate softball or baseball players. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 117 Beginning Soccer - 1 Hour

Instruction and practice designed for the beginning player in the rules, etiquette, strategies, basic skills,and teaching progressions for soccer. Both indoor soccer/futsal and the outdoor game will be discussed and taught. Not open to intercollegiate soccer players. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 118 Fencing - 1 Hour

This course will introduce the student to Modern Sport Sabre Fencing. Instruction will include: footwork, bladework, bouting, as well as refereeing sabre matches. Students will also be exposed to the other modern fencing weapons as well as other formats of fencing including Historical European Martial Arts (HEMA) and Kendo. Course fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HPWA 204 Advanced Weight Training - 1 Hour

Teaches students how to identify, describe, execute, and progress more advanced resistance training exercises for upper extremity, lower extremity, and trunk, progressing to discussion of the common Olympic lifts. In addition to understanding proper execution and spotting techniques, basic instructional techniques for a variety of exercises will also be developed. Open to majors and minors in the Department of Health Science only or by consent of instructor. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HR 5110 Introduction to Human Rights - 3 Hours

This is an introductory course surveying the concepts, terminology, and history of human rights. The theological and historical origins of the international legal instruments and institutions involved in international human rights will be explored.

HS 161 Medical Terminology - 1 Hour

The course includes a study of terms relating to medical technology and practice, health sciences fields, and ancillary hospital services, including abbreviations, spelling, and pronunciation. Some individual computer work required. Offered fall semester Quad B for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 162 Introduction to Interprofessional Health Sciences - 1 Hour

This course serves as an introduction to the allied health care disciplines such as: Athletic Training, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Physician Assistant, including the education prerequisite, curriculum, credentialing, licensing, and work conditions. Emphasis on students learning with, from, and about other professionals to enable effective collaboration among professionals to improve health outcomes and understanding of evidence-based practice. Discussion on planning and securing discipline specific clinical experiences during the student's undergraduate experience. Offered fall semester Quad A for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 165 Responding to Emergencies and Sport Safety Training - 3 Hours

Collegiate-level American Red Cross course that certifies participants in Community CPR, RTE First Aid, and Sport Safety Training. Includes the importance of a safe and healthy lifestyle, basic prevention and care of acute trauma injuries, sudden and chronic illnesses. Laboratory skills, practicum, and observation are included. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 168 Prevention and Care of Athletic Injury - 3 Hours

A lecture/laboratory approach providing foundation for pursuing a career in health sciences. A systematic approach to conditioning principles, emergency preparation, protective taping/wrapping skills, injury mechanism, resulting pathology, and care of injuries by participation of the physically active in sport/recreation. Emphasis on the application of evidence-based practice in recognizing and caring for inuuries. Prerequisites: HS 165 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 201X Physiology of Exercise - 4 Hours

A systematic approach to the study of the function of the human body during physical activity and recovery. Emphasis is placed on how the physiology of the sedentary body responds and adapts to both acute and chronic workloads. The application of these principles to exercise prescription for the achievement of optimal fitness and athletic performance will be applied. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: HS 165 and either BIO 140 or BIO 340-341, or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with BIO 201X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 202 Nutrition - 3 Hours

Effects of nutrition on performance and health emphasizing various methods of nutritional analysis, effects of current dietary practices, basic behavior modification techniques, nutritional needs of competitive and special populations, ergogenic aids and referral resources. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

HS 251 Kinesiology - 3 Hours

The purpose of this course is to study the human body from both the functional anatomy and biochemical perspectives. It will discuss the anatomical components of human movement, including bones, joints, nerves, and muscles, and move into the basic analysis of human motion through the use of biomechanical principles. An application of proper technique, with an emphasis of proper analysis and training techniques for movement effectiveness, efficiency, and injury prevention will introduce students to the kinesiology analysis method of movement, analyzing a broad range of movements throughout the course of the semester. Prerequisites: BIO 140 or BIO 340. Offered Spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Instructional fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 305 Health Science Applications - 1-4 Hours

In-depth instructional, teaching, or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 350 Topics in Health Sciences - 3-4 Hours

Utilizing the current literature, this course examines an advanced topic in a field of health sciences. Prerequisites: BIO 111, and either CH 157 or CH 111-CH 112, or consent of the instructor. Course may be repeated with different topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 351 Biomechanics - 4 Hours

Theory and application of the interrelationships of the anatomical and mechanical principles governing human movement. Emphasis is placed on activities of sport and daily living. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: HS 165 and HS 251 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 360 General Medical Conditions in the Physically Active - 3 Hours

The course covers the knowledge, skills, and values that an allied health professional will use to recognize, treat, and refer when appropriate the general medical conditions of physically active individuals. Major areas of study include various body systems, common illnesses and ailments, and athletic implications for common medical conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, and weather-related illnesses. Prerequisite: HS 168. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 365 Motor Learning and Lifespan Development - 3 Hours

A study of basic principles of motor learning and motor development as they relate to human voluntary movement across lifespan. This course is designed to provide theory and application related to the process of acquiring functional motor skills, the performance enhancement of learned or highly experienced motor skills, or the re-acquisition of skills that are difficult to perform or cannot be performed because of injury or disease. Additional emphasis on how to create and implement developmentally appropriate movement programs. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 370 Introduction to Therapeutic Modalities and Rehabilitation - 3 Hours

A lecture/laboratory course designed to introduce the basic theory and application of therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation. Emphasis on tissue healing, functional progression, pain control, indications, contraindications, protocols, and the body's response to therapeutic agents and exercise. Prerequisites: HS 168 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 380 Advanced Functional Anatomy - 3 Hours

This course provides an advanced study of the functional anatomy of the human body through the interrelationship of structure and function. An emphasis on how injury, illness, and disease impact the ability of the human body to perform activities of daily living. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 402 Sport Nutrition - 3 Hours

This course will examine the different physiological relationships between nutrition and exercise. Emphasis is placed on the body's metabolic response to a wide range of stresses that occur in different sports and activities, at different intensities, and within different environments. Macro and micronutrients and their respective roles in energy production and the development of improved athletic performance are discussed in detail. In addition, this course will study those methods of assessing an athlete's nutritional needs and status. Prerequisites: HS 201X; HS 202. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 446 Field Internship - 1-12 Hours

Professional internship experience in an applied field under the dual supervision of a Trinity College faculty member in the Division of Science Technology and Health and a practicing on-site professional. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: departmental approval and current Community First Aid and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Planning placement options with the instructor one semester prior to enrollment is required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 454 Measurement, Research, Statistics and Technology - 3 Hours

A lecture/laboratory approach to the measurement techniques, instruments, research methodology, and technology used in the fields of human performance and wellness/health sciences. The course focuses on test selection/construction criteria, standardized tests, and techniques employed in the measurement of the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. Common statistical models will be used to evaluate the measurement results and to apply them in the processes of exercise prescription and wellness counseling. Includes hands on activities and personal application experiences. Prerequisites: HS 201X and MA 285X. Instructional fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 455 Advanced Strength Training and Program Design - 3 Hours

This course explores the scientific foundations of strength training and conditioning and allows students to develop their skills in program development in applied physical training for specific performance populations. It prepares students for the Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) exam. The CSCS credential identifies those individuals who have knowledge in scientific foundations of strength and conditioning as well as the skills to apply that knowledge in a practical format. Prerequisites: HS 351, or consent of instructor. Offered fall semester in even numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 456 Administration in Health Sciences - 3 Hours

A capstone course covering theories, procedures, and decision-making skills for management of various institutions and agencies in the fields of human performance and wellness/health sciences. Topics include organization, personnel, facilities and equipment, legal issues, budget and accounting, ethics, and meeting the needs of the consumer. Prerequisites: BIO 140 or BIO 340-341, HS 201X or consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 470 Undergraduate Research - 1-4 Hours

A course involving clinical, laboratory or library investigation of a research problem under faculty supervision. Course requirements include a literature survey, research, a written formal report, and oral presentation of results in either the Health Sciences (HS 490), Biology (BIO 410), or Chemistry (CH 410) Seminar courses. Prerequisites: HS 168 and at least one of the following: BIO 340-BIO 341, HS 261-HS 262. Instructor's consent required. May be repeated for credit. (A laboratory fee may be required, depending on the nature of the project.) Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 480 Professional Rotation in Health Sciences - 1-6 Hours

This course is a supervised experience in one or more professional environment(s) which demonstrates the student's ability to relate knowledge and skills developed in the major to practical tasks in the workplace or clinical setting. Open to majors in the Health Sciences department or by consent of instructor. Planning placement options with the instructor one semester prior to enrollment is required. Satisfies the Professional Experience Requirement. Prerequisites: HS 168, current Community First Aid, and CPR certification (or acceptable equivalent). Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Laboratory fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

HS 490 Seminar in Interprofessional Health Sciences - 1 Hour

This course includes presentations and discussions of selected papers, topics of current interest in health sciences, student research projects, and invited guest speakers representing the variety of professions within the department. Emphasis on interprofessional practice, ethical decision-making processes, and preparation to enter the discipline-specific workforce to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. Prerequisite: major in the discipline or consent of the department chair. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Exercise Science major. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ID 4010 Introduction to German - 2 Hours

An introduction to German vocabulary, grammar, and the reading of German texts. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Offered summer.

ID 4011 Theological German I - 2 Hours

An introduction to German theological vocabulary, review of grammar, and readings from selected theological literature in German. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Prerequisite: ID 4010, at least one year of college/university German, or consent of instructor. Offered summer.

ID 4012 Theological German II - 2 Hours

Further study of German theological vocabulary, grammar, and readings from selected theological literature in German. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Prerequisite: ID 4011. Offered summer.

ID 4021 Theological French I - 3 Hours

An introduction to French vocabulary, grammar, and the reading of French theological texts. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. No prerequisite. Offered fall.

ID 4022 Theological French II - 3 Hours

Further study of French theological vocabulary, grammar, and readings from selected theological literature in French. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Prerequisite: ID 4021. Offered spring.

ID 5000 Biblical Theology and Interpretation - 3 Hours

A survey of biblical theology, including methodological issues of debate during the last two centuries. Emphasis on the Bible's storyline, examining how the books and corpora of the Bible contribute to the unfolding history of redemption. Attention is given to themes of temple, sacrifice, priest, rest, kingship, exile, idolatry, promise, messiah, wisdom, and others. Finally, the relationship of biblical theology with other disciplines, especially exegesis and systematic theology, is considered. Required for all MA in CM, MA in MHC, and MDiv students. Should be taken during first year of enrollment. Offered fall and spring.

ID 5001 Foundations for Integrative Thought - 3 Hours

This course surveys the Bible from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and consummation, with special attention to Scriptural applications and ramifications for ethical behavior. The course considers how precedents, themes, truths, and strategies that established God's will in earlier times provide direction for God's people today. Students will practice interpreting scripture responsibly and thinking creatively about current issues in the light of biblical principles.

ID 5002 Foundations for Cultural Engagement - 3 Hours

This course introduces the student to pivotal Christian doctrines as a framework within which to evaluate the working assumptions of contemporary culture. In addition to investigating several models for Christian engagement with culture, the course encourages the positive formation of a Christian worldview as a foundation for wise interaction with contemporary thought.

ID 5010 Foundations in Biblical Studies - 3 Hours

The course emphasizes biblical content and application with attention to developing skills to guide interpretation and understanding of Scripture in order to build, inform, and critique vocational practice. In the context of such an overview, relevant passages throughout the whole of Scripture may be sampled with particular attention to methods of understanding, interpreting, and applying such passages. This course does not satisfy requirements in the MDiv program. Not open to students taking OT 5000 or NT 5000. Offered fall.

ID 5061 Latin I - 2 Hours

Latin I is the first of two sequential courses in the study of the fundamentals of Latin morphology, grammar, and syntax, as well as basic vocabulary. Skills in reading, understanding, and translating adapted and unadapted passages will be developed, with special emphasis on the Latin Church fathers and other Christian texts. No audits. Offered on demand.

ID 5062 Latin II - 2 Hours

Latin II is the second of two sequential courses in the study of the fundamentals of Latin morphology, grammar, and syntax, as well as basic vocabulary. Skills in reading, understanding, and translating adapted and unadapted passages will be developed, with special emphasis on the Latin Church fathers and other Christian texts. Prerequisite ID 5061. No audits. Offered on demand.

ID 5080 Formation Group - 0 Hours

Formation Group is an intentional weekly experience under the leadership of a faculty member. Formation Groups seek to grow together in biblical wisdom, in the grace of God, and in relationships and relational skills. MDiv students must register for two semesters prior to candidacy, generally the first two semesters of enrollment; MA students may register for two semesters in lieu of one PT 5090 Field Education requirement. Additional semesters by MDiv or non-MDiv students with or without registration are encouraged. Regular attendance necessary for credit, only two absences permitted. Credit / No Credit. Offered fall and spring.

ID 6000 Current Topics in Interdisciplinary Studies - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics of general or interdisciplinary interest.

ID 6012 Prayer and Life in the Spirit - 2 Hours

The Northside Chicago Theological Institute is a consortium of five theological seminaries on the north of Chicago that jointly sponsors a course each spring. The course is conducted in a two-evening and two-weekend retreat format on the campus of St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelein. The spring topic varies in its examination of Christian life and practice. A minimal meal/lodging fee is charged. May be repeated as topic changes. Credit / No Credit. Offered spring.

ID 6500 Understanding the Social and Cultural Contexts of Ministry - 2 Hours

Employing theories and methods from anthropology and sociology, this course aims to equip the student to exegete and critically analyze the socio-cultural context of today's changing world from a biblical and theologically informed perspective. The course will then seek to help the student to understand the dialectic relationship between the church and its surrounding cultures/societies and the church's call to be an effective and prophetic witness in the contemporary world. Students will acquire context-oriented understandings and skills that will inform their ministry strategies and practices.

ID 6910 Research Methods - 1 Hour

The techniques for conducting competent graduate-level bibliographic research, as well as attention to the planning, preparation, and writing of theses, will be covered in this course, which is required of all students completing the MA degree with the thesis option. Course will not count toward the 30-hour program requirement. (CR/NC only; not available for Audit).

ID 7375 Clinical Pastoral Education - 1-2 Hours

The Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) (www.acpe.edu) provides education related to pastoral care through the clinical educational methods of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). The CPE experience, with subsequent submission of a summary report, is available for Trinity elective credit. May be repeated. Credit/No Credit.

ID 7465 MA in Ministry Capstone Experience - 3-6 Hours

A ministry-based experience for MA in Ministry students that integrates the biblical/theological/historical with the ministry practice and context components of the program and provides the capacity for further specialized service in the church. The experience may be a practicum or project and will reflect 168 hours of experiential learning accompanied by a 7,500-10,000-word critical analysis paper (for 3 hours credit) demonstrating integration of program components with the area of ministry specialization. Counts as half-time academic status. Letter grade only.

ID 7466 MA in Ministry Capstone Experience Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for ID 7465. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as quarter-time academic status. No Credit.

ID 7468 MA (Theological Studies) Capstone - 2 Hours

A program capstone for MA (Theological Studies) students that purposes to integrate the general theological education received by the program participant. The capstone may be an integrative paper or a project as defined in the Academic Handbook and will reflect approximately eighty-four clock hours of work. Counts as half-time academic status. Letter grade only.

ID 7469 MA (Theological Studies) Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for ID 7468. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. May not be repeated, except on the South Florida campus, where it may be repeated on one occasion. No Credit.

ID 7478 MA Capstone Project - 0-3 Hours

A department-specific summative program project (MA/E, MA/CM) as arranged with the department of concentration. Not available in all programs.

ID 7480 MA Capstone Integrative Paper - 0-2 Hours

Participants in MA programs requiring a capstone integrative paper register for this course (MA/ICS). Specific paper requirements should be obtained from the department. Counts as half-time academic status. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as required by the program.

ID 7481 MA Capstone Integrative Paper Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for ID 7480. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as quarter-time academic status. May not be repeated. No Credit.

ID 7482 MDiv Capstone Research Paper - 0 Hours

MDiv participants in the Research Ministry Focus complete two capstone research papers and must register for ID 7482 concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing an MDiv capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded C- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

ID 7484 MDiv Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ID 7483 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis and with the consent of the Program Director. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter-time thereafter.

ID 7501 Guided Research - 1-6 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

ID 7750 Study Tour - 1-4 Hours

Study tour sponsored by the university involving travel to a site of biblical or historic Christian interest, or a ministry-based study tour. May be substituted for a required OT or NT course by petition.

ID 7900 Theological Research Methods - 2 Hours

The techniques for gaining bibliographical control over the literature of theological subjects, as well as attention to the planning, preparation, and writing of theses are covered in this class. Credit / No Credit. Offered fall and spring.

ID 8100 Scholarship and the Christian Mind - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to central themes and issues related to academic ministry in secular and Christian universities and seminaries. Students will explore and engage in topics including: vocational stewardship in the academy; Christian worldview and intellectual life; the history and philosophical foundations of the modern university; Christian faithfulness and fruitfulness in academic teaching and research. Each of these topics will be considered in light of students' personal gifts and vocational direction with the aim of exploring how their evangelical Christian faith might inform their teaching and scholarship.

ID 9200 Interdisciplinary THS Seminar I - 4 Hours

This seminar course is intended to promote significant cross-disciplinary study, reflection, and interaction on a (set of) biblical text(s) (OT and/or NT) with special focus on the theological issues raised in the text(s). One faculty member from each THS department will participate in bringing this discussion to the class from the point of view of their particular discipline. The course will consist primarily of papers and responses presented by the students along with open ended class discussion.

ID 9300 Interdisciplinary THS Seminar II - 4 Hours

This seminar course is intended to promote significant cross-disciplinary study, reflection, and interaction on the dissertation projects of the students in the course, with special focus on the theological issues raised in the dissertation. Two THS faculty will lead the course; one in biblical studies (OT/NT) and one in theological studies (ST/HT). The course will consist primarily of papers and responses presented by the students along with open ended class discussion.

IDS 105 Foundations for Adult Learning - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values required to maximize the benefit of education for adults. Concepts include the basic principles of adult development, learning approaches, personality, and work/life management. The ideas of Christian liberal arts education, learning in community, and lifelong learning as spiritual journey are explored. Various assessments and self-exploration tools will be used to aid goal-setting, writing placement, and advising. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

IDS 106 Trinity Service Learning - 0-1 Hours

Trinity Service Learning seeks to develop students' ethic of service, sense of social responsibility, and commitment to civic engagement. Through service, students will grow in their capacity to love and serve individuals and communities, within and outside Trinity, both locally and globally. Students will use their skills and abilities to make a difference in real-world settings, and will put their faith into action. Opportunities may include service in on-campus activities and programs, a local church, community programs, mission trips, and summer camp leadership. Some paid or stipend positions may count if the position involves direct service to others in a leadership capacity. Students must register for IDS 106 in the semester of their project, complete a planning form, submit a reflection by the due date, and be evaluated by their supervisor. Zero-credit option is offered only on a pass-no-credit basis, repeatable for obtaining a Service Learning completion. Requires a minimum of 12 hours of service. Offered every semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. One-credit option is offered only on a pass-no-credit basis, repeatable for obtaining a Service Learning completion. Requires a minimum of 45 hours of service. Offered every semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 150 Foundations of Christian Thinking and Living - 3 Hours

This course equips Trinity College students to live as active and thoughtful believers on campus and in society at large. It orients students to the unique features of Christian liberal arts education at Trinity College, examines the core doctrinal elements of the Christian faith, and investigates what it means to live Christianly in the world today. Required of all Trinity College students. This course must be taken at Trinity. Offered each semester for TIU-Florida; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: TIU-Florida and online.

IDS 180 One Mission, Many Stories - 3 Hours

This course orients students to distinctive features of Christian liberal arts education at Trinity College, examines the core doctrinal elements of the Christian faith as expressed in the TIU/Evangelical Free Church of America statement of faith, explores the evangelical mission of the Church and investigates what it means to live Christianly in the world today. Required of all Trinity College students. This course must be taken at Trinity. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

IDS 180H One Mission, Many Stories - 3 Hours

This course orients students to distinctive features of Christian liberal arts education at Trinity College, examines the core doctrinal elements of the Christian faith as expressed in the TIU/Evangelical Free Church of America statement of faith, explores the evangelical mission of the Church and investigates what it means to live Christianly in the world today. Required of all Trinity College students. This course must be taken at Trinity. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. [The Honors section is only offered each fall semester.] Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 190 Critical Topics in the 21st Century - 3 Hours

Students will explore one or more issues that have significant bearing on the world today, identifying contributing factors, applying biblical principles, discussing implications, and reaching informed conclusions. Class topics may include but are not limited to poverty, climate change, social justice, technology, healthcare, education, the arts and immigration. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 200 Law, Justice and Culture - 3 Hours

Focuses on the conceptions of law and justice of three civilizations or cultures: the ancient Hebrews and biblical law; the United States Constitution and inalienable rights; and Nazism and the Nuremberg Trials. By studying law in the context of these societies, it is hoped that the student will develop an appreciation for humanity's attempts to understand its beliefs, institutions, and rules in light of transcendent moral principles. In particular, the course seeks to challenge students to (1) think about the nature of justice, the relationship between law and morality, and the role of law in achieving a just society, (2) formulate a Christian view of law premised on biblical principles, and (3) strengthen each student's ability to analyze and reason and to articulate and defend positions. Offered May term through Olivet Nazarene University. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 303 Cross Cultural Contexts - 3 Hours

This course is an opportunity for students to understand principles for effective cross-cultural engagement through an immersive field experience. Reading and assignments will provide a theoretical framework, to include historical, theological, and sociological perspectives. Select Global Community Partnerships trips or other approved cross-cultural experiences will be combined with instruction to meet the objectives of this course. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 320 American Studies Program (Washington, D.C.) - 1-10 Hours

As a member of the Council of Christian Colleges and Universities, Trinity participates in the American Studies Program, an interdisciplinary internship/seminar program based in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1976, the program is designed to expose undergraduates to opportunities for involvement in public life and provides students with a general understanding of the public policy dynamics at work in the nation's capital. The program provides internship opportunities for the diverse majors and career interests of university juniors and seniors. Students live together in campus apartments, work as voluntary interns, and participate in a seminar program for which they receive full academic credit. Since the number of participants is limited, the program is highly selective. Additional information is available at https://www.cccuglobaled.org/ or from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 321 Au Sable Inst of Environmental Studies (multiple locations) - 1-10 Hours

The mission of Au Sable Institute is the integration of knowledge of the creation with biblical principles for the purpose of bringing the Christian community to a better understanding of the Creator and the stewardship of God's creation. All of its programs and activities are structured to allow, and are conducted for, promotion of Christian environmental stewardship. The Institute offers courses at five locations: Great Lakes, Pacific Rim (Puget Sound), East Coast (Chesapeake Bay), Africa, and India. Courses are offered in four formats: January session, May session, and two summer sessions for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Environmental education internships are available, as are certificates in stewardship ecology, environmental analysis, land resource analysis, and water resource analysis. Additional information is available from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 324 Contemporary Music Center (Nashville, TN) - 1-10 Hours

The Contemporary Music Center provides students with the opportunity to live and work in community while seeking to understand how God will have them integrate music, faith, and business. Both interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary in nature, the CMC offers two tracks: the Artist Track and the Executive Track. The Artist Track is tailored to students considering careers as vocalists, musicians, songwriters, recording artists, performers, producers, or recording engineers. The Executive Track is designed for business, arts management, marketing, communications, and related majors interested in possible careers as artist managers, agents, record company executives, music publishers, concert promoters, or entertainment industry entrepreneurs. Students earn 16 semester hours of credit. For more information, contact the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 325 Daystar University (Kenya) - 1-10 Hours

As a member of the Christian College Consortium, Trinity allows junior and senior students to study for one semester at Daystar University in Nairobi, Kenya. Daystar is the only accredited Christian liberal arts college in all of Black, English-speaking Africa. Consortium students join African students from more than twenty-one African nations at Daystar. Specific courses introduce the history, culture, literature, politics, art, music, and religions of Africa. All instruction is in English and offered by a primarily African national faculty. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 327 Jerusalem University College (Israel) - 1-10 Hours

This Evangelical Protestant Christian university, established in 1957, is dedicated to the study of the geography, culture, history, languages, and archaeology of biblical lands as they relate to biblical interpretation and a better understanding of the Middle East. The school offers its intercultural student body long- and short-term programs, including the Master of Arts degree in several disciplines, graduate and undergraduate semester abroad, and short-term academic study tours. Additional information is available from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 329 Los Angeles Film Studies Center - 1-10 Hours

Founded in 1991, the Los Angeles Film Studies Center is designed to train students to serve in various aspects of the film industry with both professional skill and Christian integrity. Each semester, students live, learn, and work in L.A. The curriculum consists of two required Hollywood Production Workshop and Theology in focusing on the role of film in culture and the relationship of faith to work in this very influential industry. In addition, students choose one elective course from a variety of offerings in film studies. Internships in various segments of the film industry provide students with hands-on experience. Students earn 16 semester hours of credit, 6 from the internship and 10 from seminar study. Additional information is available at https://www.cccuglobaled.org or from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 330 Middle East Studies Program (Egypt) - 1-10 Hours

This program, based in Cairo, Egypt, allows Council students to explore and interact with the complex and strategic world of the modern Middle East. the interdisciplinary seminars give student the opportunity to explore the diverse religious, social, cultural and political traditions of Middle Eastern peoples. Students also study the Arabic language and work as volunteers with various organizations in Cairo. Through travel to Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, students are exposed to the diversity and dynamism of the region. At a time of tension and change in the Middle East, MESP encourages and equips student to relate to the Muslim world in an informed, constructive, and Christ-centered manner. Students earn 16 semester hours of credit. Additional information is available at https://www.cccuglobaled.org or from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 332 Scholars' Semester in Oxford Program (England) - 1-10 Hours

Scholars' Semester in Oxford (SSO) is designed for students interested in doing intensive scholarship in this historic seat of learning. Working with academic tutors, students hone their skills and delve into the areas that interest them most. As Visiting Students of Oxford University and members of Wycliffe Hall, students have the privilege to study and learn in one of the university's historic halls. SSO students enroll in a Primary and Secondary Tutorial, an Integrative Seminar, and the course Christianity and Cultures. The SSO is designed for students interested in the fields of Classics, English and Literature, Theology and Religious Studies, Philosophy, and History, though all majors may apply. Applicants are generally honors and other very-high-achieving students. Students earn 17 semester hours of credit. Additional information is available from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 333 Approved Special Program - 1-16 Hours

Approved Special Program.

IDS 334 Uganda Studies Program - 1-10 Hours

Uganda Studies Program (USP) offers students a very personal encounter with this African success story, which has become an economic and public health model in its region. Another success story, Uganda Christian University (UCU), hosts students in the USP. Set on the outskirts of the capital city of Kampala, this rapidly growing institution brings USP students together with the UCU Honours College. Courses taught by local faculty in the English tutorial tradition will immerse students in a uniquely African education. Topics such as Christianity and Islam in Contemporary Africa, African Literature, and East African History will present many insights into African life. Home stays, travel, service learning, and daily interaction with Honours College students form the backbone of the USP experience. In addition to the core experiential course, students will choose from an approved selection of courses from the UCU Honours College to earn up to 16 hours of credit. Additional information is available at https://www.ugandastudiesprogram.org/ or from the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 335 Australia Studies Center - 1-10 Hours

The Australia Studies Centre (ASC) is designed to integrate the first-hand observation and study of Australian culture, history, religion, and politics, together with experiential service learning and formal instruction in the arts. The program, based at the Wesley Institute in Sydney, is composed of one required seminar course in Australian history, culture, and society (especially for ASC students), a choice of integrative courses, and a variety of elective options in theology, music, dance, drama, or design to total 15-16 credits for the semester. Additional information is available at https://www.cccuglobaled.org or from the Academic Dean's office (Mcl 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 336 Washington Journalism Center - 1-10 Hours

The Washington Journalism Center (WJC) is a semester-long study program in Washington, D.C. created for students interested in the field of journalism. While in Washington students will take classes focusing on the history and future of the media and how it relates to the public, as well as to their personal writing skills. The Foundations for Media Involvement; Reporting in Washington; and Washington, News and Public combined with an internship at a top news publication will help students learn to integrate their faith in a journalism career. Students will also participate in service learning opportunities, as well as live with families in home stays as part of the WJC experience. Additional information is available at https://www.cccuglobaled.org or the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 351 Consortium Student Visitor Program Asbury - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 352 Consortium Student Visitor Program Bethel - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 353 Consortium Student Visitor Program George Fox - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 354 Consortium Student Visitor Program Gordon - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 355 Consortium Student Visitor Program Greenville - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 356 Consortium Student Visitor Program Houghton - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 357 Consortium Student Visitor Program Malone - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 358 Consortium Student Visitor Program Messiah - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 359 Consortium Student Visitor Program Seattle Pacific - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 360 Consortium Student Visitor Program Taylor - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 361 Consortium Student Visitor Program Westmont - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 362 Consortium Student Visitor Program Wheaton - 1-10 Hours

The Consortium's Student Visitor Program is designed to enrich your educational experience by making the resources of other consortium colleges available as part of your undergraduate program. A term can be spent on another consortium campus without transferring, losing credits, or completing lengthy enrollment forms. Additional information is available in the Academic Dean's office (McL 233). Consortium colleges include Asbury, Bethel, George Fox, Gordon, Greenville, Houghton, Malone, Messiah, Seattle Pacific, Taylor, Westmont, and Wheaton. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 390 Trinity Professional Experience - 0-1 Hours

This course fulfills the professional experience general education requirement for students in non discipline specific fields of study. Students should propose and develop individualized research, marketplace, or professional experiences that follow the general education guidelines. Requires advisor approval. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone - 0-1 Hours

This course integrates the learning goals of the Trinity College General Education curriculum with the student's major area and contributes to the assessment of student learning outcomes. This requirement must be fulfilled by taking a designated capstone course in the student's major field. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LA 505a Legal Institutions and Values - 3 Hours

This course surveys foundational sources in history, philosophy, Christian theology, and the Bible as the basis for legal and governmental order in the United States. Topics range from Sumerian democracy to Greek and Roman law to the sources and impact of the English common law. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 521 Contracts 1 - 3 Hours

This course studies the fundamentals of contract law, including the common law and selected portions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. Contracts 1 covers remedies, offer, acceptance, discerning the agreement, parol evidence rule, Statute of Frauds, multi-party transactions, and enforceability. Contracts 2 covers consideration, promissory estoppel, warranties and conditions, breach, and defenses. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 521x Contracts 1 - 3 Hours

This course studies the fundamentals of contract law, including the common law and selected portions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. Contracts 1 covers offer, acceptance, bilateral & unilateral contracts, discerning the agreement, consideration, promissory estoppel, restitution, battle of the the forms, statute of frauds, incapacity, undue influence, misrepresentation, non-disclosure and unconscionability. Contracts 2 covers remedies, parol evidence rule, multi-party transactions, enforceability, warranties and conditions, breach and defenses. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 522a Contracts 2 - 3 Hours

This course studies of the fundamentals of contract law, including the common law and selected portions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. Contracts 1 covers remedies, offer, acceptance, discerning the agreement, parol evidence rule, Statute of Frauds, multi-party transactions, and enforceability. Contracts 2 covers consideration, promissory estoppel, warranties and conditions, breach, and defenses. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 522x Contracts 2 - 3 Hours

This course studies the fundamentals of contract law, including the common law and selected portions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. Contracts 1 covers offer, acceptance, bilateral & unilateral contracts, discerning the agreement, consideration, promissory estoppel, restitution, battle of the the forms, statute of frauds, incapacity, undue influence, misrepresentation, non-disclosure and unconscionability. Contracts 2 covers remedies, parol evidence rule, multi-party transactions, enforceability, warranties and conditions, breach and defenses. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 523a Contracts Drafting - 2 Hours

This course teaches students practical contract drafting skills, including how to translate a business deal into contract concepts, how to draft each of a contract's parts, how to draft with clarity and without ambiguity, how to negotiate a contract, and how to review and analyze a contract. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 531a Criminal Law - 3 Hours

This course teaches students how to deal with substantive criminal law problems in both practical and policy terms. The course inquires into the proper scope and objectives of criminal law, limitations on the State's power to define criminal liability, and general principles of liability and defenses for offenses against the person and property. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 531x Criminal Law - 3 Hours

This course teaches students how to deal with substantive criminal law problems in both practical and policy terms. The course inquires into the proper scope and objectives of criminal law, limitations on the State's power to define criminal liability, and general principles of liability and defenses for offenses against the person and property. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 541 Torts 1 - 3 Hours

This course covers the civil laws governing compensation for injury to person and property. Torts 1 focuses on intentional torts and defenses, negligence and defenses, wrongful death, survival, statute of limitations, immunities, and vicarious liability. Torts 2 studies strict liability, products liability, nuisance, defamation, invasion of privacy, civil rights, misuse of legal procedure, intentional and negligent misrepresentation, business torts and familial relationships, torts in the age of statutes, and compensation systems as substitutes for tort law. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 541x Torts 1 - 3 Hours

This course covers the civil laws governing compensation for injury to person and property. Torts 1 focuses on intentional torts and defenses, negligence and defenses, wrongful death, survival, statute of limitations, immunities, and vicarious liability. Torts 2 studies strict liability, products liability, nuisance, defamation, invasion of privacy, civil rights, misuse of legal procedure, intentional and negligent misrepresentation, business torts and familial relationships, torts in the age of statutes, and compensation systems as substitutes for tort law. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 542 Torts 2 - 3 Hours

This course covers the civil laws governing compensation for injury to person and property. Torts 1 focuses on intentional torts and defenses, negligence and defenses, wrongful death, survival, statute of limitations, immunities, and vicarious liability. Torts 2 studies strict liability, products liability, nuisance, defamation, invasion of privacy, civil rights, misuse of legal procedure, intentional and negligent misrepresentation, business torts and familial relationships, torts in the age of statutes, and compensation systems as substitutes for tort law. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 542x Torts 2 - 3 Hours

This course covers the civil laws governing compensation for injury to person and property. Torts 1 focuses on intentional torts and defenses, negligence and defenses, wrongful death, survival, statute of limitations, immunities, and vicarious liability. Torts 2 studies strict liability, products liability, nuisance, defamation, invasion of privacy, civil rights, misuse of legal procedure, intentional and negligent misrepresentation, business torts and familial relationships, torts in the age of statutes, and compensation systems as substitutes for tort law. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 543 Open Development in Cambodia: Human Trafficking and Economic Development - 2-4 Hours

This is an advanced course in human trafficking and economic development. Students will analyze and discuss current issues in human trafficking, focusing on sex trafficking in Southeast Asia. Students will learn the history of human trafficking, and how human trafficking is combatted in the modern world. Students will also learn about economic development in Southeast Asia, and how it is a modern way of combating human trafficking. Trinity Law School teaches this course from a Christian perspective and actively incorporates Biblical principles into the curriculum. Thus, this class/trip has three major aspects or themes to it: (1) basic concepts and laws relevant to human rights; (2) human trafficking; and (3) the role and relationship of worldviews and economic factors and development or lack thereof to human rights and human trafficking. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 559 Legal Research and Writing 1: Objective Writing - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to fundamental legal reasoning, research, and writing skills in the context of objective legal documents. Students will learn to identify, use, and analyze primary and secondary legal authorities to solve legal problems, and how to structure and draft legal memoranda. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 560b Legal Research and Writing 2: Persuasive Writing - 3 Hours

This course helps students develop their analytical, writing, and research skills in the advocacy context. Students produce litigation documents including either a pre-trial motion or an appellate brief. Students are also required to participate in an oral argument competition to practice oral advocacy skills. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 560d Litigation Writing Skills - 3 Hours

This course is designed to provide legal writing experience to students interested in civil litigation, such as the drafting of demand letters, complaints, answers and other responsive pleadings, discovery, discovery responses, law and motion and pre-trial documents. It focuses upon areas of legal writing commonly associated with and required in civil litigation. It is designed to simulate attorney case handling in a civil litigation setting. Students will be provided with a class hypothetical based upon a real civil case and will be taught how to handle the case as a practicing attorney.Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 560e Transactional Writing Skills - 3 Hours

This course is designed to provide legal writing experience to students interested in transactional civil practice. It focuses upon areas of legal writing commonly associated with and required in transactional civil practice, such as, opinion letters, letters to opposing counsel, commonly utilized contractual provisions, mutual settlements and releases, clauses related to indemnification and hold harmless agreements, anti-competition provisions, and confidentiality agreements. Course meets practical skills requirement.Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 599x FYLSX Skills - 3 Hours

This course consists of a substantive law review of each subject tested on the California First Year Law Students Examination (FYLSX). In addition to the review of the substantive law, students receive extensive practice at both essay exam writing and multiple choice questions. This practice provides integration of the law and exam skills and is the means by which students earn their grades in this course. Approaches, checklists, and writing techniques are focused on throughout the course to enhance student issue spotting, analysis, and application skills, all of which are necessary to pass the FYLSX. Delivery mode: JD Flex Track.

LA 600i Constitutional Law 1 - 3 Hours

This course covers the powers of the federal government and selected topics regarding the relationship of the branches of the federal government to each other and to the States, as well as selected topics regarding the Bill of Rights, due process, equal protection, and the effect of the Fourteenth Amendment on the application of the Bill of Rights to the States. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 601i Constitutional Law 2 - 3 Hours

This course covers the powers of the federal government and selected topics regarding the relationship of the branches of the federal government to each other and to the States, as well as selected topics regarding the Bill of Rights, due process, equal protection, and the effect of the Fourteenth Amendment on the application of the Bill of Rights to the States. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 613 Professional Responsibility and Ethics - 3 Hours

This course covers the rules of law governing lawyers' professional conduct are studied through ethics codes, lectures, text, cases, professional responsibility opinions, ethics problems, and class discussion. Principal attention is given to the lawyer's role in an adversary system, zealous representation, lawyer-client confidentiality, conflicts of interest, competency in providing lega l services, ethics for prosecutors, judges, and litigation, solicitation of clients, lawyer advertising, and pro bono obligations. Students will focus on the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct, and the California Rules of Professional Conduct. This course also explores when lawyers must subordinate their own moral judgment to that of their clients or whistle-blow and violate what would otherwise be protected client confidences. In addition, the ethics aspect of the course will examine the broader moral and ethical issues and responsibilities of lawyers, judges, and clients, including Christian ethical perspectives. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 661 Property 1 - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the acquisition, disposition, and use of personal and real property. Property 1 focuses on the nature of ownership and possession, bailment, adverse possession, common law classifications of estates in land, concurrent ownership, present and future interests in land, and landlord-tenant law. Property 2 focuses on transfers of interests in real property, real estate contracts, legal descriptions, conveyances and deeds, recording systems, title insurance, private land-use restrictions (easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes), public land-use regulations, eminent domain, and regulatory takings. The course may include introductory exposure to trusts, donative transfers, intellectual property, fixtures, mortgages, and ownership of natural resources (i.e., water, oil, gas, wildlife). Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 662 Property 2 - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the acquisition, disposition, and use of personal and real property. Property 1 focuses on the nature of ownership and possession, bailment, adverse possession, common law classifications of estates in land, concurrent ownership, present and future interests in land, and landlord-tenant law. Property 2 focuses on transfers of interests in real property, real estate contracts, legal descriptions, conveyances and deeds, recording systems, title insurance, private land-use restrictions (easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes), public land-use regulations, eminent domain, and regulatory takings. The course may include introductory exposure to trusts, donative transfers, intellectual property, fixtures, mortgages, and ownership of natural resources (i.e., water, oil, gas, wildlife). Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 671i Evidence 1 - 3 Hours

This course covers the standards regulating admissibility of evidence in both civil and criminal trials. Topics include common law and statutory principles and policy considerations underlying rules of evidence, admission and exclusion, relevancy and mat eriality, privileged communications, the hearsay rule and its exceptions, opinion evidence, authentication, the best evidence rule, impeachment and rehabilitation, judicial notice, public policy exclusions, presumptions and burden of proof. Trial situations will be simulated, students will argue for and against the admission of evidence under the rules, and the course will explore how evidence has an impact on tactical trial decisions. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 672i Evidence 2 - 3 Hours

This course covers the standards regulating admissibility of evidence in both civil and criminal trials. Topics include common law and statutory principles and policy considerations underlying rules of evidence, admission and exclusion, relevancy and mat eriality, privileged communications, the hearsay rule and its exceptions, opinion evidence, authentication, the best evidence rule, impeachment and rehabilitation, judicial notice, public policy exclusions, presumptions and burden of proof. Trial situations will be simulated, students will argue for and against the admission of evidence under the rules, and the course will explore how evidence has an impact on tactical trial decisions. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 673b Civil Procedure 1 - 3 Hours

This course offers an introduction to the court system, including jurisdiction over the person, venue, and the role of state law in federal courts. The course covers aspects of civil litigation, including pleading, discovery, parties, counterclaims, cross-claims, impleader, intervention, and interpleader. The course emphasizes federal civil procedure, but also addresses California procedure where it differs from the federal rules. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 674b Civil Procedure 2 - 3 Hours

This course offers an introduction to the court system, including jurisdiction over the person, venue, and the role of state law in federal courts. The course covers aspects of civil litigation, including pleading, discovery, parties, counterclaims, cross-claims, impleader, intervention, and interpleader. The course emphasizes federal civil procedure, but also addresses California procedure where it differs from the federal rules. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 674d E-Discovery - 1 Hour

This course introduces students to this increasingly competitive world and provides a basic understanding of the legal and technological issues surrounding the use of electronically stored information (ESI), and the practical parameters of eDiscovery and electronic case management. Students will learn what electronic discovery is, and how the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Federal Rules of Evidence, and case law affect this aspect of litigation. This course will discuss what an attorney and his team need to consider when handling ESI prior to and during the litigation process, how to manage the cost of production and processing, and how those considerations should affect an attorney's thought process when working with this type of information. Students will also learn how preservation obligations and spoliation claims can come into play. Lastly, the course explores the developing issues and new rules and practices involving the application of e-discovery, digital evidence and computer forensics issues in litigation and general practice. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 675a Alternative Dispute Resolution - 2-3 Hours

This course provides students with an opportunity to develop a thorough understanding of the different forms of ADR through the study of various ADR vehicles such as arbitration and mediation. In addition to developing an academic understanding of the appropriate use of ADR and the procedural posture upon which cases move into and through ADR, students will also be given an opportunity to engage in mock ADR hearings both as counsel for the litigants in a hypothetical case, and as the neutral conducting the hearing. Finally, students will also be given the opportunity to prepare certain documents typically associated with ADR hearings such as Arbitration Briefs, Mediation Briefs, etc. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 702a Business Associations - 3 Hours

This course covers the formation of agency relationships, partnerships and corporations, the fiduciary duties of agents, directors and officers, shareholder voting, shareholder lawsuits, rules around corporate disclosures, insider trading, and corporate control transactions. Particular attention is given to the way in which corporations organize and operate. The course also examines the respective roles, relationships, and liability exposure of shareholders, directors, and officers. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 753 Trial Practice - 3 Hours

This is a practical skills course in advocacy that introduces students to the fundamental components of a typical civil and criminal trial. It requires students to perform exercises involving each component, and try a mock civil or criminal case from provided problem materials. The course requires student participation in discrete exercises, including jury voir dire, opening and closing statements, presentation and objections to evidence, and direct and cross - examination. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 763 Family Law - 3 Hours

This course studies the legal aspects of the relationships associated with marriage and parenthood, including spousal and parental rights and responsibilities, children's rights, marital dissolution, annulment, unmarried cohabitation, child custody, illegitimacy, adoption, and guardianship. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 764 Community Property - 2 Hours

This course focuses on the principles of California's community property system, contrasting those principles with the treatment of assets in common law jurisdiction. This course analyzes how California classifies different types of assets which a couple might acquire during the course of a marital relationship. In particular, we will discuss how California classifies personal injury awards, pensions, disability benefits, professional degrees, bonuses, credit acquisitions, and jointly-titled assets. Practical problems and solutions are emphasized. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 783i Criminal Procedure - 3 Hours

This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of important issues of criminal procedure arising during the investigation and early stages of prosecution of crimes. Topics include constitutional limits on arrests and stops, search and seizure, interrogation of suspects, right to counsel, exclusionary rule, identification procedures, and the privilege against self-incrimination. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 790b Jurisprudence - 3 Hours

This course requires substantial reading in each of the following general categories: Classical natural law, contemporary natural law, Law and Economics, critical studies, postmodernism, law of the family, and critical gay theories. Minor readings also required in legal positivism. The class also should provide the students with a working familiarity with Thomas Aquinas' Treatise on Law, Oliver Wendell Holmes' The Path of the Law, and John Rawls' A Theory of Justice. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 803 Wills, Trusts, and Estates - 3 Hours

This course examines rules pertaining to intestate succession, testamentary dispositions, execution, modification, and revocation of wills, testamentary capacity and will contests, interpretation of wills, protection of spouse and children, and the use of will substitutes. The creation, types, and characteristics of trusts are also examined, including coverage of the construction of trusts, trust administration, and wealth transfer taxation. Fiduciary administration issues also are considered. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 822a Remedies - 3 Hours

This course analyzes the judicial remedies available in the American system of jurisprudence. The course familiarizes students with compensatory and punitive damages, preliminary and permanent injunctions, restitution and unjust enrichment, rescission, declaratory judgments, attorneys' fees, and pre-judgment interest. The course will also cover claims for and defenses to quiet title, reformation, fraudulent conveyances, subrogation, contribution, indemnity, and replevin. The course will also include discussions of recent developments in the law of American remedies as well as important practical issues regarding enforcing money judgments, initiating and prosecuting contempt proceedings, and obtaining writs of attachment and other pre-judgment remedies. The course will conclude with discussions of equitable and other remedies available to defendants, such as unclean hands, unconscionability, waiver, estoppel, laches, statutes of limitations, and California SLAPP laws. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 870 Civil Litigation Skills - 2-3 Hours

This course provides students with an opportunity to develop an approach to the pleading and discovery aspects of litigation. The course covers drafting and opposing pleadings, preparing a discovery plan, drafting and responding to written discovery, preparing witnesses for depositions, and deposition skills in accordance with the California Code of Civil Procedure. Successful completion of Evidence 1 & 2 and Civil Procedure 1 & 2 are prerequisites for this course. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 870a California Civil Procedure and Evidence - 2-3 Hours

This course examines the California Code of Civil Procedure and the California Evidence Code, and contrasts them with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Federal Rules of Evidence. The course is designed to prepare students to address these content areas on the California Bar Examination. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 901 Introduction to International Human Rights - 3 Hours

This course introduces the student to the history, theory, and legal development for the systematic protection of human rights throughout the world. The course considers the theological and philosophical foundations of human rights; the primary sources of human rights law; the role of non-State actors, including nongovernmental organizations like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch; important debates regarding legitimacy, compliance, efficacy, national sovereignty, responses to mass violence, universal jurisdiction, and more. It also equips students to critically examine the strengths and weaknesses of the human rights protection system from a Christian perspective. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 910 The Right to Life and the Law - 2-3 Hours

This course studies the complex medical, social, legal, and ethical issues raised by topics such as abortion, euthanasia, and infanticide. The course includes a survey of Supreme Court and other judicial decisions pertaining to these issues.

LA 914 Rights and Minorities of Indigenous Peoples - 3 Hours

This course explores international legal mechanisms to protect the rights of minorities, and especially of indigenous peoples.

LA 916c Human Trafficking: Prosecution of Domestic Cases - 1 Hour

This class focuses on the advocacy and trial aspects of prosecuting domestic human trafficking cases from jury selection to closing argument. Students will learn about the central understanding of human trafficking in California and the advocacy against it. This includes the realities of human trafficking from recruitment of victims, the typical trafficker, the laws that effect trafficking, and the prosecution of trafficking. The course will give a basic overview of a human trafficking jury trial and discuss how to advocate for or against the trafficker during trial. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 919 International Forum on Human Rights - 2 Hours

This course is presented in conjunction with the annual program of the International Institute of Human Rights and enables students to interact with human rights lawyers, judges, government officials, academies, and activists from all over the world, and to experience European culture. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 920a International Institute of Human Rights - 4 Hours

This course covers recognition and protection of human rights under international law is the subject of this unique course taught for four weeks during the month of July on the campus of the University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, France. The course is presented in conjunction with the annual program of the International Institute of Human Rights. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 922 Public International Law - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of international law and the way it functions (or fails to function) in global society, covering: the history and sources of international law; the relationship between international law and domestic law; state sovereignty, territory, and jurisdiction; immunities; state responsibility; the use of force, self-defense, terrorism, and peaceful settlement of disputes; the law of the sea and the environment; the law of human rights, armed conflict, and international crimes; and more. The course will rely on important cases, treaties, and other instruments, as well as films and news reports, to examine traditional problems and current events. The course would be an excellent introduction for students who plan to go, or who would like to but cannot go, to Cambodia or Strasbourg. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 923b International Criminal Law - 1 Hour

This course examines issues in the field of international criminal law which encompass individual responsibility for conduct that is labeled as criminal under international law, nation-state responsibility for conduct that may be considered a crime under international law, and individual responsibility for conduct with international dimensions that is labeled a crime under U.S. domestic law. The course will expose students to the prosecution, trial and punishment of individuals alleged to have committed crimes considered to be among the most serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law including genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 953 Legal Internship - 1-6 Hours

Internships/Externships combine academic training in lawyering skills and professional responsibility with practical experience working for a judge, district attorney, public defender, government agency or non-profit law office. Interns/Externs work under the supervision of experienced practicing attorneys or judges who provide guidance and training in research, writing, and practical lawyering skills. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 957 Law Practice Management - 2-3 Hours

This course covers the practical aspects of opening a law practice, forms of practice, legal assistants and the use of systems for professional and business functions, timekeeping and fees, bookkeeping, client relationships, the law office staff manual, library and retrieval systems, calendar and monitor systems, essential equipment and law office layout, and developing a practice. The course will also discuss the business and ethical issues as well as the personal pressures encountered in the solo or small firm practice. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 958 Law as a Vocation - 1 Hour

This course explores the foundations of the lawyer's calling. Participants will discuss the foundations of the idea of "professionalism," the religious roots of the idea of "calling" in the context of ordinary work outside the local congregation, and the implications for these ideas on a philosophy of lawyering. The course will also address the practical consequences of the fundamental view of the lawyer's vocation. Delivery mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959g Trinity Mediation Clinic - 2 Hours

This clinical course operates in conjunction with the Orange County Superior Court and Orange County Human Relations. It is designed to give students hands-on experience providing mediation services to the disputants and operates under the direction of Professor Ryul Kim, a mediator and licensed attorney. As mediators, the students act as third party neutrals to help the litigants facilitate a resolution of their pending lawsuits. This clinic equips students who may be interested in entering the field of alternative dispute resolution or those who would like to integrate peacemaking principles in their own legal practice. LA675a Alternative Dispute Resolution is a prerequisite to this course. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959i Trinity Legal Clinic - 1-2 Hours

This clinical courses allows students participate in an off-campus poverty law clinic in partnership with the Orange County Rescue Mission providing legal services to the residents at the mission or general residents of Orange County. Students learn client interviewing skills and develop legal research skills. Select students may participate in this program, and are chosen through an application and interview process. The Trinity Law Clinic is designed to give students hands-on experience providing legal advice and services to the poor of Orange County under the direction of a professor and licensed attorney at the Orange County Rescue Mission?s Village of Hope. All advice and services will be provided under the direct supervision of an experienced attorney. The student interviews prospective clients, consults with the attorney, provides information to clients based on the attorney consultation, and assists clients in resolving their legal problems. Students participating in the clinical program are expected to be present at the Village of Hope every Friday during the semester from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. to meet with Rescue Mission clients and work on various matters involving diverse subjects such as family law, criminal law, and debt collection relief. Note that some days the ending time may be later than 4:30 due to appointments that take longer, or data-entry that must be completed. During the fall semester, one Friday will be scheduled at a different facility of the Orange County Rescue Mission. During the spring semester, one additional day ? a scheduled Saturday clinic ? will require attendance. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959j Trinity Legal Clinic - 1-2 Hours

The Trinity Law Clinic is designed to give students hands-on experience providing legal advice and services to the poor of Orange County under the direction of a professor and licensed attorney at the Orange County Rescue Mission's Village of Hope. All advice and services will be provided under the direct supervision of an experienced attorney. A student interviews prospective clients, consults with the attorney, provides information to clients based on the attorney consultation, and assists clients in resolving their legal problems. Students participating in the clinical program are expected to be present at the Village of Hope every Friday during the semester from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. to meet with Rescue Mission clients and work on various matters involving diverse subjects such as family law, crminal law, and debt collection relief. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959k Trinity Mobile Legal Clinic - 1 Hour

This clinical course was opened to further Trinity Law School's partnership with the Orange County Rescue Mission, the Mobile Legal Clinic opened its doors during the spring 2012 semester. This "Law Office on Wheels" runs in conjunction with other mobile services coordinated by the Mission. Each week, law students under the direction of a supervising attorney work with low-income and homeless residents of Orange County in the parking lot of the Courtyard Transitional Center in Santa Ana, CA. Students interview clients and provide information to them, help complete court or administrative paperwork, assist clients in contacting government agencies and preparing for court hearings. Students address many of the biggest legal issues faced by the homeless including family law, criminal law, and debt issues. Through this ministry, Trinity Law Students are able to provide pro-bono legal services to members of society who might not otherwise have access to legal assistance. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959n Trinity Religious Liberty Clinic - 1 Hour

This clinical course is a partnership with the Pacific Justice Institute and operates on the campus of Trinity Law School. PJI is a non-profit providing pro bono legal services to churches and individuals primarily in cases involving the defense of religious freedom, parental rights, and other civil liberties. This writing-intensive clinic is designed to give students the unique opportunity to hone legal writing skills while under the supervision of an attorney specializing in constitutional law. Students will be exposed to writing various trial and appellate level documents including complaints and amicus briefs for current cases. Students' research and writing will directly contribute to important religious freedom matters. LA566 Legal Research and Writing 3, LA600 Constitutional Law 1, and LA601 Constitutional Law 2 are prerequisites for this course. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959o Trinity Religious Liberty Clinic - 2-3 Hours

This clinical course is a partnership with the Pacific Justice Institute and operates on the campus of Trinity Law School. PJI is a non-profit providing pro bono legal services to churches and individuals primarily in cases involving the defense of religious freedom, parental rights, and other civil liberties. This writing-intensive clinic is designed to give students the unique opportunity to hone legal writing skills while under the supervision of an attorney specializing in constitutional law. Students will be exposed to writing various trial and appellate level documents including complaints and amicus briefs for current cases. Students' research and writing will directly contribute to important religious freedom matters. LA 566 Legal Research and Writing 3, LA 600 Constitutional Law 1, and LA 601 Constitutional Law 2 are prerequisites for this course. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959t Trinity Mediation Clinic - 1-2 Hours

This clinical course operates in conjunction with the Orange County Superior Court and Orange County Human Relations. It is designed to give students hands-on experience providing mediation services to the disputants and operates under the direction of Professor Ryul Kim, a mediator and licensed attorney. As mediators, the students act as third party neutrals to help the litigants facilitate a resolution of their pending lawsuits. This clinic equips students who may be interested in entering the field of alternative dispute resolution or those who would like to integrate peacemaking principles in their own legal practice. LA 675a Alternative Dispute Resolution is a prerequisite to this course. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 959u Trinity Religious Liberty Clinic - 3 Hours

This clinical course is a partnership with the Pacific Justice Institute and operates on the campus of Trinity Law School. PJI is a non-profit providing pro bono legal services to churches and individuals primarily in cases involving the defense of religious freedom, parental rights, and other civil liberties. This writing-intensive clinic is designed to give students the unique opportunity to hone legal writing skills while under the supervision of an attorney specializing in constitutional law. Students will be exposed to writing various trial and appellate level documents including complaints and amicus briefs for current cases. Students' research and writing will directly contribute to important religious freedom matters. LA566 Legal Research and Writing 3, LA600 Constitutional Law 1, and LA601 Constitutional Law 2 are prerequisites for this course. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 960 Administrative Law - 3 Hours

This course will cover the basic principles of administrative law, including: issues of delegation of legislative and executive power to agencies; statutory and constitutional due process; statutory interpretation by agencies; standards of judicial review of agency decisions; and the prerequisites of judicial review. This class is especially useful for understanding the rights individuals, interest groups, and regulated business entities when they confront rules or enforcement actions by regulatory agencies (e.g., EPA, OSHA, Social Security Administration, Federal Trade Commission, Federal Communications Commission, and Bureau of Indian Affairs). Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 962d Intellectual Property - 1 Hour

This course is a survey of Intellectual Property.

LA 970 Independent Study/Guided Research - 1-6 Hours

This course offers individualized research on an approved topic under the supervision of a law professor. The Registrar must approve any independent study. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 982a Law and Literature: Revenge, Justice and Mercy - 1 Hour

This course examines the nature of law and justice through the medium of literature. We will explore how literature addresses revenge and mercy, and their place in the pursuit and achievement of justice, particularly in our legal system. Readings will include Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Aeschylus's Agamemnon, and short stories from Flannery O'Connor and Andre Dubus, as well as selections from Holy Scripture. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 984c Religion and the Law - 3 Hours

This is an advanced course that examines critical issues of law and religion, including the theological foundation of law and the legal foundation of theology, the relationship between church and state, religious civil liberties, religious discrimination and accommodation, and the principles of law and regulations relating to churches and religious organizations. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 989 Moot Court - 1-2 Hours

This course allows students to gain practical advocacy skills through researching, drafting, and arguing an appellate brief. The course may not be repeated for credit. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 991 Law Review - 1-3 Hours

This course allows students to participate in the publication of The Trinity Law Review. The Trinity Law Review is a legal journal that the student members edit and publish. Members are selected on the basis of academic achievement and a writing competition. Students receive credit for demonstrable competence in scholarly writing and editing. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 995al Accounting for Lawyers - 1 Hour

This course covers the methods, standards and procedures utilized by the accounting profession in the preparation and issuance of financial and accounting documents. The objective of the course is the familiarization of legal professionals with the nomenclature and processes incorporated in accounting reportage and to enable legal professionals to become conversant with accounting principles so as to be more effective in interpreting financial reports and advising clients. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 995nb Negotiation for Law and Business - 2-3 Hours

This course will survey negotiation skills in general including the areas of strategy, tactics, and planning. Specifically, the course will also consider relationships between the parties; multi-party negotiations; information bargaining; initial proposals; how to narrow differences; closure; competitive, cooperative and problem solving tactics together with negotiation counseling, alternative dispute resolution and identities in the context of culture, gender and race. Students will be called upon to complete reading assignments and prepare for and participate in in-class negotiation exercises. Course meets practical skills requirement. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 995np Law of Nonprofit Organizations - 3 Hours

This course is a study of nonprofit firms and the nonprofit sector. Topics include a survey of the role of nonprofits, theories and justifications of the nonprofit form, nonprofit statutes and other laws pertaining to nonprofits (e.g., the regulation of charitable solicitations), the formation, operation and dissolution of nonprofits, and tax and tax policy issues related to nonprofits. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 998e Advanced Exam Approaches and Skills - 3 Hours

This skills-oriented course is designed to enhance the development of approaches to the essay, performance-style, and multiple choice components of the California Bar Exam. Emphasis is on the Multistate Bar Exam tested subjects, the refinement of skills employed in identifying issues, utilizing effective approaches, and organizing answers for purposes of essay exam writing, joined with tactical approaches to selecting best responses to multiple-choice questions, the non-multiple choice essay, and performance style subjects tested on the California Bar exam. The students will be given the opportunity to build their skills in approaching the issues and organizing effective answers through participation in practice exams and workshops. This course is specifically NOT a substitute for bar-review courses undertaken near the end of, or after the conclusion of, the student's law studies. Rather, these courses are offered as a substantive course for advanced students who desire to further develop and refine their exam issue spotting, analysis, organizational, and writing skills. Delivery Mode: Traditional Juris Doctor.

LA 999w Workers' Compensation - 3 Hours

This course presents general statutory principles of workers'.

LA 999y Civil and Criminal Sexual Misconduct - 1 Hour

This program will cover a broad range of conduct that can qualify as civil or criminal sexual misconduct. From words, to actions, to electronic communication and social media, it will examine a variety of different ways in which misconduct could subject a person, entity, or agency to legal liability. Sexual harassment is actionable civilly, and sexual assault or battery is actionable both civilly and criminally. This program will discuss the different internal and legal remedies for different types of behavior, and how each process is initiated. It will also discuss potential legal hurdles including Statutes of Limitations and jurisdictional issues. This program will discuss the blurred lines between sexual harassment and sexual assault, both behaviorally and legally. It will also examine areas of overlap, and how inappropriate physical behavior can be classified as both. This program will also address the red flags and warning signs that serve as precursors to sexually inappropriate behavior and assault, and how to spot them sooner rather than later. It will discuss both verbal and physical boundary violations including personal questions, physical contact, inappropriate requests, and online boundary probing. Participants will learn how to spot red flags and warning behaviors before conduct progresses to sexual assault. This program will also cover the red flag relational dynamics involved in both types of invasive behavior, and how sexual harassers often graduate to committing sexual assault through insidious boundary violations. This program will also address best practices to ensure a safe, harassment-free workplace for everyone through early detection, effective investigation, and an environment of empowerment and support.

LA 999z Reading People and Judging Credibility - 1 Hour

This course will reveal, in an entertaining and interactive format, how to perceive the most important clues about other people, what it means, and how to use the information you glean in the practice of law.

LR 170X Leadership Dynamics - 3 Hours

This course will study the vital role and responsibilities of leaders within various organizations. Emphasis will be given to the study of a biblical concept of leadership, various leadership styles, spiritual gifts, personal development, leadership management, administration/delegation, change management, conflict management, and development of leadership staff. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with PSY 170X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 173 Emerging Leadership I - 1 Hour

Students will explore principles and practices of leadership with emphasis on Christian Leadership. Through a series of activities, assignments and meetings in small groups, course participants will strengthen transferable leadership skills that they can use in every place that God sends them. Practical experience will be gained by students representing Trinity by partnering in service with other leaders and promoting the values of the university to demonstrate their growth and development as a leader. Prerequisite: Admittance into Emerging Leaders Program and permission of instructor. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 174 Emerging Leadership II - 2 Hours

Students in this course will gain practical leadership experience by planning and conducting leadership events both on and off campus. Participants will be challenged to apply principles in organizing, group dynamics, motivation, delegation, and conflict resolution. In addition to the experiences offered in the Emerging Leaders program, students will complete a series of assignments designed to help them in their personal Christian leadership development. Prerequisites: LR 173 Emerging Leadership I and permission of instructor. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 220 Practicum in Leadership - 1 Hour

This practicum is for students who hold approved leadership positions but who are not in executive roles. Qualifying leadership experiences must involve at least 20 hours of leadership responsibilities during a semester. Students are required to keep a leadership journal as well as complete a reflection paper and research paper dealing with topics related to leadership. Students will adhere to internship standards. May be repeated. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 350 Topics in Leadership - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 378X Servant Leadership - 3 Hours

This course is designed to move the student from theory to practice as it relates to being a Servant Leader (SL). Emphasis will be given to the strategic and tactical aspects of Servant Leadership with a pervasive focus given to evidencing a SL ethic. Servant Leader domains covered include: valuing people, developing people, displaying oneself authentically, building community, providing and sharing leadership. Prerequisite: LR 170X or LR 173/174 or PSY 140. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with PSY 378X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 420 Practicum in Advanced Leadership - 1 Hour

This practicum is up for students who hold executive leadership positions in approved on-campus activities. Qualifying leadership experiences must involve at least 45 hours of practical leadership experience along with significant responsibility/oversight of others. Students will adhere to TIU internship standards including keeping a leadership journal, meetings with a Leadership Coach, and the completion of a reflection paper. May be repeated. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 440 Practical Leadership Capstone - 1 Hour

This course challenges students to synthesize their leadership coursework and activities to prepare them for professional leadership positions. Students will reflect upon their leadership and growth and gain a greater appreciation of their individual leadership styles through tools such as ePortfolios, Personal Development Plans, Leadership Practices inventory, and integration papers. Upon completion of the course, students will receive an endorsement letter documenting their involvement in the Practical Leadership Program and citing their individual leadership strengths. Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of instructor. Course fee required. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 470X Leadership Dynamics Practicum - 1-6 Hours

An advanced application course in leadership dynamics. Students will integrate leadership theory with experience in a practical setting, either on or off campus. Program specifics should allow students to practice all areas of leadership, including planning, implementation, and supervision. Practical experiences must be approved by the chair of either the Business or Psychology department. Enrollment is contingent upon completion of the College's internship contract, including the stipulation of course requirements. May be repeated for up to twelve total hours of credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and enrollment in an academic leadership program: the OL emphases, leadership emphases or minor in leadership. Offered each semester. Cross listed with PSY 470X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

LR 5001 Foundations for Integrative Thought in Leadership - 3 Hours

This course surveys the Bible from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and restoration, with special attention given to Scriptural applications of leadership theory and godly stewardship in the workplace. The course considers how precedents, themes, truths, and strategies that established God's will in earlier times provide direction for God's people today. Students will practice interpreting scripture responsibly and thinking creatively about current issues in leadership in the light of biblical principles. Offered face to face at Deerfield and Florida, and online.

LR 5002 Foundations for Cultural Engagement in Leadership - 3 Hours

This course introduces the student to pivotal Christian doctrines as a framework within which to evaluate the working assumptions of contemporary culture regarding influence, transformation, and effectiveness in leadership. In addition to investigating several models for Christian engagement with culture, the course encourages the positive formation of a Christian worldview as a foundation for wise interaction with contemporary thought about leadership. Offered face to face at Deerfield and Florida, and online.

LR 5010 Introduction to Leadership Dynamics and Perspectives - 1 Hour

This course defines leadership and develops an initial set of skills for the study, research, assessment, and development of learning within the leadership arena. Offered face to face/remote.

LR 5020 Ethical Frameworks and Leadership Integrity - 3 Hours

This course surveys the ethical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the leadership domain. Students will gain a foundation in the ethical challenges of leaders past and present, and leadership theory criticism. The course also surveys the biblical narrative from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and restoration, with special attention given to Scriptural applications of leadership theory and stewardship in the workplace. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 5300 Contemporary Issues in Leadership-Global Leadership Summit - 2 Hours

The need of developing a Biblical and practical strategy for leadership in organizations, non-profits, and international networks is the intent of this "wrap-around" course. Students will also address several key issues facing leaders today and develop a customized plan for their organization's work. This course is conducted in cooperation with attendance at the Global Leadership Summit, but is the full responsibility of the Trinity Graduate School of Trinity International University. May be repeated in succeeding years. Offered Online.

LR 5460 Making Decisions During Uncertainty and Change - 2 Hours

Organizations find themselves needing to make vital decisions in a world of an ever increasing rate of change and greater uncertainty. In this context, this course will examine qualitative and quantitative decision-making models and methods, systems and practices. This course will also study and implement specific strategies to address conflict, whether it is interpersonal or organizational in the midst of both internal and external environmental factors. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 5570 Organizational and Team Communication - 3 Hours

A study of communication in the context of informal and formal teams, as well as organizations of various sizes and different degrees of complexity. The course will include research about communication in nonprofit and for-profit settings. Offered face-to-face/cluster._

LR 5820 Global and Cultural Leadership - 3 Hours

Students in this course will explore the variety of ways our world has become and is increasingly becoming interconnected while simultaneously remaining fragmented and how these two forces impact leadership dynamics. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 5890 International Practicum - 3 Hours

The fieldwork in this practicum is designed to provide supervised experience in an international Christian setting to help students develop and reflect upon leadership. The opportunity is intended to provide exposure to different cultural, philosophical, and practical bases for functioning effectively in an international leadership setting.

LR 6020 Vision, Strategy & Culture Development - 3 Hours

Students in this course will be challenged to develop both the mindset and skill set of communications in various organizational situations. Specifically, the course will focus on the importance of evaluating the working assumptions of contemporary culture and investigate several models for Christian engagement with culture. The course will focus on the power of vision and strategy, reinforced and lived out in transformative culture. The course encourages the positive formation of a biblical worldview as a foundation for wise interaction with contemporary thought about leadership. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6030 Leadership and Effective Financial Management - 2 Hours

This course investigates the personal and organizational ethics and processes of financial management. Topics include gaining skills in budgeting, acquiring wealth, utilizing capital, managing resources and gaining a faith-based accountability in handling finances.

LR 6100 Topics in Leadership - 1-3 Hours

Selected topics as announced. Course may be repeated with different topics. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6130 Leadership Research - 2 Hours

This course is designed to equip learners with the basic skills in both qualitative and quantitative research techniques, including assessing initiative outcomes in applied organizational contexts.

LR 6150 Applied Leadership Project - 1-3 Hours

This course is used as the applied project component of either a previously taken undergraduate course or a graduate course without an included project. Students will conduct an approved mentor-directed project in a leadership role related to course. Leadership program director approval required. May be repeated for credit.

LR 6380 Driving Creativity and Innovation - 2 Hours

This course will review state-of-the art theoretical and applied models of creativity and innovation as they apply to the assessment process. Students will develop both the skills and the mindset to understand the critical nature of innovation as it relates to growth--personally and organizationally. In addition, the course will examine culture, systems, processes and rewards that motivate and incent creativity and innovation. Offered face-to-face/cluster._

LR 6520 Developing, Coaching and Empowering Leaders - 3 Hours

Course provides the opportunity for students to acquire a clear understanding of coaching and mentoring as leadership tools. Students will learn coaching skills, become familiar with coaching models, be exposed to a variety of assessment techniques and reflect on ethical and other professional issues in the world of coaching and mentoring. Another vital element of this course will be to empower and release leaders to grow in effective delegation and increased responsibilities.

LR 6550 Driving Organizational Effectiveness and Results - 3 Hours

This course examines people systems and processes with the view of laying a foundation of operations that achieves outcomes, fosters collaboration, and promotes significant engagement in the endeavors of the organization.

LR 6720 Followership - 2 Hours

This course is a study of leadership through understanding the leader-follower relationship. This increasingly important dynamic to the leadership domain will examine the significance of how subordinates can and should ethically relate to their superiors and the impact this relationship dynamic has on an organization. Offered face-to-face/cluster._

LR 6750 Understanding and Exploring Entrepreneurial, Intrapreneurial, and Joint Venture Organizations - 3 Hours

Understanding and prompting a perspective of exploration and entrepreneurship is the thrust of this course. It lays a foundation to develop the attitude and skills for organizational and personal effectiveness in this field. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6760 Entrepreneurial Organizational Design and Development - 3 Hours

This course examines the formation of a structure for planning which promotes creative endeavors in the organization. It examines such topics as risk management, the acceleration of the learning organization, and other factors that an entrepreneurial environment demands. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6770 Leading Start-Ups and New Organizational Forms - 3 Hours

Innovation in the organization is the focus of this course, especially in relation to start-up business, ministry, and global endeavors. The course also focuses on renewal of existing organizations to develop the attitude and skills for the future. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6811 Social and Cultural Understanding for Leadership - 2 Hours

This course will equip students to investigate diverse social and cultural contexts with attention to macro level issues such as globalization, ethnicity, and poverty, as well as the more interpersonal dynamics of culture-based differences regarding communication, values, lifestyles, and leadership. Special attention is paid to critical self-awareness and the impact of cultural difference within an organization. Offered face-to-face/cluster._

LR 6850 Organizational Transformation - 2 Hours

This course examines the role of the organizational leader as a transformative change agent and a framework for understanding how to drive change through others in the organizations. The course addresses topics such as leading-change, adaptation of roles for organizational effectiveness, and developing other leaders. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6880 Organization Development & Design - 2 Hours

Selected topics in organization development and design as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6890 Managing & Reproducing Multi-Site Organizations - 2 Hours

Selected topics in multi-site organizations as announced. Course may be repeated with different topic. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6920 Transformational Leadership and Nonprofit Social Enterprises - 3 Hours

The content of the course focuses on helping learners develop the skills and abilities for effective human resource management including developing job descriptions, interviewing and selection, development, and separation. Special attention will be given to using volunteers in nonprofit organizations. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 6940 Essentials of Nonprofit Financial Management - 3 Hours

This course helps students address the financial needs specific to nonprofit organizations including bookkeeping, cash management, budgeting, financial statement interpretation, fundraising, capital campaigns, grant writing and donor relationships. Offered face-to-face/cluster and online.

LR 6960 Driving Operational Excellence in Nonprofit Organizations - 3 Hours

The specifics of working for a nonprofit organization are presented. Content includes strategic planning and various issues in nonprofit constituency management. These include the development and utilization of volunteer boards of directors, volunteer recruitment and management, and media and crisis management. Offered face-to-face/cluster.

LR 7400 Leadership Comprehensive Examination - 0 Hours

This course is for students who opt for taking additional leadership coursework in place of writing a capstone. Procedures for an extensive pass/fail examination over the content and practical material of the MA in Leadership program are available from the program director. The comprehensive exam should be taken in the last semester before graduation.

LR 7468 Leadership Capstone Literature Review - 1-2 Hours

This is a guided research course in the area of a student's particular interest and is intended to facilitate the research process of the capstone project or integrative paper. This would generally be taken the semester before the capstone or integrative paper and would help to facilitate the proposal process.

LR 7478 Leadership Capstone Project - 2-3 Hours

A student may choose to do a final project in a research-based practicum requiring a practical leadership component or an integrative paper for their capstone. This should be chosen in collaboration with a faculty advisor. The research and project or integrative paper will be presented before student colleagues and faculty readers. The capstone will reflect approximately eighty-four clock hours of work (for 2 credits) or 126 clock hours of work (for 3 credits). Counts as half-time academic status in Florida.

LR 7486 Leadership Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for LR 7478. Enrollment with consent of the faculty member of record. Extension fee. No Credit.

LR 7501 Guided Research in Leadership - 1-3 Hours

This elective provides an opportunity to conduct a major project (typically writing a major paper) on a leadership topic of special interest. Students may arrange such a course in any term with an appropriate faculty advisor. May be repeated for credit.

MA 116 Intermediate Algebra - 3 Hours

The real number system, linear and quadratic equations, exponents, radicals, complex numbers, graphing, functions, determinants, and inequalities. May not be applied toward general education requirement. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 117 Mathematics in the Modern World - 3 Hours

This is a general-education course designed especially for non-science majors. The course will further develop the quantitative skills and reasoning ability of such students. It will serve as an introduction to some of the great ideas and relevant applications found within the discipline of mathematics. Includes problem-solving strategies, functions and their graphs, probability, statistics and the mathematics of finance. Additional topics may include Fibonacci numbers, cryptography, infinity, fractals, chaos, tiling, knots, voting theory, game theory, and fairness. This course cannot be taken as a prerequisite for MA 121. Prerequisites: high school Algebra II course and minimum ACT Math score of 17 (or minimum SAT Math score of 400); or MA 116. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Waupun Initiative.

MA 119 College Algebra - 3 Hours

This course deals with concepts related to algebra, equations and inequalities, functions and graphs, systems of equations, and exponential and logarithmic functions as applied to practical life problems. Offered on demand for Florida undergraduate. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

MA 120 College Algebra and Trigonometry - 4 Hours

Inequalities, linear and quadratic functions; polynomials; complex numbers; trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Prerequisites: MA 116; or high school Algebra II course and minimum ACT Math score of 17 (or minimum SAT Math score of 400). Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 121 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I - 4 Hours

Includes functions and graphs, derivatives and their applications, derivatives of trigonometric functions, integration. Prerequisite: MA 120, or high school Precalculus and minimum ACT Mathematics score of 22 (or minimum SAT Math score of 520). Computer fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 122 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II - 4 Hours

Includes applications of integration, derivatives and integrals of exponential and logarithmic functions, techniques of integration, parametric equations, polar coordinates, infinite series. Computer fee. Prerequisite: MA 121. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 200 Mathematical Concepts - 4 Hours

This course is designed especially for elementary education majors. Content includes all concepts normally emphasized in the contemporary elementary school. Special concern is given to the introduction and development of the operations on the set of whole numbers by using appropriate teaching methods. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

MA 204 Mathematics for Elementary Educators - 3 Hours

This course is designed especially for elementary education majors. Content includes All concepts normally emphasized in the contemporary elementary school. Special attention is given to the introduction and development of the operations on the set of whole numbers by using appropriate teaching methods. Credit obtained in this course is not applicable toward meeting the general education Math requirement of the college. Delivery mode: Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

MA 221 Calculus and Analytic Geometry III - 4 Hours

Includes three dimensional analytic geometry, vectors, partial derivatives, functions of several variables, multiple integrals, vector calculus. Computer fee. Prerequisite: MA 122. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 280X Introductory Statistics - 3 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Credit obtained in this course does not fulfill the major requirements in psychology (for Deerfield traditional and Florida undergraduates) or business (for Deerfield traditional undergraduates) or the minor requirement in sociology. (Florida undergraduate business majors take PSY 280X as part of the major.) Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Computer fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

MA 285X Statistics - 4 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Specific instruction and computer experience in the use of SPSS is provided. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Computer fee. Cross-listed with BIO 285X, PSY 285X, SOC 285X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

MA 321 Mathematical Statistics I - 4 Hours

Probability theory, random variables, discrete distributions, continuous distributions, sampling theory, correlation and regression, and hypothesis testing. Prerequisite: MA 121. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 324 Mathematical Statistics II - 1 Hour

Hypergeometric distribution, negative binomial distribution, gamma and chi-square distributions, multivariable distributions, marginal and conditional distributions, order statistics. Prerequisite: MA 321 or concurrent registration in MA 321. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 331 Linear Algebra - 3 Hours

Systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, change of basis, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and discrete dynamical systems. Prerequisite: MA 120. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 335 Differential Equations - 3 Hours

Linear differential systems, nonlinear first-order equations, series methods, and numerical algorithms. Prerequisite: MA 221 and MA 331. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 340 History of Mathematics - 4 Hours

Includes Greek mathematics, non-Western mathematics, the development of calculus, mathematics of the 18th and 19th centuries, non-Euclidean geometry, and set theory. Prerequisite: MA 121 or consent of instructor. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 350 Topics In Mathematics - 3-4 Hours

Selected topics in Mathematics announced. May be repeated for credit with different topic. Prerequisites: MA 121, MA 122. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 360 Theory of Interest - 3 Hours

This course covers the material on the Society of Actuaries/Casualty Actuarial Society Exam FM (Financial Mathematics Exam). Topics include time value of money, nominal and effective rates of interest, discount rates, force of interest, annuities, amortization of loans, sinking funds, bonds, duration, immunization, interest rate swaps, and determinants of interest rates. Prerequisite: MA 122. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 390 Actuarial Examination Preparation - 1 Hour

Prepares students to take a particular actuarial exam. Students do problems from practice actuarial exams and study guides. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 411 Abstract Algebra - 3 Hours

Groups, rings, fields, and Galois theory. Prerequisite: MA 121. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 412 Geometry - 3 Hours

Euclidean geometry, axiomatic systems, neutral geometry, non-Euclidean geometry, higher-dimensional geometry, transformations, tessellations. Prerequisite: MA 122. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 413 Real Analysis - 3 Hours

The real number system, limits continuity and differentiability of real functions, the Riemann integral. Prerequisite: MA 122. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 420 Number Theory - 3 Hours

Divisibility, primes, congruences, elementary group theory, diophantine equations, applications to cryptography, continued fractions, and algebraic numbers. Prerequisite: MA 120 or MA 121. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Mathematics major for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 430 Graph Theory - 3 Hours

Graphs, directed graphs, trees, circuits, Eulerian graphs, Hamiltonian graphs, decomposition and colorization of graphs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 445 Internship - 1-6 Hours

The opportunity to work in a business or professional organization to analyze and interpret data, to develop concepts, and to engage in problem solving. Prerequisites: Instructor approval and permission of the Dean of the College. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialization studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MA 498 Professional Experience - 0-1 Hours

A supervised experience in one or more professional environment(s) which demonstrates the student's ability to relate knowledge and skills developed in the major to practical tasks in the workplace, graduate school, or professional school. Requires at least 45 clock hours of prepared, supervised, and evaluated experience which demonstrates practical application of major-related knowledge and skills. The professional experience must have prior approval by the department. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ME 5000 Foundations of Christian Mission - 2 Hours

Survey of the theology, history, culture, politics, and methods of the Christian mission, with special emphasis on recent developments, crucial issues, and future trends, ending with a careful study of missions in the local church. Offered fall and spring.

ME 5001 Foundations of Evangelism - 2 Hours

This course introduces the biblical, theological, historical, and practical foundations of evangelism in word and deed. Students will be equipped to engage others in gospel conversations and prepared to lead churches and Christian organizations to participate in God's mission of reaching their contexts with the good news. Offered fall and spring.

ME 5050 Perspectives on the World Christian Movement - 3 Hours

The course surveys the history, theology, and strategy of the global advance of the gospel. Specific instances of the growth of the Christian movement in selected areas of the world are examined. Perspectives is offered as an occasional course at various locations throughout the year. Contact the Extension Office for details.

ME 6410 History of the Expansion of Christianity - 3 Hours

A study of the expansion of Christianity from Pentecost to the present. Particular attention is given to an examination of the modern Protestant mission movement.

ME 6610 Anthropology for Ministry - 3 Hours

Application of anthropological and sociological insights for ministry in diverse cultural settings, with special attention to fundamentals of culture communication and contextualization. The course will focus anthropological understanding particularly on congregational contexts and ministry.

ME 6760 Theology of Mission & Evangelism - 3 Hours

The many Old and New Testament texts that provide theological foundations for the global mission of the church are examined. Basic issues that confront the missionary will be investigated, as well as the more complex and contemporary issues. The course provides the student with various perspectives and strategies for dealing with the Trinity, the Great Commission, the call and motivation for ministry, and the problems of dialogue, syncretism, universalism, and ecumenism.

ME 6963 Principles of Discipleship - 3 Hours

A practicum with attention given to the way Christian disciples are developed, with practical guidelines for implementing discipleship, both as a personal lifestyle and within the context of the local church. Prerequisite: must have completed at least six semester hours.

ME 7300 World Religions - 3 Hours

Historical survey of the origin and growth of the major world religions, beliefs, practices, and worldviews of the major traditions will be examined, with special attention given to comparison and contrast with Christian beliefs and practices.

ME 7450 Christianity in the Non-Western World Since 1500 - 3 Hours

A broad overview of the significant shift of the center of Christianity from the West to Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The social, cultural, and political context of Western missions, the sending nations, and the receiving nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America will be examined. Consideration will be given to: early modern Roman Catholic missions, the impact of African slavery and Western imperialism, the development of Protestant Christianity, the emergence of independent and indigenous church movements, and the rise of Pentecostalism.

ME 7465 Intercultural Ministries Internship - 1-2 Hours

The MA/ICS Capstone of an applied experience, required for students with limited cross-cultural experience.

ME 7477 MA Major Comprehensive Exam - 1 Hour

A department-specific Major Comprehensive Exam required in some MA programs. Registration should be completed at the beginning of the semester for the regularly scheduled exam date later that semester. Credit is posted when the Exam is passed; No Credit if the Exam is failed or not completed.

ME 7478 MA Project - 0-3 Hours

A department-specific summative program project (MA/E, MA/CM) as arranged with the department of concentration. Not available in all programs.

ME 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for ME 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

ME 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ME 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

ME 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

ME 7510 Missional Church - 3-4 Hours

This course explores the missional church in light of a theology of God's mission in the world, and post-Christian context. Special attention is given to various streams of missionality, community engagement of the gospel in word and deed, missional communities, disciple-making, discernment, and leadership.

ME 7710 Contextualization - 3-4 Hours

A study of contextualization from theoretical and practical perspectives, examining the relationship of gospel and culture, biblical guidelines, and various methods of contextualization. Students evaluate case studies of contextualization in diverse cultural settings dealing with a wide range of theological, ethical, cultural and ecclesial issues.

ME 7722 Studies in Reconciliation - 2 Hours

In a world marked by deep racial and ethnic conflicts, this course explores the teaching and ministry of reconciliation in the church and mission. It seeks to bridge the gap between theoretical and practical in order to produce serious-minded reflection on the scriptural mandate of reconciliation across racial and other social divides.

ME 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

ME 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

ME 8000 Seminar: Current Issues in Mission and Evangelism - 1-4 Hours

Topics chosen deal with significant issues in mission and/or evangelism. Opportunity provided for seminar discussion and for the presentation of advanced research papers.

ME 8210 Intercultural Communications - 3-4 Hours

This course focuses on the theory and practice of interpersonal communication across cultural lines. Specifically designed for those involved in intercultural ministry, the course focuses attention on language and culture, culture shock, ethnocentrism, paternalism, nonverbal communication, contextualization, and dynamics of change. The focus will, of course, be on the communication of the gospel itself interculturally.

ME 8215 Teaching Across Cultures - 3-4 Hours

An examination of factors contributing to effective teaching and learning when teacher and learners are from different cultures. Cultural influences upon cognitive style, logical processes, worldview, social relations, modes of learning, and learning environments will be analyzed. Implications for teaching in specific cultural settings will be drawn with attention to learning outcomes and cognitive development.

ME 8230 Global Church Planting and Development - 3-4 Hours

This course examines both theologically and practically the planting and development of healthy, reproducing congregations in various cultural settings. Methods, models, strategies, and particular challenges are discussed. Offered annually.

ME 8250 Leadership Development and Culture - 2 Hours

The course will investigate theological, philosophical and anthropological foundations of leadership and culture. These foundational issues will inform the practice of developing multicultural leaders and working under leaders from different cultures. Special emphasis will be given to the missionary role of multicultural leadership in a world where missionaries from every country of the world are partnering with missionaries and church leaders from every country of the world.

ME 8300 Global Theologies - 3-4 Hours

This seminar examines the roots and current developments Christian theologizing within the context of world Christianity. It seeks to help students explore the nature and methodology of theology in the contemporary world, the effects of cultures and intercultural differences on the theological process and the development of globally informed theology. Students are encouraged to develop an approach to Christian theology that is relevant, orthodox, and creative, and to cultivate a lifelong commitment to scholarship and writing.

ME 8312 Christian Encounter with World Religions - 3-4 Hours

An examination of some historical, theological, and intercultural issues in the Christian encounter with other major religions. Historical approaches by Christian missionaries to Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism will be examined, with special emphasis on implications for such encounters today.

ME 8315 Christian Encounter with Islam - 3-4 Hours

A study of Muhammad, the Qur'an, and the history, culture, and theology of Islam, together with modern trends and its confrontation with Christianity in order to develop appropriate Christian ministries in Muslim contexts.

ME 8320 Anthropology of Religion - 3-4 Hours

An advanced seminar focused on readings in the anthropology of religion. Attention will be focused on anthropological theories of religious experience, religious symbols, myth, ritual, magic, witchcraft, spirit possession, ancestral cults, conversion, and secularization. The class will attempt to assess these theories biblically and to explore their relevance to missiology.

ME 8325 Culture, Ethics, and Social Change - 3-4 Hours

Understanding of human cultural and psychological realities related to culture, ethics, values and social change. This includes topics such as sin, guilt, shame, conscience and morality etc. Cultural and psychological understandings are integrated with biblical and theological understandings to communicate the gospel and disciple believers in a manner which is intelligible, subjectively relevant, and meaningful to people of specific cultures.

ME 8380 Religion in the Modern World - 3-4 Hours

The past three centuries have produced far-reaching social and intellectual transformation, initially in the West and now increasingly worldwide, which have significantly affected traditional religions and also produced an array of new religious movements and alternative spiritualities. Modernization, secularization, globalization, colonialism, and nationalism, as well as various counter-modernizing movements, all have had an impact upon current religious realities. Theoretical issues in the relevant literature, as well as specific application to particular Islamic, Hindu, or Buddhist contexts, will be considered. Implications of these patterns for Christian ministry and mission will be explored.

ME 8390 Gospel, Cultures, and Church in Western Contexts - 3-4 Hours

This course exposes students to the literature and issues related to reaching people, engaging cultures, and rethinking the Church in Western Contexts. Attention will be given to various postmodern and post Christendom historical currents and dynamics affecting ministry and mission today, including pluralism, globalization, secularism, popular culture, ethnic diversity, post colonialism, and the rise of diverse spiritualities. Social science research on the religious development and diversity among emerging adults will especially be emphasized. The gospel will then be examined theologically and historically as it relates to the diversity of spirituality in the modern world. Fresh expressions and innovative leaders of contemporary missional church movements will serve as case studies of this engagement between gospel and cultures in the West.

ME 8450 History of Evangelism - 3-4 Hours

An examination of evangelism throughout the history of the church. Special attention is given to particular Christian movements and personalities, highlighting contributions to gospel proclamation and witness of the church in word and deed. Application of selected practices will be considered for evangelism in contexts today.

ME 8500 Missional Disciple-making - 3 Hours

This course examines the way Christian disciples are formed, with particular attention to biblical and practical foundations for making disciples that include contextual, missional engagement, with the goal of mission in the world. Students examine various models of disciple-making, especially those practiced today within the missional church movement.

ME 8730 Theology of Religions - 3-4 Hours

A doctoral seminar focusing on the biblical and theological understanding of non-Christian religions. Participants will examine the critical issues facing the church in light of biblical teaching and current conflicting ideas and theories regarding human religions. Attention will be given to religious diversity among humans, truth, and salvation in religions.

ME 8815 Ethnicity: Modes of Inquiry and Analysis - 3-4 Hours

Participants in this seminar will employ anthropological and intercultural communication theories and analytical modes as they develop culture-specific taxonomies of ethnic variables, recognize factors that may facilitate communication or trigger conflict, and explore interfaces among theology, ethnicity, and ministry.

ME 8875 Church, Mission, & Community Development - 3-4 Hours

Seminar participants are introduced to the community development literature and critically examine how it relates to the church's responsibility to engage in a mission to the poor that is distinctly holistic--an approach based on Christ's ministry. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nonformal education in facilitating development. Offered alternate years.

ME 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for ME 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

ME 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for ME 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

ME 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ME 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

ME 9000 Contemporary Issues in Intercultural Studies - 4 Hours

Topics chosen deal with contemporary issues in missions. Recent seminars include Cross-Cultural Theology and Intercultural Competencies for Missionaries.

ME 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. Available in all PhD programs. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours in PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS programs; may be repeated for a maximum of six hours in the PhD/THS program. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

ME 9050 Prolegomena: Missiology as a Discipline - 2 Hours

This seminar provides an introduction to the academic discipline of missiology and principles of missiological research and writing. It includes an overview of classical and current publications in the field and an examination of the integrative relationship between theology, history, and the social sciences in Christian mission. Students will also receive an orientation to the TEDS PhD ICS study program.

ME 9060 Theories and Methods of Missiological Research - 4 Hours

An introduction to various approaches to the academic study of missiology, from qualitative and quantitative empirical methods to theological and historiographic methods. Academic writing, use of library and archival sources, ethics in research and related topics will also be addressed. To be taken during the first 24 credit hours of the PhD ICS program.

ME 9085 Global Migration and Diaspora of Faith Communities - 4 Hours

This seminar course will examine historical patterns and current dynamics of global migration, sociologically analyzing contributing factors. In particular, the course will examine how today's growing phenomenon of global migration impacts diaspora religious communities and global missions, identifying both new missional opportunities and concerns.

ME 9146 Urban Evangelism - 4 Hours

The seminar explores critical issues facing the church in light of the rapid urbanization of the world. Among these are how the city shapes our lives as humans and as Christians and how Christians can plant churches and minister in the city. Attention is given to developing a theology of urban ministry.

ME 9260 Teaching Missions and Evangelism in Higher Education - 2 Hours

A Praxis-oriented course involving actual teaching experience under the guidance of an experienced professor to prepare students for teaching mission and/or evangelism in higher educational settings. Included also is an introduction to adult learning theory, course design, instructional methods, course evaluation, student relations, and other practical aspects of the teaching vocation. Student for it as a reading course in consultation with the PhD/ICS program director.

ME 9325 Sociology for Mission and Evangelism - 4 Hours

An introduction of the field of sociology and the contributions it makes to the discipline of missiology. Attention will focus on issues such as globalization, new religious movements, gender, social capital, communication and media. Theoretical foundations and methodological questions will be introduced, and practical implications for ministry will be explored.

ME 9400 History of the Expansion of Christianity - 4 Hours

A study of major missiological themes throughout the history of the global expansion of the church, with special emphasis on the modern Protestant missionary movement. Writings of exemplary mission historians will be examined for their contribution to our understanding of contemporary trends in world mission practice and strategy. Attention will be given to the missionary encounter with culture in its various historical contexts.

ME 9610 Anthropology for Missions and Evangelism - 4 Hours

An introduction of the field of anthropology and the contributions it makes to the discipline of missiology. The seminar encourages participants to develop a model they can use in studying and ministering in specific societies and cultures. Attention is given to a study of the issues involved in cross-cultural communication, contextualization, and social transformation in evangelism and church planting in cross-cultural settings.

ME 9700 Theology of Mission & Evangelism - 4 Hours

A doctoral seminar focusing on the theology of mission in the Old and New Testaments with special attention to the operation of the Trinity, the missio Dei, the purpose and tasks of mission, church and mission, the nature and necessity of evangelism, historical developments in theology of mission, and current theological issues in Christian mission.

ME 9922 Qualitative Research Methods - 4 Hours

This course teaches various qualitative methods oriented towards intercultural mission and congregational ministry: participant observation, interviewing, how to write field notes, the use of audio and video in field settings, how to 'code' verbal data, and so on. Other topics include ethical issues in research, the place of theory in qualitative research, proposal writing for qualitative research, and recent controversies over how one 'represents' others in one's writings. Prerequisite: ME 9060.

ME 9925 Historiographic Research Methods - 4 Hours

An introduction to the principles and practices of historical research within the discipline of missiology. The course with focus on historical methodology, the use and evaluation of primary and secondary sources (including oral history), and the planning and execution of a mission-historical research project.

ME 9930 Quantitative Research Methods - 4 Hours

This course teaches methods of quantitative social science research. This includes topics such as survey design and execution; data collection, management and analysis; use of statistical tools and computer software. The course also addresses the theoretical foundations and ethical guidelines for quantitative research, its application to missiological inquiry, and dissertation proposal writing.

ME 9970 Orientation for Comprehensive Exam and Dissertation - 1 Hour

This course is taught as a workshop addressing the purpose, expectations and methodology of preparing for the comprehensive exam, dissertation proposal, and dissertation writing. It includes class instruction, reading of exemplary field statements and proposals, and active participation in the various oral hearings. Counts as full-time student status when concurrently enrolled for 2 hours of ME 9975 or 6 regular course credit hours, affirms that a total minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in study, and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when the student is concurrently enrolled for 1 hour of ME 9975 or 3 credit hours of regular course work, the registrant affirms that a total minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in study, and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office.

ME 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 1-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/ICS program participants may repeat the course twice for a total of three hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ME 9990 Dissertation Proposal Preparation - 1-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. PhD/ICS program participants may repeat this course twice for a total of 3 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ME 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Courses taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ME 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

MH 5120 Substance Abuse Counseling - 3 Hours

The course focuses on the process and treatment of substance abuse. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the addictive process, assessment, physiology (as pertinent), and treatment. Relapse prevention, adolescent substance abuse, dual diagnosis, family treatment, and other specific issues related to addictions will be discussed. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5120R Substance Abuse (Reading) - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the process and treatment of substance abuse. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the addictive process, assessment, physiology (as pertinent), and treatment. Relapse prevention, adolescent substance abuse, dual diagnosis, family treatment, and other specific issues related to addictions will be discussed. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5140 Principles of Guidance and Counseling - 3 Hours

A course covering the philosophy, functions, management, and operation of a counseling and guidance program in elementary and secondary schools. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5145 School Consultation Procedures - 3 Hours

A course focusing on developing specific techniques in consultation. The various aspects of a school guidance program are integrated. Particular reference is made to problem solving and the utilization of available data. Case examples specific to the school setting are discussed, and opportunities for skill development are provided through role-playing. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5145R School Consultation Procedures (Reading) - 3 Hours

School Consultation Procedures (Reading)

MH 5210 Counseling Skills Training - 3 Hours

An experiential and cognitive introduction to the skills basic to any counseling setting, working with a developmental model of helping. Emphasis on the acquisition and use of some of the basic skills of counseling. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5310 Counseling Theories - 3 Hours

Classical and current theories of counseling will be studied and evaluated in the light of Scripture, psychological sophistication, and practical relevance. Both secular and practical counseling approaches will be discussed. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 5400 Foundations of Mental Health Counseling - 3 Hours

This is an orientation to the various dimensions of mental health counseling. It provides an overview of the variety of roles, functions and credentialing available to the mental health worker in society and in the church. The central theme to explore is what it means to pursue a professional identity, answer a vocational calling and nurture a Christian theological understanding of ethical practice in a pluralistic culture.

MH 6015 Community Counseling - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the central theoretical perspectives of community psychology, the role of interpersonal therapeutic relationships, and the efficiency of system-level preventative interventions. With this orientation, professionals can help individuals in need and work to remedy community problems, while serving to assist both individuals and society in general. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6015R Community Counseling (Reading) - 3 Hours

Community Counseling (Reading)

MH 6110 Career Counseling - 3 Hours

This class will deal with the many facets of career counseling. The subject will be covered from both theoretical and practical points of view. Holistic awareness of individuals will be considered in regard to how people deal with their vocational needs and goals. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6130 Group Counseling - 3 Hours

The processes, principles, and techniques related to contemporary forms of group counseling will be explored. There is an experiential component built into this course to foster the development of group leadership skills. Prerequisite: MH 5210. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6140 Counseling Exceptional and At-Risk Children - 3 Hours

A course covering the etiology and characteristics of exceptionalities of children at risk for underachieving and dropping out. Also covered is the role of the guidance counselor in identifying such problems, drawing on available resources, and making appropriate referrals. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6520 Human Growth and Development - 3 Hours

A consideration of human growth and development from conception to death emphasizing research, personality, and counseling implications at each stage. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6530 Child & Adolescent Counseling - 3 Hours

A survey of the physical, intellectual, emotional, and social development of children and adolescents. Therapeutic skills are discussed and practiced in and out of the classroom. The importance of family relationships is given special emphasis. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6610 Human Sexuality - 3 Hours

This course will deal with the physiological, psychological, and spiritual aspects of human sexuality with particular emphasis on counseling-related issues, including the assessment and treatment of sexual dysfunction and addiction. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6625 Theoretical Foundations of Marriage & Family Therapy - 3 Hours

An examination, discussion, and evaluation of the theoretical foundations and the historical development of the field of marriage and family therapy. Introduction of several of the major techniques currently employed in the field. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6650 Multicultural Issues in Counseling - 3 Hours

A study of communication issues arising out of counseling between persons of different cultures or subcultures. Emphasis is given to overcoming cultural barriers and to understandings and techniques designed to enhance intercultural communication. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6710 Psychology and Theology - 3 Hours

A survey of issues, theories, approaches, methods, problems, and criticisms of the integration of psychology and theology. The course will sample current counseling approaches, literature, and case studies to familiarize the student with the process of integration and to facilitate personal skill development in this area. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6710R Psychology & Theology (Reading) - 3 Hours

Psychology & Theology (Reading)

MH 6720 Ethics & Issues in Counseling - 3 Hours

Ethical standards of the major professional counseling associations are considered, including the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, the American Counseling Association, and the American Psychological Association. Theoretical and practical applications of ethical guidelines to a variety of counseling situations are discussed. Issues related to the professional practice of counseling and therapy are included. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6911 Guidance & Counseling Practicum I - 3 Hours

This practicum is designed to provide students an opportunity to perform the role and functions of the professional school counselor under supervision in a school setting. Both field-based and program-based supervision are components of the practicum experience. Prerequisites: Program candidacy and permission of department. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 6912 Guidance & Counseling Practicum II - 3 Hours

This practicum is designed to provide students a continued opportunity to perform the role and functions of the professional school counselor under supervision in a school setting. Both field-based and program-based supervision are components of the practicum experience. Prerequisites: MH 6911; Program candidacy and permission of department. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7140 Crisis Counseling - 3 Hours

A consideration of the theory and practice of crisis intervention. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical and practical application of dealing with developmental and situational crises from a Christian perspective. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7210 Psychological Testing - 3 Hours

Principles and techniques of test administration and interpretation, including measures of aptitude, personality, and psychopathology. Prerequisite: Undergraduate statistics course. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7450 Psychopathology - 3 Hours

An advanced course on the etiology, classification, and treatment of human psychopathology. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7478 Counseling Psychology Capstone Project - 3 Hours

Independent study culminating in a counseling psychology-related project, as arranged with the program director or designate. Students should register for this course the semester that they start the project. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7480 Counseling Psychology Capstone Integrative Paper - 3 Hours

Independent study culminating in an integrative paper. Students should register for this course the semester they start the paper. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7486 Counseling Psychology Capstone Extension - 0 Hours

A one-semester extension for MH 7478 or MH 7480. Counts as half-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of twenty hours per week are invested in the capstone. Capstone Extension fee required when not in enrolled in other courses. Offered at the Florida campus. No Credit.

MH 7501 Guided Research in Counseling Psychology - 1-3 Hours

Independent study as arranged with a graduate school faculty member. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7900 Psychological Research Methods - 3 Hours

Critical review of basic research techniques and examination of the methods and conclusions of some representative research. Prerequisite: undergraduate course in statistics. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7910 Advanced Research Methods - 3 Hours

This course will consider more complex research designs and techniques. It will include information about statistics and statistical computer packages. Required for students who write a thesis. Prerequisite: MH 7900 Psychological Research Methods. Offered at the Florida campus. Three hours.

MH 7950 Counseling Practicum - 3 Hours

This practicum is designed as a pre-internship fieldwork experience. It will provide students with practical supervised experience in various counseling settings. The student will average 20+ hours per week onsite. This course may be repeated for credit. This course counts as half-time credit. Prerequisites: Program candidacy and permission of department. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7961 Internship in Counseling I - 3 Hours

This internship is designed to give counseling students practical supervised experience in various counseling facilities. Approved intern sites include hospital inpatient programs, counseling centers, community agencies, churches, and other counseling service facilities. This course is the first semester of a two-semester sequence with the students averaging 20+ hours per week involvement. Individual supervision is provided on site. Group supervision is provided on campus. Prerequisites: Program candidacy and permission of department. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7962 Internship in Counseling II - 3 Hours

This internship is designed to give counseling students practical supervised experience in various counseling facilities. Approved intern sites include hospital inpatient programs, counseling centers, community agencies, churches, and other counseling service facilities. This course is the second semester of a two-semester sequence with the students averaging 20+ hours per week involvement. Individual supervision is provided on site. Group supervision is provided on campus. Prerequisites: MH 7961; program candidacy and permission of department. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7963 Advanced Counseling Practicum - 3 Hours

This practicum is designed to provide post-internship counseling experience for advanced students. Students will average 20+ hours per week on site. This course may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: MH 7961 and MH 7962, permission of department. This course counts as half-time status. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7969 International Counseling Experience - 3 Hours

This course is designed for those participating in non-licensure counseling experience, primarily in international settings. International students and others who are not seeking U.S. licensure but who may benefit from a supervised international counseling experience may apply. Individual onsite supervision is required. Prerequisites: MA in MH candidacy and consent of the department. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7985 Counseling Psychology Thesis - 3 Hours

Independent study toward development of an academic thesis. Required of all students choosing to write a thesis. Students may not register for this course until the semester after the thesis proposal has been approved. Prerequisites: MH 7910 Advanced Research Methods, program candidacy, and permission of program director. Offered at the Florida campus.

MH 7986 Counseling Psychology Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

Up to three semesters extension for MH 7985 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis and with the consent of the Program Director. This counts as half-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of twenty hours per week is invested in the capstone. Extension fee required when not enrolled in other courses. No Credit.

MH 8000 Current Studies in Counseling and Psychology - 1-3 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to counseling and psychology. Recent titles include Adjunctive Treatment Topics and Domestic Violence: Abuse Across the Lifespan. Offered at the Florida campus.

MLS 400 Human Resources Compliance - 3 Hours

This course examines the institutional models and regulatory schemes governing the management of employees in the workplace. Topics include a survey of the creation, maintenance and termination of the employment relationship, employee/employer duties, employment protections, torts in the workplace, workplace privacy and workplace safety and health. Delivery mode: traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 410 Staffing and Compensation Administration - 3 Hours

This course examines the planning for and implementation of the management of the hiring and compensation of employees. Topics include wage and hour regulations, workers' compensation, unemployment compensation, personal leave laws, other employment benefits regulations and Federal pre-emption of state wage and benefit laws. Delivery mode: traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 414 Employment Discrimination - 3 Hours

This course examines the legal rules and public policies surrounding employer practices and employee claims sounding in discrimination against members of protected classes or in hostility in the workplace. Topics include the state and federal regulations governing employment discrimination; employer planning, best practices and prevention of claims; and the legal processes for determination and redress of discrimination in the workplace. Deliverty mode: traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 415 Labor Law and ADR - 3 Hours

This course examines the legal and policy implications of employee organization, bargaining and dispute resolution. Topics include employee organization -formal or informal, collective bargaining laws and processes, state and Federal regulation of organizing and bargaining, and arbitration of labor and employment disputes. Delivery mode: traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 421 Performance Assessment - 3 Hours

This course examines the institutional models for assessing the efficiency and contractual performance of employees. Topics include organizational planning for and implementation of standards and expectations on the part of employees and management, the efficient, fair, and ongoing assessment of management and worker performance, and the imposition of rewards for satisfactory performance and the remediation for under-performance. Delivery mode: traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 505 Philosophy and Theology of Justice - 3 Hours

This course surveys foundational sources in history, philosophy, Christian theology, and the Bible as the basis for law, justice, and governmental order in the United States. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 521 Contracts - 3 Hours

This course studies the fundamentals of contract law, including the common law and selected portions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. Topics include remedies, offer, acceptance, discerning the agreement, the parol evidence rule, Statute of Frauds, flaws in the agreement process, unconscionability, third-party interests, enforceability, consideration, promissory estoppel, performance and non-performance, warranties and conditions, breach, and defenses. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 523 Contract Drafting - 3 Hours

This course teaches students practical contract drafting skills, including how to translate a business deal into contract concepts, how to draft each of a contract's parts, how to draft with clarity and without ambiguity, how to negotiate a contract, and how to review and analyze a contract. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 531 Criminal Law - 3 Hours

This course teaches students how to deal with substantive criminal law problems in both practical and policy terms. The course inquires into the proper scope and objectives of criminal law, limitations on the State's power to define criminal liability, and general principles of liability and defenses for offenses against the person and property. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 540 Human Trafficking - 3 Hours

This course in an overview of the global issue of trafficking in persons for forced labor or sexual exploitation; examination of factors that contribute to the issue and how it is being addressed through legal, economic and other solutions. The course will also examine applicable international conventions and the United States policy responses to human trafficking. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 541 Torts - 3 Hours

This course examines common and modern law dealing with compensation for injuries to persons and property. Topics include intentional torts and defenses, negligence and defenses, strict liability, wrongful death, survival actions, statutes of limitation, immunities, vicarious liability, products liability, nuisance, defamation, invasion of privacy, civil rights, misuse of legal process, misrepresentation, and torts affecting businesses and familial relationships. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online and accelerated.

MLS 543 Human Trafficking and Economic Development--Cambodia - 3 Hours

This is an advanced course in human trafficking and economic development. Students will analyze and discuss current issues in human trafficking, focusing on sex trafficking in Southeast Asia. Students will learn the history of human trafficking, and how human trafficking is combatted in the modern world. Students will also learn about economic development in Southeast Asia, and how it is a modern way of combating human trafficking. Trinity Law School teaches this course from a Christian perspective and actively incorporates Biblical principles into the curriculum. Thus, this class/trip has three major aspects or themes to it: (1) basic concepts and laws relevant to human rights; (2) human trafficking; and (3) the role and relationship of worldviews and economic factors and development or lack thereof to human rights and human trafficking. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 558 Legal Fundamentals - 3 Hours

This course provides fundamental coverage relating to the key subjects of Constitutional Law, Civil Procedure, Tort Law, Contract Law, the Law of Property, and Criminal Law and Procedure. Also covered is the course of litigation, trials, appeals, and the foundational concepts of jurisdiction, and burdens of proof. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 565 Juvenile Law and Delinquency - 3 Hours

This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of important issues surrounding juvenile delinquents and different stages of prosecution of these crimes. Topics include theories of causations of delinquency, gangs, drugs, interventions, court procedures, different types of consequences available for punishment, search and seizure, and interrogation of juveniles. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 567 Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Criminal Justice - 3 Hours

This course examines the ways in which race, ethnicity, and gender impact the offender through the criminal justice system. The course considers crimes and justice patterns, overrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities, policies, and reintegration into society. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 570 Forensic Mental Health - 3 Hours

This course provides an overview of the laws pertaining to the evaluation of a criminal defendant's mental health and how the diagnosis of a mental illness may impact juvenile and adult criminal proceedings. Topics covered include the role of forensic mental health experts, mental defenses and trial practice. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 572 Victimology and Restorative Justice - 3 Hours

This course covers the relationship between victims and their offenders, interaction between victims and the criminal justice system, the impact of crime on victims' families and the reintroduction of offenders to society. The course will focus on the Christian view of reconciliation and the reintroduction Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 573 Cyber Criminology - 3 Hours

This course covers the relationship between victims and their offenders, interaction between victims and the criminal justice system, the impact of crime on victims' families and the reintroduction of offenders to society. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 575 Law and Theory of Corrections - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to penology, probation, punishment theory, and trends in alternatives to institutionalization. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 600 Constitutional Law - 3 Hours

This course covers the powers of the federal government and selected topics regarding the relationship of the branches of the federal government to each other and to the States, as well as selected topics regarding the Bill of Rights, due process, equal protection, and the effect of the Fourteenth Amendment on the application of the Bill of Rights to the States. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 602 Government Structure Under the U.S. Constitution - 3 Hours

This course in Constitutional Law surveys the United States Constitution; its text, principles, original meaning, historical development, contemporary construction and case law. The specific focus is distribution of powers (federal, state and private), judicial review, jurisdiction, justiciability, and economic regulations including the Commerce Clause, the Contracts Clause and the Takings Clause (eminent domain). This course will satisfy the Constitutional Law requirement for the MLS program. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 660 Property - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the acquisition, disposition, and use of personal and real property. Topics include the nature of ownership and possession, bailment, adverse possession, common law classifications of estates in land, concurrent ownership, present and future interests in land, and landlord-tenant law, transfers of interests in real property, real estate contracts, legal descriptions, conveyances and deeds, recording systems, title insurance, private land-use restrictions (easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes), public land-use regulations, eminent domain, and regulatory takings. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 670 Alternative Dispute Resolution - 3 Hours

This course provides students with foundational skills for helping people resolve conflict outside of court using peacemaking principles. In this intensive-style Christian Alternative Dispute Resolution course, students are taught to utilize critical thinking and peacemaking principles necessary for resolving personal conflict, and to practice personal peacemaking skills. Personal peacemaking is a prerequisite to acquiring advanced skills necessary for assisting others resolve conflict through Christian Mediation and Arbitration. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 675 Mediation - 3 Hours

This course will present the use of third party intervention as an alternative collaborative process for dispute resolution. Analysis of the skills needed to be an effective mediator. Ethical and practical limitations on the use of mediation. This course will include simulated mediation exercises. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 680 Negotiation Theory and Practice - 3 Hours

The course covers the theory and practice of negotiation as a process to reach contractual agreements and resolve disputes. The course examines negotiation strategies, Christian principles and ethical issues to develop a Christian approach to negotiation. This course will include simulated negotiation exercises. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 686 Cross Cultural Dispute Resolution - 3 Hours

This course will examine the impact of cultural differences on resolution of interpersonal and international disputes. Examines cultural differences such as long-term versus short-term horizons, risk aversion and individual/community expectations. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 691 Conflict Management in Business and Nonprofit Organizations - 3 Hours

This course presents an overview of the litigation process and its advantages/disadvantages in dispute resolution. The course will also focus on how organizations have effectively developed and institutionalized programs tailored to manage conflict among employees and managers. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 700 Introduction to Bioethics - 3 Hours

This course is an overview of the ethical issues in health care and biotechnology that make up the field of bioethics. Biblical-theological and other prominent contemporary perspectives are developed and assessed. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 700b Intensive Bioethics Institute - 3 Hours

This course surveys the Bible from the standpoint of its unfolding history of creation, fall, redemption, and consummation, with special attention to Scriptural applications of ethical thought and ramifications for ethical behavior. The course considers how precedents, themes, truths, and strategies that established God's will in earlier times provide direction for God's people today. Students will practice interpreting scripture responsibly and thinking creatively about current bioethical issues in the light of biblical principles. Offered as in-person 6-day intensive at the Deerfield, IL campus (BE 5100). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 702 Business Organizations - 3 Hours

This course covers the formation of agency relationships, partnerships and corporations, the fiduciary duties of agents, directors and officers, shareholder voting, shareholder lawsuits, rules around corporate disclosures, insider trading, and corporate control transactions. Particular attention is given to the way in which corporations organize and operate. The course also examines the respective roles, relationships, and liability exposure of shareholders, directors, and officers. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 710 Current Issues in Bioethics - 3 Hours

This course addresses the current state of the law regarding a wide range of bioethical issues. With the help of case discussions, the course addresses questions such as how the law of bioethics responds to changes in moral, social, and political landscapes, and the proper role of law in shaping bioethical views and practices. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 710a Bioethics National Conference - 3 Hours

The annual national/international bioethics conference provides a unique opportunity to learn from and interact with Christian leaders in bioethics from around the country and beyond. The course includes a preconference reading program and post-conference writing program tailored to the topic of the conference. Class meetings with the professor immediately precede and are interspersed throughout the conference. This is a 3-day in-person intensive held at the Deerfield, IL campus (BE 5900). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 710b Bioethics Regional Conference - 3 Hours

The regional bioethics conferences held by Trinity International University in various parts of the U.S. and world provide special opportunities to learn from and interact with Christian leaders in bioethics from around the country and beyond. The course includes a preconference reading program and post-conference writing program tailored to the topic of the conference. Class meetings with the professor take place at the conference. This is a 3-day in-person intensive course (BE 5800). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 720 Landmark Cases in Bioethics - 3 Hours

This course covers the many of the major issues in bioethics have been shaped by pivotal medical and legal cases. The course examines those cases in detail and uses them as a springboard for understanding the larger ethical issues that they address. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 750 Bioethics Seminar - 3 Hours

This is a topical course conducted as a seminar on a question such as autonomy and informed consent, health care systems, resource allocation, genetic intervention, or end-of-life decision making. BE 7700 is the equivalent of this course (3-day intensive after Bioethics National Conference in Deerfield, IL in June). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 760 Bioethics and Public Policy - 3 Hours

This course is an interface of bioethics and public policy in North American and international contexts, with special attention to religious perspectives in the public square; important cases and bioethics commissions; and other documents. Students will have the opportunity to create a public policy strategy as they become familiar with basic federal and state governmental structures and legislative processes. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 760a The Public Policy Context - 1 Hour

This course covers the explanation of basic federal and state governmental structures and legislative processes for students not already familiar with them. Designed to be taken concurrently with MLS 760b. Offered as guided study at the Deerfield, IL campus (BE 5499). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 760b Bioethics and Public Policy - 2 Hours

This course is an interface of bioethics and public policy in North American and international contexts, with special attention to religious perspectives in the public square; important cases and bioethics commissions; and other documents. Students will have the opportunity to create a public policy strategy. Offered as a two-unit course for students familiar with basic federal and state governmental structures and legislative processes. Students must take MLS 760a concurrently with this course. Offered online and face-to-face at the Deerfield, IL campus (BE 5500). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 783 Criminal Procedure - 3 Hours

This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of important issues of criminal procedure arising during the investigation and early stages of prosecution of crimes. Topics include constitutional limits on arrests and stops, search and seizure, interrogation of suspects, right to counsel, exclusionary rule, identification procedures, and the privilege against self-incrimination. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 790 Advanced Bioethics Institute - 3 Hours

This course is a methodological investigation of how to do bioethics with a range of approaches critically assessed from a biblical-theological perspective. End-of-life treatment provides a test case. A national/international team of 15-20 top Christian bioethicists address special areas of expertise. This course is a 6-day intensive offered at the Deerfield, IL campus only (BE 6500). Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 800 Wills, Trusts, and Estates - 3 Hours

This course examines rules pertaining to intestate succession, testamentary dispositions, execution, modification, and revocation of wills, testamentary capacity and will contests, interpretation of wills, protection of spouse and children, and the use of will substitutes. The creation, types, and characteristics of trusts are also examined, including coverage of the construction of trusts, trust administration, and wealth transfer taxation. Fiduciary administration issues also are considered. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 830 Legal and Ethical Issues in Fundraising for Nonprofits - 3 Hours

This course examines the various approaches nonprofit organizations take to fundraising, including solicitation of monetary donations, in-kind gifts, planned giving and joint ventures with for profits. The legal implications of fundraising in each of these contexts, including the oversight of professional fundraisers will be addressed. The development of ethical standards for fundraising and the impact they have on the legal environment of fundraising will be addressed. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online and accelerated.

MLS 850 Exempt Organizations - 3 Hours

This course surveys government regulation and oversight of nonprofit organizations by federal and state tax agencies, and addresses the attorney's role in annual reporting requirements, managing unrelated business income, and bequests to charities. Nonprofit Law is a prerequisite for this class. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 855 Religious Organizations - 3 Hours

This course addresses the unique legal issues faced by religious organizations, with an emphasis on government regulation of religious organizations, the unique legal issues faced by churches, political activism by charities, and the handling of deputized giving and foreign charitable work. Nonprofit Law is a prerequisite for this class. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 860 Strategic Planning - 3 Hours

This course provides an overview and applications of strategic planning theories, methods, and group processes in different nonprofit organizational environments. The course will emphasize the application of strategic planning specifically to the mission, fundraising, operations and human resources of charities. Delivery mode: traditional, online, and accelerated.

MLS 861 Nonprofit Law - 3 Hours

This course is the foundation course for studying nonprofit and tax-exempt organizations, with an emphasis on governance issues. The course addresses formation, board responsibilities, fundraising, operations and dissolution. Application for tax exempt status and annual informational tax returns are surveyed in this class. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 870 International Non-Governmental Organizations - 3 Hours

This course will explore the world of international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) by reviewing the types of, and institutional issues related to, NGOs. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 901 International Criminal Law - 3 Hours

This course examines issues in the field of international criminal law, which encompass: individual responsibility for conduct that is labeled as criminal under international law; nation-state responsibility for conduct that may be considered a crime under international law; and, individual responsibility for conduct with international dimensions that is labeled a crime under U.S. domestic law. The course will expose students to the prosecution and punishment of individuals alleged to have committed crimes considered to be among the most serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, including genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 905 The Theory and Law of Armed Conflict - 3 Hours

This course studies the law of armed conflict (also known as the law of war and international humanitarian law) applicable in times of both international and non-international armed conflict, examining both the right of states to use force (jus ad bellum) and the rules governing conduct during conflict (jus in bello). Issues to be addressed include: the history, sources (e.g., treaty and custom), principles (e.g., proportionality, distinction), and application of this law; the obligations and protections of state and non-state combatants, non-combatants, civilians, and prisoners; permissible means and methods of warfare; and occupation and neutrality. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 910 The Right to Life and the Law - 3 Hours

This course studies the complex medical, social, legal, and ethical issues raised by topics such as: abortion, embryonic research, IVF, infanticide, and euthanasia. The course includes a survey of U.S. Supreme Court and other U.S. and international judicial decisions pertaining to these issues. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 913 The Rights of Vulnerable Persons: Women, Children and the Impoverished - 3 Hours

This course is a survey of the international treaties and bodies intended to protect the rights of women, children, and families. Issues to be addressed include pertinent international instruments and principles of international law relating to gender-based discrimination; violence against women; children's rights to privacy, education, and information; pornography; slavery and servitude; child soldiers; and the implications of religious liberties on the family. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 914 The Rights of Minorities - 3 Hours

This course surveys international and regional efforts to articulate and protect the human rights of ethnic, racial, religious, linguistic, and national minorities, persons with disabilities, and indigenous groups. Related issues such as identity, autonomy, self-determination, xenophobia, nationalism, and racism will be addressed. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 916c Human Trafficking: Prosecution of Domestic Cases - 1-3 Hours

This class will focus on Domestic Human Trafficking. However, it will also focus on the advocacy and all aspects of trial presentation of Domestic Human Trafficking cases from jury selection to closing argument. Students will learn about the current understanding of Human Trafficking in California and the advocacy against Human Trafficking. This understanding includes the realities of Human Trafficking from recruitment of victims, the typical trafficker, the laws that effect trafficking and the prosecution of trafficking. This course will also give a basic overview of a human trafficking jury trial and discuss how to advocate for or against the human trafficker during trial. The first session will be a tutorial on domestic human trafficking with a broad overview of the subject including case studies from real situations. The second session will largely be a performance exam in which each student will perform the closing argument that they have prepared as if it were a real case to present to a jury. We will then discuss each presentation.

MLS 920 International Institute of Human Rights - 4 Hours

This course covers the legal foundations for recognition, protection, and advocacy of human rights under international law. This unique course is taught over five weeks in June and July in The Hague, Netherlands and in Strasbourg, France. The course is presented in conjunction with the annual program of the International Institute of Human Rights, giving students the opportunity to study and network with law students, practitioners, and advocates from around the world. This also provides students with a first-hand experience of the competing views of human rights theories and practices.

MLS 921 International Forum on Human Rights - 2 Hours

This course (held in The Hague, Netherlands and Strasbourg, France) is presented in conjunction with the annual program of the International Institute of Human Rights. Students will investigate and discuss the jurisprudence of human rights, including its history and development, as well as the theological and rival philosophical foundations for reflecting on the nature and scope of human rights. The doctrines of God, human nature, and the nature of civil society are of particular interest, as well as those concerning the Church, the family, the State, and vocation. Delivery Mode: Traditional Graduate.

MLS 923 Introduction to International Human Rights Law - 3 Hours

This course provides an introduction to international human rights law. Topics include the foundational and historical development of human rights, and the development of international and regional legal systems to protect human rights. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 951 Religious Liberty and the Law - 3 Hours

This is an advanced course that examines critical issues of law and religion both in the United States and internationally. Issues to be addressed include the theological foundation of law and the legal foundation of theology; the relationship between church and state; religious discrimination and accommodation; prohibitions on blasphemy, apostasy, and defamation; persecution of and by religion; and the principles of law and regulations relating to churches and religious organizations, schools, and the military. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 962 Real Estate Transactions - 3 Hours

This course presents the basic statutory and common law principles of the fundamental elements of a real estate transaction including arranging the deal, performing the contract, closing the contract, assuring title, financing the purchase, federal income tax considerations, and condominium and other communal arrangements for home ownership. Delivery Mode: Tradtional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MLS 995 Genocide and the Law - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to the laws governing the crime of genocide. Topics include efforts to name and identify incidents as genocide, and then to prosecute and punish the perpetrators. Students will also investigate specific occurrences of genocide in the Ottoman Empire, Nazi Germany, Cambodia, Rwanda, Darfur, Iraq and Syria, and other places. Delivery mode: Traditional graduate, online, and accelerated.

MN 9150 Interdisciplinary Courses - 3 Hours

Courses that provide insights from various disciplines in social sciences.

MN 9200 Strategic Leadership Courses - 3 Hours

Courses that equip students to lead teams, craft vision, design strategy, engage culture, navigate change, and develop other leaders.

MN 9300 Pastoral Ministry and Care Course - 3 Hours

Courses here equip pastors to proclaim Biblical truth, provide care, create support structures, and engage crisis situations with confidence and grace.

MN 9400 Missional Engagement Courses - 3 Hours

Courses focus on understanding post-Christian culture and doing ministry in environments where a plurality of world views and faith systems are prevalent.

MN 9550 Missional Leadership in Today's Church - 3 Hours

This foundational course, taken as the first course in your program, provides an overview of the DMin Program, addresses the issues facing pastors and leaders in today?s changing culture, and helps students begin to shape their Major Research Project proposal.

MN 9600 Biblical Studies Courses - 3 Hours

Courses that focus on analyzing and applying a particular book or genre of the Bible.

MN 9700 Theological Studies Courses - 3 Hours

Courses that examine themes about the nature of God and His work and reflect on their relevance to spiritual life and ministry.

MN 9800 Spiritual Formation Courses - 3 Hours

These courses address the spiritual practices essential for developing a culture of spiritual growth in the life of the church.

MN 9990 Research Methods - 3 Hours

Taken midway through the program, this course prepares students to design and implement a research project that addresses a problem or goal in the area of ministry where they are currently serving. Upon finishing the course, students secure their two readers and submit their proposal for approval.

MN 9991 Major Project Research - 1-3 Hours

Students implement their proposal from MN 9990, performing the research and writing the report to be submitted as their Major Project paper. May be repeated for up to 6 credit hours. Credit/No Credit.

MN 9992 Major Project Extension - 0 Hours

Students continue to work on their Major Project.

MUE 324 Vocal Pedagogy - 2 Hours

Course designed for vocalists and/or future music educators interested in teaching voice privately or as part of a choral program. Classroom instruction covers vocal technique, an overview of the vocal mechanism, literature selection, and voice classification. Enrolled students are expected to teach a voice student assigned to them for the semester. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUE 349 Diction for Singers - 2 Hours

A course that covers the basic elements of Italian, German, French, and Latin pronunciation in vocal and choral music. The international phonetic alphabet is utilized. Prerequisite: enrollment in private voice lessons and approval of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUH 121 Music Appreciation - 3 Hours

A study of the basic elements and history of music, as well as techniques of listening. Listening assignments will be given. Designed for the student with little or no background in music. Delivery mode: Traditional Undergraduate, Online, Florida undergraduate.

MUH 211 Survey of World Music - 3 Hours

Survey of music in non-Western cultures, focusing on Asia, Africa, and Latin America, as well as consideration of the implications for missions and intercultural work posed by cultural-aesthetic sensitivity. Recommended for students interested in the mission field or intercultural relations. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUH 221 American Popular Music - 3 Hours

The story of popular music in its historical, social, and stylistic contexts. Attention is given to song styles from their sources in late nineteenth-century America through the Twentieth-century global explosion of music technology. Attention is given to the diversity of current idioms. The role of the music industry is examined as a force in shaping musical style and listening habits. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUH 233X Comparative Arts - 3 Hours

An integrated study of the arts with emphasis on the visual arts and music to learn the forms, styles, and techniques representative of the various historical eras from antiquity to the present. Listening sessions and independent visits to area art collections will be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with ART 233X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUH 241 Survey of Music History and Literature - 3 Hours

Introductory survey of music history and literature as both an academic and performance discipline. Involves an overview of historical periods, with reference to related arts and aesthetics, major genres, and theoretical issues. Prerequisite: ENG 106, and demonstrated musical reading ability, or consent of instructor. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUT 101 Elements of Music - 3 Hours

Basic skills and knowledge for reading, writing, and hearing music. Includes properties of musical sound, scales, keys, chords, an introduction to the keyboard, the basics of reading/singing musical scores and leadsheets at sight, and rudimentary listening/identification skills. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUT 121 Music Theory in Contemporary Practice - 3 Hours

Develop skills in identifying, describing, and utilizing elements of music commonly found in jazz and popular music, including chord progressions and forms. Includes an additional hour of class time for Aural Skills lab. Prerequisites: MUT 101 or its equivalent. Corequisite: MUT 122. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUT 225 Songwriting and Arranging - 2 Hours

A development of practical song writing and arranging techniques for the contemporary musician. Prerequisites: MUT 121. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUW 335 Musicianship for Worship - 3 Hours

Practical studies in the principles and materials of music used in diverse church music ministries. Students will be introduced to the techniques of the most commonly used instruments, vocal technique, rehearsal strategies, and technology commonly used in worship. Prerequisites: MUT 121 and MUT 122, or consent of the instructor. Offered Spring 2024 and following even-numbered Spring semesters for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUW 450 Church Music Internship - 3 Hours

Internship in a local church music/worship program to be coordinated with the worship pastor/music director and a faculty supervisor from the Music Department. Fulfills one service learning credit (IDS 106). Prerequisites: WOR 437X, WOR 438, and consent of the Chair of the Music Department. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 150 Private Lessons: Brass Instruments - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 152 Private Lessons: Guitar - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 153 Private Lessons: Harp - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 154 Private Lessons: Organ - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 155 Private Lessons: Percussion - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 156 Private Lessons: Piano - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 157 Private Lessons: String Instruments - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 158 Private Lessons: Voice - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 159 Private Lessons: Woodwind Instruments - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction at levels from the beginner up to the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. Credit is not applicable to the applied music requirements in the music major. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 210 Music Ensemble - 1 Hour

The study of the music literature, rehearsal techniques, methods of interpretation, programming, etc. related to a particular type of ensemble. Enrollment in a section of the course will consist of the members of a performing group. One class period each week for instruction and additional rehearsal time are required. May be repeated for credit. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 220 Contemporary Worship Ensemble - 1-8 Hours

Practical experience in the rehearsal and leading of contemporary worship music. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: WOR 111 and MUT 101. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 252 Advanced Level Private Lessons: Guitar - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Jury fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 256 Advanced Level Private Lessons: Piano - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Jury fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 258 Advanced Level Private Lessons: Voice - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Jury fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 270 Concert Choir - 1 Hour

Practical experience in mixed voice singing of accompanied and unaccompanied choral music of various periods and styles. Attendance on trips and tours is required. Participation in oratorio and music theater productions is required; this will necessitate extra rehearsals. Prerequisite: audition with the director. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 295 Vocal Performance Workshop - 1-8 Hours

Selected topics and ensembles as announced. Course may be repeated with a different topic. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 356 Advanced Level Private Lessons with Half Recital: Piano - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Half recital fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 358 Advanced Level Private Lessons with Half Recital: Voice - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Half recital fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 456 Advanced Level Private Lessons with Full Recital: Piano - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Full recital fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

MUZ 458 Advanced Level Private Lessons with Full Recital: Voice - 1-2 Hours

Individual instruction for music majors and for non-majors who perform at the college level. Twelve half-hour lessons are required for 1 hour of credit; twelve one-hour lessons are required for 2 hours of credit. May be repeated for credit. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Private music lesson fee. Full recital fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

NT 4030 Beginning Greek I - 4 Hours

Introduction to phonology, morphology, and grammar of New Testament Greek, with readings in the Johannine literature or the Thessalonian correspondence and vocabulary development. Designed for students with little or no background in beginning Greek. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Offered fall.

NT 4031 Beginning Greek II - 4 Hours

Further study in phonology, morphology, and grammar of New Testament Greek, with readings in the Johannine literature or the Thessalonian correspondence and vocabulary development. Not for graduate credit. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Prerequisite: NT 4030. Offered spring.

NT 5000 Intro to the New Testament - 3 Hours

Introductory survey of the New Testament, including the life and ministry of Christ, apostolic history, New Testament literature, principal critical issues, and the unity and diversity of New Testament theology. This course meets the NT General Comprehensive requirement for MA students and the English Bible competency requirement for MDiv students, who must meet the SBCT requirement. Not for credit in the MA/NT or MA/OT programs. Elective credit in MDiv program. Auditors are not permitted in General Comp courses unless they have taken previous undergraduate course work in the subject or are not intending to complete the MA program. Offered spring.

NT 5100 English Bible: - 2-3 Hours

Demonstration of inductive Bible study method and treatment of the special teaching of a particular book or books of the New Testament based on the English text. May be repeated for credit as the book studied changes. Not for credit in the MA/NT or MA/OT programs.

NT 5251 Greek Exegesis I - 2 Hours

Study in the use of Greek for the interpretation of the New Testament. Students will review morphological paradigms, expand their Greek vocabulary, survey the theory and practice of lexical semantics, identify proper exegetical methodology, and understand intermediate Greek syntax and grammar. Special attention will be given to the analysis of Colossians 1-2. Students must register for the same section of NT 5251-5252 each semester. Prerequisite: NT 4030-4031 or NT 4038 or a pass on Trinity's Greek proficiency test (usually reflecting two years of undergraduate Greek).

NT 5252 Greek Exegesis II - 2 Hours

Further study in the use of Greek for the interpretation of the New Testament. Students will review intermediate Greek grammar and syntax, survey the theory and practice of textual criticism, strengthen their Greek vocabulary, exegete 1 Peter 1-2, and develop phrasing diagrams of selected passages they exegete. Students must register for the same section of NT 5251-5252 each semester. Prerequisite: NT 5251.

NT 5253 Exegesis for Preaching - 2 Hours

This course, taught by the NT and PT departments, develops skills for interpreting New Testament passages for sermon preparation. Students will review Greek vocabulary, exegete passages from various New Testament genres, relate exegetical analysis to the larger biblical narrative, and develop exegetical outlines and summaries of the biblical texts they study. NT 5253 lays the exegetical foundation for HM 6200/6201. Prerequisites: NT 5000 and NT 5252.

NT 6000 Current Studies in New Testament - 1-4 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to New Testament studies.

NT 6251 Interpreting the Synoptics and Acts - 3 Hours

A study of the Synoptics and Acts with emphasis on developing the skills necessary to be effective interpreters of these texts. Students will evaluate various critical approaches to the Gospels and to the life of Christ, recognize the historical reliability of the Synoptics and Acts, analyze central theological themes, exegete selected Greek passages, and further refine the methodological skills they learned in NT 5251-5252. Prerequisites: NT 5000 and NT 5252.

NT 6252 Interpreting Paul and General Epistles - 3 Hours

A study of Paul and the General Epistles with emphasis on developing the skills necessary to be effective interpreters of these texts. Students will examine the life, mission, and theology of the Apostle Paul, evaluate the individual letters in their relationship to apostolic history and the life of the church, analyze central theological themes, exegete selected Greek passages, and further refine the methodological skills they learned in NT 5251-5252. Prerequisites: NT 5000 and NT 5252.

NT 6253 Interpreting Johannine Literature - 2 Hours

A study of the Johannine literature with emphasis on developing the skills necessary to be effective interpreters of these texts. Students will evaluate the differences between the Fourth Gospel and the Synoptics, assess the different hermeneutical approaches to Revelation, analyze the theological contribution of each Johannine writing, exegete selected Greek passages, and further refine the methodological skills they learned in NT 5251-5252. Prerequisites: NT 5000 and NT 5252.

NT 7477 MA Major Comprehensive Exam - 1 Hour

A department-specific Major Comprehensive Exam required in some MA programs. Registration should be completed at the beginning of the semester for the regularly scheduled exam date later that semester. Credit is posted when the Exam is passed; No Credit if the Exam is failed or not completed.

NT 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for NT 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

NT 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for NT 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter.CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

NT 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

NT 7605 Matthew - 3-4 Hours

Examination of the structure and theology of Matthew, with special attention to exegesis of specific passages. Prerequisite: NT 5251. Offered alternate years.

NT 7610 Hebrews - 2 Hours

Stress on the technique and method of book study. The distinctive emphases of the book are considered: the person and work of Christ, the philosophy of history, and the use of the Old Testament. Prerequisite: NT 5251. Offered alternate years.

NT 7660 Romans - 3-4 Hours

Stress on the theology of Paul, with consideration of the distinctive emphases of the epistle: Paul's teaching on Judaism, salvation history, the power of sin, righteousness, the Holy Spirit, and the future of Israel. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6252, or concurrent enrollment. Offered alternate years.

NT 7670 Corinthian Correspondence - 3-4 Hours

Historical background and principal theological emphases of these letters addressed to a first-century Gentile church. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6252, or concurrent enrollment. Offered alternate years.

NT 7695 Hermeneutics - 3-4 Hours

The science of biblical interpretation with examination and explanation of the various systems of such. Using selected passages of Scripture, the disciplines necessary in biblical interpretation come to be understood and developed.

NT 7710 Intertestamental Period - 3-4 Hours

History of the period from the close of the Old Testament canon in the fifth century B.C. to the time of Christ, with special emphasis on the literature and theology of the period. Prerequisites: NT 6251 or 6252 or concurrent enrollment. Offered alternate years.

NT 7720 Backgrounds Early Christianity - 3-4 Hours

Introduction to primary sources and recent literary finds in Judaism, the Hellenistic religions, and the social history of the early Roman Empire; provides a background for the study of the ministry of Jesus and the life and mission of the early church. Offered alternate years.

NT 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

NT 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

NT 7980 MA Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

MA participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for 7980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a MA capstone research paper (MA/NT). Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded C- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

NT 8000 Seminar: Current Issues - 2-4 Hours

Issues of importance in New Testament history, criticism, interpretation, and theology discussed in a seminar setting.

NT 8220 Revelation and Apocalyptic Literature - 3-4 Hours

This course seeks to study the Book of Revelation from four perspectives: antecedents (the meaning and use of 'apocalyptic' in the ancient world), models (Jewish and Hellenistic apocalyptic works), exegesis (the study of individual texts), and biblical theology (the study of themes in the Book of Revelation). Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6251, or concurrent enrollment.

NT 8420 Criticism of the Gospels - 3-4 Hours

Seminar in the contemporary literary and historical approaches to the Gospel narratives and the formulation of a constructive position regarding the synoptic problem, the structure of the Gospel narratives, the composition of the fourth Gospel, and the relation of faith and history. Prerequisite or concurrent enrollment in NT 6251. Offered alternate years.

NT 8430 History of NT Interpretation - 3-4 Hours

A survey of the history of criticism of the New Testament primarily from the late eighteenth century to the present. Particular emphasis on the development of critical methodologies, relationships between critical approaches and worldview, and evangelical responses to the key movements. Prerequisites: NT 6251 or 6252 or current enrollment. Offered alternate years.

NT 8505 Use of Scripture in Scripture - 3-4 Hours

This course works through representative quotations and allusions from different corpora in order to probe difficult questions surrounding the relationships between the Testaments. Interest centers not only on questions of text and form but on the manner in which earlier texts are handled in later texts and on the diversity of ways in which texts are interpreted, the appropriation of techniques involved, and especially the hermeneutical axioms and warrants that explicitly or implicitly underlie such appropriation. An attempt is made to relate such findings to selected larger issues of biblical and systematic theology, in short, how Christians can have a unified canon, preaching, and teaching from the entire Bible. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6251, or concurrent enrollment.

NT 8610 The Teaching of Jesus - 3-4 Hours

Study in the methods and content of Jesus' teaching with collateral reading in the modern interpreters of Jesus. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6251, or concurrent enrollment.

NT 8620 Johannine Theology - 2 Hours

Study in the theology of the Johannine literature, including critical appraisal of representative modern works. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6251, or concurrent enrollment.

NT 8630 Pauline Theology - 2 Hours

Analysis and synthesis of Paul's letters and related documents (e.g., Acts, the Gospels, the Old Testament) with the goal of better understanding his theology as a whole. Includes evaluation of the New Perspective. Prerequisites: NT 6251, NT 6252, or concurrent enrollment. Offered alternate years.

NT 8640 New Testament Theology - 3-4 Hours

Study of the major themes of New Testament theology, the distinctive contributions of the biblical authors, and the issue of unity and diversity within the canon of the New Testament. Pre/concurrent requisites: NT 5251, NT 6251, or 6252 or current enrollment.

NT 8720 Advanced Greek Exegesis - 2 Hours

Intensive exegetical study of a selected book (usually Acts, 2 Corinthians, the Pastoral Epistles, or Hebrews) or series of texts, evaluating the methods and conclusions of representative commentaries in light of recent studies in grammar and textual criticism. Prerequisites: NT 5251, NT 6252, or concurrent enrollment. May be repeated as the instructor varies, register as NT 7501.

NT 8721 Advanced Greek Grammar - 3-4 Hours

Studies in Greek grammar and syntax as they inform New Testament exegesis with special reference to standard grammars and contemporary linguistic discussion. Prerequisites: NT 5252 (with an A- or better); and pre or co-requisite of NT 6251 or 6252. May be repeated as the instructor varies, register as NT 7501.

NT 8722 Septuagint & the New Testament - 2 Hours

History of the version; translation of representative passages; consideration of the Septuagint's influence on New Testament grammar, lexicography, and theology; interaction with past and current Septuagint scholarship. Prerequisites: NT 5252; and OT 5242 or consent of the department chair.

NT 8723 New Testament Textual Criticism - 2 Hours

Analysis of the materials, history, and principles of New Testament textual criticism with application to selected passages. Prerequisites: NT 5252, NT 6251, or 6252 or current enrollment. Offered on demand.

NT 8911 New Testament Research - 2 Hours

An introduction to the primary sources, the secondary literature, and the major issues related to doctoral level New Testament studies. Students will become familiar with the scholarly editions of Hebrew, Aramaic, Latin, and Greek texts of the Old and New Testament as well as of the contemporary literature of the Hellenistic and Greco-Roman period, and with the lexicons, dictionaries, encyclopedias, and commentaries which scholars use in order to translate and interpret these texts. The major issues and methods of New Testament research are introduced in a discussion of the Synoptic Gospels, the Gospel of John, the Book of Acts, Paul's Letters, the Catholic Epistles, and revelation, the history of New Testament research, the history of the early church in the first century, and the theology of the New Testament. Students are expected to read at least Hebrew and Greek, preferably also Aramaic and Latin, as well as French or German. Required course for entering students (does not count as a seminar).

NT 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for NT 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit/No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded "C-" or better to receive credit for the paper.)

NT 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for NT 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

NT 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for NT 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

NT 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. Available in all PhD programs. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours in PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS programs; may be repeated for a maximum of six hours in the PhD/THS program. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

NT 9011 Private Study - 0 Hours

In special circumstances, a student may register for one or more semesters of Private Study in order to meet the requirements for candidacy. Only for PhD/THS students in CH, NT, OT, ST departments. Counts as full-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week (half-time is 15 hours per week) are invested in doctoral study and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. May be repeated four times. No Credit.

NT 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/THS program participants may repeat it once. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

NT 9990 Dissertation Proposal Prep - 1-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. PhD/THS program participants may repeat this course once for a total of 3 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

NT 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Courses taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

NT 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

OT 5000 Intro to the Old Testament - 4 Hours

An introduction to the literature of the Old Testament, the history of Israel, critical issues of Old Testament formation, method in Old Testament study, and the theology of the Old Testament. This course meets the OT General Comprehensive requirement for MA students and the English Bible competency requirement for MDiv students, who must meet the SBCT requirement. Not for credit in the MA/NT or MA/OT programs. Elective credit in MDiv program. Auditors are not permitted in General Comp courses unless they have taken previous undergraduate course work in the subject or are not intending to complete the MA program. Offered fall.

OT 5050 Geography of Bible Lands - 3 Hours

Examination of the geography of Bible lands, including an analysis of the physical topography of natural regions and ancient sites, an assessment of political and territorial subdivisions, and a diachronic unfolding of those events that have transpired in the land that lend themselves to geographic explanation. The course will suggest and illustrate how some large blocks of biblical material, as well as several entire canonical books, can be significantly nuanced with historical and theological texture as a result of discerning the spatial dimensions embedded in the text.

OT 5075 Biblical Archaeology - 3 Hours

The relationship between archaeological data and the Old Testament is investigated with special interest in current problems in the field of biblical archaeology, such as the origins of Israel and the United Monarchy. The science of archaeology, fieldwork, and research methods are introduced.

OT 5100 English Bible: - 2-3 Hours

Demonstration of inductive Bible study method and treatment of the special teaching of a particular book or books of the Old Testament based on the English text. May be repeated for credit as the book studied changes. Not for credit in the MA/NT or MA/OT programs.

OT 5240 Elementary Hebrew I - 3 Hours

Essentials of biblical Hebrew grammar with emphasis on morphology, phonology, syntax, and vocabulary. OT 5240-5241 is taught in a sequence. Students must register for the same section both semesters. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Cap 16.

OT 5241 Elementary Hebrew II - 3 Hours

Further consideration of Hebrew grammar and vocabulary with a focus on the Hebrew weak verb. Designed to prepare the advancing Hebrew student for exegetical study by a detailed consideration of Hebrew syntax and the reading of selected texts. Students must register for the same section both semesters. May not be audited unless already taken for credit at Trinity. Prerequisite: OT 5240 passed with a C- or better. Cap 16.

OT 5242 Hebrew Exegesis - 3 Hours

Students will learn how to use Biblical Hebrew for exegetical study of Old Testament texts. Attention will be given to semantics, as well as syntax and structure. The course will focus primarily on the poetics of biblical narrative. The course will introduce the student to basic types of discourse and lay a foundation for the analysis of both narrative and poetry, equipping the student to move from observation and analysis to synthesis. The course will address strategies for moving from text to sermon and making the transition from exegesis to exposition. The course will establish the exegetical foundation for OT 6251. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5241 passed with a C- or better.

OT 6000 Current Studies in Old Testament - 1-4 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to Old Testament studies. May be repeated for credit.

OT 6251 Interpreting the Pentateuch and Former Prophets - 3 Hours

Building on OT 5242, students will develop exegetical competence in the Pentateuch (Genesis through Deuteronomy) and in the Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings). Students will apply learned exegetical methodology to various genres within these books. Working in selected narrative and legal texts, students will examine key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues. May not be audited. Course must be taken in sequence. Prerequisites: OT 5242 or OT 6050; and OT 5000 (with a grade of 'C-' or better) or passing the OT portion of the Standard Bible Content Test.

OT 6252 Interpreting the Latter Prophets - 3 Hours

Utilizing skills acquired in OT 6251, students will further develop exegetical competence in the Hebrew text of the Latter Prophets (Isaiah through Ezekiel, the Twelve, and Daniel). The course will advance the student's understanding of Hebrew poetry, its forms and techniques. Working in selected poetic and narrative texts, students will examine key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues. Students will apply learned exegetical methodology to various genres within these books. May not be audited. Course must be taken in sequence. Prerequisites: OT 6251; and OT 5000 (with a grade of 'C-' or better) or passing the OT portion of the Standard Bible Content Test.

OT 6253 Interpreting the Writings - 3 Hours

Culminating on the skills attained in OT 6251 and OT 6252, students will cultivate increased exegetical competence in the Hebrew text of the poetic books (Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations) and post-exilic narrative (Ezra/Nehemiah, Esther, Chronicles). Advanced consideration of Hebrew poetry will facilitate work in selected poetic and narrative texts. Students will examine key structural, contextual, thematic, critical, and theological issues. Students will apply learned exegetical methodology to various genres within these books. May not be audited. Course must be taken in sequence. Prerequisites: OT 6251; OT 6252; and OT 5000 (with a grade of 'C-' or better) or passing the OT portion of the Standard Bible Content Test.

OT 7090 Old Testament Theology - 3 Hours

A study of the approaches to the theology of the Old Testament in the last century in an effort to engage critically with recent proposals and develop skills for reading the Old Testament theologically.

OT 7420 Ancient Near Eastern Religions - 3 Hours

A comparative study of religions of the ancient Near East, with special treatment of Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Levantine and Israelite traditions. Various religious studies methodologies will be introduced, and sources for studying Ancient Near Eastern religions will be examined. Topics will be studied comparatively with the Israelite traditions, such as cosmology, temples, priests, popular religion and death/after-life.

OT 7430 Origins of Israel - 3 Hours

An investigation of the theories and issues related to the origins of Israel with particular emphasis on the textual sources, archaeological evidences, and anthropological models relevant to the question of historical reconstruction.

OT 7432 Warfare in OT and Ancient NE - 3 Hours

Warfare in the Old Testament and Ancient Near East is examined from ideological, religious, strategic, and tactical perspectives by investigating various textual, artefactual, architectural and iconographical sources. Theological and ethical issues will also be raised by study of pertinent biblical passages.

OT 7435 History of Israel - 3 Hours

An investigation of the study of the history of Israel from the origins of the nation to the end of the period of the Hebrew Bible.

OT 7440 History of the Ancient Near East - 3 Hours

An orientation in the world of the ancient Near East which surveys the social, economic, and political history of that region with emphasis on its relation to the Old Testament. Integrated with this material will be geography, archaeology, and the study of institutions as these contribute to an understanding of ancient Near Eastern history.

OT 7460 Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible - 3 Hours

A study of select readings from the Dead Sea Scrolls in Hebrew alongside the archaeological finds from Qumran and first century Palestine. Particular attention is given to the contributions that this corpus makes to biblical studies, textual criticism, and the beliefs and practices of intertestamental and New Testament Judaism, as well a early Christianity. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 7477 MA Major Comprehensive Exam - 1 Hour

A department-specific Major Comprehensive Exam required in some MA programs. Registration should be completed at the beginning of the semester for the regularly scheduled exam date later that semester. Credit is posted when the Exam is passed; No Credit if the Exam is failed or not completed.

OT 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for OT 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

OT 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for OT 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter.CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

OT 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

OT 7510 Hebrew Reading Skills - 3 Hours

Guided reading in selected passages to develop facility with Hebrew vocabulary and modes of expression, provide continued review of phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics, and improve reading comprehension. May be repeated for credit. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5241.

OT 7610 Biblical Aramaic - 3 Hours

Reading of the Aramaic portions of Daniel 2-7 and Ezra 4-7 and comparison of Aramaic phonology, morphology, and syntax with Hebrew. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 7614 Extrabiblical Aramaic - 3 Hours

Reading of Aramaic papyri and inscriptions from the first seven centuries of the first millennium B.C., as well as selected Aramaic Targums. Comparison of phonology, morphology, and syntax with biblical Aramaic. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 7620 Akkadian I - 3 Hours

Introduction to the Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform script of ancient Babylonia and Assyria and inductive study of the essentials of the grammar. Reading of selections from the Code of Hammurabi, the Epic of Gilgamesh, the Babylonian Creation Epic, and the Neo-Assyrian royal inscription, with comparisons to the Hebrew Bible. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242. Offered on demand.

OT 7621 Akkadian II - 3 Hours

Continuation of OT 7620. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 7620.

OT 7630 Ugaritic - 3 Hours

Guided reading in selected Ugaritic texts. Study of Ugaritic vocabulary, morphology, and syntax. Linguistic comparison of the language and texts with reference to points of contact with the Hebrew Bible. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242. Offered on demand.

OT 7640 Syriac - 3 Hours

Introduction to Syriac grammar with limited reading of the Peshitta text of the Old Testament. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242. Offered on demand.

OT 7650 Sumerian - 3 Hours

An introduction to the early cuneiform script and a study of the Sumerian language and literature in its historical context. A substantial part of the course is devoted to reading selected Sumerian texts from royal inscriptions and other genres. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242. Offered on demand.

OT 7655 West Semitic Inscriptions - 3 Hours

A study of selected extra-biblical Hebrew, Moabite, Philistine, Ammonite and Phoenician inscriptions according to their epigraphic contexts. Particular attention will be given to issues of genre, culture, religion and history as related to the Hebrew Bible. Prerequisite: OT 5242 or consent of the department chair.

OT 7660 Middle Egyptian - 3 Hours

This is an introductory course on the Egyptian language from the period 2100-1400 B.C. The student will learn to read, transcribe and translate hieroglyphs. The grammar and syntax of Middle Egyptian will be covered as well.

OT 7680 Literature of the Ancient Near East - 3 Hours

A study of literature from the Ancient Near Eastern world with special emphasis on literature that is important for reading the Old Testament in its context. The course will include an informed reading in translation of selected texts in representative genres of literature from the various Ancient Near Eastern cultures. The student will develop a methodology for sound comparison with the corresponding biblical genres. Offered every other year.

OT 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

OT 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

OT 8000 Seminar: Current Issues - 2-4 Hours

Topics chosen deal with significant issues in Old Testament content, history, introduction, and/or interpretation, and seminar discussion and presentation of advanced research papers. May not be audited. Prerequisites determined by seminar topic.

OT 8100 Old Testament Historiography: Issues and Methods - 3 Hours

The course provides an introduction to critical issues, secondary literature, and methods for advanced biblical and theological study of the Old Testament and its world. The course will prepare students for the research and writing of a master?s thesis or doctoral dissertation pertaining to Old Testament literature and history, as well as that of its Ancient Near Eastern milieu. Prerequisite: OT 5242. No auditors.

OT 8150 History of the Hebrew Bible - 3-4 Hours

A study of the textual evidence and theories regarding the compositional growth, progressive canonical development and recognition, and manuscript transmission of the books of the Old Testament from the 15th century B.C. down through the Masoretic period. The course will also consider the issue of intertextual reference and interpretation within the Old Testament and its contribution to our understanding of the historical growth and development of the Hebrew Bible.

OT 8210 Hebrew Exegesis: Genesis - 3-4 Hours

Consideration of the historical, historical-critical, interpretative, and theological issues in Genesis in the context of careful exegesis of selected passages. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 8230 Hebrew Exegesis: Psalms - 3-4 Hours

Overview of the Psalter's structure, major genres, themes, theology, and exegesis of representative psalms. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 8250 Hebrew Exegesis: Isaiah - 3-4 Hours

A text-linguistic study of selected portions of the Hebrew text of Isaiah. May not be audited. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 8720 Hebrew Exegesis: Select Book - 3-4 Hours

Exegesis of selected texts with special attention to relevant theological issues. Attention to the book's structure, central themes, and historical, cultural, and literary contexts may also be included. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 8723 Old Testament Textual Criticism - 3-4 Hours

Introduction to the textual critical study of the Old Testament and its relationship to other areas of Old Testament study. Consideration is given to the goals and methodology of Old Testament textual criticism and the ancient versions as translations. Analysis of selected texts, comparing the readings of the Masoretic Text with selected ancient versions. Prerequisite: OT 5242. Offered on demand.

OT 8729 Advanced Hebrew Studies: - 3-4 Hours

Study of linguistic, methodological, and historical issues related to the Hebrew language. Course titles include Advanced Hebrew Syntax, Historical Hebrew Grammar, Hebrew Lexicography and Semantics, and Postbiblical Hebrew. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: OT 5242.

OT 8811 History & Archaeology of the Ancient Near East I - 3 Hours

A careful study of the Ancient Near Eastern world with special focus on Mesopotamia and Egypt. The course will survey the cultural, social, economic, and political history of the various regions based on primary source material with special emphasis on relationships to the Old Testament. The course will integrate textual, archaeological, geographical, and institutional resources as these contribute to an understanding of Ancient Near Eastern history and culture. Offered every even year in the fall semester.

OT 8812 History & Archaeology of the Ancient Near East II - 3 Hours

A careful study of the Ancient Near Eastern world with special focus on Syria, Anatolia, Palestine, and Transjordan. The course will survey the cultural, social, economic, and political history of the various regions based on primary source material with special emphasis on relationships to the Old Testament. The course will integrate textual, archaeological, geographical, and institutional resources as these contribute to an understanding of ancient Near Eastern history and culture. Offered every odd year in the spring semester.

OT 8950 Old Testament Research and Methods - 3-4 Hours

The course provides an introduction to critical issues, secondary literature, and methods for advanced biblical and theological study of the Old Testament and its world. The course will prepare students for the research and writing of a master's thesis or doctoral dissertation pertaining to Old Testament literature and history, as well as that of its Ancient Near Eastern milieu. PhD students will complete additional work for the fourth hour of credit. MA students may not take this course for four credit hours. Prerequisite: OT 5242. No auditors.

OT 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for OT 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

OT 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for OT 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

OT 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for OT 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

OT 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. Available in all PhD programs. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours in PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS programs; may be repeated for a maximum of six hours in the PhD/THS program. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

OT 9011 Private Study - 0 Hours

In special circumstances, a student may register for one or more semesters of Private Study in order to meet the requirements for candidacy. Only for PhD/THS students in CH, NT, OT, ST departments. Counts as full-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week (half-time is 15 hours per week) are invested in doctoral study and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. May be repeated four times. No Credit.

OT 9925 Historiography: The Theology of Writing History - 3-4 Hours

This course will focus on the problems of general historiography and consider biblical historiography. Questions of selectivity, literary artistry, point of view, purpose, use of sources, and the author's theology that emerges from these will be studied. Course content will focus on biblical historiography in 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, and 1-2 Chronicles.

OT 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat the course twice for a total of three hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat it once. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

OT 9990 Dissertation Proposal Prep - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. Only PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat this course twice for a total of 3 hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat this course once for a total of 3 hours. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

OT 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Courses taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

OT 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

PCS 106 Preparation for College Study - 3 Hours

This course is designed to prepare freshmen students to meet the challenges of college study. It provides an overview of the intellectual demands of college education, assists students in assessing their personal learning attributes and improving their practical academic skills, and introduces elements of critical analysis. Required for all Deerfield traditional undergraduate students whose ACT English score is 16 or less and whose SAT verbal score is 400 or less; Florida undergraduates will be placed in the program based on the advice of the Admissions Committee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PCS 107 Preparation for College Study,Nonnative - 3 Hours

This course is designed to prepare international students and nonnative speakers of English to meet the educational and cultural demands of the American college classroom. The course provides insight into cultural factors that underlie assumptions and knowledge, methods of instruction, interaction with instructors, and other areas that affect academic performance. Stress is placed on assisting students to produce academic work that conforms to American collegiate standards. This course is required for international students and students whose native language is not English. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PCS 108 Critical Reading and Writing for College - 3 Hours

This course is designed to help students practice the critical skills in reading that are central to academic writing and discussion. The course provides students the opportunity to read, discuss, apply, integrate, and critique material from various academic disciplines, and offers instruction in committing their thoughts to writing. Required for entry into ENG 111 Critical Thinking and Writing for all Deerfield traditional undergraduate students whose ACT English score is 18 or less or whose SAT verbal score is 410 or less. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PCS 109 Reading and Writing Tutorial - 3 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Credit obtained in this course does not fulfill the major requirements in psychology (for Deerfield traditional and Florida undergraduates) or business (for Deerfield traditional undergraduates) or the minor requirement in sociology. (Florida undergraduates business majors take PSY 280X as part of the major.) Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Computer fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PCS 115 Developmental Mathematics - 2 Hours

This course is designed to improve the basic mathematics skills of arithmetic, geometry, and beginning algebra. The course will provide the requirements for those lacking the skills to enter Intermediate Algebra. The course will cover whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, proportions, problem solving, geometric relations, and basic algebra skills and equations. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 170 Logic - 3 Hours

A study of the principles of correct reasoning. This course will consider induction, deduction, informal fallacies, traditional logic, and symbolic logic. Offered every Fall for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 180 Introduction to Philosophy - 3 Hours

An introduction to philosophy that focuses on the principal issues in the theory of knowledge, metaphysics, ethics, and the construction of worldviews. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate.

PH 182 Ethics - 3 Hours

An introduction to problems and concepts in ethical theory, plus a consideration of contemporary moral problems. Offered every Spring for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 190 Introduction to Apologetics - 3 Hours

The course is designed to introduce students to the major cultural and philosophical challenges facing Christianity and begin developing the intellectual resources for its defense. The course covers the proofs for God's existence and the basic philosophical methods for supporting Christian faith. Delivery mode: Waupun Initiative.

PH 234 Love and Friendship - 3 Hours

This course is an integrated, philosophical study of the nature of love and friendship. Topics treated include various perspectives on love and friendship, different kinds of love and friendship, the role of friendship in the Christian life, married love, tough love, the possibility of love, and love for God. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 250 Special Topics in Philosophy - 3 Hours

Selected topics in philosophy not taught under a specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 290 Christian Apologetics - 3 Hours

The course is designed to introduce students to the major intellectual challenges facing Christianity, and examine the means and methods Christians have used to address these challenges. It covers the proofs for God's existence and a broad range of philosophical approaches for defending the Christian faith. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. This course is required to achieve an Emphasis in "Christian Apologetics" within the Philosophy Major.

PH 351 Topics in Apologetics - 3 Hours

Selected topics in apologetics not taught under a specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Prerequisite: PH 180. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 352 Topics in Ethics - 3 Hours

Selected topics in ethics not taught under a specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Prerequisite: PH 180. Offered on demand. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 357X Christian Classics - 3 Hours

This interdisciplinary, team-taught honors seminar will investigate significant primary works on the nature of religious spirituality from a variety of Christian traditions from the second century to the present. Cross listed with ENG 357X and HI 357X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 359 Topics for Honors Students - 3 Hours

Selected topics not taught under specific course titles. Depending on the topic, the course will be designated as falling under one or more departments. May be repeated for credit if the topic differs. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 360 Advanced Topics in Philosophy - 3 Hours

Selected advanced topics in philosophy not taught under a specific course title. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Prerequisite: PH 180. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 363X Survey of Religious Diversity - 3 Hours

A survey of the world's major religions, including Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and other religious movements. The specific aim of the course is to learn how to understand and engage a full range of religious worldviews from the perspective of the Christian faith. Special attention is given to comparing and contrasting religious movements with the historic Christian faith. The course probes various dimensions of the problem of religious truth, explores the possibility of constructing a systematic understanding of religions, and seeks to formulate creative and thoughtful responses to the problem of religious diversity. Cross listed with BRS 363X. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

PH 431X Contemporary Theory - 3 Hours

A study of significant theorists and perspectives in the late-modern period. Cross listed with ENG 431X. Offered every other year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 460X Seminar on Problems in Philosophy and the Philosophy of History - 3 Hours

An examination of selected issues in epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, and the philosophy of history. Prerequisite: PH 180, HUM 200, HUM 210, or HUM 220. Cross listed with HI 460X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 474X Introduction to Bioethics - 3 Hours

An overview of the Hippocratic/Judeo-Christian tradition in medical ethics against the background of biblical-theological discussion of human nature, medicine, and healing, and as a context for the rise of the new bioethics. Prerequisite: PH 180 or consent of instructor. This course is taught at the Trinity Graduate School (BE 5000). Offered fall semester. May substitute undergraduate Bioethics Institute (offered in July; register in May Term). Cross-listed with BE 474X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 475X Topics in Bioethics - 1-3 Hours

Selected courses taught either at the College or in conjunction with courses in the Trinity Graduate School. May be repeated for credit with a different topic. Offered fall or spring semester. Cross-listed with BE 475X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 476X Undergraduate Bioethics Institute - 3 Hours

This institute provides an overview of relevant bioethical issues and principles from a biblical-Christian perspective. It includes reading and assignments to be completed before the first class meeting and other assignments after the last class meeting, as well as a final paper. Participation in the associated National Bioethics Conference offered by The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity (usually spring and summer) is also required. The course is a unique opportunity to consider the subject and interact with a variety of academic experts, practitioners, and students at various stages of vocational and ethical preparation. Note: BE/PH 476x and BE/PH 477x are special courses, associated with The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity's Annual Summer Conference. The courses and conference provide a unique opportunity for students to interact with internationally recognized professionals in their field, and complete one or both courses for credit. Because of their unique nature, BE 476 and BE 477 are not included in the tuition remission option of TIU's three-year degree, due to the expenses associated with the conference and courses. Cross-listed with BE 476X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 477X Undergraduate National Conference - 2-3 Hours

This course enables students to take advantage of the opportunity offered by the National Bioethics Conference sponsored by The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity on an annual basis (usually spring and summer). Attendance at conference session and preparatory readings will allow students to reflect critically on the issues of the conference. Selection of a specific topic of interest from those considered in the conference and/or reading materials provide opportunity for extended research. Note: BE/PH 476x and BE/PH 477x are special courses, associated with The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity's Annual Summer Conference. The courses and conference provide a unique opportunity for students to interact with internationally recognized professionals in their field, and complete one or both courses for credit. Because of their unique nature, BE 476 and BE 477 are not included in the tuition remission option of TIU's three-year degree, due to the expenses associated with the conference and courses. Cross-listed with BE 477X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PH 482 Ethical Theory - 3 Hours

An analysis of the principal theories and problems of philosophical ethics, including the meaning of ethical language, alternative theories of the right and the good, and the implications of moral issues for the concept of God and other theological questions. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 105 Physics I - 3 Hours

A study of mechanics and heat. Prerequisite: MA 121 or consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 106 Physics II - 3 Hours

A study of electricity, optics, and wave theory. Prerequisites: MA 121 and either PHY 105 or PHY 111. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 111 General Physics I - 4 Hours

A study of mechanics and heat. Laboratory is included. Prerequisite: MA 121 or consent of instructor. Laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 112 General Physics II - 4 Hours

A study of electricity, optics, and wave theory. Laboratory is included. Prerequisites: MA 121 and either PHY 105 or PHY 111. Laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 150 Laboratory Methods in Physics - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to meet the need of the student who requires or desires a laboratory experience in physics additional to that available as part of the regularly offered coursework. The area of study will vary with the needs of the student. Prerequisite: at least one introductory course in physics and consent of the Chemistry Department Chair. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 305 Scientific Applications - 1-4 Hours

In-depth instructional or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 405 Advanced Scientific Applications - 1-4 Hours

Advanced instructional or laboratory experience designed to enhance the student's expertise, critical thinking, and laboratory and communication skills in any of several areas. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: invitation of the instructor. Instructor's consent by signature required. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PHY 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the need of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

POL 250 American Government - 3 Hours

This course surveys the structure, function, and principles of federal, state, and local government. National and state constitutional principles are specifically considered. Special attention is also paid to the historical development of governmental institutions in America. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

POL 255X Constitutional Law - 3 Hours

An examination of the American constitutional system with special emphasis given to the role of judicial institutions and the impact of Supreme Court decisions. Offered spring semester even years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Cross listed with CRJ 255X Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

POL 350 Topics in Political Science - 3 Hours

A seminar focusing on a selected topic in political science. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

POL 375 Topics in Law and Government - 3 Hours

A seminar focus on a selected topic such as church and state relations or the First Amendment and American democracy. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

POL 445 Internship - 2-4 Hours

Practical, supervised field experience in law, government, or public service. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

POL 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the need of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PR 5600 Christian Faith and Contemporary Challenges - 2 Hours

An introduction to some intellectual challenges to the Christian worldview and how biblically and theologically responsible Christians might respond to such challenges. Consideration is given to the central themes shaping the Christian faith, contrasting them with themes in other worldviews; to the relation between faith and reason in dealing with intellectual questions; and to some basic logical principles and concepts which are important both for doing theology and responding to critiques of Christian claims. Several specific intellectual challenges to the Christian faith (e.g., the existence of God, the problem of evil/suffering, faith and science, the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and religious pluralism) are examined, and possible Christian responses to them are developed.

PR 6000 Current Studies in Philosophy of Religion - 1-4 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to philosophy of religion.

PR 6410 History of Phil of Religion I - 3 Hours

This course covers ancient and medieval philosophy of religion and ends with discussion of the rationalists Descartes, Spinoza, and, Leibniz.

PR 6411 History of Phil of Religion II - 3 Hours

This course begins with study in the early modern period with the empiricists (Locke, Berkekey, and Hume) and continues with an examination of the contemporary period.

PR 7330 Philosophers of Religion and of Religious Significance - 3-4 Hours

In-depth consideration of the philosophy of an important religious thinker such as Augustine, Aquinas, Kierkegaard, Tillich, and Hartshorne, or of an important nonreligious thinker such as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Leibniz, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Russell, or Wittgenstein, whose thought strongly influenced religious and theological issues. May be repeated for credit.

PR 7480 MA Major Paper - 0-2 Hours

Participants in MA programs requiring a capstone integrative paper register for this course (MA/ICS). Specific paper requirements should be obtained from the department. Counts as half-time academic status. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as required by the program.

PR 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for PR 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

PR 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for PR 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter.CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

PR 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

PR 7705 Religious Epistemology - 3-4 Hours

Examination of the ways of knowing and tests for truth with special emphasis on the problems of religious knowledge and their implications for theological issues.

PR 7715 Theism - 3-4 Hours

Study in the existence and nature of God with emphasis on theistic arguments (ontological, cosmological, teleological, and moral) and on the internal coherence of such divine attributes as necessity, omnipotence, and omniscience.

PR 7750 Philosophical Issues in Religious Pluralism - 3-4 Hours

Consideration of the major epistemological and metaphysical issues for philosophy of religion arising from the discussions on religious diversity and religious pluralism. The views of influential philosophers such as John Hick, William Alston, Keith Ward, and others are examined, as well as responses to their work.

PR 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

PR 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

PR 7980 MA Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

MA participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for PR 7980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a MA capstone research paper (MA/PR). Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded C- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

PR 8000 Seminar: Current Issues - 2-4 Hours

Analyses of selected issues in philosophy of religion and their implications for Christian thought. Examples include the following: questions concerning the concept of God, the nature and possibility of the miraculous, freedom and determinism, religion and science, phenomenology, and the historicity of the resurrection of Christ.

PS 101 Earth Science - 4 Hours

A basic course in concepts of astronomy, meteorology, and geology. Laboratory is included. A laboratory fee is required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PS 110 Introduction to the Physical World - 3 Hours

This is a general education course designed especially for non-science majors. Students will be introduced to the basic concepts associated with various areas of physical science including geology, astronomy, and meteorology. Students will study the theoretical and empirical evidences that support our current understanding of God's physical world. There is no laboratory associated with this course. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PS 150 Laboratory Methods in Physical Science - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to meet the need of the student who requires or desires a laboratory experience in physical science additional to that available as part of the regularly offered coursework. The area of study will vary with the needs of the student. Prerequisite: at least one introductory course in physical science and consent of the Chemistry Department Chair. Laboratory fee. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PS 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee may be required. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 140 Introduction to Psychology - 3 Hours

A survey of the field of psychology: major orientations (neurobiological, behavioral, cognitive, psychoanalytic, and humanistic); historical developments; views of personhood; scientific procedures; and relevance to everyday life. Prerequisite for all 300- and 400-level psychology courses, with exceptions by permission of appropriate instructor, or online or Florida undergraduate advisor. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 141 Psychology Seminar - 1 Hour

This course is designed for students in psychology to develop their use of information technology and become familiar with psychological resources and report writing techniques. Students will also develop coping skills useful in their academic endeavors, as well as investigate the diverse career and educational paths for those graduating with an undergraduate degree in psychology. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

PSY 170X Leadership Dynamics - 3 Hours

This course will study the vital role and responsibilities of leaders within various organizations. Emphasis will be given to the study of a biblical concept of leadership, various leadership styles, spiritual gifts, personal development, leadership management, administration/delegation, change management, conflict management, and development of leadership staff. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with LR 170X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 210 Life Planning - 3 Hours

A personal investigation of the development tasks of young adulthood coupled with an exploration of vocational development. Emphasis is placed on personal application and growth. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 220 Interpersonal Skills Training - 3 Hours

A skills training approach to the development of interpersonal relationships. Students will learn skills in expressing themselves, active listening, responding, supporting, and challenging in nonjudgmental ways through group experiences. Students will have the opportunity to evaluate their interpersonal style, will receive input from each other, and make changes in the way they interact with others. Prerequisites for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: Three credit hours in Psychology and at least sophomore standing. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 228X Sport and Wellness Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of the psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation and performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity, and the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with HPW 228X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 230 Crisis Intervention - 3 Hours

A lecture/discussion seminar dealing with issues of people in crisis, crisis intervention, stress, and stress management. Emphasis will be on the practical aspect of helping people in distress. Prerequisite: Three credit hours in Psychology and at least sophomore standing. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

PSY 240 Human Sexuality - 3 Hours

Interdisciplinary examination of the physiological, cultural, and psychological bases of human sexual behavior with attention devoted to the student's development of a personal perspective toward sexuality that integrates Christian faith and moral integrity. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

PSY 250 Contemporary Issues Psychology - 3 Hours

A seminar composed of student and faculty desiring to pursue a topic of mutual interest. Preference will be given to issues that are timely and that involve the relating of psychology to the needs of society or the resolution of conflicts within the field of psychology. May be repeated for credit. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 251 Topics in Counseling Psychology - 3 Hours

A seminar focusing on a selected topic specific to the area of counseling psychology. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 255 Psychology of Addiction - 3 Hours

A survey of various forms of addictive behavior (drug, alcohol, sex, gambling, food, relationship, and others). Numerous theoretical approaches to addiction and the addictive personality are considered. Individual, family, group (including Twelve Step programs), behavioral modification, and other possible treatment interventions are assessed. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, Florida undergraduate, and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 260X Educational Psychology/Human Development - 3 Hours

A survey of the theories and philosophies of learning and human development in children and adolescents. Emphasis is placed on the cognitive processes associated with learning and the factors that influence motivation and engagement of children and adolescents. The learning and motivation of diverse populations is addressed through the lens of Universal Design for Learning. Prerequisite: ED 101 or three credit hours in psychology and at least sophomore standing. Cross-listed with ED 260X. This fulfills one (1) service learning requirement (equivalent to IDS 106) if the course is completed with a grade of C or higher and the required service hours are documented. Offered fall semester. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida non-traditional undergraduate.

PSY 280X Introductory Statistics - 3 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Credit obtained in this course does not fulfill the major requirements in psychology (for Deerfield traditional and Florida undergraduates) or business (for Deerfield traditional undergraduates) or the minor requirement in sociology. (Florida undergraduate business majors take PSY 280X as part of the major.) Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Computer fee. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 282 Introduction to SPSS - 1 Hour

Examination of SPSS for Windows, including topics in statistical analysis and data management useful to social science majors. Not appropriate for students who have taken or are enrolled in PSY 285X (MA 285X). Offered each semester. Computer fee for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 285X Statistics - 4 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Specific instruction and computer experience in the use of SPSS is provided. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Computer fee. Cross-listed with BIO 285X, MA 285X, SOC 285X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 300 Personality Theories - 3 Hours

This course acquaints students with theories and theorists having the greatest impact on the understanding of human personality. Some theories covered will be those developed by Freud, Jung, Adler, Rogers, Erikson, and Allport. Personality assessment, current personality research, and philosophical approaches to theory-building will also be discussed. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 305 Organizational Psychology - 3 Hours

Experientially based survey of the psychological principles that apply to social and organizational situations. Practicality is emphasized for those in supervisory, management, or leadership responsibilities in any setting (e.g., church, business, government). Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 310 Abnormal Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of history, definitions, and issues related to abnormal behavior. Major emphasis is on behavioral, existential, and physiological approaches. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 315 Life Assessment - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the development of self-understanding and preparation for the future. Issues of background, personality and temperament, learning style, identity, life experience and vocation will be examined. The role of autobiography as a means for self-assessment will be explored. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

PSY 320 Theories of Learning - 3 Hours

A study of the philosophy, history, methodology, theory, and research of learning and motivation. Applications of learning principles to a variety of contexts. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 330 Developmental Psychology - 3 Hours

An interdisciplinary study of human development from childhood through adolescence. Physical, cognitive, and personality development will be examined. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Cannot be counted for credit in conjunction with PSY 337. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

PSY 335 Child Development - 3 Hours

A study of human development as the product of both maturational and environmental influences. Emphasis is on the theories and research findings that pertain to preadolescence. Biological and environmental factors regarding physical, perceptual, cognitive, social, moral, and emotional development will be discussed. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 337 Psychology of Adolescence - 3 Hours

An interdisciplinary study of human development from puberty to early adulthood. Physical, cognitive, and personality development will be examined, both from the social and research point of view, while application will be encouraged for students who plan to work with adolescents. Special emphasis will be placed on the characteristics and needs of early adolescents and the role of professionals in the assessment, coordination, and referral of students to health/social service. Prerequisite: PSY 140; Education majors may substitute ED 260X/PSY 260X for PSY 140 as a prerequisite. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 339 Adult Development - 3 Hours

A study of human development encompassing adolescence through old age. Physical, perceptual, cognitive, social, and emotional changes will be considered along with major issues and life decisions faced during adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. (Not open to students with credit in PSY 336.) Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 345 Internship I - 1-6 Hours

Provides the students with opportunities to apply various principles of psychology learned in previous coursework to actual settings with a chosen population at an agency or organization. Direct supervision is provided by onsite personnel, and overall progress is monitored by a faculty member. Normally a junior year experience. May be used as psychology elective hours. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for psychology majors. Offered in any semester or session for Deerfield traditional or online undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Online students register as traditional students.

PSY 346X Research Methods and Design - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to the uses and varieties of research methods in the social sciences. Students will gain experience in designing and interpreting research and will become sophisticated consumers of research by recognizing strengths and limiting liabilities of research methods. At the end of the course, students should feel comfortable reading and reviewing the research of others, and be capable of proposing and carrying out their own research projects. Majors are strongly encouraged to complete this course no later than their junior year. Prerequisites: PSY 140 and PSY 285X. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. (Not open to students with credit in PSY 340.) Cross listed with SOC 346X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 350X Social Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of the interrelationships between the individual and social groups. Topics include the formation of attitudes and attitude change, the nature of groups and group processes, and theoretical perspectives of social psychology. Prerequisite: PSY 140 or SOC 101. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with SOC 350X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 355 Group Dynamics - 3 Hours

An interdisciplinary course in the social psychology of small groups, with emphasis on understanding and analyzing patterns of group interaction. A study of social forces that lead to group formation, leadership, decision making, problem solving, cohesion, and disintegration. Prerequisites: SOC 101 or PSY 140. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 356 Conflict Management - 3 Hours

This course surveys the dynamics of conflict from a variety of perspectives, emphasizing a Biblical understanding of interpersonal communication and conflict management. This course also addresses various theories of communication, verbal and nonverbal messages, and specific strategies to address conflicted situations, whether the conflict is interpersonal or organizational. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 360X Introduction to Social Work - 3 Hours

A study of social casework principles, procedures and philosophy, welfare history and administration. Related to a biblical view of humanity and the helping process. Prerequisite: PSY 140 or SOC 101. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with SOC 360X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 371 Dynamics of Group Behavior - 4 Hours

Students will examine small group behavior and how it affects organizational effectiveness. The structure and function of groups within various types of organizations, including businesses and churches will be considered. Group formation, teams, group roles, decision making, problem solving, conflict resolution, cohesion and disintegration are explored. Prerequisites: IDS 105, at least three credits in English composition, and at least sophomore standing. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate.

PSY 372 Cognitive Behavioral Psychology - 3 Hours

An exposure to the philosophy and methodology of psychology as a cognitive behavioral science. Methodological, radical, and contemporary cognitive behaviorism will be presented, with emphasis on social learning theory, cognitive psychology, self-efficacy theory, and the psychology of consciousness. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; online as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

PSY 374 Physiological Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of the physiological bases of behavior. Topics include sensory coding, the control of movement, sexual development, hunger and thirst, vision and hearing, sleep, emotions, learning and memory, language, and mental disorders. The role of physical and psychological causes of behavior and their interaction are also considered. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 375X Foundations of Christian Counseling - 3 Hours

This course familiarizes the student with the principles and techniques of counseling in ministry settings with a focus on counselor characteristics, problem-management skills, common counseling problems, multicultural dynamics, and various issues involved in the counseling process. Special emphasis will be placed on the unique contribution of biblical truths to counseling. Prerequisites: BI 101 and BI 111. Cross-listed with CM 375X. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 378X Servant Leadership - 3 Hours

This course is designed to move the student from theory to practice as it relates to being a Servant Leader (SL). Emphasis will be given to the strategic and tactical aspects of Servant Leadership with a pervasive focus given to evidencing a SL ethic. Servant Leader domains covered include: valuing people, developing people, displaying oneself authentically, building community, providing and sharing leadership. Prerequisite: LR 170X or LR 173/174. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross listed with LR 378X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 381 Counseling Theories - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to both classical and current theories of counseling -- evaluating them in light of Scripture, reason, and practical relevance. Prerequisite: PSY 140 and PSY 300. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 382 Crisis Counseling - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to the theory and practice of crisis intervention. Issues such as grief and trauma are explored from both professional and Christian perspectives. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 383 Marital Counseling - 3 Hours

A survey of various theoretical and methodological approaches to marital counseling. A particular emphasis is given to assessment strategies, problem diagnosis, and intervention techniques. Prerequisite: PSY 140. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 384 Parent Education - 3 Hours

A survey of various theoretical and methodological approaches to educating parents in working with children from infancy through adolescence. A particular emphasis is given to understanding, relating to, disciplining, and encouraging children throughout their lives. Delivery mode: Florida undergraduate and Waupun Initiative.

PSY 400 Therapeutic Psychology - 3 Hours

This course familiarizes the student with the major theoretical approaches to counseling and psychotherapy and the various disciplines involved in psychological treatment. The therapy process is examined in terms of the role of the therapist and client, material frequently addressed in therapy, some of the techniques employed, psychotherapy research, and ethical issues related to counseling. The student will examine these topics as a prospective service-provider, as well as a potential consumer of psychological services. Prerequisite: PSY 300 or PSY 310. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online.

PSY 420X Advanced Interpersonal Skills Training - 3 Hours

An advanced course in interpersonal relationships that explores elements of group leadership. Students will have an opportunity to train other students in relationship skills, to lead groups, and to receive supervision from the professor. Prerequisite: PSY 220, and invitation of the instructor. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with SOC 420X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 430 Psychology of Religion - 3 Hours

An overview of the research into the psychology of religion as it relates to social, economic, political, and personal behavior. Provides a theoretical framework for assessing religion, for exploring the development and role of personal faith through the lifespan, and for understanding the social and organizational frameworks for religious and moral behavior. Prerequisite: a minimum of 9 hours of psychology coursework and junior or senior standing. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 440 Integration of Psychology and the Christian Faith - 3 Hours

A discussion seminar on foundational integrative methodologies regarding the discipline of psychology and Christian faith. Emphasis will be on practical applications to situations confronting the Christian today. Prerequisite: a minimum of 15 hours of psychology coursework. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

PSY 441 Psychology Senior Seminar - 1 Hour

Capstone course for the Psychology major (or the Social Science major for students focusing on courses in Psychology). This course prepares students for making the transition to vocation and/or graduate study, reviews the APA guides for ethics and publication form, assesses basic knowledge in the field of psychology and stabilizes the student's perspective on the integration of psychology and their Christian faith. Prerequisite: senior standing. This course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Psychology major. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Online students register as traditional students.

PSY 445 Internship II - 2-6 Hours

Provides the students with advanced opportunities to apply various principles of psychology learned in previous coursework or a previous internship experience to actual settings with a chosen population at an agency or organization. Direct supervision is provided by onsite personnel, and overall progress is monitored by a faculty member. Normally a senior year experience. May be used as psychology elective hours. May be repeated for credit, but total internship credit is limited to 12 hours. Satisfies the professional experience requirement for psychology majors. Offered in any semester or session for Deerfield traditional or online undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Online students register as traditional students.

PSY 450 Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

Research and specialized studies designed to meet the needs of individual students. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 460 Thesis - 3-6 Hours

Independent research designed and conducted under psychology faculty supervision and completed as a professional style paper. Prerequisite: PSY 340. Offered to individual students with senior standing on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Permission of department required. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PSY 470X Leadership Dynamics Practicum - 1-6 Hours

An advanced application course in leadership dynamics. Students will integrate leadership theory with experience in a practical setting, either on or off campus. Program specifics should allow students to practice all areas of leadership, including planning, implementation, and supervision. Practical experiences must be approved by the chair of either the Business or Psychology department. Enrollment is contingent upon completion of the College's internship contract, including the stipulation of course requirements. May be repeated for up to twelve total hours of credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and enrollment in an academic leadership program: the OL emphases, minors in either leadership or the practical leadership endorsement. Cross-listed with LR 470X. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

PT 5090 Field Education - 0 Hours

Specific subject sections noted below or as arranged with the Director of Field Education. Contact the Field Education Office, or review the online materials for current descriptions of these areas. Prerequisite: Completed Field Education Orientation (a one-hour session offered during the first week of the fall and spring semesters; contact the Field Education Office for dates) or pass the Field Education Orientation Quiz. Once completed, students are cleared for course enrollment in a Field Education course. Repeatable as needed in the program. Credit/No Credit. Subject sections include the following: Academic Teaching (section 1), Adult Education (section 2), Campus Ministry (section 3), Chaplaincy (section 4), Children and Youth Ministries (section 5), Church Planting (section 6, Compassion and Justice Ministries (section 7), Counseling Ministries (section 8), Cross-Cultural (see PT 5095), Discipleship (section 9), Educational Ministries (section 10), Evangelism (section 11), Leadership and Administration (section 12), Media (section 13), Music and Worship (section 14), Pastoral Ministries (section 15), Urban Ministries (section 16), Women's Ministries (section 17).

PT 5095 Field Education: Cross Cultural Ministries - 0 Hours

Contact the Field Education Office, or review the online materials for current description. Credit / No Credit.

PT 5100 Spiritual Formation for Ministry - 2 Hours

For fruitful Christian ministry, it is vital both to know oneself and to know God. This course helps students gain a biblical-theological understanding of how one grows in the knowledge and grace of God through Christ. This course also helps students understand themselves better so as to reflect on their vocational goals. Specifically, students will : 1) understand and engage in a biblical-theology of spiritual formation and sanctification centered on the "means of grace," 2) explore the importance of self-care in ministry in regard to oneself and one's family, 3) with the help of assessment instruments and a personal narrative, reflect on their own strengths, weaknesses and personalities as they pertain to vocational ministry and, 4) develop a Personal and Professional Development Plan. Should be taken during first or second semester of enrollment. A fee for assessments will be charged for this course.

PT 5150 Introduction to Church Planting - 3 Hours

This course will provide the student with an overview of the theology, theory, and practice of a church-planting ministry. Special attention will be given to a model of evangelism for church planting, to the Pauline cycle, and to contemporary models of church planting. A preliminary assessment component for church planters is also included.

PT 5155 Church Planting Boot Camp - 3 Hours

Church Planting Bootcamp provides an introduction to the major start-up issues the planter faces. The objective is to provide a theological foundation and practical ministry skills that will enable the planter to start healthy, growing, reproducing churches. Four stages of church planting: preparation, conception, development, and birth stage are explored. Offered each May.

PT 6000 Current Studies in Pastoral Theology - 1-3 Hours

Topics selected deal with significant issues related to pastoral theology.

PT 6155 Advanced Church Planting - 2 Hours

Students will investigate church planting from a practitioner's point of view. Particular attention will be given to leadership styles and skills, recruitment and training of leaders, and the integration of church growth principles with the practice of church planting. Prerequisite: PT 5150.

PT 6300 Intro to Chaplain Ministries - 2 Hours

The course will assist participants in exploring and evaluating various chaplaincy options as full or part-time ministry vocations. Though primary emphasis will be given to military and institutional chaplaincies (hospital, hospice, prison, etc.), other options will also be discussed including corporate, law enforcement, National Park, university, and Civil Air Patrol.

PT 6500 Money and Ministry - 2-3 Hours

This course helps students, ministry staff and pastors grow in sensitivity and knowledge about how to navigate financial challenges common in a variety of ministry settings. The course is designed to be flexible and developmental in nature, since each participant will come to the course with varying levels of financial knowledge, experience, and competency. The goal is to build upon the different foundations each participant will be bringing to the course, and tailor assignments in a variety of ways to help each participant grow in understanding and wisdom.

PT 7225 The Essence of Biblical Leadership - 2 Hours

In recent years the issue of leadership has occupied a great deal of our thinking and attention. There is no shortage of resources and seminars on the subject. To be sure, there needs to be the infusion of fresh, godly, biblical leadership who are filled with the compassion of Christ and who are committed to advancing His Cause. But what is distinctively Christian leadership? What does the Bible teach about leadership? What is the relationship between leadership and our effectiveness in ministry? These and other questions will be addressed in the course.

PT 7250 Christian Worship and Pastoral Practices - 3 Hours

An introduction to Christian worship and the practices of pastoral ministry particularly in the liturgical leadership and pastoral care of the church. The course includes attention to the biblical theology and history of Christian worship, an examination of the interplay between worship and culture, worship styles, worship planning and leadership. The course is designed to: 1) equip students with a biblical theological and historical understanding of Christian worship, 2) develop skills in planning and leading Christian worship that is biblically faithful and culturally engaging, 3) develop basic competency in engaging in select pastoral practices within the church, 4) gain intercultural skill in pastoral practices by better understanding a cultural / context different than their own. Prerequisite; PT 5100.

PT 7410 Denominational History & Polity - 1 Hour

Designed for students seeking a greater understanding of, or anticipating possible placement within, a particular Christian denomination. Attention paid to history, polity, doctrine, missionary outreach, and current trends. This is an independent study course, enabling the student to work with a pastor/ administrator from, and study the history and polity of, a denomination other than the EFCA. To register for course, the student must contact the professor of record to receive clearance. Before registering, the student must select a denominational representative, and the representative must be approved by the professor of record according to TEDS standards for supervision. This class may be taken as an alternative to PT 7412 Comparative Denominational Reading Course, or PT 7415 EFCA History and Polity. Offered every semester.

PT 7412 Comparative Denominational - 1 Hour

Designed for students seeking a greater understanding of two denominations in order to explore and envision how God might use them to serve in ministry, by possibly aligning with one of them. This is an independent study course with attention paid to history, polity, doctrine, missionary outreach, and current trends. To register for course, the student must contact the professor of record to receive clearance to register. Before registering, the student must select two denominations and submit a proposed reading list for comparing them. This class may be taken as an alternative to PT 7410 Denominational History and Polity Reading Course, or PT 7415 EFCA History and Polity. Offered every semester.

PT 7415 Evangelical Free Church History and Polity - 1 Hour

Designed for students seeking a greater understanding of the EFCA or anticipating possible placement within the denomination. Attention paid to history, polity, doctrine, missionary outreach, and current trends. Students are challenged to consider these distinctives in relation to their own concepts of ministry context and potential. Offered fall and spring.

PT 7440 Seminar for Placement - 1 Hour

Seminar designed for senior students who will be seeking placement in various local church ministries. Intended to help students present themselves for greatest possible consideration by prospective churches with an understanding of evaluating appropriate fit in particular ministry settings for long-term fruitfulness. Particular attention paid to ministry transitions and the candidating process. Recommended for students desiring to use the services of the Placement Office. No ThM credit.

PT 7450 Urban Ministry Practicum I - 3 Hours

Focus: urban church education. A practicum that aims to develop skills in structuring Christian education curricula for a particular urban church setting. Opportunities for the student to acquire or increase practical experience and skill in working in, or restructuring, such areas as Sunday school evaluation, curriculum evaluation and selection, and adult education programming with the unique opportunities and problems of the city in mind. Enrollment limited to MA in UM students. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

PT 7451 Urban Ministry Practicum II - 3 Hours

Focus: organization and administration of the urban programs of the church. A practicum that aims to develop increased skills in management, leadership, and development of leaders. Special attention given to practical organizational and administrative problems in an urban church setting. Enrollment limited to MA in UM students. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

PT 7452 Urban Ministry Practicum III - 3 Hours

Focus: theology of urban ministries. A practicum that aims to help students develop and reflect upon doctrinal, philosophical, and practical bases for functioning effectively in the city. Enrollment limited to MA in UM students. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

PT 7471 Urban Ministry Project Design/Research - 3 Hours

Research and design for professional projects involving pastoral ministry and outreach in an urban context. Includes a careful statement of specific project activities, measurable objectives, and evaluation procedures. Prerequisite: completion of all classroom studies in the MA in UM. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

PT 7472 Urban Ministry Project Report - 3 Hours

Implementation of the project designed in PT 7471, including adjustments as necessary to meet the needs of participants. Prerequisite: PT 7471. Offered only at the South Chicago Regional Center.

PT 7481 Internship I - 1-3 Hours

The internship is a guided ministry experience designed for the formation of pastoral identity under the guidance of ministry mentors and TEDS faculty. Interns are supervised in a ministry context by qualified internship mentors approved and trained by the Office of Supervised Ministries. The office and TEDS faculty from various departments provide formative interactions with interns individually, through written assignments and through the leading of an Internship Huddle. The Huddle includes student discussion with fellow interns and TEDS faculty. Internship Seminars touch on integrative topics crucial to ministerial formation and practice. This course is the first internship experience for MDiv students in the Church and Parachurch Track (may be taken for 2 or 3 hours; 100 hours of field experience required per credit hour) and the only internship option for those in the Academic Track (must be taken for 3 hours). A one-hour option is available for those under a catalog prior to 2017-18. Students enrolled in 3 or more credit hours during any semester of Internship are granted full-time academic status. Prerequisites: MDiv Candidacy, Internship Orientation, and approval from the Director of Supervised Ministries.

PT 7482 Internship II - 1-3 Hours

This course is designed to be the second Internship experience for MDiv students in the Church and Parachurch track (may be taken for 2 or 3 Hours). The course provides an expansion of the student's ministry experience, mentoring from qualified practitioners, and theological reflection in a huddle experience with other Interns and Faculty. One hundred hours of field experience are required per credit hour over a 13-week semester (15 hours per week for 2 hours of academic credit and 23 hours per week for 3 hours of academic credit). This course requires a continuation of the same ministry site and mentor as PT 7481 Internship unless granted an exception by the Director of Supervised Ministries. Students enrolled in 3 or more credit hours during any semester of Internship are granted full-time academic status. Prerequisite: PT 7481 Internship I.

PT 7483 Internship III - 1-2 Hours

This course is for Church and Parachurch track MDiv students fulfilling their Internship requirements over three semesters. It is normally fulfilled in the same ministry setting where the students completed their prerequisite PT 7481 and PT 7482 Internships. It can only be fulfilled in a different ministry setting than the PT 7481 and PT 7482 ministry if the new ministry setting is cross-cultural for the student and permission has been granted by the Director of Supervised Ministries. Students enrolled in 3 or more credit hours during any semester of Internship are granted full-time academic status. Prerequisites: PT 7481 and PT 7482.

PT 7484 Intensive Internship - 3-6 Hours

This course is for Church and Parachurch track MDiv students fulfilling their entire six hours of Internship requirements in one semester. This option is for extraordinary cases only and requires approval from the Director of Supervised Ministries. Extraordinary circumstances may include: 1) an intensive and immersive cross-cultural ministry setting; or 2) a full-time post-seminary pastoral residency program. Students will work in a single ministry setting for 45-50 hours per week for 13-15 weeks. Considered full-time academic status. Prerequisites: MDiv Candidacy, Internship Orientation, and approval from the Director of Supervised Ministries.

PT 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

PT 7710 Maintaining Unity & Purity in the Church - 3 Hours

This course explores the nature of the unity of the church and its grounding in the triune nature of God and his reconciling work in Christ. Specifically addressed are issues of unity between churches (ecumenicity); multiethnic, intergenerational, socio-economic, and gender unity in the church; and doctrinal and moral dimensions of the unity of the church.

PT 7720 Perseverance, Assurance & Ministry - 3 Hours

This course is a study of the soteriological issues of the perseverance of the saints and the assurance of salvation and their impact on pastoral ministry. Topics to be considered will include biblical and theological frameworks for understanding these doctrines, the goal of pastoral ministry in light of these doctrines, preaching, especially from the warning passages of Scripture, pastoral care, especially in times of suffering, dealing with doubt, discipleship of believers at various points in their spiritual journeys, and evangelism and the offer of assurance.

PT 7722 Developing a Healthy Congregational Culture - 2 Hours

This course will explore a topic that is critical in the life of the church and yet is often overlooked: the formation of a congregational culture. In various ways, congregational culture impacts the shaping of the identity, mission, and spiritual formation of all local churches. However, the formation of the congregational culture becomes even more critical when a congregation is facing the challenge of forming or maintaining generational, ethnic, or socio-economic class diversity. In this course, we will seek to understand what congregational culture is, why it is so essential in the formation of a healthy church, and how it is formed.

PT 7724 Ministry in Under-Resourced Communities - 3 Hours

This course aims to equip students with biblical motivation and strategies for serving those who are in need in their communities. There are three course objectives, each of which involves the student developing a desire and ability to answer effectively the following three questions: (1) Do Christians and their churches have a responsibility to help meet not only the spiritual but also the material (social, economic, political) needs of people? (2) How can Christians respond to particular contemporary challenges such as those posed by family breakdown, the media, business, racism and poverty? (3) What means of structural change can be pursued by Christians today?.

PT 7820 Developing Asian American Min - 2 Hours

Given the Asian American church's unique socio-cultural setting and the particular set of challenges it faces, how should it care for its people and carry out its mission to the world? This course will examine the Asian American church experience from historical, sociological, and theological perspectives and then explore some of the models/approaches of ministry that might be appropriate for this particular context.

PT 7842 Understanding the Urban World - 2 Hours

The main focus of the course will be on modern and postmodern patterns of urbanization. Urban systems will be analyzed in their metropolitan as well as global contexts, and special attention will be given to the social, cultural, and economic restructurings that are taking place within the city. The student will be continually challenged to reflect on the unique ministry and mission implications that the urban context poses for the whole church.

PT 7848 Ministry of the Urban Church - 2 Hours

Through the lens of a biblical understanding of the church and its purposes, this course will examine the urban environment, with focused attention on the central city, the poor, and ethnic/minority communities as a context for ministry. The special needs in these contexts will be examined and related to the ministry challenge of the local church. The ministry task of the local church will in turn be examined in terms of the pastoral leadership role, including the personal dimensions of the minister's life and preparation, as well as the actual practice of ministry.

PT 7860 Social & Cultural Exegesis - 2-3 Hours

This course seeks to equip the student to critically analyze the social and cultural context of today's changing world from a biblical and theologically informed perspective. Special attention will be given to the social processes that have historically shaped our culture, from the post-1800s urbanization to postmodernism. The course will then seek to help the student to understand the dialectic relationship between the church and its surrounding culture/society and the church's prophetic call to be a change-producing agent.

PT 7870 Ministry of Mercy & Justice - 2 Hours

To equip students with biblical motivation and strategies for serving those who are in need in their communities. There are three course objectives, each of which involves the student developing a desire and ability to answer effectively the following three questions: (1) Do Christians have a responsibility to help meet not only the spiritual but also the material (social, economic, political) needs of people? (2) What means of structural change, if any, are allowable and most appropriate for Christians today? (3) How can Christians respond to particular contemporary challenges such as those posed by family breakdown, the media, business, racism and poverty?.

PT 8000 Current Issues - 2-3 Hours

Seminar discussion and advanced individual research on significant issues in pastoral theology.

PT 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for PT 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

PT 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for PT 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

PT 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for PT 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology - 3 Hours

A study of the basic structures of human society including social forces that hold groups together or pull them apart. Social institutions such as family, education, religion, and political economic systems are examined using sociological tools of analysis. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

SOC 221 Marriage and the Family - 3 Hours

Marriage and the family in historic and contemporary society, including the changes in family structure, function, and roles. The problems of dating, courtship, and marriage in modern American society are presented and related to biblical principles. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, online, and Florida undergraduate.

SOC 222 Social Problems - 3 Hours

A study of the principles of social disorganization and the application of these principles to an analysis of selected social problems. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate.

SOC 231 Cultural Anthropology - 3 Hours

An introduction to the principles of cultural anthropology. Includes the cross-cultural analysis of such topics as religion, language, family, economics, and political systems and an introduction to culture and personality studies, structural-functional analysis, and cultural ecology. Offered spring semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 232 Social Movements - 3 Hours

This course focuses on theoretical domains in the sociological study of social movements and general social processes rather than on specific movements. Substantive work on specific movements is used to explain issues such as mobilization, tactics, and ideology, as well as how the social context in which a movement takes place matters. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate: other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate, Florida undergraduate, online.

SOC 250 Special Topics - 3 Hours

An exploration of current topics in society and the discipline as addressed by sociological theory and research. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 285X Statistics - 4 Hours

An examination of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specific topics include the scientific method, data analysis and production, measures of central tendency and variability, correlation and regression, random sampling and probability, nonparametric inferential tests, and parametric inferential tests including one-way analysis of variance. Specific instruction and computer experience in the use of SPSS is provided. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Computer fee. Cross-listed with BIO 285X, MA 285X, PSY 285X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 324X Criminology - 3 Hours

A study of individual and community factors as they relate to cause and correction. Theories in their historical context will be integrated with the present-day perspective of prevention and treatment. The roles of the church, the courts, the governments, and other community agencies will be considered. Prerequisite: SOC 101. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Cross listed with CRJ 324X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

SOC 330 Race and Ethnic Relations - 3 Hours

This course provides a sociological perspective on intergroup relations between different ethnic groups. Cultural-based differences regarding communication styles, lifestyles, and ideology are explored, as well as the mechanisms of discrimination as they influence power structures inhibiting equality. The history and current experiences of some of the ethnic groups represented in the United States are examined. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

SOC 335 Urban Sociology - 3 Hours

An examination of the urbanization process, the dynamics of the urban "explosion" and its implications worldwide. Particular attention is given to subcultural groupings and to the social and subcultural interactions that characterize the urban experience. The inherent problems of urban growth and the enactment of urban policies designed to address those problems are also considered. Students are given first-hand exposure to the urban environment. Prerequisite: SOC 101 or permission by online or Florida undergraduate advisor. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate; other modes as scheduled. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate and Florida undergraduate.

SOC 345 Internship I - 2-6 Hours

Provides the students with opportunities to apply various principles of the social sciences learned in previous coursework to actual settings at an agency or organization. Direct supervision is provided by onsite personnel, and overall progress is monitored by a faculty member. Normally a junior year experience. May be used as sociology elective hours. Offered in any semester or session for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 346X Research Methods and Design - 3 Hours

This course introduces students to research methods in the social sciences. The course guides students, as researchers, in making good choices in applying research methods to reach quality conclusions. It also guides students, as research consumers, in evaluating research reports and coming to quality decisions by recognizing research methods strengths and limiting liabilities. Majors are strongly encouraged to complete this course no later than their junior year. Prerequisites: SOC 101 and SOC 285X. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. (Not open to students with credit in PSY 340.) Cross listed with PSY 346X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 350X Social Psychology - 3 Hours

A study of the interrelationships between the individual and social groups. Topics included are the formation of attitudes and attitude change, the nature of groups and group processes, and theoretical perspectives of social psychology. Prerequisite: PSY 140 or SOC 101. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with PSY 350X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 360X Introduction to Social Work - 3 Hours

A study of social casework principles, procedures and philosophy, welfare history, and administration. Related to a biblical view of humanity and the helping process. Prerequisite: PSY 140 or SOC 101. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with PSY 360X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 420X Advanced Interpersonal Skills - 3 Hours

An advanced course in interpersonal relationships that explores elements of group leadership. Students will have an opportunity to train other students in relationship skills, to lead groups, and to receive supervision from the professor. Prerequisite: PSY 220, and invitation of the instructor. Offered each semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Cross-listed with PSY 420X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SOC 445 Internship II - 2-6 Hours

Provides the students with advanced opportunities to apply various principles of the social sciences learned in previous coursework or a previous internship experience to actual settings at an agency or organization. Direct supervision is provided by onsite personnel, and overall progress is monitored by a faculty member. Normally a senior year experience. May be used as sociology elective hours. May be repeated for credit, but total internship credit is limited to 12 hours. Offered in any semester or session for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SP 121 Elementary Spanish - 4 Hours

Pronunciation, conversation, reading, and grammar. Laboratory activities. Collateral reading with reports during the second semester. As far as possible, the course is conducted in Spanish. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Credit for both semesters is required in order to apply to general education foreign language competency. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SP 122 Elementary Spanish - 4 Hours

Pronunciation, conversation, reading, and grammar. Laboratory activities. Collateral reading with reports during the second semester. As far as possible, the course is conducted in Spanish. Offered each year for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Credit for both semesters is required in order to apply to general education foreign language competency. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SP 221 Intermediate Spanish - 3 Hours

Review of grammar, conversation, dictation, composition, and reading. Laboratory activities. Collateral reading with reports. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: SP 121-SP 122. Offered fall semester on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SP 222 Intermediate Spanish - 3 Hours

Continuation of SP 221. Prerequisite: SP 221. Offered spring semester on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

SP 450 Independent Study - 2-4 Hours

Individual work based on specific needs. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

ST 5201 Theology I: The God of the Gospel - 3 Hours

This course establishes the foundations for systematic theology, reflecting upon the triune God and the God-world relation. It introduces theological methodology and treats the doctrines of general and special revelation, particularly that of Holy Scripture. The course also engages theology proper (the divine perfections and personal attributes of the Holy Trinity) and the works of God in creating and providentially caring for the cosmos, including humans.

ST 5202 Theology II: The Gospel of God - 3 Hours

This course focuses on the gospel, the economy of salvation, the incarnation of the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The course begins by treating the human condition as now fallen, and sin as the backdrop of the gospel. Attention then turns to the work of Christ, particularly the atonement and accomplishment of redemption as the content of the gospel. The course then considers the application and consummation of redemption by examining the work of the Holy Spirit, the nature, mission, and destiny of the church as the gathered people of God as the climax of the gospel. The course concludes with a consideration of how the gospel story ends, for believers and unbelievers in the glory of God's being all in all in the new heaven and the new earth. Prerequisite: ST 5201.

ST 7200 Theological Ethics - 3 Hours

This course is an examination of how Christian ethics moves from biblical and systematic theology to moral theology and how theological commitments (e.g., theology proper, anthropology, Christology, soteriology, pneumatology, ecclesiology) structure and govern moral reflection. It explores the application of a robust, moral-theological framework to issues of contemporary personal, pastoral, and societal importance (such as personhood and human dignity, biomedical technologies, sexual ethics, and the pursuit of peace, justice, and reconciliation). Prerequisites: ST 5201 and 5202.

ST 7477 MA Major Comprehensive Exam - 1 Hour

A department-specific Major Comprehensive Exam required in some MA programs. Registration should be completed at the beginning of the semester for the regularly scheduled exam date later that semester. Credit is posted when the Exam is passed; No Credit if the Exam is failed or not completed.

ST 7485 MA Thesis - 0-3 Hours

MA thesis writers register for ST 7485 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department. No grade is posted for this course until the thesis is completed and approved.

ST 7486 MA Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ST 7485 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status (35 hours of academic work per week.) for the first semester, quarter time thereafter.CR is posted when substantive thesis progress is made, NC when inadequate progress is made.

ST 7501 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Independent research on an approved selected topic under a faculty member in the department bearing the course prefix. May be repeated for credit as the subject matter changes. Available in all departments. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with faculty member.

ST 7505 Use of Scripture and Theology - 3 Hours

This course examines the manifold ways in which theologians, ancient and modern, evangelical and non-evangelical, Western and non-Western, view and especially use Scripture to formulate theological proposals, with regard both to Christian doctrine and practice. The course compares prominent schools of interpretation within the broader theological landscape and constructively suggests ways to extend the logic of Scriptural teaching into contemporary contexts. The twin questions, 'What does it mean to be biblical?' and 'How ought biblical authority actually work?' are addressed by developing an account of how the ancient biblical writings that comprise Scripture (divine discourse) generate and govern contemporary theological understanding and practice. Several case studies are employed to help students learn how to move from biblical exegesis to systematic theological reflection, and thus to become self consciously evangelical theologians who know how rightly to handle the word of truth.

ST 7695 Hermeneutics - 3-4 Hours

The science of biblical interpretation with examination and explanation of the various systems of such. Using selected passages of Scripture, the disciplines necessary in biblical interpretation come to be understood and developed.

ST 7715 Political Theologies - 3-4 Hours

A course designed to clarify what constitutes a 'political theology' and to investigate the biblical and theological bases of representative political theologies. Discussion focuses around such systems as liberation theology, black theology, and feminist theology.

ST 7911 Colloquium in Systematic Theology - 1 Hour

Integrative seminar for all students majoring in theology on various topics of contemporary concern. May be repeated. Credit / No Credit.

ST 7975 MA/ThM Comp Exam Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Major Comprehensive Exam and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only two semesters during which student must complete Comprehensive Exams or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status. Contact the Records Office for registration.

ST 7976 MA or ThM Thesis Proposal Prep - 0 Hours

An optional registration status for students preparing for their Thesis Proposal and who are not taking other courses during the semester of preparation. (May not be taken when another course is taken.) This registration ensures continuity in your TEDS program and defers continuation fees. Available for only one semester during which students must complete their Proposal or their academic status in the program will be jeopardized. Counts as quarter-time academic status.

ST 7980 MA Major Research Paper - 0-2 Hours

MA participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for ST 7980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a MA capstone research paper (MA/PR). Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded C- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

ST 8000 Seminar: Current Issues in Theology - 2-4 Hours

Lectures or seminar in a distinctive area of biblical or systematic theology; topics chosen in relation to the special competence of resident and visiting faculty, as well as current interests and needs.

ST 8030 The Problem of Evil - 3-4 Hours

An examination of one of the traditional problems for Christian theism. After initially clarifying the nature of this attack against theism, discussion turns to different defenses and theodicies offered in response to this problem. Treatment will cover the problem in both its logical and evidential forms.

ST 8100 Essentials of Reformed Theology - 3 Hours

This course delves into a particular theological tradition rather than a single doctrine ? the Reformed. A single guiding question generates and governs the course contents and its conversation partners: ?What makes Reformed theology distinctly Reformed?? We approach this overarching question, much as one would a summit, by exploring various paths of ascent: textual, contextual, historical, hermeneutical, doctrinal, conceptual, ideological, confessional, and comparative.

ST 8101 Karl Barth as Theological Interpreter of Scripture - 3 Hours

A critical analysis of the origins, developments, and major contours of Barth's theology from his earliest writings to his later Church Dogmatics through an inductive study of selected primary texts and interaction with key secondary sources. Special attention is given to Barth's theological method, hermeneutics, and doctrine of the Word of God, as well as to other central theological topics (e.g., election, providence, the relation of dogmatics to ethics). Barth's ideas are examined in the context of his life, the larger historical and intellectual context of his world, and the contemporary theological situation.

ST 8102 Analytic Theology - 3 Hours

This course provides an overview of one of the most important recent developments in theology, namely, analytic theology. This is an approach to theology that borrows ideas, concepts, and methods from analytic philosophy. The course begins with an introduction to the history and nature of analytic theology and then examines core Christian doctrines as they have been recently discussed by analytic theologians. This course is intended to provide students with the resources for developing their own evaluation of the fruit of analytic theology as it pertains to Christian faith, practice, and ministry.

ST 8103 Bonaventure - 3 Hours

Bonaventure was a major thinker within the landscape of 13th century Latin scholasticism. Due to his appointment as minister general of the Franciscan order, Bonaventure also became an important writer in the areas of pastoral care and devotional or mystical literature. This seminar surveys Bonaventure's theological contributions, with special attention paid to sustained engagement with primary texts.

ST 8104 Anselm and the Victorines - 3 Hours

Anselm is widely viewed as the first great scholastic thinker of the so-called middle ages. His influence is also extensive among medieval appropriations of Augustine's theology. This class engages major texts from Anselm's corpus, and explores dimensions of his influence by also investigating major works by Hugh and Richard of St. Victor.

ST 8105 Arminius and Arminianism - 3 Hours

This course is a seminar on the theologies of Jacob Arminius, the Dutch Remonstrant movement, and later English "Arminianism." It is a seminar in historical theology; while neither the social historical contexts nor the possibilities of "retrieval theology" will be ignored, our first task is to understand these various theological proposals within their respective intellectual contexts of Protestant scholasticism and early modern theology/philosophy. Major doctrinal issues, including the divine Trinity and attributes, Christology, hamartiology, and soteriology, are explored in detail.

ST 8106 God: Present and Hidden - 3 Hours

This course is two-pronged: exploring both God's hiddenness or absence and God's presence. First, it explores the question of divine hiddenness. The philosophical, yet very practical and even existential, question of why God does not make himself more known to humans. This question, at times, forms the basis for an argument to atheism and this course addresses this question from philosophical, theological, and biblical perspectives. Second, as a counterbalance to God's purported hiddenness and/or absence, this course explores the ways that God is present in the world. Under this rubric, we examine divine action in the world related to providence and miracles; God's presence in theophanies; the divine attribute of omnipresence; God's presence in "Emmanuel" (that is, God Incarnate, Jesus Christ); and God's presence through intermediary means such as the Lord's Supper. Not resting with purely academic answers to these questions, this course also pushes us to think more deeply about how to minister God's presence in our contemporary ministry settings.

ST 8107 Social Ethics - 3 Hours

A seminar focusing upon Christian approaches to social ethics from a diversity of vantage points and in relation to a variety of topics (e.g., economic injustice, race and ethnicity, education funding, healthcare access, housing and incarceration policy).

ST 8200 Seminar: Current Issues in Theology (eligible for 3rd MDiv Requirement) - 3 Hours

Lectures or seminar in a distinctive area of biblical or systematic theology with special relevance to pastoral ministry; topics chosen in relation to the special competence of resident and visiting faculty,as well as current interests and needs. Unlike ST 8000, this course can be used to fulfill the 3rd required class in ST for the MDiv curriculum.

ST 8210 Divine Action and the Doctrine of Providence - 3 Hours

This course surveys the history of the doctrine of divine providence and identifies key issues before attempting a dogmatic account. Special attention is given to the concept of divine action, especially with reference to science and metaphysics. The concern is to articulate, in accordance with the Scripture, what we may hope. The central focus is God's care for individuals, church, and cosmos.

ST 8211 God in Biblical Theology and Systematic Theology - 3 Hours

This course on the doctrine of God has four interrelated aims: (1) to become acquainted with classical and contemporary approaches to Christian theism and assess their faithfulness to Scripture (2) to examine current approaches to the relationship of biblical and systematic theology (3) to learn to identify and interpret figurative language used to speak of God (e.g., metaphors, analogies, anthropomorphisms) (4) to bring all of the above to bear on the question of divine impassibility. The course thus focuses on how we move from biblical to theological language to speak of God and formulate a doctrine of God and the nature of his relation to the world, with special attention to the issue of divine suffering.

ST 8212 The Doctrine of the Trinity: Classical Formulations and Contemporary Issues - 3 Hours

A study in the biblical sources, classic formulations, and theological issues that are important in the doctrine of the Trinity. Classical formulations, in ecumenical creeds as well as major patristic, medieval, and early modern (Protestant scholastic) theologians, are studied within their historical contexts, and important movements in modern and contemporary theology are studied against the backdrop of these historic statements.

ST 8213 Models of Sanctification - 3 Hours

A course involving a biblical and theological investigation of several models of sanctification held within Christian movements and denominations. Emphasizes understanding of each model, as well as encouraging students to develop their own biblically based model capable of implementation within a ministry context.

ST 8214 Justification - 3-4 Hours

This course considers the biblical and theological foundations of this doctrine. It explores these foundational elements incorporating a historical perspective. Influential thinkers will be studied in the flow of important eras in the Church ranging from the time of Augustine to contemporary discussions. Recent conversations between members of the Protestant camp and Roman Catholics on justification, as well as on the New Perspective, will be engaged.

ST 8215 Pneumatology - 3-4 Hours

A study of the person and work of the Holy Spirit, including a defense of His deity and personality, his work in the Old Testament, the life of Christ, and the New Testament era, as well as discussion of contemporary issues related to this doctrine, such as tongues, divine healing, and prophecy.

ST 8220 Christology: Classical Formulations and Contemporary Issues - 3 Hours

A study in the biblical sources, classic formulations, and theological issues that are important in the doctrine of Christ. Classical formulations, in ecumenical creeds as well as major patristic, medieval, and early modern (Protestant scholastic) theologians, are studied within their historical contexts, and important movements in modern and contemporary theology are studied against the backdrop of these historic statements.

ST 8221 The Doctrine of the Atonement: Classical Formulations and Contemporary Issues - 3 Hours

A study in the doctrine of the atonement in light of its biblical foundations, classical elaborations, and contemporary appropriations.

ST 8222 Theologies of the Sacraments/Ordinances - 3 Hours

This course introduces a theological approach to a variety of church practices that sometimes fall under the heading of sacraments or ordinances. Central to this course is an examination of the biblical and theological underpinning to such practices as Baptism and the Eucharist. This course also introduces theological resources for addressing additional doctrinal issues touching such topics as ordination, marriage, preaching, and death. Moreover, students will work toward bridge-building from the conceptual theological discussion of these issues to the practical manifestation of these practices in the life of the church.

ST 8223 Theologies of Prayer - 3 Hours

This is a course involving a biblical and theological investigation of prayer. Oftentimes restricted to an issue of "practical theology" prayer is a provocative locus for discussion of a number of key systematic theological issues such as providence and human responsibility; God's relation to time, creation, and humans; sanctification; worship; and others.

ST 8310 Theology of Augustine - 3-4 Hours

Augustine stands as a foundational thinker in Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox traditions. He was a critical thinker at a critical time in the life of the Church. This course will consider the life and times of Augustine as informing elements in his theological development. Some of his best known works will be read and discussed to identify particular theological stances. These stances were also affected by what he saw as specific challenges to biblical faith arising from movements, such as Manichaeism, Donatism, and Pelagianism.

ST 8360 Karl Barth - 3 Hours

A critical analysis of the origins, developments, and major contours of Barth's theology from his earliest writings to his later Church Dogmatics through a study of selected primary texts. Special attention will be given to Barth's theological method, hermeneutics, and doctrine of the Word of God, as well as to other central theological topics (e.g., election, providence, the relation of dogmatics to ethics).

ST 8390 Recent & Contemporary Theologians - 3-4 Hours

Lectures or seminar in the work and writing of an important theologian of the present or recent past. Theologians selected for study reflect the special competence of resident and visiting faculty.

ST 8410 Theology in Contemporary Literature - 3 Hours

Works by authors such as Melville, Dostoevsky, Conrad, Shaw, Beckett, Updike, Lewis, Tolkien, Eliot, Auden, Williams, Fry, Buder, Joyce, Camus, Kafka, Faulkner, Salinger, and MacDonald are read and analyzed, and their theological perspective and implications are discussed. Offered on demand.

ST 8980 ThM Major Research Paper - 0-1 Hours

ThM participants completing the two capstone research paper option must register for - 8980 in their department concurrent with registration for the advanced elective course in which they are writing a ThM capstone research paper. Paper parameters are found in the Academic Handbook and paper objectives are specifically articulated in consultation with the faculty member on the online Capstone Proposal Form. Registration occurs twice at the same time as registration for the course, once for each paper. Credit / No Credit. (Both the course and the paper must be graded 'C'- or better to receive credit for the paper.)

ST 8985 ThM Thesis - 0-3 Hours

ThM thesis writers register for ST 8985 in the department of their concentration. Prerequisite: Approved thesis proposal on file in the Dean's Office and other department-specific prerequisites. Counts as full-time academic status. (35 hours of academic work per week.) Letter grade or Credit / No Credit as arranged with the department.

ST 8986 ThM Thesis Extension - 0 Hours

A total of three semesters extension for ST 8986 may be granted when progress is being made on the thesis. Extension fee when not enrolled in other courses. Counts as full-time academic status for the first semester, quarter time thereafter. No Credit.

ST 9001 Guided Research - 1-4 Hours

Selected topics usually extended from foundational studies in seminars or courses. Available in all PhD programs. May be repeated for a maximum of twelve hours in PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS programs; may be repeated for a maximum of six hours in the PhD/THS program. Letter grade or Credit / No Credit.

ST 9011 Private Study - 0 Hours

In special circumstances, a student may register for one or more semesters of Private Study in order to meet the requirements for candidacy. Only for PhD/THS students in CH, NT, OT, ST departments. Counts as full-time student status when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week (half-time is 15 hours per week) are invested in doctoral study and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. May be repeated four times. No Credit.

ST 9100 Advanced Theological Prolegomena - 3-4 Hours

A course designed to explore the integrative character of Christian theology, focusing the contributions of the separate theological disciplines on the constructive and creative task of Systematic Theology. Students are encouraged to develop an approach that is integrative, orthodox, and creative, through the critical assessment of the theological proposals of evangelical and non evangelical theologians. To be taken concurrently ST 9110. Offered fall.

ST 9110 The Theological Scholar - 2 Hours

An orientation to doctoral-level scholarship (the development of an argument, research philosophy and methodology, good writing skills, dissertation preparation), to program specifics, and to the doctoral community life and ethos. It will also include papers presented by four professors, one from each of the THS departments, to illustrate and generate discussion about "theological integration." Must be taken in conjunction with DST 9100 (Advanced Theological Prolegomena) in the first semester after matriculation. Required of all PhD/THS students.

ST 9222 Principles of Higher Education - 2 Hours

A discussion of the educational process, activities, and the instructional techniques used in higher education. Offered spring.

ST 9975 Comprehensive Exam Preparation - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the comprehensive examination. PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat the course twice for a total of three hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat it once. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in comprehensive exam preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ST 9990 Dissertation Proposal Prep - 0-3 Hours

An independent study facilitating student preparation for the dissertation proposal. Only PhD/EDS and PhD/ICS program participants may repeat this course twice for a total of 3 hours. PhD/THS program participants may repeat this course once for a total of 3 hours. Only PhD/THS program participants in the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History, Archaeology, and Languages Focus or with an EDS or ICS minor may take it for zero credit hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested in dissertation proposal preparation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ST 9991 Dissertation Research - 1-4 Hours

Courses taken for dissertation writing that embodies the results of original research and makes a genuine contribution to knowledge in the field of concentration. PhD students are eligible to register for Dissertation Research after the official acceptance of the proposal, and may register for two to six semesters totaling 6 hours. Counts as full-time student status when enrolled for 3 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of thirty-five hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Counts as half-time student status when enrolled for 2 hours or when registrant affirms that a minimum of fifteen hours per week are invested on the dissertation and the requisite form has been completed at the time of registration in the Academic Doctoral Office. Credit / No Credit.

ST 9992 Dissertation Extension - 0 Hours

One or more dissertation extension courses for the writing of the dissertation. Registrants for this course will be assessed a continuation fee. Less than half-time student status. No Credit.

TR 099C Temporary Registration Special Programs: Off Campus - 12-17 Hours

This is a nonacademic "placeholder" course for off campus study programs, which provides temporary credit hours on a student's schedule until the appropriate college catalog course is approved by the Dean's office. Students should register for the TR 099 designation and the section that reflects the selected number of credit hours. Students need to obtain an appropriate course contract online or from the Dean's office and complete the form with the assistance of the faculty member who is overseeing the course. The completed course contract must be returned to the Dean's office. The contract will be forwarded to the Records Office, which will create a section of the student's approved course, register the student into the college catalog course, and cancel the temporary registration. The student should then review the student schedule in the online registration program to verify accurate registration for the appropriate course.

TR 099G Temporary Registration Guided Study - 1-4 Hours

This is a nonacademic "placeholder" course for guided study, which provides temporary credit hours on a student's schedule until the appropriate college catalog course is approved by the Dean's office. Students should register for the TR 099 designation and the section that reflects the selected number of credit hours. Students need to obtain an appropriate course contract online or from the Dean's office and complete the form with the assistance of the faculty member who is overseeing the course. The completed course contract must be returned to the Dean's office. The contract will be forwarded to the Records Office, which will create a section of the student's approved course, register the student into the college catalog course, and cancel the temporary registration. The student should then review the student schedule in the online registration program to verify accurate registration for the appropriate course.

TR 099I Temporary Registration Independent Study - 1-4 Hours

This is a nonacademic "placeholder" course for independent study, which provides temporary credit hours on a student's schedule until the appropriate college catalog course is approved by the Dean's office. Students should register for the TR 099 designation and the section that reflects the selected number of credit hours. Students need to obtain an appropriate course contract online or from the Dean's office and complete the form with the assistance of the faculty member who is overseeing the course. The completed course contract must be returned to the Dean's office. The contract will be forwarded to the Records Office, which will create a section of the student's approved course, register the student into the college catalog course, and cancel the temporary registration. The student should then review the student schedule in the online registration program to verify accurate registration for the appropriate course.

TR 099T Temporary Registration Internship - 1-12 Hours

This is a nonacademic "placeholder" course for internships, which provides temporary credit hours on a student's schedule until the appropriate college catalog course is approved by the Dean's office. Students should register for the TR 099 designation and the section that reflects the selected number of credit hours. Students need to obtain an appropriate course contract online or from the Dean's office and complete the form with the assistance of the faculty member who is overseeing the course. The completed course contract must be returned to the Dean's office. The contract will be forwarded to the Records Office, which will create a section of the student's approved course, register the student into the college catalog course, and cancel the temporary registration. The student should then review the student schedule in the online registration program to verify accurate registration for the appropriate course.

WOR 111 Introduction to Worship Studies - 1 Hour

Orientation to majoring in Worship at Trinity, introducing the concept of music as a vocation (or calling) from God, forming initial thoughts on musical meaning and the role of music in the culture and in the church, developing a sense of music's role in Christian worship, and exposing students to helpful technologies. Computer laboratory fee. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

WOR 121 Introduction to Technology in Worship - 2 Hours

A basic orientation to hardware and software commonly used in the contemporary church including production with audio, graphics, lighting, and video. Copyright issues will be introduced. Computer laboratory fee. Offered spring semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

WOR 437X Music in Worship - 3 Hours

The study of biblical, theological, historical, and practical concepts and patterns for worship of all major Christian traditions. The types of music and the roles music has played in the worship of various historical traditions will be considered in light of the theology of those traditions. Includes the study of congregational song. Student projects will include planning, leading, and evaluating music in worship. Includes 12 hours of observation in a local church music ministry. Prerequisites: BI 105 and BI 115 or permission of instructor. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years. Cross-listed with BRS 437X. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

WOR 438 Worship Planning - 3 Hours

An examination of diverse currently available resource materials for congregational worship with an emphasis on planning, preparing, and leading effective services. Includes a 20-hour supervised practicum in worship planning for a local congregation. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

WOR 450 Internship - 3 Hours

Internship in a local church music/worship program to be coordinated with the worship pastor/music director and a faculty supervisor from the Music Department. Fulfills one service learning credit (IDS 106). Prerequisites: WOR 437X, WOR 438, and consent of the Chair of the Music Department. Offered on demand for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.

WOR 499 Senior Seminar in Worship Studies - 1 Hour

Capstone course for Worship majors. Revisits topics introduced in WOR 111 (e.g. vocation, philosophy, music in worship), and furthers each student's preparation for professional leadership in the local church (and/or graduate study) through an individually-designed sequence of specialized readings and discussions. The course fulfills the IDS 499X Integrative Thought Capstone requirement for students in the Worship major. Offered fall semester for Deerfield traditional undergraduate. Delivery mode: Deerfield traditional undergraduate.